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Federal Justice Statistics Program: Guideline Computations for Defendants Sentenced Under the Sentencing Reform Act, 2012

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
Creator
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Federal Justice Statistics Program Data Series
Publication Date
2015-02-04
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
administration; court cases; criminal law; defendants; federal courts; judicial decisions; legal systems; sentencing guidelines; trial courts
Description
  • Abstract

    These data contain records of guideline computations and adjustments for each count of conviction for criminal defendants who were sentenced pursuant to provisions of the Sentencing Reform Act (SRA) of 1984 and reported to the United States Sentencing Commission (USSC) during fiscal year 2012. The data are one of two supplementary files that should be used in conjunction with the primary analysis file, which contains records for all defendants sentenced under the guidelines. These data can be linked to the primary analysis file using the unique identifier variable USSCIDN. The number of records for a defendant in the current data corresponds to the total number of guideline computations, which may or may not equal the total counts of conviction for that defendant, dependent upon the grouping rules of the particular guideline in question (see Section 3D1.2 of the guidelines manual). As an example, a defendant with five counts of drug trafficking will only have one guideline computation because each of the drug weights for each count are simply added together and only one calculation is necessary. However, if a defendant has five counts of bank robbery, he or she will have five separate guideline computations because bank robbery is considered to be a nongroupable offense. The data were obtained from the United States Sentencing Commission's Office of Policy Analysis' (OPA) Standardized Research Data File. These data are part of a series designed by the Urban Institute (Washington, DC) and the Bureau of Justice Statistics. Data and documentation were prepared by the Urban Institute.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 2011-10-01 / 2012-09-30
    Time period: 2011-10-01--2012-09-30
  • 2011-10-01 / 2012-09-30
    Collection date: 2011-10-01--2012-09-30
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Defendants sentenced pursuant to provisions of the Sentencing Reform Act (SRA) of 1984 and reported to the United States Sentencing Commission during fiscal year 2012.
Availability
Download
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 35503 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Motivans, Mark. Federal Jutstice Statistics, 2012 - Statistical Tables. NCJ 248470, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2015.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/fjs12st.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (2015): Federal Justice Statistics Program: Guideline Computations for Defendants Sentenced Under the Sentencing Reform Act, 2012. Version 1. Federal Justice Statistics Program Data Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35503.v1