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metadata language: English

Visuospatial Bootstrapping: Aging and the Facilitation of Verbal Memory by Spatial Displays

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : experimental data
Creator
  • Calia, Clara (Queen Margaret University (Edinburgh))
  • Darling, Stephen (Queen Margaret University (Edinburgh))
  • Allen, Richard (University of Leeds)
  • Havelka, Jelena (University of Leeds)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2015-04-27
Language
English
Free Keywords
adults; aging; cognitive functioning; cognitive processes; memory; older adults; young adults
Description
  • Abstract

    Recent studies on verbal immediate serial recall show evidence of the integration of information from verbal and visuospatial short-term memory with long-term memory representations. Verbal serial recall is improved when the information is arranged in a familiar spatially distributed pattern, such as a telephone keypad. This pattern, termed 'Visuospatial Bootstrapping' is consistent with the existence within working memory of an episodic buffer (Baddeley, 2000). The present experiment aimed to investigate whether similar results would be obtained in a sample of older adults. Older (55-76) and younger (19-35) adults carried out visual serial recall in three visual display conditions that have previously been used to demonstrate visuospatial bootstrapping. Results demonstrated better performance when digits were presented in a typical telephone keypad display. Although digit serial recall declined with age, this visuospatial bootstrapping effect did not differ in size between older and younger adults. Theoretical and practical implications of these results are described.
  • Methods

    The data are not weighted.
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: MMSE; Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices (RCPM); WAIS digits-forward; WAIS digits-backward; Corsi Blocks Task; Visual Patterns task.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Not recorded/not available.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 2013-01 / 2014-11
    Time period: 2013-01--2014-11
Geographic Coverage
  • Italy
Sampled Universe
Older and younger adults. Smallest Geographic Unit: city
Sampling
Convenience sampling was used. See Calia et al (in press), 'Visuospatial bootstrapping: aging and the facilitation of verbal memory by spatial displays'. Archives of Scientific Psychology.
Collection Mode
  • cognitive assessment test

Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 36132 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR36132.v1

Update Metadata: 2015-08-06 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Calia, Clara; Darling, Stephen; Allen, Richard; Havelka, Jelena (2015): Visuospatial Bootstrapping: Aging and the Facilitation of Verbal Memory by Spatial Displays. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36132