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Survey of Public Participation in the Arts 1982-2012 Combined File [United States]

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • National Endowment for the Arts
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2014-12-22
Funding Reference
  • National Endowment for the Arts
Language
English
Free Keywords
arts attendance; arts audiences; arts education; arts participation; leisure; reading; recreation; sports
Description
  • Abstract

    The Survey of Public Participation in the Arts (SPPA) is sponsored by the National Endowment for the Arts to inform the understanding of how Americans engage in the arts. This combined data file aggregates SPPA data from 1982, 1985, 1992, 2002, 2008, and 2012. The combined data file does not include the 1997 SPPA because the survey design for the 1997 SPPA was quite different from the other six SPPA studies. Respondents were asked a core set of questions about their participation in, and frequency of attending, art performances and events in the following categories: jazz music, classical music, opera, musicals, plays (nonmusical), ballet, other dance, art museums, arts-crafts fairs, and historical park/monument sites. Questions were also asked about their reading preferences. The data file has demographic and geographic variables and information about the housing unit. The combined file was produced to facilitate trend analysis of SPPA estimates over time. Because arts participation rates change over time, the combined file is not recommended as a source to calculate current arts participation. Users should check the NADAC Website for the most current data source for estimating arts participation. The combined file has 97,295 cases and 85 variables.
  • Abstract

    The Survey of Public Participation in the Arts (SPPA) is sponsored by the National Endowment for the Arts to inform the understanding of how Americans engage in the arts.
  • Abstract

    This combined data file aggregates SPPA data from 1982, 1985, 1992, 2002, 2008, and 2012. The combined data file does not include the 1997 SPPA because the survey design for the 1997 SPPA was quite different from the other six SPPA studies. The 1982, 1985, and 1992 SPPA was appended to the National Crime Survey. The 2002, 2008, and 2012 SPPA was conducted as part of the Current Population Survey. Starting with 2002, the SPPA attempted to obtain self-responses from household members aged 18 and over. Proxy responses were allowed if attempts for a self-response were unsuccessful. At the same time, the SPPA accepted proxy responses for spouses or partners. In 2008, rather than administer the entire SPPA survey to all respondents, the questionnaire was separated into modules, so that any one respondent only answered the core arts attendance questions and two of the four modules. In 2012, one quarter of the sample received the Core 1 questionnaire which was the same as used in previous years and a random selection of two of the five modules. The other quarter of the sample received the Core 2 questionnaire that included experimental questions and a random selection of two of the five modules. The combined file was produced to facilitate trend analysis of SPPA estimates over time. Because arts participation rates change over time, the combined file is not recommended as a source to calculate current arts participation. Users should check the NADAC Website for the most current data source for estimating arts participation. The number of completed interviews by year were: 1982, 17,254; 1985, 13,675; 1992, 12,736; 2002, 17,135; 2008, 18,444; and 2012, 18,051. The combined file has a total of 97,295 cases and 85 variables.
  • Abstract

    The data file provides information on Americans' participation in the arts, including their participation in, and frequency of attending, art performances and events in the following categories: jazz music, classical music, opera, musicals, plays (nonmusical), ballet, other dance, art museums, arts-crafts fairs, and historical park/monument sites. Questions were also asked about their reading preferences. The data file has demographic and geographic variables and information about the housing unit.
  • Methods

    The data file includes two weight variables: WEIGHT is used when producing estimates for a particular year or comparing years, and WEIGHT_NORMALIXED is used when pooling or combing data across years. The data file also has two variables -- VARSTRAT and VARUNIT --that are included to help people estimate the variance or standard error associated with the estimates. Users are encouraged to see the appendix to the data dictionary (available in PDF as part of this collection) that describes in detail the weighting and variance estimation procedures.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Response rates for the surveys was as follows: 1982, over 85 percent; 1985, over 85 percent; 1992, over 80 percent; 2002, 70 percent; 2008, 81.6 percent; and 2012, not available.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Survey of Public Participation in the Arts 1982-2012 Combined File [United States]
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1982
  • Time period: 1985
  • Time period: 1992
  • Time period: 2002
  • Time period: 2008
  • Time period: 2012
  • 1982-01-01 / 1982-12-31
    Collection date: 1982-01-01--1982-12-31
  • 1985-01-01 / 1985-06-30
    Collection date: 1985-01-01--1985-06-30
  • 1992-01-01 / 1992-12-31
    Collection date: 1992-01-01--1992-12-31
  • 2002-08-01 / 2002-08-31
    Collection date: 2002-08-01--2002-08-31
  • 2008-05-01 / 2008-05-31
    Collection date: 2008-05-01--2008-05-31
  • 2012-07-01 / 2012-07-31
    Collection date: 2012-07-01--2012-07-31
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Non-institutionalized adults living in the United States. Smallest Geographic Unit: State
Sampling
Each year the sample was selected using a stratified multi-stage design. All non-institutionalized adults living in the United States were eligible. In 1982, 1985, and 1992 the SPPA survey was appended to the National Crime Survey, conducted by the Census Bureau for the Department of Justice. The sample was drawn from the United States Census Bureau's population counts. In 1982, about one in twelve NCS households was asked to respond to the SPPA questions. In 1985, about one in six NCS households was asked to respond to the SPPA questions. In 1992, the sample frame was the same as that used in the 1982 survey. In 2002, 2008, and 2012 the SPPA survey was a supplement to the Current Population Survey conducted by the Census Bureau. The sample was also drawn from the Census Bureau's population counts. In 2002, one quarter of the CPS households in August 2002 were sampled for the SPPA supplement. In 2008, one quarter of the CPS households in May 2008 were sampled for the SPPA supplement. In 2012, one half of the CPS households in July 2012 were sampled for the SPPA supplement because two versions of the core questionnaire were administered.
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI), computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI), face-to-face interview, telephone interview

    Any changes to the question wording or response options for the different years of SPPA data collection are described in the Notes that display above the frequency counts in the codebook. Similarly, the Universe for each variable that identifies in what years (1982, 1985, 1992, 2002, 2008, and 2012) that variable is available is provided in the codebook below the Notes.

    Users should keep in mind a few broad differences in the survey designs when comparing or combing SPPA data from different years. Some of the more prominent differences that could have some impact on the estimates include: The 1982, 1985 and 1992 SPPA were supplements to the National Crime Victimization survey (NCVS) while the 2002, 2008, and 2012 surveys were supplements to the Current Population Survey (CPS); The SPPA NCVS supplements were collected across the calendar year, while the CPS supplements were collected in one month (i.e., 2002: August, 2008: May,2012: June); The 1985 SPPA was only collected for the first six months of the year; CPS (2002, 2008, and 2012 SPPA) allows proxy reports for respondents who could not be reached after four attempts; The 2008 and 2012 SPPA data file include spouse/partner proxy reported responses; The first two SPPA studies were primarily in-person interviews done at the respondent's house, while the subsequent SPPA studies have been done primarily by telephone;

    The SPPA provides estimates for 32 states: Alabama; California; Colorado, Connecticut; Florida; Georgia; Illinois; Iowa; Kansas; Maine; Maryland; Massachusetts; Michigan; Minnesota; Missouri; Nebraska; Nevada; New Jersey; New York; North Carolina; North Dakota; Ohio; Oregon; Pennsylvania; Rhode Island; South Carolina; South Dakota; Texas; Virginia; Washington; West Virginia; and Wyoming. In addition, the SPPA can reliably supply arts participation estimates for 11 metropolitan areas: Boston-Worchester-Manchester, MA-NH; Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN; Dallas-Fort Worth, TX; Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO; Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA; Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL; New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA; Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD; San Jose-Francisco-Oakland, CA; and Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV.

    Due to the limit in the number of allowable rows of 65,536 in Excel 97-2003 (file ending, xls), the Excel file being distributed with this collection is in the later version of Excel (file ending of xlsx).

Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 35596 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Novak-Leonard, Jennifer L., O'Malley, Michael K., Truong, Eileen. Minding the gap: Elucidating the disconnect between arts participation metrics and arts engagement within immigrant communities. Cultural Trends.2015.
    • ID: 10.1080/09548963.2015.1031477 (DOI)
  • Novak-Leonard, Jennifer, Wong, Jaclyn, English, Ned. A Closer Look at Arts Engagement in California: Insights from the NEA's Survey of Public Participation in the Arts. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago, NORC. 2015.
    • ID: https://culturalpolicy.uchicago.edu/sites/culturalpolicy.uchicago.edu/files/SPPA_CA_Report_Jan2015.pdf (URL)
  • Peterson, Richard A.. Taste as distinction. The Routledge Reader on the Sociology of Music.New York, NY: Routledge. 2015.
  • Silber, Bonnie, Triplett, Tim. A Decade of Arts Engagement: Findings from the Survey of Public Participation in the Arts, 2002-2012. NEA Research Report #58.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Office of Research & Analysis. 2015.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/2012-sppa-feb2015.pdf (URL)
  • National Endowment for the Arts, Office of Research & Analysis. How a Nation Engages with Art: Highlights from the 2012 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts. NEA Research Report #57.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Office of Research & Analysis. 2014.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/highlights-from-2012-SPPA-revised-11-14.pdf (URL)
  • O'Hagan, John W.. Attendance at/participation in the arts by educational level: Evidence and issues. Homo Oeconomicus.31, (3), 411-429.2014.
  • Ateca-Amestoy, Victoria, Prieto-Rodriguez, Juan. Forecasting accuracy of behavioural models for participation in the arts. European Journal of Operational Research.229, (1), 1242013.
  • Boyle, Melissa, Chiou, Lesley. The effect of ticket resale laws on consumption and production in performing arts markets. Eastern Economic Journal.38, (2), 210-222.2012.
    • ID: 10.1057/eej.2011.3 (DOI)
  • Christin, Angele. Gender and highbrow cultural participation in the United States. Poetics.40, (5), 423-443.2012.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.poetic.2012.07.003 (DOI)
  • Garon, Rosaire. The evolution of publics at artistic and cultural events in Quebec and in the United States. Looking for Non-Publics.Quebec City: Presses de L'Universite du Quebec. 2012.
  • Garon, Rosaire. The evolution of publics at artistic and cultural events in Quebec and in the United States: A situation appraisal. Looking for Non-publics.Montreal, Quebec: Presses de l'Universite du Quebec. 2012.
    • ID: http://muse.jhu.edu/books/9782760533721/9782760533721-10.pdf (URL)
  • National Endowment for the Arts, Office of Research & Analysis. Supplementary Materials Related to the NEA's 2012 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts. Web page, Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Office of Research & Analysis. 2012.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/publications/additional-materials-related-to-2012-sppa (URL)
  • Christin, Angele. Le role de la socialisation artistique durant l'enfance: Genre et pratiques culturelles legitimes aux Etats-Unis [The role of artistic socialization during childhood: Gender and legitimate cultural practices in the US]. Reseaux.4-5, (168/169), 59-86.2011.
    • ID: 10.3917/res.169.0059 (DOI)
  • National Endowment for the Arts. Three NEA Monographs on Arts Participation: A Research Digest. NEA Research Note #101.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Office of Research & Analysis. 2011.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/101.pdf (URL)
  • Novak-Leonard, Jennifer L., Brown, Alan S.. Beyond Attendance: A Multi-Modal Understanding of Arts Participation. Based on the 2008 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts. Research Report #54.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 2011.
    • ID: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED516882.pdf (URL)
  • Rabkin, Nick, Hedberg, E.C.. Arts Education in America: What the Declines Mean for Arts Participation. NEA Research Report #52.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 2011.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/2008-SPPA-ArtsLearning.pdf (URL)
  • Ritchey, Andrew Joseph. Sticky Tastes: The Importance of Cohort Music Preferences. Thesis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 2011.
  • Robinson, John P.. Arts and leisure participation among IT users: Further evidence of time enhancement over time displacement. Social Science Computer Review.29, (4), 470-480.2011.
    • ID: 10.1177/0894439310385643 (DOI)
  • Robinson, John P.. IT use and leisure time displacement: Convergent evidence over the last 15 years. Information, Communication and Society.14, (4), 495-509.2011.
    • ID: 10.1080/1369118X.2011.562223 (DOI)
  • Stern, Mark. Age and Arts Participation: A Case Against Demographic Destiny. NEA Research Report #53.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Office of Research & Analysis. 2011.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/2008-SPPA-Age.pdf (URL)
  • Graham, Roderick S.. Class, Culture, or Both: Assessing Consumption Patterns within Music and Technology. Dissertation, City University of New York. 2010.
  • Harrison, Jill, Ryan, John. Musical taste and ageing. Ageing and Society.30, (4), 649-669.2010.
  • National Endowment for the Arts. Audience 2.0: How Technology Influences Arts Participation. Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 2010.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/New-Media-Report.pdf (URL)
  • National Endowment for the Arts. Come as You Are: Informal Arts Participation in Urban and Rural Communities. NEA Research Note #100.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 2010.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/100.pdf (URL)
  • Robinson, John P.. Sex, arts and verbal abilities: Three further indicators of how American life is not Improving. Social Indicators Research.99, (1), 1-12.2010.
    • ID: 10.2307/40800989 (DOI)
  • Ateca Amestoy, Victoria M.. El capital humano como determinante del consumo cultural [Human capital as a determinant of cultural consumption. With English summary]. Estudios de Economia Aplicada.27, (1), 89-112.2009.
  • Beach, Richard, Bigelow, Martha, Dillon, Deborah, Dockter, Jessie, Galda, Lee, Helman, Lori, Kapoor, Richa, Ngo, Bic, O'Brien, David, Sato, Mistilina, Scharber, Cassie, Jorgensen, Karen, Liang, Lauren, Braaksma, Martine, Janssen, Tanja. Annotated Bibliography of Research in the Teaching of English. Research in the Teaching of English.44, (2), 210-241.2009.
  • Graham, Roderick. The function of music education in the growth of cultural openness in the USA. Music Education Research.11, (3), 283-302.2009.
    • ID: 10.1080/14613800903144296 (DOI)
  • National Endowment for the Arts. 2008 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts. Research Report #49.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Office of Research & Analysis. 2009.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/2008-SPPA.pdf (URL)
  • National Endowment for the Arts. Arts Participation 2008: Highlights from a National Survey. Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Office of Research & Analysis. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.cpanda.org/data/a00249/NEA-SPPA-brochure.pdf (URL)
  • National Endowment for the Arts. Reading on the Rise: A New Chapter in American Literacy. Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 2009.
    • ID: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED503915.pdf (URL)
  • Nichols, Bonnie. Art-Goers in Their Communities: Patterns of Civic and Social Engagement. NEA Research Note #98.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Office of Research & Analysis. 2009.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/98.pdf (URL)
  • Nichols, Bonnie. State and Regional Differences in Arts Participation: A Geographic Analysis of the 2008 SPPA. NEA Research Note #99 .Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Office of Research & Analysis . 2009.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/99.pdf (URL)
  • Teachout, Terry. Can jazz be saved? The audience for America's great art form is withering away. The Wall Street Journal.2009.
    • ID: http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052970204619004574320303103850572 (URL)
  • Ateca-Amestoy, Victoria. Determining heterogeneous behavior for theater attendance. Journal of Cultural Economics.32, (2), 127-151.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10824-008-9065-z (DOI)
  • Bauerlein, Mark. The new bibliophobes. The Dumbest Generation: How the Digital Age Stupefies Young Americans and Jeopardizes Our Future (or, Don't Trust Anyone Under 30).London: Penguin Books, Ltd.. 2008.
  • Bauerlein, Mark, Munson, Lynn, Prehoda, Lauren, Stotsky, Sandra, Greene, Jay P., O'Connor, Erin. To read or not to read: Responses to the new NEA study. Academic Questions.195-2202008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s12129-008-9055-9 (DOI)
  • Tepper, Steven J., Ivey, Bill. Engaging Art: The Next Great Transformation of America's Cultural Life. New York, NY: Routledge. 2008.
  • Garcia-Alvarez, Ercilia, Katz-Gerro, Tally, Lopez-Sintas, Jordi. Deconstructing cultural omnivorousness 1982-2002: Heterology in Americans' musical preferences. Social Forces.86, (2), 417-443.2007.
    • ID: 10.2307/20430748 (DOI)
  • National Endowment for the Arts. The Arts and Civic Engagement: Involved in Arts, Involved in Life. Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 2007.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/CivicEngagement.pdf (URL)
  • National Endowment for the Arts. To Read or Not To Read: A Question of National Consequence. Research Division Report #47.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Research Division. 2007.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/ToRead.pdf (URL)
  • Nichols, Bonnie. Volunteering and Performing Arts Attendance: More Evidence from the SPPA. NEA Research Note #94.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Office of Research & Analysis. 2007.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/94.pdf (URL)
  • Griffin, Larry J.. Give me that old-time music . . . or not . Southern Cultures.12, (4), 98-107.2006.
  • Auslander, Philip. No-shows: The head count from the NEA. TDR: The Drama Review.49, (1), 5-9.2005.
  • Borgonovi, Francesca. Public Policy and the Performing Arts: Intended and Unintended Consequences of Public Subsidies. Dissertation, London School of Economics and Political Science. 2005.
  • Lopez-Sintas, Jordi, Katz-Gerro, Tally. From exclusive to inclusive elitists and further: Twenty years of omnivorousness and cultural diversity in arts participation in the USA. Poetics.33, (5-6), 299-319.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.poetic.2005.10.004 (DOI)
  • Mizell, Lee. Arts Education in the U.S: 1982-2002. Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 2005.
    • ID: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED511701.pdf (URL)
  • Mizell, Lee. Geography and Public Participation in the Arts: Ten Metropolitan Regions. Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 2005.
    • ID: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED511709.pdf (URL)
  • Mizell, Lee. Geography and Public Participation in the Arts: Ten States. Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 2005.
    • ID: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED511706.pdf (URL)
  • Mizell, Lee. Music Preferences in the U.S.: 1982-2002. Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 2005.
    • ID: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED511715.pdf (URL)
  • Nichols, Bonnie. Arts and Leisure Activities: Evidence from the 2002 Survey of Public Participation. Note #89.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Office of Research and Analysis, Research Division. 2005.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/89.pdf (URL)
  • Peterson, Richard A.. Problems in comparative research: The example of omnivorousness. Poetics.33, 257-282.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.poetic.2005.10.002 (DOI)
  • Seaman, Bruce Alan. Attendance and Public Participation in the Performing Arts: A Review of the Empirical Literature. Andrew Young School of Policy Studies Research Paper Series No. 06-25.Atlanta, GA: Georgia State University, Department of Economics. 2005.
    • ID: 10.2139/ssrn.895099 (DOI)
  • Borgonovi, Francesca. Performing arts attendance: An economic approach. Applied Economics.36, 1871-1885.2004.
    • ID: 10.1080/0003684042000264010 (DOI)
  • DiMaggio, Paul, Mukhtar, Toqir. Arts participation as cultural capital in the United States, 1982-2002: Signs of decline?. Poetics.32, (2), 169-194.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.poetic.2004.02.005 (DOI)
  • National Endowment for the Arts. 2002 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts . Research Division Report #45.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 2004.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/NEASurvey2004.pdf (URL)
  • National Endowment for the Arts. Reading at Risk: A Survey of Literary Reading in America. Research Division Report #46.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Research Division. 2004.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/ReadingAtRisk.pdf (URL)
  • National Endowment for the Arts. Reading at Risk: A Survey of Literary Reading in America. Executive Summary.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 2004.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/RaRExec_0.pdf (URL)
  • Upright, Craig Barton. Social capital and cultural participation: Spousal influences on attendance at arts events. Poetics.32, (2), 129-143.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.poetic.2004.02.002 (DOI)
  • National Endowment for the Arts. 2002 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts . Research Division Note #81.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 2003.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/81.pdf (URL)
  • Nichols, Bonnie. Demographic Characteristics of Arts Attendance, 2002. Research Division Note #82.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Research Division. 2003.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/82.pdf (URL)
  • Peterson, Richard A., Hull, Pamela C., Kern, Roger M.. Age and Arts Participation: 1982-1997. National Endowment for the Arts Research Division Report #42.Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press. 2000.
    • ID: https://ia601508.us.archive.org/22/items/ageartsparticipa2000pete/ageartsparticipa2000pete.pdf (URL)
  • Tepper, Steven J.. Fiction reading in America: Explaining the gender gap. Poetics.27, (4), 255-275.2000.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0304-422X(00)00003-6 (DOI)
  • Aschaffenburg, Karen, Maas, Ineke. Cultural and educational careers: The dynamics of social reproduction. American Sociological Review.62, (4), 573-587.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2657427 (URL)
  • AMS Planning & Research Corporation. American Participation in Theater. Research Division Report #35.Santa Ana, CA: National Endowment for the Arts. 1996.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/American-Participation-in-Theater.pdf (URL)
  • Bergonzi, Louis, Smith, Julia. Effects of Arts Education on Participation in the Arts. Research Division Report #36.Santa Ana, CA: National Endowment for the Arts, Research Division . 1996.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/NEA-Research-Report-36.pdf (URL)
  • Kalmijn, Matthijs, Kraaykamp, Gerbert. Race, cultural capital, and schooling: An analysis of trends in the United States. Sociology of Education.69, (1), 221996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2112721 (URL)
  • Kirchberg, Volker. Museum visitors and non-visitors in Germany: A representative survey. Poetics.24, (2-4), 239-258.1996.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0304-422X(96)00007-1 (DOI)
  • Kracman, K.. The effect of school-based arts instruction on attendance at museums and the performing arts. Poetics.24, (2), 203-218.1996.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0304-422X(96)00009-5 (DOI)
  • Lemmon, Jack R.. American Dance 1992: Who's Watching? Who's Dancing?. Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 1996.
    • ID: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED398165.pdf (URL)
  • O'Hagan, John W.. Access to and participation in the arts: The case of those with low incomes/educational attainment. Journal of Cultural Economics.20, (4), 269-282.1996.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF00149232 (DOI)
  • Orend, Richard J., Keegan, Carol. Education and Arts Participation: A Study of Arts Socialization and Current Arts-Related Activities Using 1982 and 1992 SPPA Data. Washington, DC: . 1996.
    • ID: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED406305.pdf (URL)
  • Peters, Monnie, Cherbo, Joni M.. Americans Personal Participation in the Arts: 1992 . A Monograph Describing the Data from the Survey of Public Participation in the Arts.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 1996.
    • ID: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED404273.pdf (URL)
  • Peterson, Richard A., Kern, Roger M.. Changing highbrow taste: From snob to omnivore. American Sociological Review.61, (5), 900-907.1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2096460 (URL)
  • Peterson, Richard A., Sherkat, Darren E., Balfe, Judith H., Meyersohn, Rolf. Age and Arts Participation, with a Focus on the Baby Boom Cohort. Research Division Report #34.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Research Division. 1996.
    • ID: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED410186.pdf (URL)
  • AMS Planning and Reseach Corporation. A Practical Guide to Arts Participation Researh. Research Division Report #30.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Research Division. 1995.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/NEA-Research-Report-30.pdf (URL)
  • Cherbo, Joni Maya, Peters, Monnie. American Participation in Opera and Musical Theater, 1992. Research Division Report #32.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Research Division. 1995.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/NEA-Research-Report-32.pdf (URL)
  • DeVeaux, Scott. Jazz in America: Who's Listening?. Research Division Report #31.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Research Division. 1995.
    • ID: http://arts.gov/sites/default/files/NEA-Research-Report-31.pdf (URL)
  • Gray, Charles M.. Turning On and Tuning In: Media Participation in the Arts. Research Division Report #33.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts. 1995.
    • ID: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED406267.pdf (URL)
  • Gray, Charles M.. Turning On and Turning In: Media Participation in the Arts. Research Division Report #33.Washington, DC: National Endowment for the Arts, Research Division. 1995.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

National Endowment for the Arts (2014): Survey of Public Participation in the Arts 1982-2012 Combined File [United States]. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35596.v1