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Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data: Hate Crime Data, 2011 [Record-Type Files]

Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
  • United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
arrests; crime rates; crime reporting; crime statistics; disabilities; discrimination; ethnicity; hate crimes; homophobia; law enforcement; offenses; prejudice; racial tensions; religion; Uniform Crime Reports; violence
  • Abstract

    In response to a growing concern about hate crimes, the United States Congress enacted the Hate Crime Statistics Act of 1990. The Act requires the attorney general to establish guidelines and collect, as part of the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, data "about crimes that manifest evidence of prejudice based on race, religion, sexual orientation, or ethnicity, including where appropriate the crimes of murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, aggravated assault, simple assault, intimidation, arson, and destruction, damage or vandalism of property." Hate crime data collection was required by the Act to begin in calendar year 1990 and to continue for four successive years. In September 1994, the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act amended the Hate Crime Statistics Act to add disabilities, both physical and mental, as factors that could be considered a basis for hate crimes. Although the Act originally mandated data collection for five years, the Church Arson Prevention Act of 1996 amended the collection duration "for each calendar year," making hate crime statistics a permanent addition to the UCR program. As with the other UCR data, law enforcement agencies contribute reports either directly or through their state reporting programs. Information contained in the data includes number of victims and offenders involved in each hate crime incident, type of victims, bias motivation, offense type, and location type.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Batch Header File
    • DS2: Incident Record File
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2011
  • Collection date: 2011
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Hate crime incidents reported by law enforcement agencies in the United States. Smallest Geographic Unit: state, county, jurisdiction
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted self interview (CASI), self-enumerated questionnaire

    The original hierarchical file has been split into two files: a Batch Header File and an Incident Record File. The Batch Header File contains a record for each law enforcement agency whether or not they reported an incident. The Batch Header File variables are merged into the Incident Record File for those agencies that reported an incident.

    Each victim-type variable has been split into eight separate flag variables to record each victim type. Previously, the variables were eight-character strings that contained the first letter of each victim type in any order.

This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 34583 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Mason, Patrick L., Matella, Andrew. Stigmatization and Racial Selection after September 11, 2001: Self-identity among Arab and Islamic Americans . Florida State University, . 2013.
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States 2011. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Criminal Justice Information Services Division. 2012.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation (2013): Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data: Hate Crime Data, 2011 [Record-Type Files]. Version 1. Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.