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American National Election Study: 1997 Pilot Study

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Rosenstone, Steven J.
  • Sapiro, Virginia
  • Miller, Warren E.
  • Kinder, Donald R.
  • National Election Studies
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American National Election Study (ANES) Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
candidates; Clinton Administration (1993-2001); congressional elections; domestic policy; economic conditions; foreign policy; government performance; national elections; political affiliation; political attitudes; political campaigns; political efficacy; political issues; political participation; presidential elections; public approval; public opinion; religious beliefs; trust in government; United States Congress; United States Supreme Court; voter expectations; voter history; voting behavior
  • Abstract

    The 1997 Pilot Study is part of the National Election Studies (NES) effort to develop new instrumentation. Previous pilot studies were conducted in 1979, 1983, 1985, 1987, 1989, 1991, 1993, and 1995. As in earlier pilot studies (except for 1979), the 1997 study respondents were a subset of the previous year's traditional time-series respondents. This study is a one-wave reinterview of a randomly-selected subset of respondents with telephones from the fresh cross-section portion of the AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1996: POST-ELECTION SURVEY (ICPSR 6896). The 1997 Pilot Study was conducted between September 5 and October 1, 1997. Specific topic areas in the study include: (1) a battery designed to improve NES instrumentation on nonelectoral political participation and mobilization, (2) testing of NES instrumentation on group closeness, group difference, and group conflict as a basis of current mass politics, and group threat as a basis of group-based politics, (3) evaluations of the president, Congress, and the Supreme Court using a new battery of items, and (4) the role of religion in citizens' political thinking. The use of Computer-Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI) enabled a number of experimental treatments within the survey instrumentation, including random assignment, early-late placement, and presentation order. In addition, rosters of items, such as the thermometer, were randomized in administration to minimize order effects.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1997
  • 1997-09-05 / 1997-10-01
    Collection date: 1997-09-05--1997-10-01
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
A subset of respondents with telephones from the cross-section portion of AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1996: PRE- AND POST-ELECTION SURVEY (ICPSR 6896).
The sample consisted of a randomly-selected subset of respondents with telephones from the fresh cross-section portion of ICPSR 6896. The balance of cases consisted of respondents from two previous waves, the 1992 and 1994 panels, for which telephone numbers were available and a post-election interview was conducted in 1996. Each of these panel components was represented proportionally in the initial sample for 1997. The initial sample consisted of 724 respondents from 1996, and 551 of these respondents completed an interview in 1997. The response rate was thus .76 (551/724). The number of refusals was 22. The remainder of the noninterviews were persons with whom contact was never made, or who were unavailable during the study period, for reasons such as illness or absence from home.
Collection Mode
  • telephone interview

    This dataset also includes data from AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1996: PRE- AND POST-ELECTION SURVEY (ICPSR 6896). Users should also consult the codebook for ICPSR 6896 when using this dataset.

1999-10-07 Variables in the dataset have been renumbered to the following format: 2-digit (or 2-character) prefix + 4 digits + [optional] 1-character suffix. The SAS and SPSS data definition statements and codebook have been revised accordingly. The data are now available in SAS transport and SPSS export formats in addition to the ASCII data file. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SBR-9317631, SES-9209410, SES-9009379, SES-8808361,SES-8341310, SES-8207580, and SOC-77-08885).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2282 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02282.v2
  • Albritton, M. David, Oswald, Sharon L., Anderson, Joseph S.. Leadership quality and follower affect: A study of U.S. presidential candidates. Journal of Leadership Studies.1, (4), 6-22.2008.
    • ID: 10.1002/jls.20035 (DOI)
  • Killian, Mitchell, Wilcox, Clyde. Do Abortion Attidudes Lead to Party Switching?. Poltical Research Quarterly.61, (4), 561-573.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/1065912907312981 (DOI)
  • McGraw, Kathleen M., Bartels, Brandon. Ambivalence Toward American Political Institutions: Sources and Consequences. Ambivalence and the Structure of Political Opinion.New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. 2005.
  • Freedman, Paul. Partial Victory. Slate Magazine.2003.
  • Wlezien, Christopher, Carman, Christopher. Ideological placements and political judgements of government institutions. Public Opinion Quarterly.65, (4), 550-561.2001.
    • ID: 10.1086/323578 (DOI)
  • Woodlief, Anthony. What economists say (and don't say) about politics. Critical Review.14, (2/3), 271-298.2000.
    • ID: 10.1080/08913810008443561 (DOI)
  • Bolce, Louis, De Maio, Gerald. The anti-Christian fundamentalist factor in contemporary politics. Public Opinion Quarterly.63, (4), 508-542.1999.
    • ID: 10.1086/297869 (DOI)
  • Hofstetter, C. Richard, Barker, David C., Smith, James T., Zari, Gina M., Ingrassia, Thomas A.. Information, Misinformation, and Political Talk Radio . Political Research Quarterly.52, (2), 353-369.1999.
  • Hofstetter, C. Richard, Barker, David, Smith, James T., Zari, Gina M., Ingrassia, Thomas A.. Information, misinformation, and political talk radio. Political Research Quarterly.52, (2), 353-369.1999.
  • Teixeira, Ruy A.. The Real Electorate. The American Prospect.1998.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Rosenstone, Steven J.; Sapiro, Virginia; Miller, Warren E.; Kinder, Donald R.; National Election Studies (1998): American National Election Study: 1997 Pilot Study. Version 1. American National Election Study (ANES) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.