World Values Survey Eastern Europe and Germany 1995-1997

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Klingemann, Hans-Dieter (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung)
  • Pogosian, Gevork (Sociological Research Center, Armenian Academy of Sciences, Yerevan (Armenien))
  • Aliev (SIAR), A. (Baku (Azerbaijan))
  • Vardomatskii, A. P. (NOVAK-Laboratory, Minsk (Weißrussland))
  • Titma, Mikk (Center for Social Research in Eastern Europe, Tallinn (Estland))
  • Pachulia, Merab (Georgian Institute of Public Opinion (GIPO) Tbilisi (Georgien))
  • Guellner, Manfred (FORSA - Gesellschaft fuer Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen mbH Berlin/Dortmund (Deutschland))
  • Koroleva, Ilze (Foundation for the Advancement of Sociological Studies, Riga (Lettland))
  • Alisauskiene, Rasa (Baltic Surveys Ltd., Vilnius (Litauen))
  • Ishimova, Ljubov (Department of Sociology, Institute of Sociology, Philosophy and Law of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Moldova, Chisinau (Moldawien))
  • Bashkirova, Elena (Russian Public Opinion and Market Research (ROMIR), Moskau (Russland))
  • Balakireva, Olga N. (Social Monitoring Center, National Institute for Strategic Studies (NISS), Kiew (Ukraine))
Publication Date
  • SIAR, Baku (Azerbaijan) (Data Collector)
  • Georgian Institute of Public Opinion (GIPO), Tbilisi, Georgia (Data Collector)
  • Sociological Research Center of the Armenian Academy of Sciences(Armenia) (Data Collector)
  • NOVAK-Laboratory, Minsk (Belarus) (Data Collector)
  • Center for Social Research in Eastern Europe,Tallinn (Estonia) (Data Collector)
  • FORSA Berlin/Dortmund (Germany) (Data Collector)
  • Foundation for the Advancement of Sociological Studies, Riga (Latvia) (Data Collector)
  • Baltic Surveys Ltd., Vilnius (Lithuania) (Data Collector)
  • Independent Center of Social Research "Your Opinion", Kishinev.(Moldova) (Data Collector)
  • Russian Public Opinion and Market Research (ROMIR), Moscow (Russia) (Data Collector)
  • Social Monitoring Center, Kiev (Ukraine) (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Religion and values
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Family life and marriage
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Social and political fundamental values as well as norms in 11 countries. Topics: Importance of family, friends, leisure time, politics, work, religion, hobby, personal business; feeling of happiness; self-assessment of condition of health; closeness to parents; responsibility of parents; educational goals; membership in parties and organizations; trust in others; political discussions with friends; attitude to environmental problems; environmentally conscious conduct; relationship of tradition and high technology, human and nature; future of humanity; groups of persons rejected in the neighborhood; work for women, older and immigrants; satisfaction with financial situation; general contentment with life; freedom of decision; work orientations; work and leisure time; decisive criteria in the job search; equal pay for the same work; preferred type of leadership of a business; ideal number of children; importance of father and mother for development of the child; motherhood as prerequisite for a happy woman; attitude on marriage and sexual freedom; single mothers; preferred sex of children; sex role; materialism and postmaterialism; defense preparedness; change of significance of money, work, family, technology and authority; scientific progress; interest in politics; political participation; right-left self-classification; attitude to society; import of goods; immigration policy; trust in institutions; evaluation of the political systems ten years ago, today and in ten years; opinion on various political systems; freedom or maintenance of law and order; understanding of democracy; readiness for violence to achieve political goals; free market economy; satisfaction with democracy; respect for human rights; poverty and the reasons for it; economic aid for poorer countries; the meaning of life; good and evil; religious affiliation; belief in God, death, soul, devil, hell, heaven and sin; salience of God in one´s own life; condemning conduct against norms and laws; solidarity with country/city; national pride; nationale identity; language spoken at home; Sunday question; party one can never vote for; extent of corruption in the country; primary earner of family; sources of income; money saved in the last year; subjective social class; frequency of watching television.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1995-12 / 1997-06
    Armenia: 4 - 7 February 1997; Azerbaidschan: 1 - 28 February 1997; Belorussia: 5 - 30 December 1996; Estonia: 20 October - 23 November 1996; Georgia: 16 - 29 December 1996; Germany: 27 - 31 May 1997; Latvia: 25 October - 19 November 1996; Lithuania: 23 May - 8 June 1997; Moldavia: 1 - 24 December 1996; Russia: 17 December 1995 - 25 January 1996; Ukraine: 12 September - 1 October 1996;
Geographic Coverage
  • Armenia (AM)
  • Azerbaijan (AZ)
  • Belarus (BY)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Georgia (GE)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Moldova, Republic of (MD)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Ukraine (UA)
Sampled Universe
Armenia: the entire population 18 years old and older. Azerbaidschan: the entire population 18 years old and older (without residents in Karabakh and Nakhichevan). Belorussia: the entire population 18 years old and older. Estonia: the entire population18 years old and older. Georgia: the entire population 18 years old and older (without residents in Abkhazia and Samachablo). Germany: the entire population 18 years old and older. Latvia: the entire population between the ages of 18 to 85 years. Lithuania: the entire population 18 years old and older. Moldavia: the entire population 18 years old and older. Russia: the entire population 18 years old and older (without residents of the high north and hard to reach territories of Siberia). Ukraine: the entire population 18 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage random sample in all countries but Estonia. There random selection.
Collection Mode
  • Interview with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 18882
    Number of Variables: 403
The data set is part of the World Values Survey Project 1995-1997 (R.Inglehart, Institutes for Social Research, University of Michigan, USA). The number of cases in the individual countries were as followed: Armenia: 1831 cases Azerbaidschan: 1944 cases Belorussia: 2092 cases Estonia: 1021 cases Georgia: 1924 cases Germany: east: 1009 cases, West: 1017 cases Latvia: 1200 cases Lithuania: 1009 cases Moldavia: 984 cases Russia: 2040 cases Ukraine: 2811 cases
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA3062 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 89 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22