1994 Hungarian Election - Post-Election Study 1994

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Klingemann, Hans-Dieter (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung)
  • Toka, Gabor (Department of Political Science, Central European University, Budapest, Ungarn)
Other Title
  • Magyar 1994-es valasztasok – 1994-es valasztasok utan felmeres (Original Title)
Publication Date
  • MEDIAN Opinion & Market Research Ltd., Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Mass media
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Behavior at the polls, questions on the political system and socio economic attitudes. Topics: Frequency of watching TV; watching news on TV; listen to news on radio; reading newspapers; information about parties on TV; interests in politics; satisfaction with democracy; discussing politics; election participation and decision; reason for voting behavior; party preference; winners of the elections; sympathy scale of parties; issue competency of the main parties; second vote in 1994 and assumed winners of the elections; voting behavior and intention in the second round of the elections; comparison of the prewar regime, the regime around 1975 and the present regime (scale); rights of the opposition and extreme groups; evaluation of the socio economic situation (scale); preference for progressive or equal taxes; preference for inflation or unemployment; pace of privatization; privatization of large industrial enterprises, banks, hospitals, TV, state farms, power stations; efficiency versus privatization; regulation of immigration, subsidize kindergartens; church influence on curricula; treatment of agriculture; respect for authorities; censorship of magazines; guarantee current borders; influence of the trade unions, private companies, government, president, parliament, international financial organizations and foreign companies; state's influence on every day life; financial situation of one's own household a year ago and assumed changes one year in future; economic situation in Hungary in comparison to that a year ago; Inglehard index; evaluation of the parties; opinion on joining the NATO and EU; Hungarian borders; preferred political system; attitudes to nationalism, abortion, influence of church and restitution; inequality, help for economy, competent manager, human rights, environmental protection; health care, preserving moral, abortion rights, nationalism, political stability, privatization, patriotism, democracy, Jews, media monopoly, TV and new bourgeoisie; restoration of communism; party affiliation of the family and friends; preferred premier; left-right self placement; liberal-conservative self placement; party membership present and before 1990; membership of social organizations; political participation; church attendance; confession; changes in occupational life; social self placement; application for restitution; gypsy; size of community.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1994-05
Geographic Coverage
  • Hungary (HU)
Sampled Universe
The original respondents in the three pre-election surveys 1992-1994 (persons aged 18 years or older from the residential population)
Sampling Procedure Comment: Non-random sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 2098
    Number of Variables: 279
The cumulative dataset of the pre-election studies is archived under ZA3056. The original Hungarian datasets are archived at TARKI Databank, Budapest (Nos. D68-D71) Further election studies of the project ´Founding Elections in Eastern Europe´ (H.-D. Klingemann, Science Center Berlin, WZB; supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation) are archived under ZA Study Nos.: 2465-2469, 2485-2488, 2560-2562, 2811-2819, 2901-2912, 3053-3056, 3175-3176 and 3631-3633. Comparable election studies from Eastern Europe are archived under ZA Study Nos.: 3123-3126, 3215-3218, 3527-3530, 3631-3633, 3888-3893.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA3057 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Toka, Gabor; Enyedi, Zsolt (Hrsg.): Elections to the Hungarian National Assembly 1994: Series Founding Elections in Eastern Europe. Analyses, Documents and Data. Berlin: Ed. Sigma 1999

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 89 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22