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Korean General Social Survey (KGSS), 2011

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Kim, Sang-Wook (Sungkyunkwan University (South Korea). Survey Research Center)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Korean General Social Survey (KGSS) Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Research Foundation of Korea
Free Keywords
age discrimination; aging; aging population; attitudes; attitudes toward aging; economic conditions; education; educational background; emotional problems; emotional support; employment; family background; family size; family structure; government; government performance; government services; health; health behavior; health care access; health care costs; health care services; health insurance; health problems; household composition; household income; human rights; income; income distribution; labor unions; mental health; minorities; national pride; occupational categories; occupations; political attitudes; political participation; political parties; religion; religious behavior; school attendance; trust (psychology); trust in government; voter attitudes
  • Abstract

    The Korean General Social Survey (KGSS) is the South Korean version of the General Social Survey (GSS), closely replicating the original GSS of the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago. Each round of the KGSS typically includes the topical module surveys of the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP), and/or the East Asian Social Survey (EASS), an international survey network of four GSS-type surveys from countries in East Asia (including China, Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea). Respondents were asked about their trust of people and institutions, their opinions about Korean society, economic conditions, government performance, and labor unions. Additional questions were asked regarding the health care system, respondents' health behaviors, medical treatment, human rights, attitudes toward aging and the elderly, household composition and household income. Demographic information collected includes age, sex, education level, household income, employment status, religious preference, political party affiliation, and political philosophy.
  • Methods

    No weight variables are present in this collection.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Approximately 60 percent.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Korean General Social Survey (KGSS), 2011
Temporal Coverage
  • 2011-06 / 2011-08
    Time period: 2011-06--2011-08
Geographic Coverage
  • Asia
  • Global
  • South Korea
Sampled Universe
Adults aged 18 or over residing in households of Korea. Smallest Geographic Unit: State
Consistent with the requirements of ISSP and other GSS-type surveys, the sample for the KGSS is a national sample drawn by full probability sampling procedures. A more convenient quota sampling at the block level is not employed at all, simply because the quota sampling in terms of age and sex criteria, for instance, is vulnerable to a variety of misuses and abuses that result in serious sampling biases. The target universe of the KGSS is the adult population aged 18 or over who live in households of Korea. From this universe, a total of 2,000 individuals are sampled by the three-stage area probability sampling method. The total number of sample blocks (or clusters) is 200, and some 10 individuals are sampled from each block. First, the total sample blocks are distributed to 16 do's or si's at the province level, proportionate to the distribution of households in Korea. Second, in accordance with the PPS principle, a number of dong's and/or myun's (ward level administrative districts in cities and rural counties, respectively) are selected proportional to the number of sample blocks assigned to each province. Third, from each dong and myun selected, one sample block-tong-ban in dong or ri in myun-is randomly selected. Fourth, in each tong-ban or ri selected, about 10 households are randomly selected, a list is made of adult members aged 18 or over in each household with their dates of birth on it, and the person who has the birth date occurring first during the year is selected. For instance, in a household whose members have birthdays in April, February, November, and August, the very person with the birthday in February becomes the respondent. The multistage element in these sequential sampling procedures serves to narrow down the hierarchically stratified geographic areas into the lowest sample blocks, thereby enhancing the sample representativeness, while the cluster component there serves to maximize the efficiency of fieldwork operations.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview

    More information about Korean General Social Surveys can be found on the Korean General Social Survey Web site (Korean Language) or the Korean General Social Survey Web site (English language).

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 35334 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR35334.v1

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Kim, Sang-Wook (2014): Korean General Social Survey (KGSS), 2011. Archival Version. Korean General Social Survey (KGSS) Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.