Political Cultures in United Germany 1993

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Westle, Bettina (Fakultät für Soziologie, Universität Bielefeld)
Publication Date
  • EMNID, Bielefeld (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Issues
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Cultural and national identity
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Political ideology
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
  • Abstract

    Attitude to democracy and the political system. Changes from unification. Topics: personal judgement on reunification at the time of survey; judgement on the last few years of the GDR and perceived desire for change; solidarity with one´s own city, with one´s state, with the FRG, before unification with Germany as a whole, with the European Community, with the old states or with the new states and their citizens; stressing governmental independence or increased mergers as preferred future political world; attitude to the idea of democracy; satisfaction with democracy; understanding of democracy (scale); social trust; general contentment with life; attitude to selected citizen dutys and forms of political participation such as: continually being informed, regular election participation, trusting politicias, alertly and skeptically following politics, observing laws, defending oneself publicly against unjust laws, exercising government loyality or government criticism, being active in political groups, parties and citizens´ initiatives, permitting criticism of democracy, defending democracy against its opponents and making a social-political effort; respect for one´s own country and defense preparedness in the case of threat; personal sense of responsibility; evaluation of the possibilities of citizens to influence politics; uncertainty in political discussions; judgement on the interest of politicians in desires and concerns of the citizen; understanding of politics; judgement on the possibilities to influence politics between elections; classification of the parties as representatives of voter interests; national pride; most important reasons for not answering the question on national pride; most important reasons to be proud or not be proud of the nation; attitude to the idea of socialism (scale); attitude to socialism as realized in the GDR; satisfaction with the achievements of the Federal Government and the achievements of the parties in the Federal Republic; attitude to a leadership role of Germany in Europe and agreement with a superiority of the Germans regarding other peoples as well as attitude to the idea of National Socialism (scale); attitude to foreigners (scale); attitude to National Socialism (scale); judgement on the process of reunification and the relationship of the West Germans to the East Germans (scale); preference for maintenance of security and order or free expression of opinion in the form of demonstrations (scale); approval of the use of governmental force against demonstrators and strikers; postmaterialism (Inglehart index); interest in politics; self-classification on a left-right continuum; judgement on the current economic situation in the country over-all; expected economic development; preference for social security in a welfare state or for more personal responsibility; judgement on the reality of social security in Germany; dogmatism, authoritarianism, anomy (scales); conformism: adaptation to friends; agreement with majorities and opportunism; participation as well as desire to participate in citizens´ initiatives, collection of signatures, boycott and demonstrations as expression of political participation. Demography: sex; age; head of household; personal purchase of groceries; school degree; employment; occupation; school degree and employment of head of household; marital status; size of household and age composition of household; religious affiliation; party preference (Sunday question); interest in politics; union membership; behavior at the polls in the last Federal Parliament election 1990; number of persons with personal income in household; monthly net household income; personal net income; city size.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1993-05 / 1993-06
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Persons 18 years old and older
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample (random route procedure, ADM-Master-Sample)
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1996
    Number of Variables: 200
A comparable study from 1992 is archived under ZA Study No. 2809. It contains a series of questions replicated in this study.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA3033 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Westle, Bettina: Politische Folge- und Kritikbereitschaft der Deutschen. In: ZUMA-Nachrichten 41, Jg.21, S. 100-124, 1997.
  • Westle, Bettina: Kollektive Identität im vereinten Deutschland: Nation und Demokratie in der Wahrnehmung der Deutschen. Opladen: Leske + Budrich 1999.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 89 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22