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Levels of Democracy and Democratic Institutionalization in 18 Latin American Countries, 1978-2004

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Perez-Linan, Anibal (University of Pittsburgh)
  • Mainwaring, Scott (University of Notre Dame)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
courts; democracy; political parties; political systems
  • Abstract

    The study analyzed the level of democracy achieved by 18 Latin American countries after 1977, between the transitions from authoritarian rule and 2004. Despite authoritarian interruptions in the past, one of the best predictors of the current level of democracy is the country's experience with competitive politics before 1978. We created original indicators to show that democratic trajectories are institutionalized through political parties and judicial institutions, and we documented the impact of regime legacies using a hybrid fixed-effects model.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1978 / 2004
    Time period: 1978--2004
Geographic Coverage
  • Argentina
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • El Salvador
  • Global
  • Guatemala
  • Honduras
  • Latin America
  • Mexico
  • Nicaragua
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela
Sampled Universe
Latin American countries, 1978-2004 Smallest Geographic Unit: country
Collection Mode
  • The zipped package contains Stata files pertaining to the publication.

    These data are part of ICPSR's Publication-Related Archive and are distributed exactly as they arrived from the data depositor. ICPSR has not checked or processed this material. Users should consult the investigator(s) if further information is desired.

Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (0918886).
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 34799 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Perez-Linan, Anibal, Mainwaring, Scott. Regime legacies and levels of democracy: Evidence from Latin America. Comparative Politics.45, (4), 379-397.2013.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Perez-Linan, Anibal; Mainwaring, Scott (2013): Levels of Democracy and Democratic Institutionalization in 18 Latin American Countries, 1978-2004. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.