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American National Election Study: 1998 Pilot Study

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Sapiro, Virginia
  • Rosenstone, Steven J.
  • National Election Studies
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American National Election Study (ANES) Series
Publication Date
1999-06-16
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
campaign issues; candidates; congressional elections; domestic policy; economic conditions; foreign policy; government performance; gubernatorial elections; media use; national elections; political affiliation; political attitudes; political campaigns; political efficacy; political issues; political participation; public approval; public opinion; television viewing; trust in government; voter expectations; voter history; voting behavior
Description
  • Abstract

    The 1998 Pilot Study focused on examining and improving the methodology used for future studies in the American National Election Studies series. The study provided an opportunity to test new instrumentation, fine-tune measurement of core concepts, and try out some innovative survey methods. The 1998 Pilot Study, conducted September 8 through November 3, 1998, marked the first time a study was conducted during an election season. Three high-profile gubernatorial contests in California, Illinois, and Georgia were used as a basis for testing instrumentation that can only be analyzed in the context of an electoral campaign and for investigating how to improve the election study's capacity to illuminate the impact of campaigns. Among the concepts covered in the study are political interest, knowledge, ideology, efficacy, trust, mobilization, issue attitudes/awareness keyed to actual campaigns, campaign interest, participation in a campaign, media use, candidate awareness, partisanship, vote intention, certainty of vote, and social context and communication. Several additional measures were piloted, including what part of the day the respondent tended to watch television, new social context and communication variables, need for evaluation, group mobilization, public mood, a new affirmative action variable, perceived tone of the campaign, awareness of campaign issues, and whether the respondent owned stock.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1998
  • 1998-09-08 / 1998-11-03
    Collection date: 1998-09-08--1998-11-03
Geographic Coverage
  • California
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • United States
Sampled Universe
United States citizens (over age 18 by the day of the election) eligible to vote and residing in California, Illinois, and Georgia households with telephones.
Sampling
Random-digit-dialing sample using the Kish method to identify the number, gender, and age of all household members selected, consisting of 1,203 observations.
Collection Mode
  • telephone interview

    The variable names in the SAS and SPSS setup files have a "V" prefix, e.g., "V98P003". However, in the codebook, the "V" prefix is omitted.

Note
2005-12-15 On 2005-08-15 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-12-15 to reflect these additions.2001-03-15 An errata file describing minor changes in the documentation and data definition statements has been added to the collection. Also, minor formatting changes have been made to the SAS and SPSS data definition statements. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SBR-9707741, SBR-9317631, SES-9209410, SES-9009379,SES-8808361, SES-8341310, SES-8207580, and SOC77-08885).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2693 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02693.v2
Publications
  • Nir, Lilach. What We Think Others Think: A Motivated Reasoning Model of Public Opinion Perception and Expression. Dissertation, University of Pennsylania. 2004.
  • Rahn, Wendy. Being and Doing: National Identity, Public Mood, and Participation. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Hutchings, Vincent L.. Public Opinion and Democratic Accountability: How Citizens Learn About Politics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 2003.
  • Mondak, Jeffrey J., Anderson, Mary R.. A Knowledge Gap or a Guessing Game?. The Public Perspective.2003.
  • Sigelman, Lee, Kugler, Mark. Why Is Research on the Effects of Negative Campaigning So Inconclusive? Understanding Citizens' Perceptions of Negativity. Journal of Politics.65, (1), 142-160.2003.
    • ID: 10.1111/1468-2508.t01-1-00007 (DOI)
  • Shively, W. Phillips. The Craft of Political Research, 5th Edition. Upper Saddle River: Prentice-Hall. 2002.
  • Mondak, Jefferey J.. Developing valid knowledge scales. American Journal of Political Science.45, (1), 224-238.2001.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2669369 (URL)
  • Mondak, Jefferey J., Davis, Belinda Creel. Asked and answered: Knowledge levels when we will not take 'don't know' for an answer. Political Behavior.23, (3), 199-224.2001.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1015015227594 (DOI)
  • Bizer, George Y., Krosnick, Jon A., Petty, Richard E., Rucker, Derek D., Wheeler, S. Christian. Need for Cognition and Need to Evaluate in the 1998 National Election Survey Pilot Study. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 2000.
  • Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M., Jacobson, Gary C., Grant, J. Tobin. Question Wording and the House Vote Choice: Some Experimental Evidence. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 2000.
  • Goldstein, Kenneth M., Freedman, Paul. 1998 Pilot Study Report: Television Exposure Instrumentation. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 2000.
  • Huckfeldt, R. Robert, Lake, Ronald. A Report on the Social Network Battery in the 1998 American National Election Study Pilot Study. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 2000.
  • Hutchings, Vincent L, Valentino, Nicholas A.. NES Pilot Report: The Impact of Group Attitudes on Vote Choice in Gubernatorial Contests. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 2000.
  • Mondak, Jeffrey J., Davis, Belinda Creel. Asked and Answered: Knowledge Levels When We Won't Take 'Don't Know' for an Answer. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 2000.
  • Mutz, Diana C., Sapiro, Virginia. Political Participation: A 1998 NES Pilot Study. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 2000.
  • Rahn, Wendy, Rudolph, Thomas J.. Public Mood in the 1998 Elections: A View from the 1998 NES Pilot. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 2000.
  • Sapiro, Virginia, Mutz, Diana C.. Measures of Political Participation: A Pilot Report. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 1999.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Sapiro, Virginia; Rosenstone, Steven J.; National Election Studies (1999): American National Election Study: 1998 Pilot Study. Version 1. American National Election Study (ANES) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02693.v1