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Sit-ins and Desegregation in the U.S. South in the Early 1960s

Resource Type
  • Andrews, Kenneth (University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill)
  • Biggs, Michael (University of Oxford)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
[Black community; social protest; Southern United States; social movements; desegregation]
  • Abstract

    This study examines the causes and consequences of sit-ins in the American South. It was motivated by four questions: (1) Why did sit-ins occur in some cities rather than others in the spring of 1960? (2) Did movement organizations grow faster where sit-ins occurred? (3) Why did desegregation occur in some cities but not others in 1960-1961? (4) Was desegregation more likely where sit-ins occurred? To answer these questions, we collected data on cities in the states of the former Confederacy plus Maryland, Kentucky, and West Virginia. All urban places with a population of at least 10,000 and a black population of at least 1,000 are included. These provide the 334 observations. Variables include dates of sit-in protest and of the desegregation of lunch counters, social and economic characteristics from the 1960 Census, geographical location, Civil Rights organizations, newspaper circulation, and athletic affiliations of black colleges.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1955-01-01 / 1962-12-31
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.

Update Metadata: 2016-08-27 | Issue Number: 18 | Registration Date: 2015-06-19

Andrews, Kenneth; Biggs, Michael (2016): Sit-ins and Desegregation in the U.S. South in the Early 1960s. Version: 1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.