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Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data [United States]: Arrests by Age, Sex, and Race for Police Agencies in Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1960-1997

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
Creator
  • Chilton, Roland
  • Weber, Dee
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data Series
Publication Date
1999-04-12
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
arrest records; arrests; crime rates; crime reporting; crime statistics; drug abuse; illegal gambling; larceny; law enforcement; offenses; Uniform Crime Reports; violent crime
Description
  • Abstract

    These data provide information on the number of arrests reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program each year by police agencies in metropolitan statistical areas. Although not as well known as the "Crimes Known to the Police" data drawn from the Uniform Crime Report's Return A form, the arrest reports by age, sex, and race provide valuable data on 43 offenses. For this collection, the arrests reported by each agency were summarized for each of the years 1960 through 1997, and the original Uniform Crime Reports data were restructured to create two separate files for each year, a header record and a detail record. Header files can be linked to detail files by the originating agency identifier (ORI). Other variables that are common to both types of files are state, census group, year, division, and metropolitan statistical agency (MSA). The header datasets also include the agency name and the population covered. The detail files also contain the offense code and the age, sex, and race of the arrestees.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Header File for 1960
    • DS2: Detail File for 1960
    • DS3: Header File for 1961
    • DS4: Detail File for 1961
    • DS5: Header File for 1962
    • DS6: Detail File for 1962
    • DS7: Header File for 1963
    • DS8: Detail File for 1963
    • DS9: Header File for 1964
    • DS10: Detail File for 1964
    • DS11: Header File for 1965
    • DS12: Detail File for 1965
    • DS13: Header File for 1966
    • DS14: Detail File for 1966
    • DS15: Header File for 1967
    • DS16: Detail File for 1967
    • DS17: Header File for 1968
    • DS18: Detail File for 1968
    • DS19: Header File for 1969
    • DS20: Detail File for 1969
    • DS21: Header File for 1970
    • DS22: Detail File for 1970
    • DS23: Header File for 1971
    • DS24: Detail File for 1971
    • DS25: Header File for 1972
    • DS26: Detail File for 1972
    • DS27: Header File for 1973
    • DS28: Detail File for 1973
    • DS29: Header File for 1974
    • DS30: Detail File for 1974
    • DS31: Header File for 1975
    • DS32: Detail File for 1975
    • DS33: Header File for 1976
    • DS34: Detail File for 1976
    • DS35: Header File for 1977
    • DS36: Detail File for 1977
    • DS37: Header File for 1978
    • DS38: Detail File for 1978
    • DS39: Header File for 1979
    • DS40: Detail File for 1979
    • DS41: Header File for 1980
    • DS42: Detail File for 1980
    • DS43: Header File for 1981
    • DS44: Detail File for 1981
    • DS45: Header File for 1982
    • DS46: Detail File for 1982
    • DS47: Header File for 1983
    • DS48: Detail File for 1983
    • DS49: Header File for 1984
    • DS50: Detail File for 1984
    • DS51: Header File for 1985
    • DS52: Detail File for 1985
    • DS53: Header File for 1986
    • DS54: Detail File for 1986
    • DS55: Header File for 1987
    • DS56: Detail File for 1987
    • DS57: Header File for 1988
    • DS58: Detail File for 1988
    • DS59: Header File for 1989
    • DS60: Detail File for 1989
    • DS61: Header File for 1990
    • DS62: Detail File for 1990
    • DS63: Header File for 1991
    • DS64: Detail File for 1991
    • DS65: Header File for 1992
    • DS66: Detail File for 1992
    • DS67: Header File for 1993
    • DS68: Detail File for 1993
    • DS69: Header File for 1994
    • DS70: Detail File for 1994
    • DS71: Header File for 1995
    • DS72: Detail File for 1995
    • DS73: Header File for 1996
    • DS74: Detail File for 1996
    • DS75: Header File for 1997
    • DS76: Detail File for 1997
Temporal Coverage
  • 1960 / 1997
    Time period: 1960--1997
  • 1960 / 1997
    Collection date: 1960--1997
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Arrests reported by cooperating police agencies in metropolitan statistical areas in the United States from January 1960 through December 1997.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Starting in 1974, the data were provided monthly to the Federal Bureau of Investigation by local law enforcement agencies participating in the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting Program. These monthly data were summarized by the UCR section to produce yearly arrest totals for each agency. Prior to 1974, local police agencies submitted annual, rather than monthly, summary reports of arrests by age, sex, and race. (2) Data for 1960-1972 were given to the principal investigator in 1976. Additional datasets for specific years were provided over the following 19 years. In 1996, through a cooperative arrangement between ICPSR, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation, data were provided for the following years: 1973, 1977, 1979, 1981-1984, 1986-1989, 1991-1992, and 1994. (3) Because the data layout changed slightly in 1980, the data were restructured and reformatted at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, in 1996 and 1997. All datasets now have the same layout, with pre-1980 codes and codes for 1980 and beyond clearly indicated. (4) The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Web site.

Note
2006-03-30 File CB2538.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.2000-11-15 Header and Detail files (Parts 73-76) have been added to this collection, along with corresponding SAS and SPSS data definition statements. Also, the codebook has been updated. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation. United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2538 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02538.v2
Publications
  • Bushway, Shawn, Tsao, Hi-Shien, Smith, Herbert L.. Has the U.S. Prison Boom Changed the Age-Distribution of the Prison Population?. Population Association of America 2012 Annual Meeting.San Francisco, CA. 2012.
    • ID: http://paa2012.princeton.edu/papers/121877 (URL)
  • Bushway, Shawn D., Tsao, Hui-Shien, Smith, Herbert L.. Has the U.S. Prison Boom Changed the Age Distribution of the Prison Population?. . 2011.
    • ID: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/newsevents/workshops/2011/participants/papers/6-BushwayTsaoSmith.pdf (URL)
  • Browne, Angela, Strom, Kevin J., Barrick, Kelle, Williams, Kirk R., Parker, Robert N.. Anticipating the Future Based on Analysis of the Past: Intercity Variation in Youth Homicide, 1984-2006. Final Report.NCJ 232622, Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI International. 2010.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/232622.pdf (URL)
  • LaFree. Gary, Baumer, Eric P., O'Brien, Robert. Still separate and unequal?: A city-level analysis of the black-white gap in homicide arrests since 1960. American Sociological Review.75, (1), 75-100.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0003122409357045 (DOI)
  • Mocan, H. Naci, Bali, Turan G.. Asymmetric crime cycles. Review of Economics and Statistics.92, (4), 899-911.2010.
    • ID: 10.1162/REST_a_00048 (DOI)
  • Parker, Karen F., Maggard, Scott R.. Making a difference: The impact of traditional male role models on drug sale activity and violence involving Black urban youth. Journal of Drug Issues.39, (3), 715-740.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/002204260903900311 (DOI)
  • Savage, Joanne. Homicide and inequality in 'the murder capital'. Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice.7, (1), 3-29.2009.
    • ID: 10.1080/15377930802711623 (DOI)
  • Parker, Karen F., Reckdenwald, Amy. Concentrated disadvantage, traditional role models, and African-American juvenile violence. Criminology.46, (3), 711-735.2008.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2008.00119.x (DOI)
  • Parker, Karen F., Reckdenwald, Amy. Women and crime in context: Examining the link between patriarchy and female offending across space. Feminist Criminology.3, (1), 5-24.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/1557085107308456 (DOI)
  • Roettger, Michael E.. Three Essays on Social Inequality and the U.S. Criminal Justice System. Dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 2008.
  • Strom, Kevin, MacDonald, John M.. The influence of social and economic disadvantage on racial patterns of youth in homicide over time. Homicide Studies.11, (1), 50-69.2007.
    • ID: 10.1177/1088767906296199 (DOI)
  • Heimer, Karen, Wittrock, Stacy, Halime Unal. The crimes of poverty: Economic marginalization and the gender gap in crime. Gender and Crime: Patterns of Victimization and Offending.New York: New York University Press. 2006.
  • Maggard, Scott R.. Structural Correlates of Race-Specific Drug Sales Arrests Over Time: Arrest Trajectories from 1980-2001. Dissertation, University of Florida. 2006.
  • Savage, Joanne. Interpreting 'percent black': An analysis of race and violent crime in Washington, D.C.. Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice.4, (1-2), 29-63.2006.
    • ID: 10.1300/J222v04n01_02 (DOI)
  • Neapolitan, Jerome L.. An evaluation of the quality and use of race-specific homicide data. Homicide Studies.9, (4), 324-349.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1088767905280379 (DOI)
  • Orrick, Erin A.. Assessing the City-Level Impact of Drug Courts on Crime Rates, 1985-2000. Thesis, University of Maryland, College Park. 2005.
  • Bausman, Kent, Goe, W. Richard. An examination of the link between employment volatility and the spatial distribution of property crime rates. American Journal of Economics and Sociology.63, (3), 665-695.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1536-7150.2004.00309.x (DOI)
  • Bliss, Meredith L.. Changes in Indicators of Methamphetamine Use and Property Crime Rates in Oregon. Salem, OR: Oregon Criminal Justice Commission. 2004.
    • ID: http://cms.oregon.gov/cjc/docs/methpropcrime1996_20041007.pdf (URL)
  • Levitt, Steven D.. Understanding why crime fell in the 1990s: Four factors that explain the decline and six that do not. Journal of Economic Perspectives.18, (1), 163-190.2004.
    • ID: 10.1257/089533004773563485 (DOI)
  • Lochner, Lance, Moretti, Enrico. The effect of education on crime: Evidence from prison inmates, arrests, and self-reports. American Economic Review.94, (1), 155-189.2004.
    • ID: 10.1257/000282804322970751 (DOI)
  • Ousey, Graham C., Lee, Matthew R.. Investigating the connections between race, illicit drug markets, and lethal violence, 1984-1997, . Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.41, (4), 352-383.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427803262059 (DOI)
  • Smith, Brad W.. Structural and organizational predictors of homicide by police. Policing.27, (4), 539-557.2004.
    • ID: 10.1108/13639510410566262 (DOI)
  • Schwartz, Jennifer. The Effect of Father Absence and Father Alternatives on Female and Male Rates of Violence. Dissertation, Pennsylvania State University. 2003.
  • Cook, Philip J., Laub, John H.. After the epidemic: Recent trends in youth violence in the United States. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 2002.
  • Harris, Anthony R., Thomas, Stephen H., Fisher, Gene A., Hirsch, David J.. Murder and medicine: The lethality of criminal assault 1960-1999. Homicide Studies.6, (2), 182-348.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/1088767902006002003 (DOI)
  • McDowall, David, Loftin, Colin, Wiersema, Brian. The impact of youth curfew laws on juvenile crime rates. Crime and Delinquency.46, (1), 76-91.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128700046001005 (DOI)
  • O'Brien, Robert. Measuring the convergence/divergence of 'serious crime' arrest rates for males and females: 1960-1995. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.15, (1), 97-114.1999.
  • Marvell, Thomas B., Moody, Carlisle F.. The impact of out-of-state prison population on state homicide rates: Displacement and free-rider effects. Criminology.36, (3), 513-535.1998.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1998.tb01257.x (DOI)
  • Sampson, Robert J., Lauritsen, Janet L.. Racial and ethnic disparities in crime and criminal justice in the United States. Crime and Justice.21, 311-374.1997.
  • Chilton, Roland. Homicide Arrest Trends and the Impact of Demographic Changes on a Set of U. S. Central Cities. Trends, Risks, and Interventions in Lethal Violence: Proceedings of the Third Annual Spring Symposium of the Homicide Research Working Group. Atlanta, Georgia.Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1995.
    • ID: http://homicideworkinggroup.cos.ucf.edu/include/documents/hrwg94.pdf (URL)
  • Steffensmeier, Darrell J., Allan, Emilie Andersen, Harer, Miles David, Streifel, Cathy. Age and the distribution of crime. American Journal of Sociology.94, (4), 803-831.1989.
    • ID: 10.1086/229069 (DOI)
  • Gramling, Robert, Forsyth, Craig, Fewell, Jeff. Crime and economic activity: A research note. Sociological Spectrum.8, 187-195.1988.
    • ID: 10.1080/02732173.1988.9981850 (DOI)
  • Chilton, Roland. Twenty years of homicide and robbery in Chicago: The impact of the city's changing racial and age composition. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.3, (3), 195-214.1987.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01063828 (DOI)
  • Chilton, Roland, Datesman, Susan K.. Gender, race, and crime: An analysis of urban street arrest trends. Gender and Society.1, (2), 152-171.1987.
    • ID: 10.1177/0891243287001002003 (DOI)
  • Deane, Glenn D.. Cross-national comparison of homicide: age/sex-adjusted rates using the 1980 U. S. homicide experience as a standard. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.3, (3), 215-227.1987.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01063829 (DOI)
  • Pettiway, Leon E.. Arson for revenge: The role of environmental situation, age, sex and race. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.3, (2), 169-184.1987.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01064214 (DOI)
  • Steffensmeier, Darrell J.. The invention of the 'new' senior citizen criminal: An analysis of crime trends of elderly males and elderly females, 1964-1984. Research on Aging.9, (2), 281-311.1987.
    • ID: 10.1177/0164027587092006 (DOI)
  • Steffensmeier, Darrell J., Allan, Emilie Andersen, Harer, Miles D., Streifel, Cathy. Age and the Distribution of Crime: Variant or Invariant?. American Society of Criminology Meetings.Montreal, Canada. 1987.
  • Bailey, William C.. Poverty, Inequality, and City Homocide Rates: Some Not So Unexpected Findings. Criminology.22, (4), 531-550.1984.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1984.tb00314.x (DOI)
  • Blumstein, Alfred, Graddy, Elizabeth. Prevalence and recidivism in index arrests: A feedback model. Law and Society Review.16, (2), 265-290.1981.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3053360 (URL)
  • Bean, Frank D., Cushing, Robert G.. Criminal Homicide, Punishment, and Deterrence: Methodological and Substantive Reconsiderations. Social Science Quarterly.52, (2), 277-289.1971.
  • Normandeau, Andre, Schwartz, Barry. A Crime Classification of American Metropolitan Areas. Criminology.9, (2-3), 228-247.1971.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1971.tb00769.x (DOI)
  • Gibbs, Jack P.. Crime, Punishment, and Deterrence. Social Science Quarterly.48, (4), 515-530.1968.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Chilton, Roland; Weber, Dee (1999): Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data [United States]: Arrests by Age, Sex, and Race for Police Agencies in Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1960-1997. Version 1. Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02538.v1