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Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (12th-Grade Survey), 1999

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Johnston, Lloyd D. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • Bachman, Jerald G. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Monitoring the Future (MTF) Series
Publication Date
2000-11-02
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
Language
English
Free Keywords
attitudes; demographic characteristics; drug education; drug use; family life; high school students; life plans; lifestyles; social behavior; social change; values; youths
Description
  • Abstract

    This is the 25th annual survey in this series that explores changes in important values, behaviors, and lifestyle orientations of contemporary American youth. Students are randomly assigned to complete one of six questionnaires, each with a different subset of topical questions but all containing a set of "core" questions on demographics and drug use. There are about 1,400 variables across the questionnaires. Drugs covered by this survey include tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, hashish, LSD, hallucinogens, amphetamines (stimulants), Ritalin (methylphenidate), quaaludes, barbiturates (tranquilizers), cocaine, crack, and heroin. Other items include attitudes toward religion, parental influences, changing roles for women, educational aspirations, self-esteem, exposure to drug education, and violence and crime -- both in and out of school.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Created online analysis version with question text.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Core Data
    • DS2: Form 1 Data
    • DS3: Form 2 Data
    • DS4: Form 3 Data
    • DS5: Form 4 Data
    • DS6: Form 5 Data
    • DS7: Form 6 Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1999
  • Collection date: 1999
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
High school seniors in the contiguous United States.
Sampling
Multistage area probability sample design involving three selection stages: (1) geographic areas or primary sampling units (PSUs), (2) schools (or linked groups of schools) within PSUs, and (3) students within sampled schools. Of the 80 PSUs, 8 were selected with certainty and 72 were selected with probability proportionate to size based on the size of the senior class. In schools with more than 400 seniors, a random sample of seniors or classes was drawn. In schools with less than 400 seniors, all seniors were asked to participate. Each school was asked to participate for two years so that each year one-half of the sample is replaced. Schools refusing participation were replaced with similar schools in terms of geographic location, size, and type of school (e.g., public, private/Catholic, private/non-Catholic). The total sample was divided into six subsamples consisting of an average of 2,700 respondents, and each subsample was administered a different form of the questionnaire, although all respondents answered the "core" drug and demographic questions. The participation rate among schools has been between 66 and 85 percent since the inception of the study. The overall student response rate for 1999 was 83 percent.
Collection Mode
  • self-enumerated questionnaire

    (1) To protect the anonymity of respondents, all variables that could be used to identify individuals have been collapsed or recoded in the public use files. These modifications should not affect analytic uses of the public use files. (2) Variables omitted from the Western region questionnaires are noted in each codebook. (3) Users are advised that there are seven parts to the collection: one containing the "key" or core questions for all six questionnaires and a separate part for each of the six different questionnaire forms. The core file consists of all respondents for all six questionnaires, however, only those variables that appear on all six questionnaires and demographic variables are found in this file. The core file consists primarily of drug use data and demographic variables. (4) The collection is documented by machine-readable codebooks with a separate codebook for each part. Users are further advised to consult the appropriate MONITORING THE FUTURE: QUESTIONNAIRE RESPONSES FROM THE NATION'S HIGH SCHOOL SENIORS annual volume, available from the Monitoring the Future staff, for more information about the collection.

    MTF does not release detailed geography codes in its public use files because of the disclosure risk it would cause. The MTF sample is drawn to generate representative samples of the four Census Bureau regions of the country (Northeast, Midwest, South, and West), but it does not generate representative samples of smaller geographic areas such as states, counties, or cities. For additional information about data that is withheld from the public use files please contact MTF directly at mtfinformation@umich.edu.

Note
2007-09-18 The SPSS setup file for Part 5, Form 4, has been updated in order to correct the value label for V49.2006-05-15 Minor edits were made to the metadata and documentation.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.2003-02-06 The data for two variables in Part 2: Form 1 Data (V1264 and V1813) were replaced per the data producer's request. These changes did not modify the logical record length nor column locations. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse (DA01411).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2939 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02939.v2
Publications
  • Terry-McElrath, Yvonne M., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Trends and timing of cigarette smoking uptake among U.S. young adults: survival analysis using annual national cohorts from 1976-2005. Addiction.2015.
    • ID: 10.1111/add.12926 (DOI)
  • Bachman, J.G., Staff, J., O'Malley, P.M., Freedman-Doan, P.. Adolescent work intensity, school performance, and substance use: Links vary by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Developmental Psychology.1-10.2013.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0031464 (DOI)
  • Clarke, P., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Lee, H., Colabianchi, N., Johnston, L.D.. College expectations in high school mitigate weight gain over early adulthood: Findings from a national study of American youth. Obesity.2013.
    • ID: 10.1002/oby.20176 (DOI)
  • Shults, R.A., Williams, A.F.. Trends in driver licensing status and driving among high school seniors in the United States, 1996-2010. Journal of Safety Research.167-170.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jsr.2013.04.003 (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D.. Middle and high school drug testing and student illicit drug use: A national study 1998-2011. Journal of Adolescent Health.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.11.020 (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D.. Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use among US high school seniors from 1976 to 2011: Trends, reasons, and situations. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.05.031 (DOI)
  • Twenge, Jean M., Kasser, Tim. Generational changes in materialism and work centrality, 1976-2007: Associations with temporal changes in societal insecurity and materialistic role modeling. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.39, (7), 883-897.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0146167213484586 (DOI)
  • Bell, Bethany A., Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J., Ferron, John M., Jiao, Qun, Hibbard, Susan T., Kromrey, Jeffrey D.. Use of design effects and sample weights in complex health survey data: A review of published articles using data from 3 commonly used adolescent health surveys. American Journal of Public Health.102, (7), 1399-1405.2012.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300398 (DOI)
  • Jager, J., Schulenberg, J.E., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G.. Historical variation in drug use trajectories across the transition to adulthood: The trend toward lower intercepts and steeper, ascending slopes. 25, (2), 527-543.2012.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0954579412001228 (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2011: Volume II, College Students and Adults ages 19-50. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research . 2012.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/mtf-vol2_2011.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2011: Volume I, Secondary School Students. 2012.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/mtf-vol1_2011.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Illicit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2011. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 77.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2012.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/mtf-occ77.pdf (URL)
  • Terry-McElrath, Yvonne M., Emery, Sherry, Wakefield, Melanie A., O'Malley, Patrick M., Szczypka, Glen, Johnston, Lloyd D.. Effects of tobacco-related media campaigns on smoking among 20–30-year-old adults: Longitudinal data from the USA. Tobacco Control.2012.
    • ID: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2011-050208 (DOI)
  • Twenge, J.M., Campbell, W.K., Freeman, E.C.. Generational differences in young adults' life goals, concern for others, and civic orientation, 1966-2009. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.102, (5), 1045-1062.2012.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0027408 (DOI)
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D., Schulenberg, J.E., Wallace, J.M., Jr.. Racial/ethnic differences in the relationship between parental education and substance use among U.S. 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students: Findings from the Monitoring the Future project. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.72, (2), 279-285.2011.
  • Barua, Rashmi, Vidal-Fernandez, Marian. No Pass No Drive: Education and Allocation of Time. Working Paper Series.. 2011.
  • Caraballo, Ralph S., Asman, Katherine. Epidemiology of menthol cigarette use in the United States . Tobacco Induced Diseases.9, (S1), 2011.
    • ID: 10.1186/1617-9625-9-S1-S1 (DOI)
  • DeWall, C. Nathan, Pond, Richard S., Jr.. Loneliness and smoking: The costs of the desire to reconnect. Self and Identity.10, (3), 375-385.2011.
    • ID: 10.1080/15298868.2010.524404 (DOI)
  • Francis, Shelley A.. Using a framework to explore associations between parental substance use and the health outcomes of their adolescent children. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse.20, (1), 1-14.2011.
    • ID: 10.1080/1067828X.2010.517736 (DOI)
  • Garland, Eric L., Howard, Matthew O., Vaughn, Michael G., Perron, Brian E.. Volatile substance misuse in the United States. Substance Use and Misuse.46, (S1), 8-20.2011.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826084.2011.580172 (DOI)
  • Han, E., Powell, L.M.. Effect of food prices on the prevalence of obesity among young adults. Public Health (UK).125, (3), 129-135.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.puhe.2010.11.014 (DOI)
  • Ilgen, M.A., Schulenberg, J., Kloska, D.D., Czyz, E., Johnston, L., O'Malley, P.. Prevalence and characteristics of substance abuse treatment utilization by US adolescents: National data from 1987 to 2008. Addictive Behaviors.36, (12), 1349-1352.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2011.07.036 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O’Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975–2010. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 74.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2011.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/mtf-occ74.pdf (URL)
  • Katel, Peter. Teen drug use: Do weaker drug laws encourage youths to try pot?. CQ Researcher.21, (21), 481-504.2011.
  • Keyes, Katherine M., Schulenberg, John E., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Bachman, Jerald G., Li, Guohua, Hasin, Deborah. The social norms of birth cohorts and adolescent marijuana use in the United States, 1976-2007. Addiction.106, (10), 1790-1800.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03485.x (DOI)
  • Maxwell, Jane Carlisle. The prescription drug epidemic in the United States: A perfect storm. Drug and Alcohol Review.30, (3), 264-270.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00291.x (DOI)
  • Syvertsen, Amy K., Wray-Lake, Laura, Flanagan, Constance A., Osgood, D. Wayne, Briddell, Laine. Thirty-year trends in U.S. adolescents' civic engagement: A story of changing participation and educational differences. Journal of Research on Adolescence.21, (3), 586-594.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00706.x (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Yvonne, Emery, Sherry, Szczypka, Glen, Johnston, Lloyd D.. Potential exposure to anti-drug advertising and drug-related attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors among United States youth, 1995–2006. Addictive Behaviors.36, (1-2), 116-124.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2010.09.005 (DOI)
  • Wray-Lake, Laura, Syvertsen, Amy K., Briddell, Laine, Osgood, D. Wayne, Flanagan, Constance A.. Exploring the changing meaning of work for American high school seniors from 1976 to 2005. Youth and Society.43, (3), 1110-1135.2011.
    • ID: 10.1177/0044118X10381367 (DOI)
  • Adams, Portia E. Understanding the different realities, experience, and use of self-esteem between Black and White adolescent girls. Journal of Black Psychology.36, (3), 255-276.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0095798410361454 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Freedman-Doan, Peter, Trzesniewski, Kali H., Donnellan, M. Brent. Adolescent self-esteem: Differences by race/ethnicity, gender, and age. Self and Identity.2010.
    • ID: 10.1080/15298861003794538 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E.. Impacts of Parental Education on Substance Use: Differences among White, African-American, and Hispanic Students in 8th, 10th, and 12th Grades (1999-2008). Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 70.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2010.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ70.pdf (URL)
  • Clarke, Philippa J., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Midlife health and socioeconomic consequences of persistent overweight across early adulthood: Findings from a national survey of American adults (1986–2008). American Journal of Epidemiology.172, (5), 540-548.2010.
    • ID: 10.1093/aje/kwq156 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O’Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975–2009. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 73.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2010.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ73.pdf (URL)
  • Keyes, Katherine M.. Ecologic-level Disapproval and the Prevalence of Substance Use: A Multi-level Age-period-cohort Analysis of High-school Attending Adolescents in the United States. Dissertation, Columbia University. 2010.
  • Nelson, Jon P.. What is learned from longitudinal studies of advertising and youth drinking and smoking? A critical assessment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.7, (3), 870-926.2010.
    • ID: 10.3390/ijerph7030870 (DOI)
  • Simerlink, Daniel J.. An Analysis of Sales and Customer Service Processes for U.S. Consumers Born Around 1982--1992. Dissertation, Walden University. 2010.
  • Staff, J., Schulenberg, J.E.. Millennials and the world of work: Experiences in paid work during adolescence. Journal of Business and Psychology.25, (2), 247-255.2010.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10869-010-9167-4 (DOI)
  • Trzesniewski, Kali H., Donnellan, M. Brent. Rethinking 'Generation Me': A study of cohort effects from 1976-2006. Perspectives on Psychological Science.5, (1), 58-75.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1745691609356789 (DOI)
  • Twenge, Jean M., Campbell, W. Keith. Birth cohort differences in the Monitoring the Future dataset and elsewhere: Further evidence for Generation Me—Commentary on Trzesniewski & Donnellan (2010). Perspectives on Psychological Science.5, (1), 81-88.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1745691609357015 (DOI)
  • Tworek, C., Yamaguchi, R., Kloska, D.D., Emery, S., Barker, D.C., Giovino, G.A., O'Malley, P.M., Chaloupka, F.J.. State-level tobacco control policies and youth smoking cessation measures. Health Policy.97, (2-3), 136-144.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2010.04.009 (DOI)
  • Wray-Lake, Laura, Flanagan, Constance A., Osgood, D. Wayne. Examining trends in adolescent environmental attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors across three decades. Environment and Behavior.42, (1), 61-85.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0013916509335163 (DOI)
  • Zhong, Hua, Schwartz, Jennifer. Exploring gender-specific trends in underage drinking across adolescent age groups and measures of drinking: Is girls' drinking catching up with boys'?. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.39, (8), 911-926.2010.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10964-009-9413-0 (DOI)
  • Anonymous. Study findings from University of Michigan provide new insights into behavior. Women's Health Weekly.1082009.
  • Clarke , Philippa, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E.. Social disparities in BMI trajectories across adulthood by gender, race/ethnicity and lifetime socio-economic position: 1986-2004. International Journal of Epidemiology.38, (2), 499-509.2009.
    • ID: 10.1093/ije/dyn214 (DOI)
  • Clarke, Philippa, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E., Lantz, Paula. Differential trends in weight-related health behaviors among American young adults by gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status: 1984-2006. American Journal of Public Health.99, (10), 18932009.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2008.141317 (DOI)
  • Goodkind, Sara, Wallace, John M., Shook, Jeffrey J., Bachman, Jerald, O'Malley, Patrick. Are girls really becoming more delinquent? Testing the gender convergence hypothesis by race and ethnicity, 1976–2005. Children and Youth Services Review.31, (8), 885-895.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2009.04.002 (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2008. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 71.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2009.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ71.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2008. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH-PUB-09-7402, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2008.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future: National Survey on Drug Use, 1975-2008: Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-50. No. 09-7403, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Us, 1975-2008: Volume II, College Students and Adults Ages 19-50. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2008: Volume II, College Students and Adults Ages 19-50. NIH Pub. No. 09-7403, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse . 2009.
  • Powell, Lisa M., Chriqui, Jamie, Chaloupka, Frank J.. Associations between state-level soda taxes and adolescent Body Mass Index. Journal of Adolescent Health.45, (3), S57-S63.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.03.003 (DOI)
  • Sargent, James D., Heatherton, Todd F.. Comparison of trends for adolescent smoking and smoking in movies, 1990-2007. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.301, (21), 2211-2213.2009.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.2009.745 (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D.. Reasons for drug use among American youth by consumption level, gender, and race/ethnicity: 1976-2005. Journal of Drug Issues.39, (3), 677-714.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/002204260903900310 (DOI)
  • The White House. National Drug Control Strategy: Data Supplement 2009. NCJ 225448, Washington, DC: Office of National Drug Control Policy. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs09/ndcs09_data_supl/09datasupplement.pdf (URL)
  • Wallace, John M., Jr., Vaughn, Michael G., Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E.. Race/ethnicity, socioeconomic factors, and smoking among early adolescent girls in the United States. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.104, (1), S42-S49.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2009.06.007 (DOI)
  • Anonymous. Tobacco hits lowest rate since survey began 33 years ago. Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly.1-3.2008.
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2007. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 69.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ69.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2007. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH-PUB-08-6418A, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2007.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2007. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NIH-PUB-08-6418B, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2007.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, P., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Revisiting Marriage Effects on Substance Use among Young Adults. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 68.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ68.pdf (URL)
  • Bigelow, April D.. Predictors of Physical Activity and Substance Use in United States Adolescents. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 2008.
  • Little, Michelle, Weaver, Scott R., King, Kevin M., Liu, Freda, Chassin, Laurie. Historical change in the link between adolescent deviance proneness and marijuana use, 1979-2004. Prevention Science.9, (1), 4-16.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11121-008-0084-y (DOI)
  • McBride, Duane C., Terry-McElrath, Yvonne M., VanderWaal, Curtis J., Chriqui, Jamie F., Myllyluoma, Jana. US public health agency involvement in youth-focused illicit drug policy, planning, and prevention at the local level, 1999-2003. American Journal of Public Health.98, (2), 270-277.2008.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.112524 (DOI)
  • Nelson, David E, Mowery, Paul, Asman, Kat, Pederson, Linda L, O'Malley, Patrick M, Malarcher, Ann, Maibach, Edward W, Pechacek, Terry F. Long-term trends in adolescent and young adult smoking in the United States: metapatterns and implications. American Journal of Public Health.98, (5), 905-915.2008.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.115931 (DOI)
  • Pampel, Fred C.. Differences in the influence of family background and social activities on smoking of minority and white high school seniors, 1976-2004. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health.10, (6), 507-515.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10903-008-9139-1 (DOI)
  • Pampel, Fred C., Aguilar, Jade. Changes in youth smoking, 1976-2002: A time-series analysis. Youth and Society.39, (4), 453-479.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/0044118X07308070 (DOI)
  • Russell, Jen. Research of Note. Youth Today.17, (7), 312008.
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., O'Malley, P.M., Johnson, L.D.. Saying no to marijuana: Why American youth report quitting or abstaining. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.69, (6), 796-805.2008.
  • The White House. National Drug Control Strategy. Data Supplement 2008.NCJ 221951, Washington, DC: Office of National Drug Control Policy. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs08_data_supl/ndcs_suppl08.pdf (URL)
  • Trzesniewski K. H., Donnellan M. B., Robins R. W.. Do today's young people really think they are so extraordinary? An examination of secular trends in narcissism and self-enhancement. Psychological Science.19, (2), 181-188.2008.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02065.x (DOI)
  • Wallace, J.M., Jr., Goodkind, S.A., Wallace, C.M., Bachman, J.G.. Racial, ethnic, and gender differences in school discipline among U.S. high school students: 1991-2005. Negro Educational Review.59, (1-2), 47-62.2008.
  • Wood, Ruth I.. Anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence? Insights from animals and humans. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology.29, (4), 490-506.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.yfrne.2007.12.002 (DOI)
  • Zahn, Margaret A., Brumbaugh, Susan, Steffensmeier, Darrrell, Feld, Barry C., Morash, Merry, Chesney-Lind, Meda, Millelr, Jody, Payne, Allison Ann, Gottfredson, Denise C., Kruttschnitt, Candace. Violence by Teenage Girls: Trends and Context. Girls Study Group: Understanding and Responding to Girls' Delinquency.NCJ 218905, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/218905.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, P., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Johnston, Lloyd D, Messersmith, E.E.. Education drug use relationships: An examination of racial/ethnic subgroups. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 66.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2007.
  • Beauvais, Fred, Thurman, Pamela Jumper, Burnside, Martha, Plested, Barbara. Prevalence of American Indian adolescent tobacco use: 1993-2004. Substance Use and Misuse.42, (4), 591-601.2007.
    • ID: 10.1080/10826080701202171 (DOI)
  • Carpenter, Christopher S., Kloska, Deborah D., O'Malley, Patrick, Johnston, Lloyd. Alcohol control policies and youth alcohol consumption: Evidence from 28 years of Monitoring the Future. B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy.7, (1), 2007.
    • ID: http://www.bepress.com/bejeap/vol7/iss1/art25 (URL)
  • Geistman, James, Smith, Brad W.. Juvenile attitudes toward police: A national study. Journal of Crime and Justice.30, (2), 27-51.2007.
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  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2006. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 67.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2007.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2006. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH Publication No. 07-6205.Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2007.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2006. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NIH Publication No. 07-6206.Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2007.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future: National Results on Adolescent Drug Use. Overview of Key Findings, 2006. NIH Publication No. 07-6202.Bethesda, MD: United States Department of of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2007.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/overview2006.pdf (URL)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Delva, Jorge, Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Variation in obesity among American secondary school students by school and school characteristics. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.33, (4, Suppl), S187-S194.2007.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.amepre.2007.07.001 (DOI)
  • Saffer, Henry, Wakefield, Melanie, Terry-McElrath, Yvonne. The Effect of Nicotine Replacement Therapy Advertising on Youth Smoking. NBER Working Paper Series.12964, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2007.
  • Slater, Sandy J., Chaloupka, Frank J., Wakefield, Melanie, Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M.. The impact of retail cigarette marketing practices on youth smoking uptake. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.161, (5), 440 -2007.
    • ID: 10.1001/archpedi.161.5.440 (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., Wakefield, M.A., Emery, S., Saffer, H., Szczypka, G., O'Malley, P.M.. State anti-tobacco advertising and smoking outcomes by gender and race/ethnicity. Ethnicity and Health.12, (4), 339-362.2007.
    • ID: 10.1080/13557850701300723 (DOI)
  • Tomar, Scott L., Hatsukami, Dorothy K.. Perceived risk of harm from cigarettes or smokeless tobacco among U.S. high school seniors. Nicotine and Tobacco Research.9, (11), 1191-1196.2007.
    • ID: 10.1080/14622200701648417 (DOI)
  • Wallace, John M., Yamaguchi, Ryoko, Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Religiosity and adolescent substance use: The role of individual and contextual influences. Social Problems.54, (2), 308-327.2007.
    • ID: 10.1525/sp.2007.54.2.308 (DOI)
  • Arria, Amelia M., Wish, Eric D.. Nonmedical use of prescription stimulants among students. Pediatric Annals.35, (8), 565-571.2006.
  • Bachman, J.G., Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E.. The Monitoring the Future Project after Thirty-two Years: Design and Procedure. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 64.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2006.
  • Chung, Hwan, Flaherty, Brian P., Schafer, Joseph L.. Latent class logistic regression: Application to marijuana use and attitudes among high school seniors. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A: Statistics in Society.169, (4), 723-743.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-985X.2006.00419.x (DOI)
  • DeSimone, Jeff. Academic performance and part-time employment among high school seniors . Topics in Economic Analysis and Policy.6, (1), 1-34.2006.
  • Delva, Jorge, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Racial/ethnic and socioeconomic status differences in overweight and health-related behaviors among American students: National trends 1986-2003. Journal of Adolescent Health.39, (4), 536-545.2006.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2006.02.013 (DOI)
  • Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in initiation of alcohol use in the United States 1975 to 2003 . Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.30, (6), 1011-1022.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2006.00115.x (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Demographic subgroup trends for various licit and illicit drugs, 1975-2005 . Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper 63.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ63.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2005. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 63.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2006.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ63.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2005. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NCJ 291001, Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2005.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2005. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NCJ 219002, Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2005.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 2005. Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/overview2005.pdf (URL)
  • National Institute of Drug Abuse. High School & Youth Trends. NIDA InfoFacts.Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.nida.nih.gov/pdf/infofacts/HSYouthTrends06.pdf (URL)
  • Nelson, David E., Mowery, Paul, Tomar, Scott, Marcus, Stephen, Giovino, Gary, Zhao, Luhua. Trends in smokeless tobacco use among adults and adolescents in the United States. American Journal of Public Health.96, (5), 897-905.2006.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.061580 (DOI)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E., Kumar, Revathy. How substance use differs among American secondary schools. Prevention Science.7, (4), 409-420.2006.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11121-006-0050-5 (DOI)
  • Powell, Lisa M., Auld, M. Christopher, Chaloupka, Frank J., O?Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Access to fast food and food prices: Relationship with fruit and vegetable consumption and overweight among adolescents. Advances in Alcohol and Substance Abuse.17, 23-48.2006.
  • Sloboda, Zili. Chapter 12: Forging a relationship between drug abuse epidemiology and drug abuse prevention. Handbook of Drug Abuse Prevention: Theory, Science, and Practice.New York: Springer. 2006.
    • ID: 10.1007/0-387-35408-5_12 (DOI)
  • VanderWaal, Curtis J., McBride, Duane C., Terry-McElrath, Yvonne M., Bishop, Rachel M.. The Role of Public Health Agencies in Providing Access to Adolescent Drug Treatment Services. Journal of Adolescent Health.39, (6), 916-924.2006.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2006.06.011 (DOI)
  • Wakefield, M., Terry-McElrath, Y.M., Emery, S., Saffer, H., Chaloupka, F., Szczypka, G., Slater, S., O'Malley, P., Johnston, L.D.. Effect of televised, tobacco company-funded smoking prevention advertising on youth smoking-related beliefs, intentions, and behaviors. American Journal of Public Health.96, 2154-2160.2006.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2005.083352 (DOI)
  • Wish, Eric D., Fitzelle, Dawn Bonanno, O'Grady, Kevin E., Hsu, Margaret H., Arria, Amelia M.. Evidence for significant polydrug use among ecstasy-using college students. Journal of American College Health.55, (2), 99-104.2006.
    • ID: 10.3200/JACH.55.2.99-104 (DOI)
  • Deibert, Gini Rene. Teens, Drugs, and Delinquency: A Partial Test of American Institutional Explanations of Crime. Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin. 2005.
  • Farrelly, Matthew C., Davis, Kevin C., Haviland, M. Lyndon, Messeri, Peter, Healton, Cheryl G.. Evidence of a dose-response relationship between 'truth' antismoking ads and youth smoking prevalence. American Journal of Public Health.95, (3), 425-431.2005.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.049692 (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2004. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 61.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2005.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ61.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., Terry-McEllrath, Yvonne M., O'Malley, Patrick M., Wakefield, Melanie. Trends in recall and appraisal of anti-smoking advertising among American youth: National survey results, 1997-2001. Prevention Science.6, (1), 1-19.2005.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11121-005-1249-6 (DOI)
  • Kumar, R., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D.. Policies and Practices Regarding Alcohol and Illicit Drugs among American Secondary Schools and Their Association with Student Alcohol and Marijuana Use. . YES Occasional Paper No.5.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2005.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/yes-occ_paper05.pdf (URL)
  • Kumar, R., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D.. School tobacco control policies related to students' smoking and attitudes toward smoking: National survey results, 1999-2000. Health Education and Behavior.32, 780-794.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1090198105277451 (DOI)
  • Office of National Drug Control Policy. The National Drug Control Strategy: Data Supplement. NCJ 213692, Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President of the United States. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs06_data_supl/ (URL)
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Yamaguchi, R.. Substance abuse counseling services in secondary schools: A national study of schools and students, 1999-2003. Journal of School Health.75, 334-341.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2005.00047.x (DOI)
  • Van der Waal, C. J., Powell, L. M., Terry-McElrath, Y. M.. Community and school drug prevention strategy prevalence: Differential effects by setting and substance. Journal of Primary Prevention.26, (4), 299-320.2005.
  • Beauvais, Fred, Jumper-Thurman, Pamela, Helm, Heather, Plested, Barbara, Burnside, Martha. Surveillance of drug use among American Indian adolescents: Patterns over 25 years. Journal of Adolescent Health.34, (6), 493-500.2004.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2003. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 60.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2004.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ60.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Terry-McElrath, Y.M.. Methods, locations, and ease of cigarette access for American youth, 1997-2002. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.27, 267-276.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.07.008 (DOI)
  • National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. Non-medical Marijuana II: Rite of Passage or Russian Roulette?. CASA White Paper.New York: National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. 2004.
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Wagenaar, A.C.. Effects of safety belt laws on safety belt use by American high school seniors, 1986-2000. Journal of Safety Research.35, 125-130.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jsr.2003.07.005 (DOI)
  • Yamaguchi, R., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Relationships between school drug searches and student substance use in U.S. schools. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis.26, 329-341.2004.
    • ID: 10.3102/01623737026004329 (DOI)
  • Adams, Portia Elizabeth. Understanding the High Self-Esteem of Black Adolescent Girls. Dissertation, Washington University. 2003.
  • Chang, Jen Jen, Chen, John J., Brownson, Ross C.. The role of repeat victimization in adolescent delinquent behaviors and recidivism. Journal of Adolescent Health.32, (4), 272-280.2003.
    • ID: 10.1016/S1054-139X(02)00564-5 (DOI)
  • Goode, Erich. A Crack in an Invariant Relationship? Age and Drug Use, 1991-2001. . 2003.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2003. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 59.Ann Arbor, MI : Institute for Social Research . 2003.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ59.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2003. Volume I: Secondary School Students. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2003.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2003.pdf (URL)
  • National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. The Economic Value of Underage and Adult Excessive Drinking to the Alcohol Industry. CASA White Paper.New York: National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. 2003.
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Unsafe driving by high school seniors: National trends from 1976 to 2001 in ticket and accidents after use of alcohol, marijuana and other illegal drugs. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.64, (3), 305-312.2003.
  • Wallace, J.M., Jr., Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Cooper, S.M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Gender and ethnic differences in smoking, drinking, and illicit drug use among American 8th, 10th and 12th grade students, 1976-2000. Addiction.98, 225-234.2003.
    • ID: 10.1046/j.1360-0443.2003.00282.x (DOI)
  • Yacoubian, George S.. Correlates of ecstasy use among high school seniors surveyed through Monitoring the Future. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy.10, (1), 65-72.2003.
    • ID: 10.1080/0968763021000019369 (DOI)
  • Yamaguchi, Ryoko, Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Relationship between student illicit drug use and school drug-testing policies. Journal of School Health.73, (4), 159-164.2003.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2003.tb03596.x (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Demographic subgroup trends for various licit and illicit drugs, 1975-2001. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper 57.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2002.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ57.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2001. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-40. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2002.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2001.pdf (URL)
  • Kumar, Revathy, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E., Bachman, Jerald G.. Effects of school-level norms on student substance use. Prevention Science.3, (2), 105-124.2002.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1015431300471 (DOI)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Epidemiology of alcohol and other drug use among American college students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.63, (2), 23-39.2002.
  • Wallace, J.M., Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E., Cooper, S.M.. Tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use: Racial and ethnic differences among U.S. high school seniors, 1976-2000. Public Health Reports.117, (Supplement 1), S67-S75.2002.
  • Wallace, John M., Jr., Muroff, Jordana R.. Preventing substance abuse among African American children and youth: Race differences in risk factor exposure and vulnerability. Journal of Primary Prevention.22, (3), 235-261.2002.
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  • Yacoubian, George S.. Assessing the temporal relationship between race and ecstasy use among high school seniors. Journal of Drug Education.32, (3), 213-225.2002.
    • ID: 10.2190/EXJE-K8Y4-80DH-RYV6 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, Peter, O'Malley, Patrick M.. Should U.S. military recruiters write off the college-bound?. Armed Forces and Society.27, (3), 461-476.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/0095327X0102700307 (DOI)
  • Boesel, David. Student Attitudes toward High School and Educational Expectations. Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association.Seattle, WA. 2001.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2000. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 53.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2001.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ53.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2001. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 57.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2001.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ57.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Monitoring the Future: Questionnaire Responses from the Nation's High School Seniors, 1999. Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan. 2001.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2000. Volume II: College Students & Adults Ages 19-40. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2001.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2000.pdf (URL)
  • Wagenaar, Alexander C., O'Malley, Patrick M., LaFond, Colette. Lowered legal blood alcohol limits for young drivers: Effects on drinking, driving, and driving-after-drinking behaviors in 30 states. American Journal of Public Health.91, (5), 801-804.2001.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.91.5.801 (DOI)
  • Foster, S.E.. No place to hide: Substance abuse in mid-size cities and rural America. New York: National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University. 2000.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Monitoring the Future National Results on Adolescent Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 1999. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2000.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/overview1999.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Adolescent Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 1999. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2000.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/overview1999.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-1999. Volume I: Secondary School Students. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2000.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-1999. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-40. Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services. 2000.
  • Mihoces, Gary. Steroids survey stirs concern: Indicates use by kids of both sexes on rise. USA Today.(C), 1 -2000.
  • Snyder, Howard N., Sickmund, Melissa. Juvenile Offenders and Victims. 1999 National Report.NCJ 178257, Washington, DC: United States Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 1999.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Johnston, Lloyd D.; Bachman, Jerald G.; O'Malley, Patrick M. (2000): Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (12th-Grade Survey), 1999. Version 1. Monitoring the Future (MTF) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02939.v1