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Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data [United States]: County-Level Detailed Arrest and Offense Data, 1999

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
Creator
  • United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data Series
Publication Date
2001-12-21
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
aggravated assault; alcohol; arrests; arson; assault; auto theft; burglary; counties; crime rates; crime reporting; crime statistics; drug abuse; embezzlement; fraud; illegal gambling; larceny; law enforcement; murder; offenses; rape; robbery; sex offenses; Uniform Crime Reports; vagrancy; vandalism; weapons offenses
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains county-level counts of arrests and offenses for Part I offenses (murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, auto theft, and arson) and counts of arrests for Part II offenses (forgery, fraud, embezzlement, vandalism, weapons violations, sex offenses, drug and alcohol abuse violations, gambling, vagrancy, curfew violations, and runaways).
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Arrests, All Ages
    • DS2: Arrests, Adult
    • DS3: Arrests, Juveniles
    • DS4: Crimes Reported
    • DS5: Allocated Statewide Data for Arrests, All Ages
    • DS6: Allocated Statewide Data for Arrests, Adults
    • DS7: Allocated Statewide Data for Arrests, Juveniles
    • DS8: Allocated Statewide Data for Crimes Reported
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1999
  • Collection date: 1999
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
County law enforcement agencies in the United States.
Collection Mode
  • Two major changes to the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) county-level files were implemented beginning with the 1994 data. A new imputation algorithm to adjust for incomplete reporting by individual law enforcement jurisdictions was adopted. Within each county, data from agencies reporting 3 to 11 months of information were weighted to yield 12-month equivalents. Data for agencies reporting less than 3 months of data were replaced with data estimated by rates calculated from agencies reporting 12 months of data located in the agency's geographic stratum within its state. Secondly, a new Coverage Indicator was created to provide users with a diagnostic measure of aggregated data quality in a particular county. Data from agencies reporting only statewide figures were allocated to the counties in the state in proportion to each county's share of the state population.

    In the arrest files (Parts 1-3 and 5-7), data were estimated for agencies reporting 0 months based on the procedures mentioned above. However, due to the structure of the data received from the FBI, estimations could not be produced for agencies reporting 0 months in the crimes reported files (Parts 4 and 8). Offense data for agencies reporting 1 or 2 months are estimated using the above procedures. Users are encouraged to refer to the codebook for more information.

    No arrest data were provided for Florida, Kansas, and Wisconsin. Limited arrest data were available for Illinois, Kentucky, Montana, New Hampshire, and Washington, DC. Limited offense data were available for Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, and South Dakota.

    UCR program staff at the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) were consulted in developing the new adjustment procedures. However, these UCR county-level files are not official FBI UCR releases and are being provided for research purposes only. Users with questions regarding these UCR county-level data files can contact the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data at ICPSR.

    Users should note that there are no records in the data for the borough of Denali, Alaska (FIPS code 02068) in any of the collections of the Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data [United States]: County-Level Detailed Arrest and Offense Data from 1990 to 2003. The borough of Denali, Alaska (FIPS code 02068) was created from part of the Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area (FIPS code 02290) an unpopulated part of the Southeast Fairbanks Census Area (FIPS code 02240) effective December 7, 1990. Since no agency records for either arrests or crimes reported from Denali were present in any of the original FBI files, no data for the borough of Denali, Alaska appear in any the ICPSR collections for these years.

Note
2006-03-30 File CB3167.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2006-01-16. Miami-Dade county code was changed from 025 to 086 in the data to match the documentation.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.2002-11-22 All the arrest files were modified to include the county code 999, which identifies the Connecticut State Police record.2002-06-19 Data for Parts 2 (Arrests, Adult), 3 (Arrests, Juveniles), 6 (Allocated Statewide Data for Arrests, Adults), and 7 (Allocated Statewide Data for Arrests, Juveniles) are now available. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3167 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03167.v2
Publications
  • Aneja, Abhay, Donohue, John J., III, Zhang, Alexandria,. The Impact of Right to Carry Laws and the NRC Report: The Latest Lessons for the Empirical Evaluation of Law and Policy. Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 461.. 2014.
  • Fan, Jessie X., Wen, Ming, Kowaleski-Jones, Lori. An ecological analysis of environmental correlates of active commuting in urban U.S.. Health and Place.30, 242-250.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.09.014 (DOI)
  • LaRiviere, Jacob S., Wolff, Hendrik. The Power of the Little Blue Pill: Innovations and Implications of Life Style Drugs in an Aging Population. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8261.. 2014.
    • ID: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2460204 (URL)
  • Rincke, Johannes. The effect of crime on regional economic performance: Evidence from U.S. metropolitan areas. . 2014.
    • ID: http://www.wirtschaftspolitik.rw.uni-erlangen.de/RINCKE_Crime_and_Regional_Economic_Performance_July2014.pdf (URL)
  • Wright, Richard, Tekin, Erdal, Topalli, Volkan, McClellan, Chandler, Dickinson, Timothy, Rosenfeld, Richard. Less Cash, Less Crime: Evidence from the Electronic Benefit Transfer Program. 19996, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2014.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/papers/w19996.pdf?new_window=1 (URL)
  • d'Este, Rocco. The Effect of Stolen Goods Markets on Crime: Pawnshops, Property Thefts and the Gold Rush of the 2000s . . 2014.
    • ID: http://ces.univ-paris1.fr/ADRES-2015/DOCTORANT/D%27ESTE/D%27ESTE_paper.pdf (URL)
  • Boyd, Susan J., Fang, Li Juan, Medoff, Deborah R., Dixon, Lisa B., Gorelick, David A.. Use of a 'microecological technique' to study crime incidents around methadone maintenance treatment centers. Addiction.107, (9), 1632-1638.2012.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03872.x (DOI)
  • Light, Michael T., Harris, Casey T.. Race, space, and violence: Exploring spatial dependence in structural covariates of white and black violent crime in US Counties. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.28, (4), 559-586.2012.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10940-011-9162-6 (DOI)
  • Prelog, Andrew J.. Longitudinal and Geographic Analysis of the Relationship Between Natural Disasters and Crime in the United States. Dissertation, Colorado State University. 2012.
  • Rookey, Bryan D.. Drunk driving in the United States: An examination of informal and formal factors to explain variation in DUI enforcement across U.S. counties. Western Criminology Review.13, (1), 37-52.2012.
  • Li, Yuh-Yuh. Social structure and informal social control in rural communities. International Journal of Rural Criminology.1, (1), 63-88.2011.
  • Schaefer, Shelly S.W.. Blurring the Lines: Blended Sentencing and the Juvenile Justice System. Dissertation, University of Minnesota. 2011.
  • Schupp, Paul, Rivera, Craig. Identifying imprisonment patterns and their relation to crime among New York Counties 1990-2000: An exploratory application of trajectory modeling. Criminal Justice Policy Review.2, (1), 50-75.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0887403409338563 (DOI)
  • Wang, Xia, Mears, Daniel P.. Examining the direct and interactive effects of changes and ethnic threat on sentencing decisions. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.47, (4), 522-557.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427810375576 (DOI)
  • Burden, Frances F.. Examining Parolees in Their Communities: Poverty, Rurality, and Criminal Justice Resources. Dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University. 2009.
  • Li, Yuh-Yuh. Social Structure, Social Control, and Crime in Rural Communities: A Test of Social Disorganization Theory. Dissertation, Ohio State University. 2009.
  • Lim, Hyeyoung. Finding Explanations on the Growth of Incarceration and the Reductions in Crime: Incapacity or Social Threat?. Dissertation, Sam Houston State University. 2008.
  • Becker, Jacob. Structural Indicators of Index Crime Rates in Metropolitan Counties for 1990 and 2000. Thesis, Duquesne University. 2007.
  • Kim, MoonSun. Reassessing the Effects of Police Manpower Changes on Crime Rates: Evidence from a Dynamic Panel Model. Dissertation, State University of New York at Albany. 2007.
  • Rosenfeld, Richard, Baumer, Eric, Messner, Steven F.. Social trust, firearm prevalence, and homicide. Annals of Epidemiology.17, (2), 119-125.2007.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2006.07.016 (DOI)
  • Kovandzic, Tomislav V., Vieraitis, Lynne M.. The effect of county-level prison population growth on crime rates. Criminology and Public Policy.5, (2), 213-244.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9133.2006.00375.x (DOI)
  • Frost, Natasha A.. The Problem of Punitiveness. Dissertation, City University of New York. 2004.
  • McAuliffe, William E., Dunn, Ryan. Substance abuse treatment needs and access in the USA: Interstate variations. Addiction.99, 999-1014.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2004.00783.x (DOI)
  • Perry, Steven W.. American Indians and Crime: A BJS Statistical Profile, 1992-2002. NCJ 203097, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2004.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/aic02.pdf (URL)
  • Kovandzic, Tomislav V., Marvell, Thomas B.. Right-to-carry concealed handguns and violent crime: Crime control through gun decontrol?. Criminology and Public Policy.2, (3), 363-396.2003.
  • O'Brien, Robert M., Stockard, Jean. The cohort-size sample-size conundrum: An empirical analysis and assessment using homicide arrest data from 1960 to 1999. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.19, (1), 1-32.2003.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1022526511321 (DOI)
  • Zhao, Jihong 'Solomon', Scheider, Matthew C., Thurman, Quint. A national evaluation of the effect of COPS grants on police productivity (arrests) 1995-1999. Police Quarterly.6, (4), 469-491.2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/1098611103251400 (DOI)
  • Benning, Joseph F.. Following the dirty money: Does bank reporting of suspicious activity pose a threat to drug dealers?. Criminal Justice Policy Review.13, (4), 337-355.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/088740302237803 (DOI)
  • MacDonald, John M.. The effectiveness of community policing in reducing urban violence. Crime and Delinquency.48, (4), 592-618.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/001112802237131 (DOI)
  • Zhao, Jihong 'Solomon', Scheider, Matthew C., Thurman, Quint. Funding community policing to reduce crime: Have COPS grants made a difference?. Criminology and Public Policy.2, (1), 7-32.2002.
  • Walker, Patrick. Felony and misdemeanor defendants filed in the u.s. district courts during fiscal years 1990-95: An analysis of the filings of each offense level. Journal of Criminal Justice.26, (6), 503-511.1998.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0047-2352(98)00027-0 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation (2001): Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data [United States]: County-Level Detailed Arrest and Offense Data, 1999. Version 1. Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03167.v1