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National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) Series
Publication Date
2002-02-14
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies
Language
English
Free Keywords
alcohol abuse; alcohol consumption; amphetamines; barbiturates; cocaine; drug abuse; drug use; drugs; hallucinogens; heroin; households; inhalants; marijuana; mental health; mental health services; methamphetamine; prescriptions drugs; smoking; substance abuse; substance abuse treatment; tranquilizers
Description
  • Abstract

    The National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA) series measures the prevalence and correlates of drug use in the United States. The surveys are designed to provide quarterly, as well as annual, estimates. Information is provided on the use of illicit drugs, alcohol, and tobacco among members of United States households aged 12 and older. Questions include age at first use as well as lifetime, annual, and past-month usage for the following drug classes: marijuana, cocaine (and crack), hallucinogens, heroin, inhalants, alcohol, tobacco, and nonmedical use of prescription drugs, including pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives. The survey covers substance abuse treatment history and perceived need for treatment, and includes questions from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of Mental Disorders that allow diagnostic criteria to be applied. Respondents are also asked about personal and family income sources and amounts, health care access and coverage, illegal activities and arrest record, problems resulting from the use of drugs, and needle-sharing. Questions introduced in previous NHSDA administrations were retained in the 1999 survey, including questions asked only of respondents aged 12 to 17. These "youth experiences" items covered a variety of topics, such as neighborhood environment, illegal activities, gang involvement, drug use by friends, social support, extracurricular activities, exposure to substance abuse prevention and education programs, and perceived adult attitudes toward drug use and activities such as school work. Also retained were questions on mental health and access to care, perceived risk of using drugs, perceived availability of drugs, driving behavior and personal behavior, and cigar smoking. Questions on the tobacco brand used most often were introduced with the 1999 survey. Demographic data include gender, race, age, ethnicity, marital status, educational level, job status, veteran status, and current household composition.
  • Methods

    Due to unequal selection probabilities at multiple stages of sample selection and the coverage bias, the 1999 NHSDA sample is not self-weighting. Analysts are advised to use the sample weight when attempting to use the NHSDA data to draw inferences about the target population or any subdomain of the target population. All estimates published in SAMHSA reports (such as the Summary of Findings from the 1999 NHSDA) are weighted. The appropriate and final sample weight is called ANALWT_C on this data file. This sample weight represents the total number of target population persons each record on the file represents. Note that the sum of ANALWT_C, over all records on the data file, represents an estimate of the total number of people in the target population.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The study yielded a weighted screening response rate of 90 percent and a weighted interview response rate for the CAI of 69 percent.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1999
  • Collection date: 1999
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the United States aged 12 and older, including residents of noninstitutional group quarters such as college dormitories, group homes, shelters, rooming houses, and civilians dwelling on military installations.
Sampling
A multistage area probability sample for each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia was used. A coordinated five-year sample design was developed for 1999 through 2003. Although there is no overlap with the 1998 sample, the design facilitated an overlap in first-stage units (area segments) between each two successive years in the five-year design. This design was intended to increase the precision of estimates in year-to-year trend analyses because of the expected positive correlation resulting from the overlapping sample. To obtain the required precision at the state level and to improve the precision of cigarette brand data for youths at the national level, youths and young adults were oversampled. The result was that each state's sample was approximately equally distributed among three major age groups: 12 to 17 years, 18 to 25 years, and 26 years or older. The achieved sample for the 1999 computer-assisted interview (CAI) sample was 66,706 persons. The public use file has 53,560 records due to the subsampling step used in the disclosure protection procedures. Minimum item response requirements were defined for cases to be retained for weighting and further analysis (i.e., "usable" cases). These requirements, as well as full sampling methodology, are detailed in the codebook.
Collection Mode
  • audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI), computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI)

    Data were collected and prepared for release by Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC.

    The National Household Survey on Drug Abuse survey administration and sample design changed with the implementation of the 1999 survey. Starting in 1999, the survey sample has employed a 50-State design with an independent, multistage area probability sample for each of the 50 States and the District of Columbia. Therefore, estimates produced from the 1999, 2000, and 2001 surveys are not comparable to those produced from the 1998 and earlier surveys.

    For selected variables, statistical imputation was performed following logical inference to replace missing responses. These variables are identified in the codebook as "...LOGICALLY ASSIGNED" for the logical procedure, or by the designation "IMPUTATION-REVISED" in the variable label when the statistical procedure was also performed. The names of statistically imputed variables begin with the letters "IR". For each imputation-revised variable there is a corresponding imputation indicator variable that indicates whether a case's value on the variable resulted from an interview response or was imputed. Missing values for some demographic variables were imputed by the unweighted hot-deck technique used in previous NHSDAs. Beginning in 1999, imputation of missing values for many other variables was accomplished using predictive mean neighborhoods (PMN), a new procedure developed specifically for the NHSDA. Both the hot-deck and PMN imputation procedures are described in the codebook.

    To protect the privacy of respondents, all variables that could be used to identify individuals have been encrypted or collapsed in the public use file. To further ensure respondent confidentiality, the data producer used data substitution and deletion of state identifiers and a subsample of records in the creation of the public use file.

    Previously published estimates may not be exactly reproducible from the variables in the public use file due to the disclosure protection procedures that were implemented.

    The data definition and dictionary files for Stata are designed to be compatible with StataSE, Version 8. This is a large data file requiring that approximately 250 megabytes of Random Access Memory be allocated to Stata. Operations within Stata, including conversion of the ASCII data to Stata format, are likely to be slow. Analysts may wish to download subsets of data from the SAMHDA Data Analysis System (DAS) for use with Stata.

Note
2013-06-25 Released Methodological Resources documentation and updated xml file to include variable groupings.2006-12-07 On May 18, 2006, the data producer resupplied the data file and codebook documentation. In this new data file, 10 variables were modified, 106 variables were dropped, and 10 new variables were added. Some of these changes were to correct for data errors, but most of these changes were done to provide consistency with the 2004 NSDUH study. Of these changes, the most important change to note is that two study design variables (VEREP and VESTR) were revised to provide consistency with the 2004 study, which collapsed the strata in order to maximize the number of people in each replicate.2004-03-24 Corrected coding errors in the following variables: IISDRC, II2LSDRC, IIPCPRC, II2PCPRC, IIMTHRC, II2MTHRC, NRCH17_2, MTHYR, MTHMON.2003-04-18 The data file has been updated. The variables NRCH017 and IIEDUC were removed and the variables JBSTATR2, EMPSTAT4, IIEMPST4, NRCH17_2, and IIEDUC2 were added.2002-06-07 The data producer made minor changes to the documentation text and added an appendix with a variable map. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies (283-98-9008).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3239 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03239.v3
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03239.v1
Publications
  • Rough, Kathryn, Tassiopoulos, Katherine, Kacanek, Deborah, Griner, Raymond, Yogev, Ram, Rich, Kenneth, Seage, George, III. Dramatic decline in substance use by HIV-infected pregnant women in the United States from 1990 to 2012. AIDS.29, 117-123.2015.
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  • Prue, Bob. Prevalence of reported peyote use 1985-2010 effects of the American Indian Religious Freedom Act of 1994. American Journal on Addictions.23, (2), 156-161.2014.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2013.12083.x (DOI)
  • Caulkins, Jonathan P.. Can We Treat Our Way Out of Incarcerating Drug-Involved Offenders?. National Bureau of Economic Research, . 2013.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/chapters/c12099.pdf (URL)
  • Corman, Hope, Dave, Dhaval M., Reichman, Nancy E., Das, Dhiman. Effects of welfare reform on illicit drug use of adult women. Economic Inquiry.51, (1), 653-674.2013.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.2012.00459.x (DOI)
  • Keyes, Katherine M., Miech, Richard. Age, period, and cohort effects in heavy episodic drinking in the US from 1985 to 2009. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.132, (1-2), 140-148.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.01.019 (DOI)
  • Miech, Richard A., London, Andrew S., Wilmoth, Janet M., Koester, Stephen. The effects of the military's antidrug policies over the life course: The case of past-year hallucinogen use. Substance Use and Misuse.48, (10), 837-853.2013.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826084.2013.800120 (DOI)
  • Miech, Richard, Bohnert, Amy, Heard, Kennon, Boardman, Jason. Increasing use of nonmedical analgesics among younger cohorts in the United States: A birth cohort effect. Journal of Adolescent Health.52, (1), 35-41.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.07.016 (DOI)
  • Nielsen, Alexandra, Wakeland, Wayne, Schmidt, Teresa. Simulating health policy interventions to reduce nonmedical use of pharmaceutical opioids. 141st APHA Annual Meeting and Expo.Boston, MA. 2013.
  • Chen, Xinguang, Lin, Feng. Estimating transitional probabilities with cross-sectional data to assess smoking behavior progression: A validation analysis. Journal of Biometrics and Biostatistics.2012.
    • ID: 10.4172/2155-6180.S1-004 (DOI)
  • Jogerst, Gerald J., Daly, Jeanette M., Galloway, Lara J., Zheng, Shimin, Xu, Yinghui. Substance abuse associated with elder abuse in the United States. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse.38, 63-69.2012.
    • ID: 10.3109/00952990.2011.600390 (DOI)
  • Manchikanti, L., Helm, S., II, Fellows, B., Janata, J.W., Pampati, V., Grider, J.S., Boswell, M.V.. Opioid epidemic in the United States. Pain Physician.15, (3S), ES9-ES38.2012.
  • Miech, Richard, Koester, Stephen. Trends in U.S., past-year marijuana use from 1985 to 2009: An age-period-cohort analysis. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.124, (3), 259-267.2012.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.01.020 (DOI)
  • Nguyen, Holly, Reuter, Peter. How risky is marijuana possession? Considering the role of age, race, and gender. Crime and Delinquency.58, (6), 879-910.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128712461122 (DOI)
  • Anderson, D. Mark, Rees, Daniel I.. Medical Marijuana Laws, Traffic Fatalities, and Alcohol Consumption. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6112.Bonn, Germany: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). 2011.
  • Chen, Chiung M., Yi, Hsiao-ye, Williams, Gerald D., Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in Underage Drinking in the United States, 1991-2009. Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 2011.
    • ID: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/surveillance91/Underage09.pdf (URL)
  • Chen, Xinguang, Lin, Feng, Stanton, Bonita, Zhang, Xun. APC modeling of smoking prevalence among US adolescents and young adults. American Journal of Health Behavior.35, (4), 416-427.2011.
    • ID: 10.5993/AJHB.35.4.4 (DOI)
  • Berman, Barbara A., Streja, Leanne, Guthmann, Debra S.. Alcohol and other substance use among deaf and hard of hearing youth. Journal of Drug Education.40, (2), 99-124.2010.
    • ID: 10.2190/DE.40.2.a (DOI)
  • Corman, Hope, Dave, Dhaval M., Reichman, Nancy E., Das, Dhiman. Effects of Welfare Reform on Illicit Drug Use of Adult Women. NBER Working Paper No. 16072.Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2010.
  • Manchikanti, Laxmaiah, Fellows, Bert, Ailinani, Hary, Pampati, Vidyasagar. Therapeutic use, abuse, and nonmedical use of opioids: A ten-year perspective. Pain Physician.13, (5), 401-435.2010.
  • Paschall, Mallie J., Ringwalt, Christopher L., Gitelman, Amy M.. The validity of state survey estimates of binge drinking. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.39, (2), 179-183.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.amepre.2010.03.018 (DOI)
  • Sakai, Joseph T., Wang, Cynthia, Price, Rumi Kato. Substance use and dependence among Native Hawaiians, other Pacific Islanders, and Asian ethnic groups in the United States: Contrasting multiple-race and single-race prevalence rates from a national survey. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse.9, (3), 173-185.2010.
    • ID: 10.1080/15332640.2010.500582 (DOI)
  • Wu, Ping, Liu, Xinhua, Pham, Trang Hoang, Jin, Jue, Fan, Bin, Jin, Zhezhen. Ecstasy use among US adolescents from 1999 to 2008. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.112, (1-2), 33-38.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.05.006 (DOI)
  • Chen, Chiung M., Yi, Hsiao-ye, Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in Underage Drinking in the U.S., 1991-2007. Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System Surveillance Reports #86.Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 2009.
  • Grucza, Richard A., Norberg, Karen E., Bierut, Laura J.. Binge drinking among youths and young adults in the United States: 1979-2006. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.48, (7), 692-702.2009.
    • ID: 10.1097/CHI.0b013e3181a2b32f (DOI)
  • Hingson, Ralph W., Zha, Wenxing, Weitzman, Elissa R.. Magnitude of and trends in alcohol-related mortality and morbidity among U.S. college students ages 18-24, 1998-2005. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. Supplement.(S16), 12-20.2009.
  • Rodu, B., Cole, P.. Smoking prevalence: A comparison of two American surveys. Public Health.123, (9), 598-601.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.puhe.2009.07.014 (DOI)
  • Stretesky, Paul B.. National case-control study of homicide offending and methamphetamine uses. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.24, (6), 911-924.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/0886260508325011 (DOI)
  • The White House. National Drug Control Strategy: Data Supplement 2009. NCJ 225448, Washington, DC: Office of National Drug Control Policy. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs09/ndcs09_data_supl/09datasupplement.pdf (URL)
  • Nelson, Jon P.. How similar are youth and adult alcohol behaviors? Panel results for excise taxes and outlet density. Atlantic Economic Journal.36, (1), 89-104.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11293-007-9106-6 (DOI)
  • Ream, Geoffrey L., Benoit, Ellen, Johnson, Bruce D., Dunlap, Eloise. Smoking tobacco along with marijuana increases symptoms of cannabis dependence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.95, (3), 199-208.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2008.01.011 (DOI)
  • Winstanley, E.L., Steinwachs D.M., Ensminger M.E., Latkin C.A., Stitzer M.L., Olsen Y.. The association of self-reported neighborhood disorganization and social capital with adolescent alcohol and drug use, dependence, and access to treatment. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.92, (1-3), 173-182.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2007.07.012 (DOI)
  • Wisniewski, Angela M., Purdy, Christopher H., Blondell, Richard D.. The epidemiologic association between opioid prescribing, non-medical use, and emergency department visits. Journal of Addictive Diseases.27, (1), 1-11.2008.
    • ID: 10.1300/J069v27n01_01 (DOI)
  • Harder, Valerie S., Chilcoat, Howard D.. Cocaine use and educational achievement: Understanding a changing association over the past 2 decades. American Journal of Public Health.97, (10), 1790-1793.2007.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2006.091108 (DOI)
  • Perry, Cheryl L., Lee, Susanne, Stigler, Melissa H., Farbakhsh, Kian, Komro, Kelli A., Gewirtz, Abigail H., Williams, Carolyn L.. The impact of Project Northland on selected MMPI-A problem behavior scales. Journal of Primary Prevention.28, (5), 449-465.2007.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10935-007-0105-9 (DOI)
  • Williams, G.D., Chen, C.M., Yi, H., Hilton, M.E., Shirley, M.C.. Age trends in drinking behaviors among adolescents and young adults by gender and race/ethnicity: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 1999–2005 [poster]. 135th Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association.Washington, DC. 2007.
  • Wright, Douglas A., Bobashev, Georgiy, Folsom, Ralph. Understanding the relative influence of neighborhood, family, and youth on adolescent drug use. Substance Use and Misuse.42, (14), 2159-2171.2007.
    • ID: 10.1080/10826080701212675 (DOI)
  • Caraballo, R.S., Yee, S.L., Gfroerer, J.C., Pechacek, T.F., Henson, R.. Tobacco use among racial and ethnic population subgroups of adolescents in the United States. Preventing Chronic Disease.3, (2), 2006.
  • Colliver, James D., Compton, Wilson M., Gfroerer, Joseph C., Condon, Timothy. Projecting drug use among aging baby boomers in 2020. Annals of Epidemiology.16, (4), 257-265.2006.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2005.08.003 (DOI)
  • Pollack, Harold A., Reuter, Peter. Welfare receipt and substance-abuse treatment among low-income mothers: The impact of welfare reform. American Journal of Public Health.96, (11), 2024 -2006.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.061762 (DOI)
  • Sloboda, Zili. Chapter 12: Forging a relationship between drug abuse epidemiology and drug abuse prevention. Handbook of Drug Abuse Prevention: Theory, Science, and Practice.New York: Springer. 2006.
    • ID: 10.1007/0-387-35408-5_12 (DOI)
  • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of Methodological Studies,1971-2005. Methodology Series M-6.SMA 06-4146, Rockville, MD: Office of Applied Studies. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/methodsHY/NSmethods.pdf (URL)
  • Winstanley, Erin L.. Communities as the Context of Adolescent Behavioral Health and Service Utilization. Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University. 2006.
  • Carpenter, Christopher, Harris, Katherine. How do 'Point Oh-Eight' BAC laws work? . Topics in Economic Analysis and Policy.5, (1), 1 -2005.
  • Golub, Andrew, Johnson, Bruce D., Dunlap, Eloise. The growth in marijuana use among American youths during the 1990s and the extent of blunt smoking. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse.4, (3-4), 1-21.2005.
    • ID: 10.1300/J233v04n03_01 (DOI)
  • Hingson, Ralph, Heeren, Timothy, Winter, Michael, Wechsler, Henry. Magnitude of alcohol-related mortality and morbidity among U.S. college students ages 18-24: Changes from 1998 to 2001. Annual Review of Public Health.26, 259-279.2005.
    • ID: 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.26.021304.144652 (DOI)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Marijuana Use in Substate Areas. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/subStateMJ/subStateMJ.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substate Estimates from the 1999-2001 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/substate2k5/substate.pdf (URL)
  • Office of National Drug Control Policy. The National Drug Control Strategy: Data Supplement. NCJ 213692, Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President of the United States. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs06_data_supl/ (URL)
  • Wright, Douglas, Bobashev, Georgiy V., Novak, Scott P.. Decomposing the total variation in a nested random effects model of neighborhood, household, and individual components when the dependent variable is dichotomous: implications for adolescent marijuana use. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.78, 195-204.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2004.11.002 (DOI)
  • Caraballo, Ralph S., Lee, Chung-Won. Consumo de tabaco entre los mexicanos y sus descendientes en Estados Unidos do America (Tobacco use among Mexicans and their descendents in the United States). Salud Publica de Mexico.46, (3), 241-250.2004.
    • ID: 10.1590/S0036-36342004000300014 (DOI)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevalence of cigarette use among 14 racial/ethnic populations--United States, 1999-2001. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.53, (3), 49-52.2004.
  • Faden, Vivian B., Fay, Michael P.. Trends in drinking among Americans age 18 and younger: 1975-2002. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.28, (9), 1388-1395.2004.
    • ID: 10.1097/01.ALC.0000139820.04539.BD (DOI)
  • Lester, Barry M., Andreozzi, Lynne, Appiah, Lindsey. Substance use during pregnancy: Time for policy to catch up with research. Harm Reduction Journal.1, (5), 2004.
  • Miller, Jacqueline W., Gfroerer, Joseph C., Brewer, Robert D., Naimi, Timothy S., Mokdad, Ali, Giles, Wayne H.. Prevalence of adult binge drinking: A comparison of two national surveys. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.27, (3), 197-204.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0749-3797(04)00121-7 (DOI)
  • National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. Non-medical Marijuana II: Rite of Passage or Russian Roulette?. CASA White Paper.New York: National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. 2004.
  • Office of Applied Studies. Injection Drug Use. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/ivdrug/ivdrug.pdf (URL)
  • Wu, Li-Tzy, Ringwalt, Chris L.. Alcohol dependence and use of treatment services among women in the community. American Journal of Psychiatry.161, 1790-1797.2004.
    • ID: 10.1176/appi.ajp.161.10.1790 (DOI)
  • Foster, Susan E., Vaughan, Roger D., Foster, William H., Califano, Joseph A., Jr.. Alcohol consumption and expenditures for underage drinking and adult excessive drinking. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.289, (8), 989-995.2003.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.289.8.989 (DOI)
  • Miller, Norman S., Lyon, David. Biology of opiates affects prevalence of addiction, options for treatment. Psychiatric Annals.33, (9), 558 -2003.
  • Office of Applied Studies. Alcohol Use by Persons under the Legal Drinking Age of 21. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/UnderageDrinking/UnderageDrinking.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Characteristics of New Marijuana Users. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/newMJ/newMJ.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use Among American Indians or Alaska Natives. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/AmIndians/AmIndians.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use in the 10 Largest Metropolitan Statistical Areas. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/Metro/Metro.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Youths' Choice of Consultant for Serious Problems as Related to Substance Use. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/YouthConsult/YouthConsult.pdf (URL)
  • Paschall, Mallie J.. College attendance and risk-related driving behavior in a national sample of young adults. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.64, (1), 43-49.2003.
  • Gfroerer, Joseph C., Wu, Li-Tzy, Penne, Michael A.. Initiation of Marijuana Use: Trends, Patterns, and Implications. Analytic Series: A-17.SMA 02-3711, Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/MJinitiation/MJinitiation.pdf (URL)
  • Hingson, Ralph W., Heeren, Timothy, Zakocs, Ronda C., Kopstein, Andrea, Wechsler, Henry. Magnitude of alcohol-related mortality and morbidity among U. S. college students ages 18-24. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.63, (2), 136-144.2002.
  • Office of Applied Studies. Cigarette Use Among American Indian/Alaska Native Youths. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/YouthIndianCigs/YouthIndianCigs.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Detailed Tables for 1999 and 2000 National Household Surveys on Drug Abuse. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/nhsda/2kdetailedtabs/2knhsdatables.htm (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Illicit Drug Use Among Hispanic Females. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/latinaDU/LatinaDU.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Low Rates of Alcohol Use among Asian Youths. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/AsianYouthAlc/AsianYouthAlc.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Marijuana Use and Drug Dependence. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/MJ&dependence/MJ&dependence.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use Among Persons in Families Receiving Government Assistance. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/GovAid/GovAid.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use Among Pregnant Women During 1999 and 2000. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/preg/preg.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Tobacco Use, Income, and Educational Level. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/Tob/tob.pdf (URL)
  • Price, R.K., Risk, N.K., Wong, M.W., Klingle, R.S.. Substance use and abuse by Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders: Preliminary results from four epidemiologic studies. Public Health Reports.117, (Suppl. 1), S39-S50.2002.
  • Price, Rumi Kato, Risk, Nathan K., Wong, Mamie Mee, Klingle, Renee Storm. Substance use and abuse by Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders: Preliminary results from four national epidemiologic studies. Public Health Reports.117, (Suppl. 1), S39-S50.2002.
  • Snodgrass, Jeanne A., Grau, Eric A., Caspar, Rachel A.. 1999-2001 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Changes in Race and Ethnicity Questions. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI [producer], Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [distributor]. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NHSDA/methods/RaceEthnicity.pdf (URL)
  • Adams, Jennifer, Bowman, Katherine, Burke, Brian, Casson, Lucinda, Caviness, Lewis, Coffey, Lee Ellen, Devore, James, Durham, Jerry, Ellis, Chris, Hewitt, Donna, Hinsdale, Marjorie, Johnson, Ilona, Myers, Susan, Penne, Michael, Zelon, Harvey. 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Data Collection Final Report. Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute [producer], Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [distributor]. 2001.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/nhsda/1999/Collect/toc.htm (URL)
  • Bowman, Katherine R., Penne, Michael A., Chromy, James R., Odom, Dawn M.. The 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Sample Design Report. Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Park [producer], Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [distributor]. 2001.
    • ID: http://archive.samhsa.gov/data/2k12/NSDUH1999MRB/SampleDesign.pdf (URL)
  • Chromy, James R., Davis, Teresa R., Packer, Lisa E.. 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Statistical Inference. Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute [producer], Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [distributor]. 2001.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NHSDA/StatInferenceReport.pdf (URL)
  • Grau, Eric A., Bowman, Katherine R., Giacoletti, Katherine E.D., Odom, Dawn M., Sathe, Neeraja S.. 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Imputation Report. Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute [producer], Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [distributor]. 2001.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NHSDA/ImputationReport.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse State Tables of Model-Based Estimates. Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NHSDA/99StateTabs/toc.htm (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Alcohol Use. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/alcNS/alcNS.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Availability of Illicit Drugs to Females Aged 12 to 17. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/DrugAvail/DrugAvail.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Beliefs Among Youths About Risks from Illicit Drug Use. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/beliefs/beliefs.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Development of computer-assisted interviewing procedures for the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Methodological Series M-3.(SMA) 01-3514, Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/nhsda/CompAssistInterview/toc.htm (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Heavy alcohol use among young adults. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/2k1/hvyalc/hvyalc.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Obtaining Marijuana Easy for Youths. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k1/youthGetMJ/youthGetMJ.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Pregnancy and Illicit Drug Use. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/pregDU/pregDU.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Tobacco and alcohol use among pregnant women. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/PregAlcTob/PregAlcTob.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Youth violence linked to substance use. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/2k1/YouthViol/YouthViol.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Youths who carry handguns. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/2k1/guns/guns.pdf (URL)
  • Wheeless, Sara C., Gordek, Harper, Singh, Avinash C.. 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Sampling Error Report. Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute [producer], Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [distributor]. 2001.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NHSDA/99Sampling_Error_Report.pdf (URL)
  • Wright, Douglas, Davis, Teresa R.. Youth Substance Use: State Estimates from the 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Analytic Series: A-14.SMA 01-3546, Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. 2001.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NHSDA/99YouthState/cover.htm (URL)
  • (author unknown). Teen Drug Use Continues Decline. Madison Daily Leader.2000.
  • Justice Research and Statistics Association. Crime and Justice Atlas 2000. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.jrsa.org/programs/Crime_Atlas_2000.pdf (URL)
  • Lessler, Judith T., Caspar, Rachel A., Penne, Michael A., Barker, Peggy R.. Developing computer assisted interviewing (CAI) for the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Journal of Drug Issues.30, (1), 9-34.2000.
  • Males, Mike. 'Kids and Guns': How Politicians, Experts, and the Press Fabricate Fear of Youth. Monroe, MN: Common Courage Press. 2000.
  • McMorris, Barbara J., Uggen, Christopher. Alcohol and employment in the transition to adulthood. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.41, (3), 276-294.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2676321 (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: 1999 Nonresponse Analysis Report. Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2000.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/nhsda/nonresponse99/tocW.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Summary of findings from the 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. NHSDA Series H-12.(SMA) 00-3466, Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2000.
  • Stout, David. Use of Illegal Drugs Is Down Among Young, Survey Finds. New York Times.A. 18 -2000.
  • Vise, David A.. Survey Finds Teens Using Cigarettes, Drugs Less. Washington Post.A.03 -2000.
  • (author unknown). National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Population Estimates 1999. Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 1999.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies (2002): National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999. Version 2. National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03239.v2