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ANES 1998 Pilot Study

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Sapiro, Virginia
  • Rosenstone, Steven J.
  • National Election Studies
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
campaign issues; candidates; congressional elections; domestic policy; economic conditions; foreign policy; government performance; gubernatorial elections; media use; national elections; political affiliation; political attitudes; political campaigns; political efficacy; political issues; political participation; public approval; public opinion; television viewing; trust in government; voter expectations; voter history; voting behavior
  • Abstract

    The 1998 Pilot Study focused on examining and improving the methodology used for future studies in the American National Election Studies series. The study provided an opportunity to test new instrumentation, fine-tune measurement of core concepts, and try out some innovative survey methods. The 1998 Pilot Study, conducted September 8 through November 3, 1998, marked the first time a study was conducted during an election season. Three high-profile gubernatorial contests in California, Illinois, and Georgia were used as a basis for testing instrumentation that can only be analyzed in the context of an electoral campaign and for investigating how to improve the election study's capacity to illuminate the impact of campaigns. Among the concepts covered in the study are political interest, knowledge, ideology, efficacy, trust, mobilization, issue attitudes/awareness keyed to actual campaigns, campaign interest, participation in a campaign, media use, candidate awareness, partisanship, vote intention, certainty of vote, and social context and communication. Several additional measures were piloted, including what part of the day the respondent tended to watch television, new social context and communication variables, need for evaluation, group mobilization, public mood, a new affirmative action variable, perceived tone of the campaign, awareness of campaign issues, and whether the respondent owned stock.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1998
  • 1998-09-08 / 1998-11-03
    Collection date: 1998-09-08--1998-11-03
Geographic Coverage
  • California
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • United States
Sampled Universe
United States citizens (over age 18 by the day of the election) eligible to vote and residing in California, Illinois, and Georgia households with telephones.
Random-digit-dialing sample using the Kish method to identify the number, gender, and age of all household members selected, consisting of 1,203 observations.
Collection Mode
  • telephone interview

Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SBR-9707741, SBR-9317631, SES-9209410, SES-9009379,SES-8808361, SES-8341310, SES-8207580, and SOC77-08885).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 35144 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR35144.v1

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Sapiro, Virginia; Rosenstone, Steven J.; National Election Studies (2014): ANES 1998 Pilot Study. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.