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US Newspapers in the American South, 1869-1896

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, aggregate data
Creator
  • Gentzkow, Matthew (University of Chicago, and National Bureau of Economic Research)
  • Petek, Nathan (University of Chicago)
  • Shapiro, Jesse (University of Chicago, and National Bureau of Economic Research)
  • Sinkinson, Michael (University of Pennsylvania. The Wharton School)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2014-12-10
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
historical data; news media; newspaper circulation; newspapers; political affiliation
Description
  • Abstract

    The US Newspapers in the American South, 1869-1896 data collection contains the number and circulation of non-daily newspapers in each of the 11 former Confederate States of America in 1869 and every presidential year between 1872 and 1896, inclusive. The raw data come from two annual directories of US newspapers: George P. Rowell and Company's (Rowell's) American Newspaper Directory (1869-1876) and N.W. Ayer and Son's (Ayer's) American Newspaper Annual (1880-1896). Variables in this collection include newspaper names, year established, political party affiliation, subscription price, and language.
  • Abstract

    A newspaper was considered to be a non-daily if it circulates fewer than 4 weekdays each week. Each newspaper is associated with a city. An automated script was used to match city names over time, in some cases grouping cities together to ensure a stable geographic concept.
  • Methods

    The data is not weighted and there are no weight variables included in the data set.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1869 / 1896
    Time period: 1869--1896
  • Collection date: 2011-08
Geographic Coverage
  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Louisiana
  • Mississippi
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • United States
  • Virginia
Sampled Universe
Non-daily newspapers in the 11 former Confederate States of America from 1869 to 1896 Smallest Geographic Unit: city
Sampling
George P. Rowell and Company's (Rowell's) American Newspaper Directory (1860-1876) and N.W. Ayer and Son's (Ayer's) American Newspaper Annual (1880-1928)
Collection Mode
  • record abstracts

    These data supplement the panel of US daily newspapers in ICPSR 30261 entitled "United States Newspaper Panel, 1869-2004."

Note
Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SES-0617658, SES-0922342).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 35513 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Gentzkow, Matthew, Petek, Nathan, Shapiro, Jesse M., Sinkinson, Michael. Do Newspapers Serve the State? Incumbent Party Influence on the US Press, 1869-1928. NBER Working Paper 18164.Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER). 2012.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/papers/w18164.pdf?new_window=1 (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Gentzkow, Matthew; Petek, Nathan; Shapiro, Jesse; Sinkinson, Michael (2014): US Newspapers in the American South, 1869-1896. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35513.v1