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ANES 2004 Time Series Study

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • University of Michigan. Center for Political Studies. American National Election Study
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
Ashcroft, John; Bush Administration (George W., 2001-2009); Bush, George W.; candidates; Cheney, Dick; congressional elections; Democratic Party (USA); demographic statistics; Edwards, John; Kerry, John; Nader, Ralph; national elections; political affiliation; political attitudes; political campaigns; political participation; political partisanship; presidential elections; primaries; public opinion; Republican Party (USA); Social Security; tax cuts; voter history; voter interest; voter turnout; voting behavior
  • Abstract

    This study is part of the American National Election Study (ANES), a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The American National Election Studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. The 2004 ANES data consists of a time series study conducted both before and after the 2004 presidential election in the United States. It entailed both a pre-election interview and a post-election re-interview. A freshly drawn cross section of the electorate was taken, yielding 1,212 cases. Like its predecessors, the 2004 ANES was divided between questions necessary for tracking long-term trends and questions necessary to understand the particular political moment of 2004. The study maintains and extends the ANES time-series 'core' by collecting data on Americans' basic political beliefs, allegiances, and behaviors: aspects of political belief and action so basic to the understanding of politics that they are monitored at every election, no matter the nature of the specific campaign or the broader setting. The study also carried topical and study-specific instrumentation. Questions covering issues prominent in 2004 addressed job outsourcing, private investment of Social Security funds, and President Bush's tax cut. Americans' views on foreign policy, the war on terrorism, and the Iraq War and its consequences were also addressed. In addition, the study carried expanded instrumentation on inflation, immigration, gender politics, and gay and lesbian politics. It also extended the experiment on the measurement of voter turnout that began in 2002. The survey included information on respondent age, education level, political affiliation, race/ethnicity, marital status, and family composition.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Main Data File
    • DS2: Auxiliary File: 2004 Time Series and Panel Contextual File
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2004
  • 2004-09-07 / 2004-12-20
    Collection date: 2004-09-07--2004-12-20
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All United States citizens of voting age on or before the 2004 Election Day. Eligible citizens must have resided in housing units in the 48 coterminous states. This definition excludes persons living in Alaska or Hawaii and requires eligible persons to have been both a United States citizen and aged 18 on or before November 2, 2004.
National multistage area probability sample.
Collection Mode
  • telephone interview

Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SES-0118451).
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 35151 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

University of Michigan. Center for Political Studies. American National Election Study (2014): ANES 2004 Time Series Study. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.