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Hingham, Massachusetts Family Reconstructions, 1635-1880

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, census/enumeration data, event/transaction data
Creator
  • Smith, Daniel Scott (University of Illinois at Chicago)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Historical Demography Longitudinal Data Series
Publication Date
2014-05-19
Language
English
Free Keywords
birth; children; demography; families; family histories; family relationships; fertility; marriage; mortality rates; parents
Description
  • Abstract

    The data are families in Hingham, Massachusetts, reconstituted by Daniel Scott Smith for his PhD dissertation from printed genealogies, vital, church and tax records, and censuses, along the lines of previous French and English work (e.g. Fleury, M. and L. Henry, Nouveau manuel de depouillement et d'exploitation de l'etat civil ancien (1965) and Wrigley, E.A, "Family Reconstitution," in E.A. Wrigley, ed. An Introduction to English Historical Demography (1966)). Family reconstitution is a method for studying demographic behavior in the absence of modern censuses and vital registration, providing for both observation of demographic events as well as the population and time at risk. In his dissertation, Population, Family and Society in Hingham, Massachusetts, 1635-1880 (University of California-Berkeley, 1973) Smith refers to the data as "statistical genealogy". The data were intended to be used to examine demographic patterns, family structure and social stratification in the past, and to generalize these patterns across the New England region. This dataset includes information on 1727 marriages. Variables include information about birth, death, marriage, fertility and wealth of husbands and wives, their parents and children. Naming practices are also represented in the data. There are no direct observations of children, but rather summary-type measures of characteristics of children and the couple's fertility history. A variable indicating the quality of the reconstitution is included. However, the meaning of the variable values has been lost.
  • Abstract

    The data were intended to be used to examine demographic patterns, family structure and social stratification in the past, and to generalize these patterns across the New England region. Hingham was chosen because of its long and relatively complete set of records.
  • Abstract

    The data are families in Hingham, Massachusetts, reconstituted by Daniel Scott Smith for his PhD dissertation from printed genealogies, vital, church and tax records, and censuses, along the lines of previous French and English work (e.g. Fleury, M. and L. Henry, Nouveau manuel de depouillement et d'exploitation de l'etat civil ancien (1965) and Wrigley, E.A, "Family Reconstitution." In E.A. Wrigley, ed. An Introduction to English Historical Demography (1966)).
  • Methods

    The data are not weighted.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1635 / 1880
    Time period: 1635--1880
Geographic Coverage
  • Hingham
  • Massachusetts
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The population of Hingham, Massachusetts. Smallest Geographic Unit: Town
Sampling
Marriages were included in the data only if the families could be reconstituted: that is, the wife's birth date, the marriage date, the birthdates of children, and the date of the end of the marriage were all known. The methodology and biases arising from family reconstitution are discussed in Chapter 2 of Daniel Scott Smith, "Population, family and society in Hingham, Massachusetts, 1635-1880," Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, 1973.
Collection Mode
  • record abstracts

    There are discrepancies between the earliest and latest dates present in the data (husband's and wive's birth and death dates) and the study time periods and time frames provided by the data depositor. The dates indicated in the metadata fields "Study Time Periods and Time Frames" are those provided to ICPSR when the collection was deposited. No additional information was provided.

Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 34546 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Smith, Daniel Scott. 'All in some degree related to each other': A demographic and comparative resolution of the anomaly of New England kinship. American Historical Review.94, (1), 44-79.1989.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1862077 (URL)
  • Smith, Daniel Scott. Child-naming practices, kinship ties, and change in family attitudes in Hingham, Massachusetts, 1641 to 1880. Journal of Social History.18, (4), 541-566.1985.
    • ID: 10.2307/3788249 (DOI)
  • Smith, Daniel Scott. Underregistration and bias in probate records: An analysis of data from Eighteenth-Century Hingham, Massachusetts. William and Mary Quarterly.32, (1), 100-110.1975.
    • ID: 10.2307/1922596 (DOI)
  • Smith, Daniel Scott. Family limitation, sexual control, and domestic feminism in Victorian America. Feminist Studies.1, (3/4), 40-57.1973.
    • ID: 10.2307/1566479 (DOI)
  • Smith, Daniel Scott. Parental power and marriage patterns: An analysis of historical trends in Hingham, Massachusetts. Journal of Marriage and Family.35, (3), 419-428.1973.
    • ID: 10.2307/350578 (DOI)
  • Smith, Daniel Scott. Population, Family and Society in Hingham, Massachusetts, 1635-1880. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley. 1973.
  • Smith, Daniel Scott. The demographic history of Colonial New England. Journal of Economic History.32, (1), 165-183.1972.
    • ID: 10.2307/2117183 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Smith, Daniel Scott (2014): Hingham, Massachusetts Family Reconstructions, 1635-1880. Version 1. Historical Demography Longitudinal Data Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34546.v1