Violence in the Family and the Meaning of Law

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Frehsee, Detlev (Fakultät für Rechtswissenschaft der Universität Bielefeld)
Publication Date
  • EMNID-Institut, Bielefeld (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Family
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Law, crime and legal systems
    • Health care and medical treatment
    • Specific diseases and medical conditions
    • Family life and marriage
    • Children
  • Abstract

    Attitude to violence against children and actual use of violence. Legal knowledge. Educational goals and child-raising styles. Topics: importance of public discussion of selected topics on violence by children and against children (scales); the image of violence in public as well as violence in the family (semantic differentials); subjective understanding of violence and bodily injury (scale); assumed normalcy of violence and violence as normal characteristic of man (scale); importance of legal knowledge as well as assessment of personal legal knowledge in the areas contract law, public law, marriage law and family law; self-assessment of legal knowledge in neighborhood law; knowledge about the right to punish for parents, teachers and other persons (scale); attitude to selected statements about the parent-child relationship regarding discipline and obedience (scale); most important educational goals (scale); knowledge of advice centers; acceptance and limit for physical punishment of children on the part of parents as well as teachers (scale); age limit of children for physical punishment measures of parents; assumed agreement of the attitude to physical punishment of children with selected representatives of the social surroundings as well as also assumed agreement with the family doctor, with social workers, Youth Welfare Department, with employees of the young people telephone, with policemen as well as with criminal judges; attitude to coping with conflict by means of use of violence, e.g. slap or hits (scale); strategy to cope with conflict or sanction behavior in the case of an example conflict between parents and children (scale); frequency of use of selected child-raising measures regarding one´s own children as well as use of these measures by the parents of the respondent; knowledge about allowed or prohibited physical punishment measures; knowledge test on legal requirement about physical and psychological abuse, about use of violence, physical punishment and abusive punishment measures; knowledge about right of parents to punish in the GDR in comparison to Western Germany; attitude to the right of parents to punish (scale); assumed reasons for punishment conduct of parents and personal intervention behavior in such cases (scales); possible misgivings about turning to an advice center of the Youth Welfare Department or a child protection organization (scale); attitude to self-determination of children about their place of stay in case of parental violence and preferred age for establishment of such a right; advantages and disadvantage of involving the police in case of child abuse (scale); subjective understanding or drawing the line on sexual abuse and abuse of children in families based on selected situations; assumed reasons for sexual abuse of girls in the family as well as possible social reasons (scale); assumed reasons for child abuse; personal suspicion of physical abuse or sexual abuse of a child in a family and readiness to intervene; most important effects of criminal proceedings on child abuse in the sense of deterrence, punishment, public interest, atonment and protection of the persons affected; possible negative effects of criminal proceedings in the sense of making the situation of the child in the family worse, low therapy chances of parents, replacement of familial violence by governmental force and self-accusation of the child due to possible punishment of parents; preferred course of justice in the case of suspicion of sexual abuse of a child (scale); preferred guidelines for judges and prosecuting attorneys in the case of child abuse: just versus reasonable decision in agreement with the youth and family advice centers. Seeking advice to solve a serious personal problem in the last year and available person to confide in; personal health consciousness; self-classification of condition of health; one´s own initiative to maintain health; self-classification of personal emotional, psychological and physical constitution; frequency of anger, senselessness, fear, feelings of guilt and jealousy; frequency of physical complaints; perceived occupational stress; time of last visit to the doctor and frequency of contacts with doctors in the last year; reasons and occasion for visit to the doctor; satisfaction with treatment by the doctor and the time expended for treatment; frequency of contact with other places of medical and therapeutic treatment in the last year, such as e.g. lay medical practitioner, psychotherapy, physiotherapist, social worker, optician, nutrition advisor, health office and drug counseling; visits to the doctor due to selected illnesses, allergies, accidents, drug addictions and psychological illness; use of medication for selected illnesses and complaints as well as prescription of medications by doctor or self-treatment; attitude to doctors and psychologists (scales). Age and sex of the oldest child under 20 years; causes of visits to the doctor for this child; time of last visit to the doctor; common visit with the child to the doctor; satisfaction with treatment of the child; consultation of a psychological advice center by the oldest child accompanied by parents or on personal initiative; independently consulting a doctor by the child. Demography: sex; age; citizenship; religious affiliation; marital status; number of persons in household; composition of household; age and sex of children; contact with young people and children; school education; vocational training; occupation and occupational position; self-assessment of religiousness; frequency of watching talk shows and news broadcasts on television; regularity of reading magazines and newspapers; frequency of reading media reports about sexual violence and physical abuse; knowledge about legislation discussion on change of the right of parents to punish; party preference. Also encoded was: date of interview; identification of interviewer.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1994-02 / 1994-05
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
The resident population 25 years old and older
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample (ADM mastersample). Two separate samples were drawn for East and West.
Collection Mode
  • Written survey under supervision with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 3037
    Number of Variables: 362
The interviewer was instructed to be available for the respondent during filling out of the questionnaire. After conclusion of the interview the questionnaire was placed in a sealed envelope.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2974 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Frehsee, Detlev: Die staatliche Förderung familiärer Gewalt an Kindern. In: Kriminologisches Journal, Heft 1, 1992, S. 37-49.
  • Frehsee, Detlev: Steuerung familiärer Binnenkonflikte durch Recht. In: Frehsee, D.; Löschper, G.; Schumann, K.F. (Hrsg.): Strafrecht, soziale Kontrolle, soziale Disziplinierung. Jahrbuch für Rechtssoziologie und Rechtstheorie, Band 16, Opladen, 1993, S. 103-118.
  • Frehsee, Detlev: Zum gesellschaftlichen Umgang mit Gewalt an und von Kindern. In: Hey, G.; Müller, S.; Sünker, H. (Hrsg.): Gewalt - Gesellschaft - soziale Arbeit. Über die Belastbarkeit von Individuen und Systemen, Frankfurt a.M., 1993, S. 111-122.
  • Frehsee, Detlev: Violence Toward Children in the Family and the Role of Law. In: Frehsee, Detlev; Bussmann, Kai-D.; Horn, Wiebke (Hrsg.): Family Violence Against Children. Berlin, 1996, S. 3-18.
  • Frehsee, Detlev; Bussmann, Kai-D.: Zur Bedeutung des Rechts in Familien: Der Rechtsstatus von Kindern und Gewalt gegen Kinder. In: Zeitschrift für Rechtssoziologie, Heft 2, 1994, S. 153-168.
  • Bussmann, Kai-D.: Familiale Gewalt gegen Kinder und das Recht: Erste Ergebnisse aus einer Studie zur Beeinflussung von Gewalt in der Erziehung. In: Gerhardt, U.; Hradil, S.; Lucke, D.; Nauck, W. (Hrsg.): Familie der Zukunft. Opladen, 1995, S. 261-279.
  • Bussmann, Kai-D.: Changes in Family Sanctioning Styles and the Impact of Abolishing Corporal Punishment. In: Frehsee, Detlev; Bussmann, Kai-D.; Horn, Wiebke (Hrsg.): Family Violence Against Children. Berlin, 1996, S. 39-61.
  • Bussmann, Kai-D.: Familiale Gewalt gegen Kinder als Problem rechtlicher Integration. In: Rehbinder, M. (Hrsg.): Gewalt in Kleingruppen, Schriften zur Rechtspsychologie, Bern, 1996, S 239-259.
  • Bussmann, Kai-D.; Horn, Wiebke: Eltern- und Lehrerstrafen: Eine Untersuchung zur Strafpraxis in Schule und Familie. In: Bastian, J. (Hrsg.): Strafe muß sein? Das Strafproblem zwischen Tabu und Wirklichkeit. In: Pädagogik, 2. Beiheft, 1995, S. 29-41.
  • Horn, Wiebke: Sexual and Physical Abuse of Children: Public Attitudes and Legal Issues. In: Frehsee, Detlev; Bussmann, Kai-D.; Horn, Wiebke (Hrsg.): Family Violence Against Children. Berlin, 1996, S. 121-132.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 89 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22