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Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data [United States]: County-Level Detailed Arrest and Offense Data, 1996

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
Creator
  • United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data Series
Publication Date
1998-06-25
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
arrests; arson; assault; auto theft; burglary; counties; crime rates; crime reporting; crime statistics; drug abuse; fraud; illegal gambling; larceny; law enforcement; murder; offenses; rape; robbery; sex offenses; Uniform Crime Reports; vandalism; weapons offenses
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains county-level counts of arrests and offenses for Part I offenses (murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, auto theft, and arson) and counts of arrests for Part II offenses (forgery, fraud, embezzlement, vandalism, weapons violations, sex offenses, drug and alcohol abuse violations, gambling, vagrancy, curfew violations, and runaways).
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Arrests, All Ages
    • DS2: Arrests, Adult
    • DS3: Arrests, Juveniles
    • DS4: Crimes Reported
    • DS5: Allocated Statewide Data for Arrests, All Ages
    • DS6: Allocated Statewide Data for Arrests, Adults
    • DS7: Allocated Statewide Data for Arrests, Juveniles
    • DS8: Allocated Statewide Data for Crimes Reported
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1996
  • Collection date: 1996
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
County law enforcement agencies in the United States.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Two major changes to the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) county-level files were implemented beginning with the 1994 data. A new imputation algorithm to adjust for incomplete reporting by individual law enforcement jurisdictions was adopted. Within each county, data from agencies reporting 3 to 11 months of information were weighted to yield 12-month equivalents. Data for agencies reporting less than 3 months of data were replaced with data estimated by rates calculated from agencies reporting 12 months of data located in the agency's geographic stratum within their state. Secondly, a new Coverage Indicator was created to provide users with a diagnostic measure of aggregated data quality in a particular county. Data from agencies reporting only statewide figures were allocated to the counties in the state in proportion to each county's share of the state population. (2) No arrest data were provided for Florida, Illinois, Kansas, or Montana. Limited arrest statistics were provided for Kentucky, Mississippi, and South Dakota. For most counties in Vermont, the majority of arrest data were reported by the state police in that county. No offense data were provided for Montana. Limited offense data were available for Florida, Illinois, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, South Dakota, and Tennessee. (3) UCR program staff at the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) were consulted in developing the new adjustment procedures. However, these UCR county-level files are not official FBI UCR releases and are being provided for research purposes only. Users with questions regarding these UCR county-level data files can contact the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data at ICPSR. (4) The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

Note
2006-03-30 File CB2389.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.2001-02-16 A correction was made to the formula for calculating the Coverage Indicator listed in the ICPSR Data Collection Description section of the codebook.1998-09-17 Parts 4 and 8 were reprocessed to correct four records that indicated that no agencies had reported data, but which actually contained crime data. Changes affect the variables AG_OFF and COVIND in each data file. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2389 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02389.v3
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02389.v1
Publications
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  • LaRiviere, Jacob S., Wolff, Hendrik. The Power of the Little Blue Pill: Innovations and Implications of Life Style Drugs in an Aging Population. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8261.. 2014.
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    • ID: 10.1007/s10940-010-9128-0 (DOI)
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  • Li, Yuh-Yuh. Social Structure, Social Control, and Crime in Rural Communities: A Test of Social Disorganization Theory. Dissertation, Ohio State University. 2009.
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    • ID: 10.1177/1088767908323863 (DOI)
  • Lim, Hyeyoung. Finding Explanations on the Growth of Incarceration and the Reductions in Crime: Incapacity or Social Threat?. Dissertation, Sam Houston State University. 2008.
  • Kim, MoonSun. Reassessing the Effects of Police Manpower Changes on Crime Rates: Evidence from a Dynamic Panel Model. Dissertation, State University of New York at Albany. 2007.
  • Rosenfeld, Richard, Baumer, Eric, Messner, Steven F.. Social trust, firearm prevalence, and homicide. Annals of Epidemiology.17, (2), 119-125.2007.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2006.07.016 (DOI)
  • Kovandzic, Tomislav V., Vieraitis, Lynne M.. The effect of county-level prison population growth on crime rates. Criminology and Public Policy.5, (2), 213-244.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9133.2006.00375.x (DOI)
  • Weisheit, Ralph A., Wells, L. Edward. Deadly violence in the heartland: Comparing homicide patters in nonmetropolitan and metropolitan counties. Homicide Studies.9, (1), 55-80.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1088767904271434 (DOI)
  • Costanza, Stephen E., Kilburn, John C., Jr.. Circling the Welcome Wagons: Area, Income, Race, and Legal Handgun Concealment. Criminal Justice Review.29, (2), 289-303.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/073401680402900202 (DOI)
  • Martin, Susan E., Maxwell, Christopher D., White, Helene R., Zhang, Yan. Trends in alcohol use, cocaine use, and crime: 1989-1998. Journal of Drug Issues.34, (2), 333-360.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/002204260403400205 (DOI)
  • Wells, L. Edward, Weisheit, Ralph A.. Patterns of rural and urban crime: A county-level comparison. Criminal Justice Review.29, (1), 1-23.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/073401680402900103 (DOI)
  • Dezhbakhsh, Hashem, Rubin, Paul H., Shepherd, Joanna M.. Does Capital Punishment Have a Deterrent Effect? New Evidence from Post-moratorium Panel Data. American Law and Economics Review.5, (2), 344-376.2003.
    • ID: 10.1093/aler/ahg021 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Richard. The battle against white-collar crime. USA Today.130, 36-38.2002.
  • Shepherd, Joanna M.. Fear of the first strike: The full deterrent effect of California's two- and three-strikes legislation. Journal of Legal Studies.31, (1), 159-201.2002.
    • ID: 10.1086/324660 (DOI)
  • Alpert, Geoffrey P., MacDonald, John M.. Police use of force: An analysis of organizational characteristics. Justice Quarterly.18, (2), 393-409.2001.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418820100094951 (DOI)
  • Fitzpatrick, Colleen. Hypothetical rape scenarios as a pedagogical device to facilitate students' learning about prosecutorial decision-making and discretion. Journal of Criminal Justice Education.12, (1), 169-191.2001.
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  • Kovandzic, Tomislav V.. The impact of Florida's habitual offender law on crime. Criminology.39, (1), 179-203.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2001.tb00920.x (DOI)
  • Lund, Laura E., Smorodinsky, Svetlana. Violent death among intimate partners: A comparison of homicide and homicide followed by suicide in California. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.31, (4), 451-459.2001.
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  • Matthews, Rick A., Maume, Michael O., Miller, William J.. Deindustrialization, economic distress, and homicide rates in midsized rust belt cities. Homicide Studies.5, (2), 83-113.2001.
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  • McGarrell, Edmund F., Chermak, Steven, Weiss, Alexander, Wilson, Jeremy. Reducing firearms violence through directed police patrol. Criminology and Public Policy.1, (1), 119-148.2001.
  • Monahan, Brian A., Burke, Tod W.. Project exile: Combating gun violence in America. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin.70, (10), 2-8.2001.
  • Sondheimer, Diane L.. Young female offenders: Increasingly visible yet poorly understood. Gender Issues.19, (1), 79-90.2001.
    • ID: 10.1007/s12147-001-0005-x (DOI)
  • Benson, Bruce L.. Why crime declines. Ideas on Liberty.50, (1), 22-25.2000.
  • Blumstein, Alfred, Rivara, Frederick P., Rosenfeld, Richard. The rise and decline of homicide - and why. Annual Review of Public Health.21, 505-541.2000.
    • ID: 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.21.1.505 (DOI)
  • Burns, Ronald. Culture as a determinant of crime: An alternative perspective. Environment and Behavior.32, (3), 347-360.2000.
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  • Christoffel, Kaherine Kaufer, Spivak, Howard, Witwer, Martha. Youth violence prevention: The physician's role. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.283, (9), 1202-1203.2000.
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  • Gilbert, James N.. Crime in the national parks: An analysis of actual and perceived crime within Gettysburg National Military Park. Justice Professional.12, (4), 471-485.2000.
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  • Hagan, John, Foster, Holly. Making corporate and criminal America less violent: Public norms and structural reforms. Contemporary Sociology.29, (1), 44-53.2000.
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  • Joseph, R.. The evolution of sex differences in language, sexuality, and visual-spatial skills. Archives of Sexual Behavior.29, (1), 35-66.2000.
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  • Kayitsinga, Jean, Maxwell, Christopher D.. Michigan's criminal justice response to incidents of rape. Sexual Assault Surveillance System.vol 3, issue 2, East Lansing, MI: Violence and Intentional Injury Prevention Program, Michigan State University. 2000.
    • ID: http://vip.msu.edu/sass/report/sassv3n2.pdf (URL)
  • Kayitsinga, Jean, Maxwell, Christopher D.. Trends in reported incidents of rape in Michigan and beyond. Sexual Assault Surveillance System.vol 3, issue 1, East Lansing, MI: Violence and Intentional Injury Prevention Program, Michigan State University. 2000.
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  • Miethe, Terance D., Lu, Hong, Reese, Erin. Reintegrative shaming and recidivism risks in drug court: Explanations for some unexpected findings. Crime and Delinquency.46, (4), 522-541.2000.
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  • Savolainen, Jukka. Relative cohort size and age-specific arrest rates: A conditional interpretation of the Easterlin effect. Criminology.38, (1), 117-136.2000.
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  • Zimring, Franklin E., Fagan, Jefferey. The search for causes in an era of crime declines: Some lessons from the study of New York City homicide. Crime and Delinquency.46, (4), 446-456.2000.
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  • Hellegers, Adam P.. Reforming Hud's 'one strike' public housing evictions through tenant participation. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology.90, (1), 323-361.1999.
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  • Lindberg, Kristen. Girls in Gangs: The Girls Behind the Boys. Chicago, IL: Chicago Crime Commission. 1999.
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  • Seidman, Louis Michael. Akhil Amar and the (premature?) demise of criminal procedure liberalism. Yale Law Journal.107, (7), 2281-2326.1998.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation (1998): Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data [United States]: County-Level Detailed Arrest and Offense Data, 1996. Version 2. Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02389.v2