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Violence Risk Assessment and Risk Communication, 1996-1998

Resource Type
Dataset : experimental data
  • Slovic, Paul (Decision Research)
  • Monahan, John (University of Virginia School of Law)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
communication; hospitalization; mental disorders; psychiatrists; psychosocial assessment; risk assessment; violence
  • Abstract

    This data collection is designed to examine factors influencing the validity of violence risk assessment and risk communication, and it covers three surveys: (1) 1996 Clinical Judgements Survey, (2) 1997 Dangerousness Survey, and (3) 1998 Survey. In all three surveys, forensic psychologists and psychiatrists were shown case summaries of patients hospitalized with mental disorders and were asked to judge the likelihood that the patient would harm someone within six months after discharge from the hospital. The respondents also judged whether the patients posed a high risk, medium risk, or low risk of harming someone after discharge, how closely the mental health center is recommended to monitor the patient's condition, and the likelihood of rehospitalization. Other background information were collected regarding the respondents' assessments distribution, average number of patients per week, and opinions on survey formats. Demographic on respondents includes age, gender, year receiving the doctor's degree, and whether they work for forensic facility full-time or consult for courts.
  • Abstract

    Please refer to the Original P.I. Documentation in the ICPSR Codebook for information on study design.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: (1) 28 percent (2) 42.6 percent (3) 46.6 percent. Please refer to the Original P.I. Documentation in the ICPSR Codebook for addtional information on responce rates.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 1996 Clinical Judgements Survey
    • DS2: 1997 Dangerousness Survey
    • DS3: 1998 Survey
Temporal Coverage
  • 1996-06 / 1996-09
    Time period: 1996-06--1996-09
  • 1997-11 / 1998-03
    Time period: 1997-11--1998-03
  • 1998-06 / 1998-08
    Time period: 1998-06--1998-08
  • 1996-06 / 1996-09
    Collection date: 1996-06--1996-09
  • 1997-11 / 1998-03
    Collection date: 1997-11--1998-03
  • 1998-06 / 1998-08
    Collection date: 1998-06--1998-08
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All members of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law (AAPL).
Please refer to the Original P.I. Documentation in the ICPSR Codebook for information on sampling.
Collection Mode
  • self-enumerated questionnaire

Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SBR 9876587).
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 34822 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Slovic, P., Monahan, J., MacGregor, D.G.. Violence risk assessment and risk communication: The effects of using actual cases, providing instruction, and employing probability versus frequency formats. Law and Human Behavior.24, (3), 271-296.2000.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Slovic, Paul; Monahan, John (2013): Violence Risk Assessment and Risk Communication, 1996-1998. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.