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Sit-ins and Desegregation in the U.S. South in the Early 1960s

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, census/enumeration data, event/transaction data
Creator
  • Andrews, Kenneth T. (University of North Carolina)
  • Biggs, Michael (University of Oxford)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2015-05-08
Language
English
Free Keywords
African Americans; civil disobedience; civil rights; Confederate States of America; demonstrators; desegregation; peace movements; protest demonstrations; race; racial discrimination; racial integration; racial segregation; segregation; social inequality; social movements
Description
  • Abstract

    This study examines the causes and consequences of sit-ins in the American South. It was motivated by four questions: (1) Why did sit-ins occur in some cities rather than others in the spring of 1960? (2) Did movement organizations grow faster where sit-ins occurred? (3) Why did desegregation occur in some cities but not others in 1960-1961? (4) Was desegregation more likely where sit-ins occurred? To answer these questions, data was collected on cities in the states of the former Confederacy plus Maryland, Kentucky, and West Virginia. All urban places with a population of at least 10,000 and a Black population of at least 1,000 are included. These provide the 334 observations. Variables include dates of sit-in protest and of the desegregation of lunch counters, social and economic characteristics from the 1960 Census, geographical location, Civil Rights organizations, newspaper circulation, and athletic affiliations of Black colleges.
  • Abstract

    This study examines the causes and consequences of sit-ins in the American South. It was motivated by four questions: (1) Why did sit-ins occur in some cities rather than others in the spring of 1960? (2) Did movement organizations grow faster where sit-ins occurred? (3) Why did desegregation occur in some cities but not others in 1960-1961? (4) Was desegregation more likely where sit-ins occurred?
  • Abstract

    Data was collected on cities in the states of the former Confederacy plus Maryland, Kentucky, and West Virginia. All urban places with a population of at least 10,000 and a Black population of at least 1,000 are included.
  • Abstract

    Variables include dates of sit-in protests and of the desegregation of lunch counters, social and economic characteristics from the 1960 Census, geographical location, Civil Rights organizations, newspaper circulation, and athletic affiliations of black colleges.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Created variable labels and/or value labels.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1960 / 1961
    Time period: 1960--1961
Geographic Coverage
  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
Sampled Universe
Cities in the American South, defined as states of the former Confederacy plus Maryland, Kentucky, and West Virginia Smallest Geographic Unit: City
Sampling
All urban places with a total population of at least ten thousand and a nonwhite population of at least one thousand in 1960.
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 35630 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Andrews, Kenneth T.; Biggs, Michael (2015): Sit-ins and Desegregation in the U.S. South in the Early 1960s. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35630.v1