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ANES 1990-1992 Merged File

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Miller, Warren E.
  • Kinder, Donald R.
  • Rosenstone, Steven J.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
abortion; Affirmative Action; bilingual education; Bush Administration (1989-1993); candidates; capital punishment; Clinton, Bill; congressional elections; domestic policy; economic conditions; foreign policy; gender issues; government performance; health care; homosexuality; immigration policy; national elections; older adults; Perot, Ross; Persian Gulf War; political affiliation; political attitudes; political campaigns; political participation; presidential elections; presidential performance; public approval; public opinion; racial integration; school prayer; sexual harassment; trust in government; voter expectations; voter history; voting behavior; womens rights
  • Abstract

    This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The American National Election Studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. This collection includes respondents who were first interviewed following the November 1990 general election (see AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1990: POST-ELECTION SURVEY [ICPSR VERSION] [ICPSR 9548]), and then reinterviewed in two subsequent surveys: AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY: 1990-1991 PANEL STUDY OF THE POLITICAL CONSEQUENCES OF WAR/1991 PILOT STUDY [ICPSR VERSION] (ICPSR 9673) and AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1992: PRE- AND POST-ELECTION SURVEY [ENHANCED WITH 1990 AND 1991 DATA] (ICPSR 6067). The purpose of this panel study is to trace the fortunes of the Bush presidency, from post-Gulf War height to November election defeat, and to provide insight into the origins of the Bill Clinton and Ross Perot coalitions. It also allows the panel analyst to do a traditional assessment of panel attrition which is not possible with any of the collections mentioned above. In 1990, respondents answered questions on topics such as presidential performance, the Persian Gulf War, values and individualism, and foreign relations. Post-election vote validation and election administration survey data are also included. In 1991, respondents were reinterviewed several months after hostilities in the Persian Gulf ended. The survey content consisted of a repeat of a subset of questions from the 1990 Post-Election Survey, and additional items especially relevant to the Gulf War. A number of contextual variables also are provided, including summary variables that combine the respondent's recall of his or her senator's and representative's vote on the use of force with that congressperson's actual vote. New pilot questions were also asked in areas such as gender, ethnicity, medical care for the elderly, and social altruism. In 1992, respondents were asked their positions on social issues such as altruism, abortion, the death penalty, prayer in the schools, the rights of homosexuals, sexual harassment, women's rights, and feminist consciousness. Other substantive themes included racial and ethnic stereotypes, opinions on school integration and affirmative action, attitudes towards immigrants (particularly Hispanics and Asians), opinions on immigration policy and bilingual education, assessments of United States foreign policy goals, and United States involvement in the Persian Gulf War. Part 2 provides information on the total number of cases included in the 1990 Post-Election Survey sample (1,980 respondents who were valid interviews and 805 selected respondents who were not interviewed) in order to study survey nonresponse. Variables include reasons for noninterview, the number of calls, and characteristics of the noninterviewed household.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1990 / 1993
    Time period: 1990--1993
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All United States citizens of voting age on or before November 6, 1990, residing in housing units other than on military reservations in the 48 coterminous states.
A national multistage area probability sample was employed for the 1990 Post-Election Survey and the 1992 Pre- and Post-Election Survey. For the 1991 Panel Study of the Political Consequences of the Persian Gulf War, 615 respondents were not reinterviewed either due to panel mortality (e.g., they had moved or died), or were effectively nonsample for telephone reinterview because they were extremely hard of hearing, could not be reached by telephone, or needed to be interviewed in a language other than English.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview, telephone interview

Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SES-8808361, SOC77-08885, SOC77-8341310, andSES-8808361).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 35134 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR35134.v1

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Miller, Warren E.; Kinder, Donald R.; Rosenstone, Steven J. (2014): ANES 1990-1992 Merged File. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.