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The Occupational Integration of the Blind (Survey of the Blind)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Müther-Lange, Helga (Rheinische Hauptfürsorgestelle beim Landschaftsverband Rheinland)
Publication Date
  • Infas, Bonn (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Occupation, Profession
  • Abstract

    Occupation and employment biography of blind persons. Topics: 1. Visual handicap, well-being and personality: degree of visual handicap; remaining visual acuity; additional visual handicaps; number of impairments; ability to read black text; ability to read writing with electronic aid; mastery of braille; further health impairments; type of health impairments; recognized reduction in earning capacity and amount of reduction in earning capacity; personal dealing with and well-being in visual handicap (coping); aid available and used with tasks in daily life; subjective certainty in eating in public; mobility practices outside of the residence; accompanyment; assessment of the employment situation as well as the fitness for work of the blind (locus of control and success orientation); suitable activities for visually handicapped. 2. Employment biography of the early blind: situation of choice of occupation; counseling discussions about training and work opportunities; number of counseling sessions; occupation practical training during time in school; post as a trainee after time in school, measure to find an occupation; work trials after time in school; vocational training, college, retraining after time in school; completed vocational training; vocational training specially for blind; vocational training in a facility for blind; vocational training site in the vicinity of place of residence; family, technical and colleague support in vocational training; full-time employment; reasons for non-employment; length of full-time employment; course of employment (longer work absence due to illness, unemployment, change of job). 3. Employment biography of the late blind: employment before going blind; reason for non-employment before going blind; length of employment before going blind in years; occupational activity at time of going blind; last occupational position before going blind; area of business; company size; department; going blind (suddenly or gradually); subjective situation, personal feelings at going blind as well as fears for the occupational future; counseling discussions about training and work opportunities and evaluation of occupational counseling of selected advice centers; participation in measures after going blind (mobility training and instruction in visual aids); retraining after going blind and current retraining status; personnel as well as technical support in retraining; primary occupational activity after going blind; reasons for non-employment; change of job after going blind and form of arranging the new job; type of company (special facility for blind or normal company); change of activity; usability of existing qualifications; re-equipment of the workplace; workplace for handicapped; duration of employment after resumption of work; course of employment after going blind. 4. Employment status and current occupation: employment status; length of non-employment; intended employment; part-time or full-time employment; place of work subsidized; type of company (special facility for the blind or normal company); area of business; company size; length of company employment; department; occupational position; activity now exercised; gross monthly income; further education in current employment; initiative for further education; support at work and need for support; means of transport on the way to work and distance between residence and place of work; foreseeable change of situation in life regarding occupation or family; pension application and type of pension applied for. 5. Unemployment: status as unemployed; support from the employment office (earnings-related unemployment benefit or unemployment benefit); compensation payment, adjustment aid; participation in employment office measures; number of positions offered by employment office; initiative applications in the last three months; reasons for not bothering with applications; assessment of the chances of success in looking for work; prospects of status change; length of unemployment; termination of last employment (personally giving notice or by employer); reasons for termination of last employment. 6. Pension, early retirement: reasons for retirement; type of pension received; length of retirement; planned later employment; status before retirement. 7. Education, retraining, further education: length of current training; type of training; training for the blind in special facility; participation in tests; plans for the time after training. 8. Last employment before unemployment or retirement: full-time, part-time, time limitation; support by the employment office or other bearers of the costs; type of company; area of business; company size; department; occupational position; occupational activity last exercised. Demography: age; age at going blind; school education; type of school; going blind before or after end of time in school; sex; citizenship; regional origins; marital status; living together with a partner; visual handicap of partner; occupation of partner; number of children in household (currently and earlier); accomodation in a home; size of household; household net income; personally available income; receipt of welfare; amount of current welfare; form of housing; residence costs; additional costs; membership in organizations for the blind, in handicapped sport group or other organizations; frequency of church attendance; social origins. Interviewer rating: presence of third persons during interview; intervention in the interview; willingness of respondent to answer; assessment of reliability of the information; type of building of target household; course of interview, conversation and cooperation; atmosphere and residential surroundings of respondent; form of settlement; length of interview and type of survey.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1994-05 / 1994-07
Geographic Coverage
  • North Rhine-Westphalia (DE-NW)
Sampled Universe
Blind receiving aid for the blind and registered in the area of responsibility of the Landschaftsverband Rheinland (file on aid for the blind spring 1994)
Sampling Procedure Comment: Random selection
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1013
    Number of Variables: 474
See also the survey of companies that occupy the blind archived under ZA Study No. 2394.
C - Data and documents are only released for academic research and teaching after the data depositor’s written authorization. For this purpose the Data Archive obtains a written permission with specification of the user and the analysis intention.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2993 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Landschaftsverband Rheinland (Hrsg.): Die berufliche Integration von Blinden: Untersuchungsergebnisse (Tabellenband). Landschaftsverband Rheinland 1995.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 88 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Müther-Lange, Helga (1998): Die berufliche Integration von Blinden (Blindenbefragung). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.