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National Corrections Reporting Program, 2000-2012

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Corrections Reporting Program (NCRP) Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
correctional facilities; correctional facilities (juveniles); correctional system; demographic characteristics; federal correctional facilities; jail inmates; juvenile offenders; national crime statistics (USA); offenders; offenses; parole; prison inmates; probation; state correctional facilities
  • Abstract

    The National Corrections Reporting Program (NCRP) compiles offender-level data on yearend custody population, admissions and releases from state and federal prisons and post-confinement community supervision. The data are used to monitor the nation's correctional population and address specific policy questions related to recidivism, prisoner reentry, and trends in demographic characteristics of the incarcerated and community supervision populations. The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) has administered the NCRP since 1983. The United States Bureau of the Census served as data collection agent for BJS until October 2010, when Abt Associates assumed this position. From 2000 to 2009, NCRP data were archived each year in four, year-specific files that corresponded to the four files that states were asked to submit to the Census Bureau. The four files are: Prison Admissions (Part A), Prison Releases (Part B), Parole Exits (Part C), and Prison Custody (Part D). For example, the 2009 NCRP archive consists of prison admissions occurring in 2009, prison releases occurring in 2009, parole exits occurring in 2009, and prisoners in custody on December 31, 2009. Starting in 2011, NCRP data will be archived in a single, multi-year Term Record file. A Term Record represents a single period of incarceration for an individual offender. Each year, the archived Term Record file will be replaced by a new Term Record file that incorporates new NCRP data collected and processed during the previous year, as well as updates to previously collected data. The Term Records were created from the Prison Admissions (Part A), Prison Releases (Part B), and Prison Custody (Part D) records submitted by states since 2000. With a few lines of computing code (included with the archive), an analyst can create a prison admission, release, or custody file from the Term Record file. In addition to the Term Record file, four additional files are being archived: (1) Prison Admissions (Part A), Prison Releases (Part B), and Prison Custody (Part D) records that were not used in building the Term Record file, (2) Part C (Parole Exit), and (3) Part E (Post-Custody Community Supervision Program Entry), and Part F (Post-Custody Community Supervision Program Exit).
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Term Records
    • DS2: Prison Admissions (Part A), Prison Releases (Part B), and Prison Custody (Part D) Records Not Used to Build Term Records
    • DS3: Parole Exit (Part C)
    • DS4: Post-Custody Community Supervision Program Entry (Part E) and Exit (Part F)
Temporal Coverage
  • 2000-01-01 / 2012-12-31
    Time period: 2000-01-01--2012-12-31
  • 2000-01-01 / 2013-10-31
    Collection date: 2000-01-01--2013-10-31
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All persons admitted to state prison, released from state prison, discharged from state post-confinement community supervision, or in state prison at year end from 2000 to 2012 in the United States. Smallest Geographic Unit: State
Collection Mode
  • mail questionnaire

One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 34984 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR34984.v1
  • Handley, Megan. Concentrated Disadvantage and Coercive Mobility: A Longitudinal Analysis of the Impact of Coercive Mobility. Thesis, University of Arkansas. 2015.
  • Luallen, Jeremy, Corry, Nida. On the prevalence of veteran deaths in state prisons. Criminal Justice Policy Review.2015.
    • ID: 10.1177/0887403415583994 (DOI)
  • Luallen, Jeremy, Kling, Ryan. A method of analyzing changing prison populations: Explaining the growth of the elderly in prison. Evaluation Review.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0193841X14541657 (DOI)
  • Rhodes, William, Gaes, Gerald, Luallen, Jeremy, Kling, Ryan, Rich, Tom, Shively, Michael. Following incarceration, most released offenders vever return to prison. Crime and Delinquency.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128714549655 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (2014): National Corrections Reporting Program, 2000-2012. Archival Version. National Corrections Reporting Program (NCRP) Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.