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Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods: Community Survey, 1994-1995

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Earls, Felton J. (Harvard Medical School)
  • Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne (Scientific Director. Columbia University. Teacher's College. Center for the Study of Children and Families)
  • Raudenbush, Stephen W. (Scientific Director. University of Michigan. School of Education and Survey Research Center)
  • Sampson, Robert J. (Scientific Director. Harvard University. Department of Sociology)
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) Series
Publication Date
1999-12-14
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
  • John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
adolescents; child development; children; community organizations; delinquent behavior; neighborhood characteristics; neighborhood conditions; neighborhoods; perceptions; social control; social indicators; substance abuse; violence
Description
  • Abstract

    The Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods is an interdisciplinary study aimed at deepening society's understanding of the causes and pathways of juvenile delinquency, adult crime, substance abuse, and violence. In particular, it is a study of children's social and psychological development from birth to young adulthood in urban neighborhoods. This collection contains data from a cross-sectional survey of Chicago residents in 1994 and is the first product of an eight-year project. The survey gathered information from adult residents of Chicago on their perceptions of the neighborhoods in which they live. The survey questionnaire was a multidimensional assessment of the structural conditions and organization of the neighborhoods. Data collection consisted of a household interview of residents aged 18 and older to assess key neighborhood dimensions, including the dynamic structure of the local community, organizational and political structure, cultural values, informal social control, formal social control, and social cohesion. Variables include measures of the best and worst aspects of living in Chicago, how long residents had lived in a particular neighborhood, characteristics of their neighborhood, including types of social service agencies available, and if they would consider moving to a different neighborhood and why. Other community variables measure the relationships among neighbors, including how many neighbors a respondent would recognize, how often neighbors socialized, and how often neighbors participated in other activities together. Variables that capture neighborhood social order include respondents' perceptions of neighborhood problems such as litter, graffiti, drinking, drugs, and excessive use of force by police. Respondents were also asked about their normative beliefs regarding violence, money, and various children's behaviors. Victimization variables cover how often the respondent was the victim of a fight with a weapon, a violent argument, a gang fight, sexual assault, robbery, theft, or vandalism. Other variables measure fear of crime and attitudes toward the police. Demographic variables include age, gender, education, living arrangement, national origin, and employment status. In addition, a number of scales created by the study's scientific directors are included such as social disorder, perceived neighborhood danger, and neighborhood activism. Part 1 of this study contains individual responses to survey questions. Part 2 contains data aggregated to the neighborhood cluster (NC) level (see Study Design for explanation of NC). Pertinent census data can be found in CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOOD CLUSTER CENSUS DATA FOR THE PROJECT ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS (PHDCN), 1990 AND 2000 [ICPSR 13757].
  • Abstract

    The Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods is an interdisciplinary study aimed at deepening society's understanding of the causes and pathways of juvenile delinquency, adult crime, substance abuse, and violence. In particular, it is a study of children's social and psychological development from birth to young adulthood in urban neighborhoods. The project sought to answer the following questions: (1) Why does one community have a high rate of crime, violence, and substance abuse, while a similar community nearby is relatively stable? (2) What factors enable some individuals to live successful, productive lives, even in high-risk neighborhoods? (3) Why does one young person experiment only briefly with delinquency, while another goes on to a criminal career? The survey gathered information from adult residents of Chicago on their perceptions of the neighborhoods in which they live. The researchers sought to use these data to create reliable and valid measures of neighborhood social context. Researchers were interested in measuring how neighborhood social organization related to crime, violence, and victimization. They also aimed to examine how neighborhood social organization was related to social disorder, cynicism regarding the legal system, dissatisfaction with the police, and tolerance of deviance.
  • Abstract

    The Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods was designed to administer a series of cross-sectional community studies in the same area and at the same time as a comprehensive longitudinal study on risk factors and manifestations of antisocial behavior and substance abuse. The overarching goal was to complete five or more annual waves of data collection over an eight-year period for multiple age groups, employing an accelerated longitudinal design, while simultaneously studying organizational changes in the urban context in which these young people were growing up. This data collection contains the first cross-sectional survey from this project. The survey questionnaire was a multidimensional assessment by Chicago residents of the structural conditions and organization of their neighborhoods in 1994. Neighborhoods were operationally defined as 343 clusters of census tracts, referred to as "neighborhood clusters." Data collection consisted of a household interview of residents aged 18 and older to assess key neighborhood dimensions, including the dynamic structure of the local community, organizational and political structure, cultural values, informal social control, formal social control, and social cohesion. The community survey instrument included measures of perceived crime and violence in the community, ratings of social order (gang activity, graffiti, unruly teens), normative beliefs about violence, and crime-specific indicators of victimization, available resources, norms, and social organization.
  • Abstract

    In Part 1, city-level variables measure the best and worst aspects of living in Chicago for the interviewed residents. Variables relating to neighborhood structure include how residents define their neighborhoods, how long they have lived in a particular neighborhood, characteristics of their neighborhood, including types of social service agencies available, and if they would consider moving to a different neighborhood and why. Other community variables measure the relationships among neighbors, including how many neighbors a respondent would recognize, how often neighbors socialized, and how often neighbors participated in other activities together. Variables that capture neighborhood social order include respondents' perceptions of neighborhood problems such as litter, graffiti, drinking, drugs, and excessive use of force by police. Respondents were also asked about their normative beliefs regarding violence, money, and various children's behaviors. Victimization variables cover how often the respondent was the victim of a fight with a weapon, a violent argument, a gang fight, sexual assault, robbery, theft, or vandalism. Other variables measure fear of crime and attitudes toward the police. Demographic variables include age, gender, education, living arrangement, national origin, and employment status. Part 2 contains Part 1 data aggregated to the neighborhood cluster (NC) level.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: Several Likert-type scales were used.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Not available.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Individual-Level Data
    • DS2: Community-Level Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1994
  • 1994 / 1995
    Collection date: 1994--1995
Geographic Coverage
  • Chicago
  • Illinois
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All adult residents of Chicago in 1994.
Sampling
Stratified random sampling.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview

    At present, only a restricted version of the data is available (see RESTRICTIONS field). A downloadable version of the data is slated to be available in the near future.

Note
2007-10-29 New files were added for Part 1 including additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport (CPORT), SPSS system, and Stata system files. The Part 2 data file was also added. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (93-IJ-CX-K005). John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2766 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02766.v3
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02766.v1
Publications
  • Ahlin, Eileen M., Lobo Antunes, Maria Joao. Locus of control orientation: Parents, peers, and place. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.2015.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10964-015-0253-9 (DOI)
  • Fagan. Abigail A., Wright, Emily M., Pinchevsky, Gillian M.. Exposure to violence, substance use, and neighborhood context. Social Science Research.49, 314-326.2015.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2014.08.015 (DOI)
  • Marshall, Hollianne, Lombardo, Robert. Tolerance for deviance and legal cynicism: Toward a new understanding of organized crime. Orlando, FL. 2015.
  • Sacco, Paul, Bright, Charlotte Lyn, Jun, Hyun-Jin, Stapleton, Laura M.. Developmental relations between alcohol and aggressive behavior among adolescents: Neighborhood and sociodemographic correlates. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction.2015.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11469-015-9546-1 (DOI)
  • Vásquez, Bob Edward, Zimmerman, Gregory M., Farrell, Amy S.. Examining the joint impact of moderating and nonlinear peer effects on the sex gap in violent crime. Criminal Justice and Behavior.42, (2), 176-195.2015.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854814544318 (DOI)
  • Zimmerman, Gregory M.. Do age effects on youth secondary exposure to violence vary across social context?. Justice Quarterly.32, (2), 193-222.2015.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418825.2012.754922 (DOI)
  • Ahlin, Eileen M.. Locus of control redux: Adolescents' choice to refrain from violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.29, (14), 2695-2717.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0886260513520505 (DOI)
  • Antunes, Maria Joao Lobo, Ahlin, Eileen M.. Family management and youth violence: Are parents or community more salient?. Journal of Community Psychology.42, (3), 316-337.2014.
    • ID: 10.1002/jcop.21612 (DOI)
  • Barajas-Gonzalez, R. Gabriela, Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. Income, neighborhood stressors, and harsh parenting: Test of moderation by ethnicity, age, and gender. Journal of Family Psychology.2014.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0038242 (DOI)
  • Beard, T. Randolph, Seals, Richard Alan, Jr., Stern, Michael L.. Security and Government Credibility. Auburn University Department of Economics Working Paper Series.Auburn University, . 2014.
  • Becker, Jacob H.. Neighborhood Crime and Histories of Disadvantage: Structural Effects Over Time and Space. Dissertation, Pennsylvania State University. 2014.
  • Browning, Christopher R., Gardner, Margo, Maimon, David, Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. Collective efficacy and the contingent consequences of exposure to life-threatening violence. Developmental Psychology.50, (7), 1878-1890.2014.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0036767 (DOI)
  • Drinkard, Allyson M.. Predicting prosociality among urban adolescents: Individual, family, and neighborhood influences. Youth and Society.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0044118X14543266 (DOI)
  • Fagan, Abigail A., Wright, Emily M., Pinchevsky, Gillian M.. The protective effects of neighborhood Collective efficacy on adolescent substance use and violence following exposure to violence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.43, (1), 1498-1512.2014.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10964-013-0049-8 (DOI)
  • Huang, Hui, Ryan, Joseph P.. The location of placement and juvenile delinquency: Do neighborhoods matter in child welfare?. Children and Youth Services Review.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2014.05.023 (DOI)
  • Kirk, David S., Hardy, Margaret. The acute and enduring consequences of exposure to violence on youth mental health and aggression. Justice Quarterly.31, (3), 539-567.2014.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418825.2012.737471 (DOI)
  • Leventhal, Tama, Shuey, Elizabeth A.. Neighborhood context and immigrant young children’s development. Developmental Psychology.50, (6), 1771-1787.2014.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0036424 (DOI)
  • Liberman, Akiva M., Kirk, David S., KiDeuk, Kim. Labeling effects of first juvenile arrests: Secondary deviance and secondary sanctioning. Criminology.52, (3), 345-370.2014.
    • ID: 10.1111/1745-9125.12039 (DOI)
  • Lobo Antunes, Maria Joao, Ahlin, Eileen M.. Protecting youth against exposure to violence: Intersections of race/ethnicity, neighborhood, family, and friends. Race and Justice.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/2153368714550879 (DOI)
  • Madero-Hernandez, Arelys N.. Examining Three Alternative Adaptations for the Race/Ethnicity Disparities in Violent Victimization: Mediation, Moderation, and Contextual Effects. Dissertation, University of Cincinnati. 2014.
    • ID: https://etd.ohiolink.edu/!etd.send_file?accession=ucin1406809741&disposition=inline (URL)
  • Marshall, Hollianne, Lombardo, Robert M.. Delinquency areas, racket subcultures, and defended neighborhoods: Examining the influence of organized crime on violent street crime in Chicago. Chicago, IL. 2014.
  • Martin, David C., Newman, Benjamin J.. Measuring aggregate social capital using census response rates. American Politics Research.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X14536923 (DOI)
  • Mayne, Patrick. Neighborhood Change, Social Capital, and Health: The Case of Public Housing Demolitions in Chicago. Thesis, Brown University. 2014.
  • Mullet, Stephen D.. Socialization versus Temperament as Mediators of Socio-demographic Risk Factors for Child Aggression and Delinquency. Dissertation, Kent State University. 2014.
  • Riinaa, Elizabeth M., Martin, Anne, Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. Parent-to-child physical aggression, neighborhood cohesion, and development of children's internalizing and externalizing. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology.35, (6), 468-477.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.appdev.2014.04.005 (DOI)
  • Samblanet, Sarah. Neighborhood Conditions, Self-Efficacy, and Future Orientation among Urban Youth. Kent State University. 2014.
  • Smith, Chris M.. The influence of gentrification on gang homicides in Chicago neighborhoods, 1994 to 2005. Crime and Delinquency.60, (4), 569-591.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128712446052 (DOI)
  • Soller, Brian, Jackson, Aubrey L., Browning, Christopher R.. Legal cynicism and parental appraisals of adolescent violence. British Journal of Criminology.54, (4), 568-591.2014.
    • ID: 10.1093/bjc/azu027 (DOI)
  • Zimmerman, Gregory M.. The covariates of parent and youth reporting differences on youth secondary exposure to community violence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.43, (9), 1576-1593.2014.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10964-014-0099-6 (DOI)
  • Zimmerman, Gregory M., Messner, Steven F., Rees, Carter. Incorporating unstructured socializing into the study of secondary exposure to community violence: Etiological and empirical implications. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.29, (10), 1802-1833.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0886260513511702 (DOI)
  • Zimmerman, Gregory M., Posick, Chad. Detecting specialization in interpersonal violence versus suicidal behavior. Journal of Adolescent Health.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.07.003 (DOI)
  • Ahlin, Eileen M.. Youth Involvement in Crime: The Importance of Locus of Control and Collective Efficacy. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing. 2013.
  • Becker, Jacob H.. Concentrated Disadvantage, Collective Efficacy, and Homicide Over the Neighborhood Life Course. American Society of Criminology Annual Conference.Atlanta, GA. 2013.
  • Browning, Christopher R., Jackson, Aubrey L.. The social ecology of public space: Active streets and violent crime in urban neighborhoods. Criminology.51, (4), 1009-1043.2013.
    • ID: 10.1111/1745-9125.12026 (DOI)
  • Browning, Christopher R., Soller, Brian, Gardner, Margo, Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. 'Feeling disorder' as a comparative and contingent process: Gender, neighborhood conditions, and adolescent mental health. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.54, (3), 296-314.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022146513498510 (DOI)
  • Bruell, Christopher E.. The Relationship of Coercion, Social Support and Self-Efficacy with Violent Crime. Dissertation, Northeastern University. 2013.
    • ID: http://iris.lib.neu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=criminology_diss (URL)
  • Crittenden, Courtney A., Wright, Emily M.. Predicting patriarchy: Using an individual and contextual factors to examine patriarchal endorsement in communities. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.28, (6), 1267-1288.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0886260512468245 (DOI)
  • Grinshteyn, Erin. Causes and Consequences of Fear of Crime: The Impact of Fear of Crime on Behavioral Health Outcomes and Behavioral Health Treatment. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles. 2013.
  • Hailey, Chantal, Saxena, Priya. HOST: Helping Families, Building Community. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 2013.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412952-helping-families-building-community.pdf (URL)
  • Huang, Hui. Out of Home Placement Location and Juvenile Delinquency: The Investigation of Neighborhood Impact on Child Welfare Population's Juvenile Justice Involvement. Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 2013.
    • ID: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/46943 (URL)
  • Jackson, Aubrey L.. Influences of Women's Individual and Neighborhood Resources on Relative Risks of Dissolution and Subsequent IPV. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology.Chicago, IL. 2013.
  • Jackson, Aubrey L.. Three Essays on the Protective Effects of Women's Neighborhood-Level Socioeconomic Resources on Intimate Partner Violence and Perceptions of Social Disorder. Dissertation, Ohio State University. 2013.
  • Jain, Sonia, Cohen, Alison K.. Behavioral adaptation among youth exposed to community violence: A longitudinal multidisciplinary study of family, peer and neighborhood-level protective factors. Prevention Science.2013.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11121-012-0344-8 (DOI)
  • Kennedy, Traci M.. Exposed: Revealing Patterns of Community Violence Exposure and Psychological Well-Being Among Urban Youth. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 2013.
  • Kirk, David S., Hardy, Margaret, Timberlake, Jeffrey M.. A Spatio-Temporal Assessment of Exposure to Neighborhood Violence. Final Technical Report.NCJ 243039, . 2013.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/243039.pdf (URL)
  • Kirk, David S., Sampson, Robert J.. Juvenile arrest and collateral educational damage in the transition to adulthood. Sociology of Education.86, (1), 36-62.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0038040712448862 (DOI)
  • Owens, Ann. Perceptions of disorder, violence, and safety amid the transformation of assisted housing. Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research.15, (3), 77-103.2013.
  • Papachristos, Andrew, Bastomski, Sara. Connected in Crime: The Enduring Effect of Neighborhood Networks on the Spatial Patterning of Crime. Atlanta, GA. 2013.
  • Riina, Elizabeth M., Martin, Anne, Gardner, Margo, Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. Context matters: Links between neighborhood discrimination, neighborhood cohesion and African American adolescents' adjustment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.42, (1), 136-146.2013.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10964-012-9804-5 (DOI)
  • Wright, Emily M., Fagan, Abigail A.. The cycle of violence in context: Exploring the moderating roles of neighborhood disadvantage and cultural norms. Criminology.51, (2), 217-249.2013.
    • ID: 10.1111/1745-9125.12003 (DOI)
  • Zimmerman, Gregory M., Farrell, Amy S.. Gender differences in the effects of parental underestimation of youths' secondary exposure to community violence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.42, (10), 1512-1527.2013.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10964-012-9897-x (DOI)
  • Zimmerman, Gregory R., Messner, Steven F.. Individual, family background, and contextual explanations of racial and ethnic disparities in youths' exposure to violence. American Journal of Public Health.103, (3), 435-442.2013.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.300931 (DOI)
  • Brinig, Margaret F., Garnett, Nicole S.. Catholic schools and broken windows. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies.9, (2), 347-367.2012.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1740-1461.2012.01256.x (DOI)
  • Burnette, Mandi L., Oshri, Assaf, Lax, Rachael, Richards, Dayton, Ragbeer, Shayne N.. Pathways from harsh parenting to adolescent antisocial behavior: A multidomain test of gender moderation. Development and Psychopathology.24, (3), 857-870.2012.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0954579412000417 (DOI)
  • Caughy, Margaret, Franzini, Luisa, Windle, Michael, Dittus, Patricia, Cuccaro, Paula, Elliott, Marc N., Schuster, Mark A.. Social competence in late elementary school: Relationships to parenting and neighborhood context. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.41, (2), 1613-1627.2012.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10964-012-9779-2 (DOI)
  • DiPietro, Stephanie M., McGloin, Jean M.. Differential susceptibility? Immigrant youth and peer influence. Criminology.50, (3), 711-742.2012.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2012.00273.x (DOI)
  • Dupere, Veronique, Leventhal, Tama, Vitaro, Frank. Neighborhood processes, self-efficacy, and adolescent mental health. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.53, (2), 183-198.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022146512442676 (DOI)
  • Fagan, Abigail A., Wright, Emily M.. The effects of neighborhood context on youth violence and delinquency: Does gender matter?. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice.10, (1), 64-82.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/1541204011422086 (DOI)
  • Jain, Sonia, Buka, Stephen L., Subramanian, S. V., Molnar, Beth E.. Protective factors for youth exposed to violence: Role of developmental assets in building emotional resilience. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice.10, (1), 107-129.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/1541204011424735 (DOI)
  • Maimon, David, Browning, Christopher R.. Adolescents' violent victimization in the neighbourhood: Situational and contextual determinants. British Journal of Criminology.52, (4), 808-833.2012.
    • ID: 10.1093/bjc/azs013 (DOI)
  • Maimon, David, Browning, Christopher R.. Underage drinking, alcohol sales and collective efficacy: Informal control and opportunity in the study of alcohol use. Social Science Research.41, (4), 977-990.2012.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2012.01.009 (DOI)
  • Martin, Anne, Razza, Rachel A., Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. Specifying the links between household chaos and preschool children's development. Early Child Development and Care.182, (10), 1247-1263.2012.
    • ID: 10.1080/03004430.2011.605522 (DOI)
  • Miller, Holly V.. Correlates of delinquency and victimization in a sample of Hispanic youth. International Criminal Justice Review.22, (2), 153-170.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/1057567712444922 (DOI)
  • Sharkey, Patrick. Temporary integration, resilient inequality: Race and neighborhood change in the transition to adulthood. Demography.49, (3), 889-912.2012.
    • ID: 10.1007/s13524-012-0105-0 (DOI)
  • Slopen, Natalie, Fitzmaurice, Garrett M., Williams, David R., Gilman, Stephen E.. Common patterns of violence experiences and depression and anxiety among adolescents. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.47, (10), 1591-1605.2012.
    • ID: 10.1007/s00127-011-0466-5 (DOI)
  • Socia, Kelly M., Stamatel, Janet P.. Neighborhood characteristics and the social control of registered sex offenders. Crime and Delinquency.58, (4), 565-587.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128711420111 (DOI)
  • Stults, Brian J.. Determinants of Chicago Neighborhood Homicide Trends: 1980-2000. Final Technical Report.NCJ 239202, . 2012.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/239202.pdf (URL)
  • Tendulkar, Shalini A., Koenen, Karestan C., Dunn, Erin C., Buka, Stephen, Subramanian, S. V.. Neighborhood influences on perceived social support among parents: Findings from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods. PLoS One.7, (4), 1-9.2012.
    • ID: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034235 (DOI)
  • Wareham, Jennifer, Boots, Denise P.. The link between mental health problems and youth violence in adolescence: A multilevel test of DSM-oriented problems. Criminal Justice and Behavior.39, (8), 1003-1024.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854812439290 (DOI)
  • Emery, Clifton R., Jolley, Jennifer M., Wu, Shali. Desistance from intimate partner violence: The role of legal cynicism, collective efficacy, and social disorganization in Chicago neighborhoods. American Journal of Community Psychology.48, (3-4), 373-383.2011.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10464-010-9362-5 (DOI)
  • Frank, Reanne, Bjornstrom, Eileen. A tale of two cities: Residential context and risky behavior among adolescents in Los Angeles and Chicago. Health and Place.17, (1), 67-77.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2010.08.017 (DOI)
  • Kirk, David S., Matsuda, Mauri. Legal cynicism, collective efficacy, and the ecology of arrest. Criminology.49, (2), 443-472.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2011.00226.x (DOI)
  • Kirk, David S., Papachristos, Andrew V.. Cultural mechanisms and the persistence of neighborhood violence. American Journal of Sociology.116, (4), 1190-1233.2011.
    • ID: 10.1086/655754 (DOI)
  • Kirk, David S., Papachristos, Andrew V.. The Structural and Cultural Dynamics of Neighborhood Violence. Final Technical Report.NCJ 234629, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2011.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/234629.pdf (URL)
  • Leventhal, Tama, Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. Changes in neighborhood poverty from 1990 to 2000 and youth's problem behaviors. Developmental Psychology.47, (6), 1680-1698.2011.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0025314 (DOI)
  • Maxwell, Christopher D., Garner, Joel H., Skogan, Wesley G.. Collective Efficacy and Criminal Behavior in Chicago, 1995-2004. Final Report.NCJ 235154, Shepherdstown, WV: Joint Center for Justice Studies. 2011.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/235154.pdf (URL)
  • Vincent, M. Bess. Chicago Neighborhoods and Crime: A Test of Agnew's Macro-Level Strain Theory. Dissertation, Tulane University. 2011.
  • Wright, Emily M.. Neighborhoods and Intimate Partner Violence. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing. 2011.
  • Wright, Emily M., Fagan, Abigail A., Crittenden, Courtney A.. Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence: Gendered and Contextual Effects on Adolescent Interpersonal Violence, Drug Use, and Mental Health Outcomes. Final Report.NCJ 235153, . 2011.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/235153.pdf (URL)
  • Wright, Emily M., Benson, Michael L.. Clarifying the effects of neighborhood context on violence 'Behind Closed Doors'. Justice Quarterly.28, (5), 775-798.2011.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418825.2010.533687 (DOI)
  • Ahlin, Eileen M.. Invesigating the Relationship Between Micro and Macro Levels of Efficacy and Their Effects on Crime. Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park. 2010.
  • Allensworth, Elaine M., Bryk, Anthony S., Sebring, Penny. The Influence of Community Context and Social Capital on Urban School Improvement, Evidence from Chicago. Atlanta, GA. 2010.
    • ID: http://www.warreninstitute3.org/images/download/RT_031011/AR/E_Allensworth_ASA_Community_Social_Capital_Paper.pdf (URL)
  • Armstrong, David P.. Community-Level Crime Control: A Closer Look at the Mediating Variables of Social Disorganization Theory. Dissertation, University at Albany, State University of New York. 2010.
  • Chipenda-Dansokho, Selma T.. Lugares de Vida: Places of Life. Dissertation, University of North Carolina at Greensboro. 2010.
  • DiPietro, Stephanie M.. Immigrant Assimiliation, Family Functioning and Delinquency: A Test of Mediating and Moderating Influences. Dissertation, University of Maryland. 2010.
  • Jain, Sonia, Buka, Stephen, Subramanian, S.V., Molnar, Beth E.. Neighborhood predictors of dating violence victimization and perpetration in young adulthood: A multilevel study. American Journal of Public Health.100, (9), 1737-1744.2010.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2009.169730 (DOI)
  • Loftis, Kenyatha V.. Proprietary Threat and the Participation Paradox in Gifted and Talented Education: A Multi-Level Mixed Methods Theory of Resource Distribution. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 2010.
  • Sternthal, M.J., Jun, H.J., Earls, Felton, Wright, R.J.. Community violence and urban childhood asthma: a multilevel analysis. European Respiratory Journal.36, 1400-1409.2010.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Earls, Felton J.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Raudenbush, Stephen W.; Sampson, Robert J. (1999): Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods: Community Survey, 1994-1995. Version 2. Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02766.v2