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metadata language: English

ANES 2000 Time Series Study

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Burns, Nancy (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies)
  • Kinder, Donald R. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies)
  • Rosenstone, Steven J. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies)
  • Sapiro, Virginia (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies)
  • University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American National Election Study (ANES) Series
Publication Date
2001-07-03
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
  • Russell Sage Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
candidates; Clinton Administration (1993-2001); congressional elections; domestic policy; economic conditions; foreign policy; government performance; immigration policy; media coverage; national elections; political affiliation; political attitudes; political awareness; political campaigns; political efficacy; political issues; political participation; political partisanship; presidential elections; public approval; public opinion; public policy; racial attitudes; social issues; social networks; social values; social welfare; trust (psychology); trust in government; voter expectations; voter history; voting behavior
Description
  • Abstract

    This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1948. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of political groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. The 2000 National Election Study entailed both a pre-election interview and a post-election re-interview. A freshly drawn cross-section of the electorate was taken to yield 1,807 cases. Because the study includes a carefully designed mode experiment, the data represent two presidential studies in 2000, side by side. The core study preserves the past commitment to probability area sampling and face-to-face interviewing: 1,006 respondents were interviewed prior to the election and 694 were re-interviewed face-to-face after the election. Supporting the core study, random-digit dial sampling and telephone interviewing were used to interview by phone 803 respondents prior to the election and 862 respondents after the election. This experiment allows an examination of the differences between the two modes and provides a preview of what shifting to telephone interviewing will mean for future ANES time-series iterations. The content of the 2000 election study reflects its dual purpose as a traditional presidential election year time-series data collection and as a mode study. Many of the substantive themes included in the 2000 questionnaires are a continuation of past topics. Interest in politics and the election was examined through questions regarding interest in the political campaigns, concern about the outcome, attentiveness to the media's coverage of the campaign, and information about politics. Respondents' knowledge of candidates and the political parties was ascertained through questions evaluating the presidential candidates and their placement on various issue dimensions. Respondents' knowledge of the religious background of the major presidential and vice-presidential candidates, partisanship and evaluations of the political parties, as well as knowledge, and evaluation of the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate candidates was also ascertained. Respondents were asked about their political participation in the November general election and in other forms of electoral campaign activities, their choice for president, their choice for the United States House of Representatives, and the United States Senate, as well as their second choice for president. Respondents were also queried about President Clinton's legacy and their knowledge of former president George Bush Sr. and his administration. Additional items focused on respondents' perceptions of personal and national economic well-being, their positions on social welfare issues (including government health insurance, federal budget priorities, and the role of government in the provision of jobs and a good standard of living), campaign finance and preference for divided government, social issues (including gun control, abortion, women's roles, the rights of homosexuals, the death penalty, school vouchers, environmental policy), racial and ethnic stereotypes, affirmative action, attitudes toward immigrants, and views on the nation's most important problem. Respondents' values and political predispositions (including moral traditionalism, political efficacy, egalitarianism, humanitarianism, individualism, and trust in government), views on fairness in elections, satisfaction with democracy, and the value of voting were also assessed. Other questions addressed social altruism, social connectedness, feeling thermometers on a wide range of political figures and political groups, affinity with various social groups, and detailed demographic information and measures of religious affiliation and religiosity. Several new concepts were also addressed in the 2000 study and include measures of social trust derived from perceptions of the trustworthiness of neighbors and coworkers. Voter turnout was also investigated with expanded response categories to help respondents be more accurate in determining whether they did in fact vote in November 2000. The concept of political knowledge was addressed with new instructions encouraging respondents to take their best guess when answering the political knowledge questions. The 2000 study also incorporated a social network battery, based entirely on the perceptions of survey respondents regarding the characteristics of their identified discussants. Two brief but reliable measures of cognitive style, the need for cognition and the need to evaluate, were also included in this study. Another important feature of the 2000 ANES time-series is the mode experiment, which supplies the ability to compare interviews taken in person with interviews taken over the phone. This carefully designed mode experiment, driven by theoretical and practical interest, allows scholars to test the effects of survey mode on data quality and reliability. The 2000 study incorporates numerous experiments that examine the effects of the chosen mode: 7-point scales and branching, response order, "don't know" filters, and social desirability. Demographic variables include gender, race, employment status, and length of residency in the community.
  • Methods

    This dataset includes two weight variables, V000002 and V000002A. V000002 is a full-sample pre-election weight which is the product of the household non-response adjustment factor, the within-household selection weight (number of eligible persons), and a post-stratification adjustment factor by age and education. V000002A is the corresponding post-election weight, adjusted for attrition.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The total sample included 2,984 eligible persons and produced 1,807 pre-election interviews. In the post-election survey, 200 randomly selected persons who provided a face-to-face pre-election interview were assigned to be re-interviewed by telephone - of those, 168 granted a post-election interview. Altogether, 1,555 persons provided post-election interviews.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 2000-09-05 / 2000-12-18
    Time period: 2000-09-05--2000-12-18
  • 2000-09-05 / 2000-11-06
    Collection date: 2000-09-05--2000-11-06
  • 2000-11-08 / 2000-12-18
    Collection date: 2000-11-08--2000-12-18
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
United States citizens of voting age on or before Election Day (November 6, 2000), residing in housing units other than on military reservations in the 48 coterminous states. Smallest Geographic Unit: congressional district
Sampling
National multistage area probability sample. The ANES 2000 design included a mode experiment utilizing a dual frame sample. Some respondents were selected by traditional area probability sampling and were interviewed face-to-face. Other respondents were interviewed over the telephone, having been selected by the first-ever use of RDD sampling in an ANES time series study.
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI), computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)

    Further information about this and other National Election Studies is available on the American National Election Studies Web site.

Note
2016-05-10 The SPSS, SAS, and Stata setup files, as well as the SPSS and Stata system files, the SAS transport (CPORT) file, the ASCII text file and the tab-delimited data file have been replaced. An R data file has been added to the collection. The codebook was updated.2015-11-09 The study metadata was updated.2008-04-11 Stata setup and system files have been added, setup files are missing for V001020a-c and V001021a-c, and variable labels for V001503 and V001504 have been corrected.2002-02-22 The data file for this collection has been resupplied by the principal investigator, and the three separate codebook files have been merged into one. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SBR-9707742, SBR-9317631, SES-9209410, SES-9009379,SES-8808361, SES-8341310, SES-8207580, and SOC77-08885). Russell Sage Foundation (82-00-01).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3131 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03131.v2
Publications
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  • Prysby, Charles, Holian, David. Who Votes On the Basis of the Candidate's Personality? Vote Choice in U.S. Presidential Elections, 1992-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
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  • Siira, James Michael. The Local Effects of Immigration on Voter Turnout. 2008 annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2008.
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  • Thomson, Tiffany Lynn. Examining dimensions of political discussion and political knowledge. Dissertation, The Ohio State University. 2008.
  • Weisberg, Herbert. Heterogeneity in Voter Decision-Making: How Vote Determinants Vary with Political Sophostication. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Weisberg, Herbert, Nawara, Steven. Heterogeneity in Voter Decision-Making: How Vote Determinants Vary with Political Sophistication. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Wolfinger, Nicholas H., Wolfinger, Raymond E.. Family Structure and Voter Turnout. Social Forces.86, (4), 1513-1516.2008.
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  • Ang, Adrian. Who Would Jesus Bomb? The Religious Impulse, Public Opinion, and Foreign Policy Attitudes. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Bennett, Stephen Earl. Another Look at Nonvoting's Implications for Democracy in America. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Bittner, Amanda. Survey Structure, Measurement Effects, and the Evaluation of Party Leaders. Midwest Political Science Association Annual Meeting.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Blinder, Scott, Rolfe, Meredith. Partisan or Gendered? The Gender Gap and Public Opinion among African American Men. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Chapp, Christopher. Religious Campaign Rhetoric: The Consequences of Religious Language on Presidential Candidate Evaluations. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Coffey, Daniel, Hallam, Patricia. The Coming Storm: The Rise of Environmentalism and Voter Polarization. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • DeWitt, Jeff. Considering Congressional Candidates and Incumbency Advantage in U.S. House Elections, 1980-2000. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Enns, Peter. The Micro Foundations of Macro Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Goren, Paul. The Two Faces of Government Spending. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Gronke, Paul W., Toffey, Daniel. The Psychological and Institutional Determinants of Early Voting. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Johnson, Jessica. The Role of Racial Worldview in White Evangelical Political Behavior. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Kershaw, David. Conditional Nature of Vote Recruitment. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Lacewell, Onawa, Miller, Susan. Gender Stereotyping and Perceptions of House Candidates' Issue Positions. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Lacy, Dean, Christenson, Dino. The Effects of Information on Economic Voting. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Lawrence, Christopher. Should Voters Be Encyclopedias? Measuring the Relative Performance of Sophistication Indicators. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Lipsitz, Keena. The Consequences of Battleground and 'Spectator' State Residency for Political Participation. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Malhotra, Neil, Krosnick, Jon A.. The Effect of Survey Mode and Sampling on Inferences about Political Attitudes and Behavior: Comparing the 2000 and 2004 ANES to Internet Surveys with Nonprobability Samples. Political Analysis.15, (3), 286-323.2007.
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  • McAdams, John. The Rise of the New Class: 1956-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • McDonald, Ian. Voters Like Me: Domestic Migration and Proximity to Shared Ideology. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Monogan, James, III. Issue Evolution and Public Opinion on Immigration. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Mycoff, Jason, Wagner, Michael, Wilson, David. The Effect of Voter Identification Laws on Aggregate and Individual Level Turnout. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Nguyen, Kim, Garand, James. The Effects of Income Inequality on Political Attitudes and Behavior. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Parsons, Bryan. Affective Disagreement: The Implications of Citizen Emotion and Cross-Cutting Social Networks. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Prysby, Charles L., Holian, David B.. Perceptions of Candidate Personal Traits and Presidential Voting, 1996-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Richey, Sean. The Autoregressive Influence of Social Network Political Knowledge on Voting Behavior. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Ulrich, Justin, Garand, James. The Economy, Subjective Economic Evaluations, and the Presidential Vote. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Unnever, James D., Cullen, Francis T.. The Racial Divide in Support for the Death Penalty: Does White Racism Matter?. Social Forces.85, (3), 12812007.
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  • Velazquez Nunez, Daniel. Essays on the economics of political campaigns. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania. 2007.
  • Weber, Chris. Emotional Campaigns: The Role of Discrete Emotions in Political Advertising. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Barker, David C., Tinnick, James D., III. Competing Visions of Parental Roles and Ideological Constraint. American Political Science Review.100, (2), 249-263.2006.
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  • Carmines, Edward, Ensley, Michael, Wagner, Michael. Issue Preferences and Political Participation in American Politics, 1972-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Federico, Christopher. Ideology and the Affective Structure of Whites' Racial Perceptions. Public Opinion Quarterly.70, (3), 327-353.2006.
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  • Goldman, Seth, Brewer Paul. Implicit Influence in Communication: The Case of Gay Marriage. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Gray, Mark M., Perl, Paul M., Bendyna, Mary E.. Camelot only comes but once? John F. Kerry and the Catholic vote. Presidential Studies Quarterly.36, (2), 203-222.2006.
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  • Hansen, Susan B.. A Woman for U. S. President? Gender and Leadership Traits Before and After 9/11. Journal of Women, Politics and Policy.28, (1), 35-60.2006.
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  • Ishio, Yoshito. Political Independence in the United States: How Do Independent Leaners Differ From Pure Independents and Weak Partisans?. Japanese Journal of Electoral Studies.21, 51-76.2006.
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  • Layman, Geoffrey C., Green, John C.. Wars and rumours of wars: The contexts of cultural conflict in American political behaviour. British Journal of Political Science.36, (1), 61-89.2006.
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  • Meikle-Yaw, Paulette Ann. Democracy satisfaction: The role of social capital and civic engagement in local communities. Dissertation, Mississippi State University. 2006.
  • Mutz, Diana C.. Hearing the Other Side: Deliberative Versus Participatory Democracy. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 2006.
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  • Simmons, Solon, Simmons, James. If It Weren's for Those ?*!&*@!* Nader Voters We Wouldn't Be in This Mess: The Social Determinants of the Nader Vote and the Constraints on Political Choice. New Political Science.28, (2), 229-244.2006.
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  • Smidt, Corwin. Religion, Civic Engagement, and Political Participation. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Winter, Nicholas J. G.. Beyond Welfare: Framing and the Radicalization of White Opinion on Social Security. American Journal of Political Science.50, (2), 400-420.2006.
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  • Abramowitz, Alan I., Stone, Walter J.. The Bush Effect: Polarization, Turnout, and Activism in the 2004 Presidential Election. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Ackerman, Bruce A., Fishkin, James S.. Deliberation Day. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 2005.
  • Barker, David C., Hansen, Susan B.. All Things Considered: Systematic Cognitive Processing and Electoral Decision-making. Journal of Politics.67, (2), 319-344.2005.
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  • Elder, Laurel, Greene, Steven. The Politics of Parenthood, 1972-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2005.
  • Fitzgerald, Mary. The Triggering Effects of Alternative Voting Methods on U.S. Political Campaigns and Elections. annual meeting of the American National Election Studies.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Fogarty, Brian J., Kelly, Nathan J., Kilburn, H. Whitt. Issue Attitudes and Survey Continuity across Interview Mode in the 2000 NES. Political Analysis.13, (1), 95-108.2005.
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  • Gold, Howard, Baumer, Donald. Party Images and Partisan Resurgence. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Gray, Mark, Perl, Paul, Bendyna, Mary E.. Camelot Only Comes but Once? John F. Kerry and the Catholic Vote. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Greer, Tammy, Berman, Mitchell, Varan, Valerie, Bobrycki, Lori, Watson, Sheree. We Are a Religious People; We Are a Vengeful People. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion.44, (1), 45-57.2005.
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  • Griffin, Stephen. Trust in Government as a Constitutional Problem. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Harris-Lacewell, Melissa, Albertson, Bethany. Good Times? Understanding African American Misperceptions of Racial Economic Fortunes . Journal of Black Studies.35, (5), 650-683.2005.
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  • Hayes, Danny. Candidate Qualities through a Partisan Lens: A Theory of Trait Ownership. American Journal of Political Science.49, (4), 908-923.2005.
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  • Huckfeldt, Robert, Carmines, Edward, Mondak, Jeffrey, Palmer, Carl. Red States, Blue States: The Problem of Polarization in the American Electorate. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Ikeda, Ken'ichi, Richey, Sean. Policy Preference and Social Networking: Comparing the United States and Japan. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Jackson, Robert, Mondak, Jeffrey, Carmines, Edward. Campaign Advertising and Democratic Citizenship: Evaluating the Case Against Negative Political Ads. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Johnson, Olive Skene. The Sexual Spectrum: Exploring Human Diversity. Berkeley, CA: Raincoast Books. 2005.
  • Kelly, Nathan, Kelly, Jana Morgan. Religion and Latino Partisanship in the United States. Political Research Quarterly.58, (1), 872005.
  • Kilburn, H. Whitt. Does the Candidate Really Matter?. American Politics Research.33, (3), 335-356.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X04269417 (DOI)
  • Kim, Sei-Hill, Scheufele, Dietram Arend, Shanahan, James. Who Cares About the Issues? Issue Voting and the Role of News Media During the 2000 U.S. Presidential Election. Journal of Communication.55, (1), 1032005.
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  • Kinder, Donald R., Burns, Nancy, Vieregge, Dale B.. Liberalism, Race, and Exceptionalism: Understanding the American Appetite for Tax Reduction. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Knuckey, Jonathan. A New Front in the Culture War?: Moral Traditionalism and Voting Behavior in U.S. House Elections. American Politics Research.33, (5), 645-671.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X04270517 (DOI)
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  • Miller, Joanne M., Rahn, Wendy. Identity-Based Feelings, Beliefs and Actions: How Being Influences Doing. Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology.Berlin, Germany. 2002.
  • Mockabee, Stephen T.. Religion and the 2000 Vote. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Park, Hyung Lae. Partisanship, Political Interest and Voting Behavior Influenced by Information Technology. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Persily, Nathaniel. In Defense of Foxes Guarding Henhouses: The Case for Judicial Acquiescence to Incumbent-Protecting Gerrymanders. Harvard Law Review.116, 6492002.
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  • Rudolph, Thomas J., Grant, J.Tobin. An Attributional Model of Economic Voting: Evidence from the 2000 Presidential Election. Political Research Quarterly.55, (4), 805-823.2002.
  • Uggen, Christopher, Manza, Jeff. Democratic contraction? Political consequences of felon disfranchisement in the United States. American Sociological Review.67, (6), 777-803.2002.
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  • Lyons, William, Scheb, John M., II. Ideology, Partisanship and Candidate Evaluation: The 1988-2000 Presidential Elections. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.San Francisco, CA. 2001.
  • Manza, Jeff, Uggen, Christopher, Britton, Marcus. The Truly Disenfranchised: Felon Voting Rights and American Politics. Evanston, IL: Institute for Policy Research. 2001.
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  • Muste, Christopher. Social Group Comparison and Intergroup Relations: Perceptions of Group Influence and Social Group Membership. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.San Francisco, CA. 2001.
  • Sears, David O., Valentino, Nicholas A.. Race, Religion, and Sectional Conflict in Contemporary Partisanship. annual meeting of the American Political Science Assocation.San Francisco, CA. 2001.
  • Southwell, Priscilla L., Pirch, Kevin. Defying the National Trend: Rising Voter Turnout among Blacks. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.. 2001.
  • The National Commision on Federal Election Reform. To Assure Pride and Confidence in the Electoral Process. The National Commision on Federal Election Reform. 2001.
  • Tolbert, Caroline J., McNeal, Ramona S.. Does the Internet Increase Voter Participation in Elections?. annual meeting of the American Political Science Assocation.San Francisco, CA. 2001.
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Update Metadata: 2016-05-10 | Issue Number: 5 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Burns, Nancy; Kinder, Donald R.; Rosenstone, Steven J.; Sapiro, Virginia; University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies (2001): ANES 2000 Time Series Study. Version 1. American National Election Study (ANES) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03131.v1