Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data [United States]: County-Level Detailed Arrest and Offense Data, 1998

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
  • United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
arrests; arson; assault; auto theft; burglary; counties; crime rates; crime reporting; crime statistics; drug abuse; fraud; illegal gambling; larceny; law enforcement; murder; offenses; rape; robbery; sex offenses; Uniform Crime Reports; vandalism
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains county-level counts of arrests and offenses for Part I offenses (murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, auto theft, and arson) and counts of arrests for Part II offenses (forgery, fraud, embezzlement, vandalism, weapons violations, sex offenses, drug and alcohol abuse violations, gambling, vagrancy, curfew violations, and runaways).
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Arrests, All Ages
    • DS2: Arrests, Adult
    • DS3: Arrests, Juveniles
    • DS4: Crimes Reported
    • DS5: Allocated Statewide Data for Arrests, All Ages
    • DS6: Allocated Statewide Data for Arrests, Adults
    • DS7: Allocated Statewide Data for Arrests, Juveniles
    • DS8: Allocated Statewide Data for Crimes Reported
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1998
  • Collection date: 1998
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
County law enforcement agencies in the United States.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Two major changes to the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) county-level files were implemented beginning with the 1994 data. A new imputation algorithm to adjust for incomplete reporting by individual law enforcement jurisdictions was adopted. Within each county, data from agencies reporting 3 to 11 months of information were weighted to yield 12-month equivalents. Data for agencies reporting less than 3 months of data were replaced with data estimated by rates calculated from agencies reporting 12 months of data located in the agency's geographic stratum within its state. Secondly, a new Coverage Indicator was created to provide users with a diagnostic measure of aggregated data quality in a particular county. Data from agencies reporting only statewide figures were allocated to the counties in the state in proportion to each county's share of the state population. (2) In the arrest files (Parts 1-3 and 5-7), data were estimated for agencies reporting 0 months based on the procedures mentioned above. However, due to the structure of the data received from the FBI, estimations could not be produced for agencies reporting 0 months in the Crimes Reported files (Parts 4 and 8). Offense data for agencies reporting 1 or 2 months are estimated using the above procedures. Users are encouraged to refer to the codebook for more information. (3) No arrest data were provided for Florida, Kansas, Wisconsin, and Washington, DC. Limited arrest data were available for Illinois, Kentucky, and New Hampshire. Limited offense data were available for Alaska, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, South Dakota, and Wisconsin. (4) UCR program staff at the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) were consulted in developing the new adjustment procedures. However, these UCR county-level files are not official FBI UCR releases and are being provided for research purposes only. Users with questions regarding these UCR county-level data files can contact the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data at ICPSR. (5) The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

2006-03-30 File CB2910.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.2001-02-16 A correction was made to the formula for calculating the Coverage Indicator listed in the ICPSR Data Collection Description section of the codebook. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2910 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02910.v2
  • Aneja, Abhay, Donohue, John J., III, Zhang, Alexandria,. The Impact of Right to Carry Laws and the NRC Report: The Latest Lessons for the Empirical Evaluation of Law and Policy. Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 461.. 2014.
  • Fan, Jessie X., Wen, Ming, Kowaleski-Jones, Lori. An ecological analysis of environmental correlates of active commuting in urban U.S.. Health and Place.30, 242-250.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.09.014 (DOI)
  • Kleck, Gary, Barnes, J.C. Do more police lead to more crime deterrence?. Crime and Delinquency.60, (5), 716-738.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128710382263 (DOI)
  • LaRiviere, Jacob S., Wolff, Hendrik. The Power of the Little Blue Pill: Innovations and Implications of Life Style Drugs in an Aging Population. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8261.. 2014.
    • ID: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2460204 (URL)
  • Rincke, Johannes. The effect of crime on regional economic performance: Evidence from U.S. metropolitan areas. . 2014.
    • ID: http://www.wirtschaftspolitik.rw.uni-erlangen.de/RINCKE_Crime_and_Regional_Economic_Performance_July2014.pdf (URL)
  • Wright, Richard, Tekin, Erdal, Topalli, Volkan, McClellan, Chandler, Dickinson, Timothy, Rosenfeld, Richard. Less Cash, Less Crime: Evidence from the Electronic Benefit Transfer Program. 19996, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2014.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/papers/w19996.pdf?new_window=1 (URL)
  • d'Este, Rocco. The Effect of Stolen Goods Markets on Crime: Pawnshops, Property Thefts and the Gold Rush of the 2000s . . 2014.
    • ID: http://ces.univ-paris1.fr/ADRES-2015/DOCTORANT/D%27ESTE/D%27ESTE_paper.pdf (URL)
  • Kleck, Gary, Barnes, J.C.. Deterrence and macro-level perceptions of punishment risks: Is there a 'collective wisdom'?. Crime and Delinquency.59, (7), 1006-1035.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128708327569 (DOI)
  • Prelog, Andrew J.. Longitudinal and Geographic Analysis of the Relationship Between Natural Disasters and Crime in the United States. Dissertation, Colorado State University. 2012.
  • Grinols, Earl L., Mustard, David B., Staha, Melissa. How do visitors affect crime?. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.27, (3), 363-378.2011.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10940-010-9128-0 (DOI)
  • Moon, Michael J.. Examining Criminal Justice Professionals' Attitudes and Responsiveness Towards Intimidated Witnesses on the Local Level: An Exploratory Analysis. Dissertation, Virginia Commonwealth University. 2011.
  • Schaefer, Shelly S.W.. Blurring the Lines: Blended Sentencing and the Juvenile Justice System. Dissertation, University of Minnesota. 2011.
  • Snyder, Howard N.. Law Enforcement and Juvenile Crime. Juvenile Offenders and Victims National Report Series.NCJ 191031, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 2011.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/191031.pdf (URL)
  • Schupp, Paul, Rivera, Craig. Identifying imprisonment patterns and their relation to crime among New York Counties 1990-2000: An exploratory application of trajectory modeling. Criminal Justice Policy Review.2, (1), 50-75.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0887403409338563 (DOI)
  • Li, Yuh-Yuh. Social Structure, Social Control, and Crime in Rural Communities: A Test of Social Disorganization Theory. Dissertation, Ohio State University. 2009.
  • Parker, James D.. Social Disorganization Theory and Crime Across the Metropolitan-Nonmetropolitan Divide. Dissertation, Baylor University. 2009.
  • Lim, Hyeyoung. Finding Explanations on the Growth of Incarceration and the Reductions in Crime: Incapacity or Social Threat?. Dissertation, Sam Houston State University. 2008.
  • Kim, MoonSun. Reassessing the Effects of Police Manpower Changes on Crime Rates: Evidence from a Dynamic Panel Model. Dissertation, State University of New York at Albany. 2007.
  • Rosenfeld, Richard, Baumer, Eric, Messner, Steven F.. Social trust, firearm prevalence, and homicide. Annals of Epidemiology.17, (2), 119-125.2007.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2006.07.016 (DOI)
  • Kovandzic, Tomislav V., Vieraitis, Lynne M.. The effect of county-level prison population growth on crime rates. Criminology and Public Policy.5, (2), 213-244.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9133.2006.00375.x (DOI)
  • Weisheit, Ralph A., Wells, L. Edward. Deadly violence in the heartland: Comparing homicide patters in nonmetropolitan and metropolitan counties. Homicide Studies.9, (1), 55-80.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1088767904271434 (DOI)
  • Martin, Susan E., Maxwell, Christopher D., White, Helene R., Zhang, Yan. Trends in alcohol use, cocaine use, and crime: 1989-1998. Journal of Drug Issues.34, (2), 333-360.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/002204260403400205 (DOI)
  • McAuliffe, William E., Dunn, Ryan. Substance abuse treatment needs and access in the USA: Interstate variations. Addiction.99, 999-1014.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2004.00783.x (DOI)
  • Perry, Steven W.. American Indians and Crime: A BJS Statistical Profile, 1992-2002. NCJ 203097, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2004.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/aic02.pdf (URL)
  • Wells, L. Edward, Weisheit, Ralph A.. Patterns of rural and urban crime: A county-level comparison. Criminal Justice Review.29, (1), 1-23.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/073401680402900103 (DOI)
  • Kovandzic, Tomislav V., Marvell, Thomas B.. Right-to-carry concealed handguns and violent crime: Crime control through gun decontrol?. Criminology and Public Policy.2, (3), 363-396.2003.
  • Lowry, Dennis T., Nio Tam Ching, Josephine, Leitner, Dennis W.. Setting the public fear agenda: A longitudinal analysis of network television crime reporting, public perceptions of crime, and FBI crime statistics. Journal of Communication.53, (1), 61-73.2003.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1460-2466.2003.tb03005.x (DOI)
  • Lyman, Jacquelyn Marie. Epidemiology of homicide in children age five years or younger in the state of Alabama . Dissertation, University of Alabama at Birmingham. 2003.
  • O'Brien, Robert M., Stockard, Jean. The cohort-size sample-size conundrum: An empirical analysis and assessment using homicide arrest data from 1960 to 1999. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.19, (1), 1-32.2003.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1022526511321 (DOI)
  • Smith, Brad W.. The impact of police officer diversity on police-caused homicides. Policy Studies Journal.31, (2), 147-162.2003.
    • ID: 10.1111/1541-0072.t01-1-00009 (DOI)
  • Zhao, Jihong 'Solomon', Scheider, Matthew C., Thurman, Quint. A national evaluation of the effect of COPS grants on police productivity (arrests) 1995-1999. Police Quarterly.6, (4), 469-491.2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/1098611103251400 (DOI)
  • Benning, Joseph F.. Following the dirty money: Does bank reporting of suspicious activity pose a threat to drug dealers?. Criminal Justice Policy Review.13, (4), 337-355.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/088740302237803 (DOI)
  • MacDonald, John M.. The effectiveness of community policing in reducing urban violence. Crime and Delinquency.48, (4), 592-618.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/001112802237131 (DOI)
  • McCleary, Richard, Chew, Kenneth SY. Winter is the infanticide season: Seasonal risk for child homicide. Homicide Studies.6, (3), 228-239.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/1088767902006003004 (DOI)
  • Zhao, Jihong 'Solomon', Scheider, Matthew C., Thurman, Quint. Funding community policing to reduce crime: Have COPS grants made a difference?. Criminology and Public Policy.2, (1), 7-32.2002.
  • Gilens, Martin. Political ignorance and collective policy preferences. American Political Science Review.95, (2), 379-396.2001.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0003055401002222 (DOI)
  • Kovandzic, Tomislav V.. The impact of Florida's habitual offender law on crime. Criminology.39, (1), 179-203.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2001.tb00920.x (DOI)
  • Scheider, Matthew C.. Deterrence and the base rate fallacy: An examination of perceived certainty. Justice Quarterly.18, (1), 63-86.2001.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418820100094821 (DOI)
  • Sondheimer, Diane L.. Young female offenders: Increasingly visible yet poorly understood. Gender Issues.19, (1), 79-90.2001.
    • ID: 10.1007/s12147-001-0005-x (DOI)
  • Apple, R.W., Jr.. Flashin' those dreamy eyes way down yonder. New York Times.(E), 33 -2000.
  • Asquith, Jo Ann L., Bristow, Dennis N.. To catch a thief: A pedagogical study of retail shopping. Journal of Education for Business.75, (5), 271-276.2000.
    • ID: 10.1080/08832320009599027 (DOI)
  • Benson, Bruce L.. Why crime declines. Ideas on Liberty.50, (1), 22-25.2000.
  • Corbitt, William Andrew. Violent crimes among juveniles: Behavioral aspects. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin.69, (6), 18-21.2000.
  • Dinger, Daniel R.. Should lost evidence mean a lost chance to prosecute?: State rejections of the United States Supreme Court decisions in Arizona vs. Youngblood. American Journal of Criminal Law.27, (3), 329-383.2000.
  • Glemboski, Gary J.. Rethinking investigative priorities. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin.69, (8), 6-7.2000.
  • Hagan, John, Foster, Holly. Making corporate and criminal America less violent: Public norms and structural reforms. Contemporary Sociology.29, (1), 44-53.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2654930 (URL)
  • Joanes, A.. Does the New York City Police Department deserve credit for the decline in New York City's homicide rates? A cross-city comparison of policing strategies and homicide rates. Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems.33, (3), 265-311.2000.
  • Kayitsinga, Jean, Maxwell, Christopher D.. Michigan's criminal justice response to incidents of rape. Sexual Assault Surveillance System.vol 3, issue 2, East Lansing, MI: Violence and Intentional Injury Prevention Program, Michigan State University. 2000.
    • ID: http://vip.msu.edu/sass/report/sassv3n2.pdf (URL)
  • Kayitsinga, Jean, Maxwell, Christopher D.. Trends in reported incidents of rape in Michigan and beyond. Sexual Assault Surveillance System.vol 3, issue 1, East Lansing, MI: Violence and Intentional Injury Prevention Program, Michigan State University. 2000.
    • ID: http://vip.msu.edu/sass/report/sassv3n1.pdf (URL)
  • Males, Mike A.. Vernon, Connecticut's juvenile curfew: The circumstances of youths cited and effects on crime. Criminal Justice Policy Review.11, (3), 254-267.2000.
  • Safarik, Mark E., Jarvis, John, Nussbaum, Kathleen. Elderly female serial sexual homicide: A limited empirical test of criminal investigative analysis. Homicide Studies.4, (3), 294-307.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/1088767900004003005 (DOI)
  • Savolainen, Jukka. Relative cohort size and age-specific arrest rates: A conditional interpretation of the Easterlin effect. Criminology.38, (1), 117-136.2000.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2000.tb00885.x (DOI)
  • Schiraldi, Vincent. Lessons can be learned. Corrections Today.62, (3), 122-123.2000.
  • Sherman, Lawrence W.. Gun carrying and homicide prevention. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.283, (9), 1193-1995.2000.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.283.9.1193 (DOI)
  • Yardley, Jim. A town's grieving mothers find reason to pray and to cry, but not to march. New York Times.(A), 13 -2000.
  • (author unknown). Crime clock 1998. USA Today.(A), 1 -1999.
  • (author unknown). Crime in the United States, 1998. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. 1999.
    • ID: http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/Cius_98/98crime/98cius29.pdf (URL)
  • Anonymous. Lucky 7: Crime decrease continues. Law Enforcement News.25, (514), 107-6.1999.
  • Butterfield, Fox. F.B.I. study finds gun use in violent crimes declining. New York Times.19 -1999.
  • Clinton, William J.. Statement on the 1998 Uniform Crime Report. Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents.35, (42), 2071 -1999.
  • Dixon, David, Coffin, Phillip. Zero tolerance policing of illegal drug markets. Drug and Alcohol Review.18, (4), 477 -1999.
  • Kashani, Javad H., Jones, Michael R., Bumby, Kurt M., Thomas, Lisa A.. Youth violence: Psychosocial risk factors, treatment, prevention, and recommendations. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders.7, (4), 200 -1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/106342669900700402 (DOI)
  • Wintemute, Garen J.. The future of firearm violence prevention: Building on success. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.282, (5), 475-478.1999.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.282.5.475 (DOI)
  • (author unknown). Crime rates still unacceptable; Start prevention at early age. USA Today.(A), 22 -1998.
  • O'Driscoll, Patrick. Crime rate recedes, but wariness remains. USA Today.(A), 11 -1998.
  • Walker, Patrick. Felony and misdemeanor defendants filed in the u.s. district courts during fiscal years 1990-95: An analysis of the filings of each offense level. Journal of Criminal Justice.26, (6), 503-511.1998.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0047-2352(98)00027-0 (DOI)
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation. Uniform Crime Reporting Handbook: National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) Edition. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. 1992.
  • Donohue, Elizabeth, Schiraldi, Vincent, Ziedenberg, Jason. School House Hype: School Shootings and the Real Risks Kids Face in America. Washington, DC: Justice Policy Institute. 1988.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30