1994 Hungarian Election - Pre-Election Studies 1992-1994

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Klingemann, Hans-Dieter (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung)
  • Toka, Gabor (Department of Political Science, Central European University, Budapest, Ungarn)
Other Title
  • Magyar 1994-es valasztasok – 1992-1994-es valasztasok elotti felmeres (Original Title)
Publication Date
  • MEDIAN Opinion & Market Research Ltd., Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
  • Abstract

    Behavior at the polls, questions on the political system and Socio-economic attitudes. Topics: Interest in politics; satisfaction with democracy; persuading friends; discussing politics; election participation and decision; Sunday question; current voting intention; evaluation of the parties; evaluation of the government; name of current government and opposition parties; prefered changes in the government; attention of government; achievements of the current and previous government; attitudes to nationalism, abortion, atheistic politicians, income differences, political system, economic system, influence of church and restitution; issue competency of the parties; importance of reducing inequality, help for economy, competent manager, human rights, environmental protection; health care, preserving moral, abortion rights, nationalism, political stability and privatization; differences between classes, poor and rich, village and town, young and old, religious and atheist people, private and state owned companies; left-right-self- placement; liberal-conservative-self-placement; general satisfaction with life; financial situation of one's own household a year ago and assumed changes one year in future; economic situation in Hungary in comparison to that a year ago; assumed changes one year in future; country's important problems; best party solution; possible coalitions; restitution notes; value of restitution notes; preferred composition of the government; residence; size of community; gypsy; religion; church attendance.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1992-09 / 1994-04
    The survey periods: September 1992 2 to 13 December 1993 10 to 20 April 1994.
Geographic Coverage
  • Hungary (HU)
Sampled Universe
Persons aged 18 years or older from the residential population
Sampling Procedure Comment: Stratified random sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 3600
    Number of Variables: 268
In the data set there is a weighting variable (WEIGHT) which fits the joint distribution of educational attainment, age, sex and place of residence to that observed in the 1990 census. Whether or not the weight variables is used it may cause significant differences in the cases of the post-election data, since the panel retention rate differ considerably across groups, among others by place of residence, age and interest in politics. The original Hungarian datasets are archived at TARKI Datenbank, Budapest (Nos. D68-D71) The pre-election study is archived under 3057. Comparable election studies from Hungary (1990) are archived under 2485-2488. Further election studies of the project ´Founding Elections in Eastern Europe´ (H.-D. Klingemann, Science Center Berlin, WZB; supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation) are archived under ZA Study Nos.: 2465-2469, 2485-2488, 2560-2562, 2811-2819, 2901-2912, 3053-3057, 3175-3176 and 3631-3633. Comparable election studies from Eastern Europe are archived under ZA Study Nos.: 3123-3126, 3215-3218, 3527-3530, 3631-3633, 3888-3893.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA3056 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Toka, Gabor; Enyedi, Zsolt (Hrsg.): Elections to the Hungarian National Assembly 1994: Series Founding Elections in Eastern Europe. Analyses, Documents and Data. Berlin: Ed. Sigma 1999

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 89 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22