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Prosecution and Defense Strategies in Domestic Violence Felonies in Iowa, 1989-1995

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data and machine-readable text
Creator
  • Hartley, Carolyn Copps (University of Iowa. School of Social Work)
  • Ryan, Roxann (State of Iowa Attorney General's Office)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2000-10-27
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
case processing; courts; criminal histories; defendants; domestic violence; evidence; felony offenses; prosecution; trial procedures; victims
Description
  • Abstract

    This study consisted of an in-depth analysis of the trial strategies used by the prosecution and the defense in domestic violence-related felony cases. The research objectives of this study were (1) to catalog the evidentiary constraints in domestic violence-related cases -- specifically, the types of character evidence and prior acts of defendants allowed during trial, (2) to show how the prosecution presented its case in domestic violence trials by identifying the key prosecution themes and strategies, (3) to present the specific evidence used by the prosecution to prove the elements of a case, and (4) to describe the themes and strategies used by the defense to counter the prosecution's case. Researchers focused on the admission of evidence of other acts of violence, known as "context" evidence, which characterized the violent relationship between the defendant and victim. The design involved a qualitative analysis of felony trial transcripts in Iowa from 1989 to 1995, in which the defendant and victim were involved in a domestic relationship. Part 1, Coded Transcript Data, contains the coded themes from the text analysis program. Background information was gathered on the length and type of relationship at the time of the incident, and the substance abuse and criminal histories of the defendant and the victim. Incident variables include current case charges, type of trial, description of physical injuries, whether hospitalization was required, type of weapon used, and whether the defendant or the victim owned a firearm. Other variables describe prosecution and defense strategies regarding evidence, identity, credibility, the nature of the relationship between the defendant and the victim, the intentions of the defendant, and how the police handled the case. Demographic variables include the race of the defendant and the ages of the defendant and the victim. Parts 2-40 consist of the actual court transcripts.
  • Abstract

    To date, studies of the prosecution of domestic violence cases have been limited to charging decisions, and no research has examined prosecution or defense strategies in domestic violence cases. This study consisted of an in-depth analysis of the trial strategies used by the prosecution and the defense in domestic violence-related felony cases. The research objectives of this study were (1) to catalog the evidentiary constraints in domestic violence-related cases -- specifically, the types of character evidence and prior acts of defendants allowed during trial, (2) to show how the prosecution presented its case in domestic violence trials by identifying the key prosecution themes and strategies, (3) to present the specific evidence used by the prosecution to prove the elements of a case, and (4) to describe the themes and strategies used by the defense to counter the prosecution's case. Researchers focused on the admission of evidence of other acts of violence, known as "context" evidence, which characterized the violent relationship between the defendant and the victim.
  • Abstract

    This study involved a qualitative analysis of felony trial transcripts in Iowa, from 1989 to 1995, in which the defendant and the victim were involved in a domestic relationship. Prior incidents of violence were not a requirement for case selection. The study was limited to the single jurisdiction of Iowa for three reasons: (1) jurisdictions with differing laws make equivalent comparisons difficult, (2) Iowa prosecutors developed the first prosecution manual on domestic abuse in 1990 and have since received regular training on domestic violence, and (3) Iowa is a relatively homogeneous jurisdiction with a tight-knit prosecutor's organization. The decision to study only felony domestic violence cases was based on the assumption that criminal justice officials and jurors treat felony cases more seriously than misdemeanor domestic violence cases. In addition, felony cases are likely to yield trial strategies that are more defined and more complex than those for misdemeanors. The decision to study only convictions was based on the fact that it was easier as well as less expensive to identify cases and obtain transcripts for cases that led to convictions. Once transcripts were obtained for all sampled cases, paper transcripts were scanned into computer files and saved in ASCII format. All computer files were then edited to meet the requirements of the qualitative text analysis program. Part 1, Coded Transcript Data, contains the coded themes from the text analysis program. Parts 2-40 consist of the actual court transcripts.
  • Abstract

    For Part 1, Coded Transcript Data, background information was gathered on the length and type of relationship at the time of the incident, and the substance abuse and criminal histories of the defendant and the victim. Incident variables include current case charges, type of trial, description of physical injuries, whether hospitalization was required, type of weapon used, and whether the defendant or the victim owned a firearm. Other variables describe prosecution and defense strategies regarding evidence, identity, credibility, the nature of the relationship between the defendant and the victim, the intentions of the defendant, and how the police handled the case. Demographic variables include the race of the defendant and the ages of the defendant and the victim.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: None.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Not applicable.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Coded Transcript Data
    • DS2: Transcript 1
    • DS3: Transcript 2
    • DS4: Transcript 3
    • DS5: Transcript 4
    • DS6: Transcript 5
    • DS7: Transcript 6
    • DS8: Transcript 7
    • DS9: Transcript 8
    • DS10: Transcript 9
    • DS11: Transcript 10
    • DS12: Transcript 11
    • DS13: Transcript 12
    • DS14: Transcript 13
    • DS15: Transcript 14
    • DS16: Transcript 15
    • DS17: Transcript 16
    • DS18: Transcript 17
    • DS19: Transcript 18
    • DS20: Transcript 19
    • DS21: Transcript 20
    • DS22: Transcript 21
    • DS23: Transcript 22
    • DS24: Transcript 23
    • DS25: Transcript 24
    • DS26: Transcript 25
    • DS27: Transcript 26
    • DS28: Transcript 27
    • DS29: Transcript 28
    • DS30: Transcript 29
    • DS31: Transcript 30
    • DS32: Transcript 31
    • DS33: Transcript 32
    • DS34: Transcript 33
    • DS35: Transcript 34
    • DS36: Transcript 35
    • DS37: Transcript 36
    • DS38: Transcript 37
    • DS39: Transcript 38
    • DS40: Transcript 39
Temporal Coverage
  • 1989 / 1995
    Time period: 1989--1995
  • Collection date: 1995
Geographic Coverage
  • Iowa
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All felony domestic violence cases in the state of Iowa from 1989 to 1995.
Sampling
Convenience sampling.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Parts 2-40 contain the actual court transcripts that were coded to create the quantitative data in Part 1. The court transcripts were sent to ICPSR as ASCII text files. ICPSR combined some of the files so that the entire transcript for each defendant is provided in a single file. ICPSR did not format the ASCII files in any way. Since most of these files have line lengths that exceed 80 characters, users interested in printing the files should use a word processing program to avoid truncating the text. (2) Parts 2-40 contain court transcripts for 39 of the 40 defendants analyzed in this study. The quality of one paper transcript was too poor for the principal investigators to scan into an electronic file and this transcript was coded by hand to obtain the data for Part 1. (3) The user guide and codebook are provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Website.

Note
2006-03-30 File CB2811.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2001-06-05 The ASCII text court transcripts that were coded to create the data for Part 1 have been added to the collection as Parts 2-40. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (95-WT-NX-0003).
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2811 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02811.v2
Publications
  • Hartley, Carolyn Copps. A therapeutic jurisprudence approach to the trial process in domestic violence felony trials. Violence Against Women.9, (4), 410-437.2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077801202250954 (DOI)
  • Hartley, Carolyn Copps. 'He said, she said': The defense attack of credibility in domestic violence felony trials. Violence Against Women.7, (5), 510-544.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/10778010122182587 (DOI)
  • Hartley, Carolyn Copps, Ryan, Roxann. Prosecution Strategies in Domestic Violence Felonies: Anticipating and Meeting Defense Claims. Final Report.NCJ 194075, Washington, DC: University of Iowa [producer], National Institute of Justice [distributor]. 1998.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/194075.pdf (URL)
  • Hartley, Carolyn Copps, Ryan, Roxann. Prosecution Strategies in Domestic Violence Felonies: Telling the Story of Domestic Violence. Executive Summary.NCJ 194074, Washington, DC: University of Iowa [producer], National Institute of Justice [distributor]. 1998.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/194074.pdf (URL)
  • Hartley, Carolyn Copps, Ryan, Roxann. Trial Strategies in Domestic Violence Felonies. American Society of Criminology Conference.Washington, DC. 1998.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/194069.pdf (URL)
  • Ryan, Roxann M.. Prosecution Strategies in Domestic Violence Felonies: An Exploratory Study. dissertation, University of Nebraska at Omaha. 1998.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Hartley, Carolyn Copps; Ryan, Roxann (2000): Prosecution and Defense Strategies in Domestic Violence Felonies in Iowa, 1989-1995. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02811.v1