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Eurobarometer 79.2: Internal Market, Cultural Activities, Non-Urban Road Use, Science and Technology, and Undeclared Work and Tax Fraud, April-May 2013

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • European Commission
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Eurobarometer Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
arts participation; banking; citizen attitudes; citizenship; economic conditions; economic crises; electronic commerce; employment; European Parliament; European Union; finance; gender; income; income tax; innovation; Internet; media coverage; media use; political attitudes; political economy; research; science; tax fraud; tax law violations; technology; work
  • Abstract

    The Eurobarometer series is a unique cross-national and cross-temporal survey program conducted on behalf of the European Commission. These surveys regularly monitor public opinion in the European Union (EU) member countries and consist of standard modules and special topic modules. The standard modules address attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as respondent and household demographics. In Eurobarometer 79.2 the standard Eurobarometer module is not included however respondent and household demographics are included. The special topic modules address such topics as agriculture, education, natural environment and resources, public health, public safety and crime, and science and technology. This round of Eurobarometer surveys cover the following special topics: (1) internal market (2) cultural activities (3) non-urban road use, quality and tolls (4) science and technology, and (5) undeclared work and tax fraud. In regard to the internal market, opinions were collected on the frequency of online purchases, technology used to make orders, types of goods purchased, problems experienced with online shopping, reasons why respondents do not purchase products online from other EU member states and distrust of online retailers. Respondents were asked if they were ever employed in an European state other than their home country and ways to assess quality of professional service providers. In queries on cultural activities, the frequency in which respondents visit museums, the cinema, public libraries in their home country and other EU countries were recorded as well as why they did not participate in cultural activities. Respondents were also asked if they participated in expressive arts such as dancing, writing poems, handicrafts, or playing musical instruments. In regard to non-urban road tolls respondents are polled on the frequency in which they use roads outside of cities, the quality and amount of congestion on those roads, purpose for using those roads. Opinions were collected on whether the government should spend more money on roads and their willingness to pay higher tolls. In the science and technology section, there are questions about interests in and knowledge of developments in science and technology, whether family members have formal credentials in science and technology, their source of information about the latest developments. Additionally, respondents were asked about the usefulness of science and technology. Lastly as it relates to undeclared work in the European Union respondents were asked if they know people who do not declare income, their awareness of the risk of getting caught, the consequences of getting caught and opinions on reasons for doing undeclared work. Demographic and other background information collected includes age, gender, nationality, marital status and parental relations, occupation, age when stopped full-time education, household composition, ownership of a fixed or a mobile telephone and other durable goods, difficulties in paying bills, level in society, and Internet use. In addition, country-specific data includes type and size of locality, region of residence, and language of interview (select countries).
  • Methods

    For each country, a comparison between the sample and the universe was carried out. The Universe description was derived from Eurostat population data or from national statistics offices. For all countries surveyed, a national weighting procedure, using marginal and intercellular weighting, was carried out based on this Universe description. In all countries, gender, age, region and size of locality were introduced in the iteration procedure. For international weighting (i.e. EU averages), TNS Opinion and Social applies the official population figures as provided by EUROSTAT or national statistic offices. Please refer to the ICPSR Codebook for additional weighting information.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 2013-04 / 2013-05
    Time period: 2013-04--2013-05
  • 2013-04 / 2013-05
    Collection date: 2013-04--2013-05
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Global
  • Great Britain
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Northern Ireland
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
Sampled Universe
In all, Eurobarometer 79.2 interviewed 27,563 citizens in the 27 countries of the European Union after the 2004/2007 enlargement (i.e. including the Accession Countries Romania, Bulgaria and including the candidate country, Croatia). All respondents were residents in the respective country, nationals and non-national but EU-Citizens, and aged 15 and over. Respondents were expected to have sufficient command of the respective national languages to answer the questionnaire. Smallest Geographic Unit: Country
The basic sample design applied in all states is a multi-stage, random (probability) one. In each country, a number of sampling points was drawn with the probability proportional to population size (for a total coverage of the country) and to population density. In order to do so, the sampling points were drawn systematically from each of the "administrative regional units", after stratification by individual unit and type of area. They thus represent the whole territory of the countries surveyed according to the EUROSTAT NUTS II (or equivalent) and according to the distribution of the resident population of the respective nationalities in terms of metropolitan, urban and rural areas. In each of the selected sampling points, a starting address was drawn, at random (following the "closest birthday rule"). All interviews were conducted face-to-face in the people's homes and in the appropriate national language. CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available. Please refer to the Technical Specifications section within the ICPSR Codebook for additional sampling information.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview

    The original data collection was carried out by TNS Opinion and Social on request of the European commission between April 26 and May 14 2013.

    The Codebook and setup files for this collection contain characters with diacritical marks used in many European languages.

    The standard Eurobarometer module is not included.

    Module QB (Cultural access and participation) partly replicates questions asked in the context Eurobarometer 67.1 (QA) (ICPSR 21522).

    Module QD (Science, technology and innovation) replicates some questions asked in the context Eurobarometer 73.1 (QC) (ICPSR 31483).

    The documentation and/or setup files may contain references to to Cyprus, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Montenegro, Norway, Turkey, Serbia and Switzerland; however these countries were not participants in this wave of Eurobarometer surveys. This collection contains no data for Cyprus, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Montenegro, Norway, Turkey, Serbia, and Switzerland.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 35505 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR35505.v1
  • O'Hagan, John W.. Attendance at/participation in the arts by educational level: Evidence and issues. Homo Oeconomicus.31, (3), 411-429.2014.
  • TNS Opinion & Social. Undeclared Work in the European Union. Special Eurobarometer 402-Wave EB79.2.Brussels: European Commission. 2014.
    • ID: (URL)
  • TNS Opinion & Social. Attitudes of Europeans Towards the Use of Roads Located Outside of Cities. Special Eurobarometer 400-Wave EB79.2.Brussels: European Commission. 2013.
    • ID: (URL)
  • TNS Opinion & Social. Cultural Access and Participation. Special Eurobarometer 399-Wave EB79.2.Brussels: European Commission. 2013.
    • ID: (URL)
  • TNS Opinion & Social. Internal Market. Special Eurobarometer 398-Wave EB79.2.Brussels: European Commission. 2013.
    • ID: (URL)
  • TNS Opinion & Social. Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI), Science and Technology. Special Eurobarometer 401.Brussels: European Commission. 2013.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

European Commission (2015): Eurobarometer 79.2: Internal Market, Cultural Activities, Non-Urban Road Use, Science and Technology, and Undeclared Work and Tax Fraud, April-May 2013. Archival Version. Eurobarometer Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.