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National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000

Version
v3
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies
Other Title
  • Version 3 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) Series
Publication Date
2002-10-11
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies
Language
English
Free Keywords
addiction; alcohol; alcohol abuse; alcohol consumption; amphetamines; barbiturates; cocaine; controlled drugs; drinking behavior; drug abuse; drug dependence; drug treatment; drug use; drugs; hallucinogens; heroin; households; inhalants; marijuana; mental health; mental health services; methamphetamine; prescription drugs; sedatives; smoking; stimulants; substance abuse; substance abuse treatment; tranquilizers
Description
  • Abstract

    The National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA) series measures the prevalence and correlates of drug use in the United States. The surveys are designed to provide quarterly, as well as annual, estimates. Information is provided on the use of illicit drugs, alcohol, and tobacco among members of United States households aged 12 and older. Questions include age at first use as well as lifetime, annual, and past-month usage for the following drug classes: marijuana, cocaine (and crack), hallucinogens, heroin, inhalants, alcohol, tobacco, and nonmedical use of prescription drugs, including pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives. The survey covers substance abuse treatment history and perceived need for treatment, and includes questions from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of Mental Disorders that allow diagnostic criteria to be applied. Respondents are also asked about personal and family income sources and amounts, health care access and coverage, illegal activities and arrest record, problems resulting from the use of drugs, and needle-sharing. Questions introduced in previous NHSDA administrations were retained in the 2000 survey, including questions asked only of respondents aged 12 to 17. These "youth experiences" items covered a variety of topics, such as neighborhood environment, illegal activities, gang involvement, drug use by friends, social support, extracurricular activities, exposure to substance abuse prevention and education programs, and perceived adult attitudes toward drug use and activities such as school work. Also retained were questions on mental health and access to care, perceived risk of using drugs, perceived availability of drugs, driving behavior and personal behavior, and cigar smoking. Questions on the tobacco brand used most often were introduced with the 1999 survey and retained in the 2000 survey. Demographic data include gender, race, age, ethnicity, marital status, educational level, job status, veteran status, and current household composition.
  • Methods

    Due to unequal selection probabilities at multiple stages of sample selection and various adjustments, such as those for nonresponse and poststratification, the 2000 NHSDA sample is not self-weighting. Analysts are advised to use the sample weight when attempting to use the NHSDA data to draw inferences about the target population or any subdomain of the target population. All estimates published in SAMHSA reports (such as the Summary of Findings from the 2000 NHSDA) are weighted using the final analysis weight for the full sample (ANALWT). For the public use file, the corresponding final sample weight is denoted as ANALWT_C, C for confidentiality protection. This sample weight represents the total number of target population persons each record on the file represents. Note that the sum of ANALWT_C, over all records on the data file, represents an estimate of the total number of people in the target population.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The study yielded a weighted screening response rate of 93 percent and a weighted interview response rate for the CAI of 74 percent.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2000
  • Collection date: 2000
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the United States aged 12 and older, including residents of noninstitutional group quarters such as college dormitories, group homes, shelters, rooming houses, and civilians dwelling on military installations.
Sampling
A multistage area probability sample for each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia was used since 1999. A coordinated five-year sample design was developed for 1999 through 2003. Although there is no overlap with the 1998 sample, the design facilitated an overlap in first-stage units (area segments) between each two successive years in the five-year design. This design was intended to increase the precision of estimates in year-to-year trend analyses because of the expected positive correlation resulting from the overlapping sample. To obtain the required precision at the state level and to improve the precision of cigarette brand data for youths at the national level, youths and young adults were oversampled. The result was that each state's sample was approximately equally distributed among three major age groups: 12 to 17 years, 18 to 25 years, and 26 years or older. The achieved sample for the 2000 computer-assisted interview (CAI) sample was 71,764 persons. The public use file has 58,680 records due to the subsampling step used in the disclosure protection procedures. Minimum item response requirements were defined for cases to be retained for weighting and further analysis (i.e., "usable" cases). These requirements, as well as full sampling methodology, are detailed in the codebook.
Collection Mode
  • audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI), computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI)

    Users are advised to review the errata file prior to conducting any analyses.

    Data were collected and prepared for release by Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC.

    The National Household Survey on Drug Abuse survey administration and sample design changed with the implementation of the 1999 survey. Since 1999, the survey sample has employed a 50-State design with an independent, multistage area probability sample for each of the 50 States and the District of Columbia. Therefore, estimates produced from the 1999, 2000, and 2001 surveys are not comparable to those produced from the 1998 and earlier surveys.

    For selected variables, statistical imputation was performed following logical inference to replace missing responses. These variables are identified in the codebook as "...LOGICALLY ASSIGNED" for the logical procedure, or by the designation "IMPUTATION-REVISED" in the variable label when the statistical procedure was also performed. The names of statistically imputed variables begin with the letters "IR". For each imputation-revised variable there is a corresponding imputation indicator variable that indicates whether a case's value on the variable resulted from an interview response or was imputed. Missing values for some demographic variables were imputed by the unweighted hot-deck technique used in previous NHSDAs. Beginning in 1999, imputation of missing values for many other variables was accomplished using predictive mean neighborhoods (PMN), a new procedure developed specifically for the NHSDA. Both the hot-deck and PMN imputation procedures are described in the codebook.

    To protect the privacy of respondents, all variables that could be used to identify individuals have been encrypted or collapsed in the public use file. To further ensure respondent confidentiality, the data producer used data substitution and deletion of state identifiers and a subsample of records in the creation of the public use file.

    Previously published estimates may not be exactly reproducible from the variables in the public use file due to the disclosure protection procedures that were implemented.

    The data definition and dictionary files for Stata are designed to be compatible with StataSE, Version 8. This is a large data file requiring that approximately 250 megabytes of Random Access Memory be allocated to Stata. Operations within Stata, including conversion of the ASCII data to Stata format, are likely to be slow. Analysts may wish to download subsets of data from the SAMHDA Data Analysis System (DAS) for use with Stata.

Note
2013-06-25 Released Methodological Resources documentation and updated xml file to include variable groupings.2006-12-07 On October 4, 2006, the data producer resupplied the data file and codebook documentation. In this new data file, 21 variables were modified, 9 variables were dropped, and 8 new variables were added. Some of these changes were to correct for data errors, but most of these changes were done to provide consistency with the 2004 NSDUH study. Of these changes, the most important change to note is that two study design variables (VEREP and VESTR) were revised to provide consistency with the 2004 study, which collapsed the strata in order to maximize the number of people in each replicate.2004-03-30 Coding errors were corrected in the following variables: IILSDRC, II2LSDRC, IIPCPRC, II2PCPRC, IIMTHRC, II2MTHRC, NRCH17_2, MTHYR, and MTHMON.2003-03-11 An errata file was added to the data collection. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies (283-98-9008).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3262 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03262.v4
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03262.v2
Publications
  • Caulkins, Jonathan P., Kilmer, Beau, Reuter, Peter H., Midgette, Greg. Cocaine's fall and marijuana's rise: Questions and insights based on new estimates of consumption and expenditures in US drug markets. Addiction.110, (5), 728-736.2015.
    • ID: 10.1111/add.12628 (DOI)
  • Rough, Kathryn, Tassiopoulos, Katherine, Kacanek, Deborah, Griner, Raymond, Yogev, Ram, Rich, Kenneth, Seage, George, III. Dramatic decline in substance use by HIV-infected pregnant women in the United States from 1990 to 2012. AIDS.29, 117-123.2015.
    • ID: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000503 (DOI)
  • Curtin, Geoffrey M., Sulsky, Sandra I., Van Landingham, Cynthia, Marano, Kristin M., Graves, Monica J., Ogden, Michael W., Swauger, James E.. Measures of initiation and progression to increased smoking among current menthol compared to non-menthol cigarette smokers based on data from four U.S. government surveys. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology.70, (2), 446-456.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.yrtph.2014.08.001 (DOI)
  • Curtin, Geoffrey M., Sulsky, Sandra I., Van Landingham, Cynthia, Marano, Kristin M., Graves, Monica J., Ogden, Michael W., Swauger, James E.. Patterns of menthol cigarette use among current smokers, overall and within demographic strata, based on data from four U.S. government surveys. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology.70, (1), 189-196.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.yrtph.2014.06.018 (DOI)
  • Curtin, Geoffrey M., Sulsky, Sandra I., Van Landingham, Cynthia, Marano, Kristin M., Graves, Monica J., Ogden, Michael W., Swauger, James E.. Primary measures of dependence among menthol compared to non-menthol cigarette smokers in the United States. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology.69, (3), 451-466.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.yrtph.2014.05.011 (DOI)
  • Kilmer, Beau, Everingham, Susan S., Caulkins, Jonathan P., Midgette, Gregory, Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo, Reuter, Peter H., Burns, Rachel M., Han, Bing, Lundberg, Russell. What America's Users Spend on Illegal Drugs: 2000-2010. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation. 2014.
    • ID: http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/ondcp/policy-and-research/wausid_results_report.pdf (URL)
  • Moore, Julie C.. Historic Crime Type and Treatment Setting as Risk Factors for Substance Abuse Relapse by Adolescents. Dissertation, The Chicago School of Professional Psychology. 2014.
  • Prue, Bob. Prevalence of reported peyote use 1985-2010 effects of the American Indian Religious Freedom Act of 1994. American Journal on Addictions.23, (2), 156-161.2014.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2013.12083.x (DOI)
  • Caulkins, Jonathan P.. Can We Treat Our Way Out of Incarcerating Drug-Involved Offenders?. National Bureau of Economic Research, . 2013.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/chapters/c12099.pdf (URL)
  • Corman, Hope, Dave, Dhaval M., Reichman, Nancy E., Das, Dhiman. Effects of welfare reform on illicit drug use of adult women. Economic Inquiry.51, (1), 653-674.2013.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.2012.00459.x (DOI)
  • Keyes, Katherine M., Miech, Richard. Age, period, and cohort effects in heavy episodic drinking in the US from 1985 to 2009. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.132, (1-2), 140-148.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.01.019 (DOI)
  • Miech, Richard A., London, Andrew S., Wilmoth, Janet M., Koester, Stephen. The effects of the military's antidrug policies over the life course: The case of past-year hallucinogen use. Substance Use and Misuse.48, (10), 837-853.2013.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826084.2013.800120 (DOI)
  • Miech, Richard, Bohnert, Amy, Heard, Kennon, Boardman, Jason. Increasing use of nonmedical analgesics among younger cohorts in the United States: A birth cohort effect. Journal of Adolescent Health.52, (1), 35-41.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.07.016 (DOI)
  • Nielsen, Alexandra, Wakeland, Wayne, Schmidt, Teresa. Simulating health policy interventions to reduce nonmedical use of pharmaceutical opioids. 141st APHA Annual Meeting and Expo.Boston, MA. 2013.
  • Otiniano Verissimo, Angie Denisse, Gee, Gilbert C., Iguchi, Martin Y., Ford, Chandra L., Friedman, Samuel R.. Discrimination, drugs, and alcohol among Latina/os in Brooklyn, New York: Differences by gender. International Journal of Drug Policy.24, (4), 367-373.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2013.01.010 (DOI)
  • Chen, Xinguang, Lin, Feng. Estimating transitional probabilities with cross-sectional data to assess smoking behavior progression: A validation analysis. Journal of Biometrics and Biostatistics.2012.
    • ID: 10.4172/2155-6180.S1-004 (DOI)
  • Chen, Xinguang, Ren, Yuanjing, Lin, Feng, MacDonell, Karen, Jiang, Yifan. Exposure to school and community based prevention programs and reductions in cigarette smoking among adolescents in the United States, 2000-08. Evaluation and Program Planning.35, (3), 321-328.2012.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2011.12.001 (DOI)
  • Chung, Tammy, Smith, Gregory T., Donovan, John E., Windle, Michael, Faden, Vivian B., Chiung, M. Chen, Martin, Christopher S.. Drinking frequency as a brief screen for adolescent alcohol problems. Pediatrics.129, (2), 205-212.2012.
    • ID: 10.1542/peds.2011-1828 (DOI)
  • Jogerst, Gerald J., Daly, Jeanette M., Galloway, Lara J., Zheng, Shimin, Xu, Yinghui. Substance abuse associated with elder abuse in the United States. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse.38, 63-69.2012.
    • ID: 10.3109/00952990.2011.600390 (DOI)
  • Manchikanti, L., Helm, S., II, Fellows, B., Janata, J.W., Pampati, V., Grider, J.S., Boswell, M.V.. Opioid epidemic in the United States. Pain Physician.15, (3S), ES9-ES38.2012.
  • Miech, Richard, Koester, Stephen. Trends in U.S., past-year marijuana use from 1985 to 2009: An age-period-cohort analysis. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.124, (3), 259-267.2012.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.01.020 (DOI)
  • Nguyen, Holly, Reuter, Peter. How risky is marijuana possession? Considering the role of age, race, and gender. Crime and Delinquency.58, (6), 879-910.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128712461122 (DOI)
  • Winstanley, Erin L., Steinwachs, Donald M., Stitzer, Maxine L., Fishman, Marc J.. Adolescent substance abuse and mental health: Problem co-occurrence and access to services. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse.21, (4), 3102012.
    • ID: 10.1080/1067828X.2012.709453 (DOI)
  • Anderson, D. Mark, Rees, Daniel I.. Medical Marijuana Laws, Traffic Fatalities, and Alcohol Consumption. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6112.Bonn, Germany: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). 2011.
  • Chen, Chiung M., Yi, Hsiao-ye, Williams, Gerald D., Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in Underage Drinking in the United States, 1991-2009. Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 2011.
    • ID: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/surveillance91/Underage09.pdf (URL)
  • Chen, Xinguang, Lin, Feng, Stanton, Bonita, Zhang, Xun. APC modeling of smoking prevalence among US adolescents and young adults. American Journal of Health Behavior.35, (4), 416-427.2011.
    • ID: 10.5993/AJHB.35.4.4 (DOI)
  • Guydish, Joseph, Passalacqua, Emma, Tajima, Barbara, Chan, Mable, Chun, JongSerl, Bostrom, Alan. Smoking prevalence in addiction treatment: A review. Nicotine and Tobacco Research.13, (5), 2011.
    • ID: 10.1093/ntr/ntr048 (DOI)
  • Bhati, Avinash Singh, Roman, John K.. Simulated evidence on the prospects of treating more drug-involved offenders. Journal of Experimental Criminology.6, (1), 1-113.2010.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11292-010-9088-2 (DOI)
  • Corman, Hope, Dave, Dhaval M., Reichman, Nancy E., Das, Dhiman. Effects of Welfare Reform on Illicit Drug Use of Adult Women. NBER Working Paper No. 16072.Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2010.
  • Levin, Kenneth H., Copersino, Marc L., Heishman, Stephen J., Liu, Fang, Kelly, Deanna L., Boggs, Douglas L., Gorelick, David A.. Cannabis withdrawal symptoms in non-treatment-seeking adult cannabis smokers. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.111, (1-2), 120-127.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.04.010 (DOI)
  • Lin, Feng, Chen, Xinguang. Estimation of transitional probabilities of discrete event systems from cross-sectional survey and its application in tobacco control. Information Sciences.180, (3), 432-440.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.ins.2009.09.018 (DOI)
  • Manchikanti, Laxmaiah, Fellows, Bert, Ailinani, Hary, Pampati, Vidyasagar. Therapeutic use, abuse, and nonmedical use of opioids: A ten-year perspective. Pain Physician.13, (5), 401-435.2010.
  • Sakai, Joseph T., Wang, Cynthia, Price, Rumi Kato. Substance use and dependence among Native Hawaiians, other Pacific Islanders, and Asian ethnic groups in the United States: Contrasting multiple-race and single-race prevalence rates from a national survey. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse.9, (3), 173-185.2010.
    • ID: 10.1080/15332640.2010.500582 (DOI)
  • Wu, Ping, Liu, Xinhua, Pham, Trang Hoang, Jin, Jue, Fan, Bin, Jin, Zhezhen. Ecstasy use among US adolescents from 1999 to 2008. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.112, (1-2), 33-38.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.05.006 (DOI)
  • Chen, C.Y., Storr, C.L., Anthony, J.C.. Early-onset drug use and risk for drug dependence problems. Addictive Behaviors.34, (3), 319-322.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2008.10.021 (DOI)
  • Chen, Chiung M., Yi, Hsiao-ye, Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in Underage Drinking in the U.S., 1991-2007. Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System Surveillance Reports #86.Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 2009.
  • Cunradi, Carol B.. Intimate partner violence among Hispanic men and women: The role of drinking, neighborhood disorder, and acculturation-related factors. Violence and Victims.24, (1), 83-97.2009.
    • ID: 10.1891/0886-6708.24.1.83 (DOI)
  • Grucza, Richard A., Norberg, Karen E., Bierut, Laura J.. Binge drinking among youths and young adults in the United States: 1979-2006. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.48, (7), 692-702.2009.
    • ID: 10.1097/CHI.0b013e3181a2b32f (DOI)
  • Rodu, B., Cole, P.. Smoking prevalence: A comparison of two American surveys. Public Health.123, (9), 598-601.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.puhe.2009.07.014 (DOI)
  • Stretesky, Paul B.. National case-control study of homicide offending and methamphetamine uses. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.24, (6), 911-924.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/0886260508325011 (DOI)
  • Nelson, Jon P.. How similar are youth and adult alcohol behaviors? Panel results for excise taxes and outlet density. Atlantic Economic Journal.36, (1), 89-104.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11293-007-9106-6 (DOI)
  • Winstanley, E.L., Steinwachs D.M., Ensminger M.E., Latkin C.A., Stitzer M.L., Olsen Y.. The association of self-reported neighborhood disorganization and social capital with adolescent alcohol and drug use, dependence, and access to treatment. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.92, (1-3), 173-182.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2007.07.012 (DOI)
  • Wisniewski, Angela M., Purdy, Christopher H., Blondell, Richard D.. The epidemiologic association between opioid prescribing, non-medical use, and emergency department visits. Journal of Addictive Diseases.27, (1), 1-11.2008.
    • ID: 10.1300/J069v27n01_01 (DOI)
  • Carpenter, Christopher S.. Workplace drug testing and worker drug use. Health Services Research.42, (2), 795-810.2007.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2006.00632.x (DOI)
  • Cunradi, Carol B.. Drinking level, neighborhood social disorder, and mutual intimate partner violence. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.31, (6), 1012-1019.2007.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2007.00382.x (DOI)
  • Freedenthal, Stacey. Racial disparities in mental health service use by adolescents who thought about or attempted suicide. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.37, (1), 22-34.2007.
    • ID: 10.1521/suli.2007.37.1.22 (DOI)
  • Harder, Valerie S., Chilcoat, Howard D.. Cocaine use and educational achievement: Understanding a changing association over the past 2 decades. American Journal of Public Health.97, (10), 1790-1793.2007.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2006.091108 (DOI)
  • Harrison, Lana D., Martin, Steven S., Enev, Tihomir, Harrington, Deborah. Comparing Drug Testing and Self-Report of Drug Use among Youths and Young Adults in the General Population. OAS Methodology Series M-7.(SMA) 07-4249, Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. 2007.
    • ID: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/validity/drugTest.pdf (URL)
  • Stone, Andrea L., O'Brien, Megan S., De La Torre, Alejandro, Anthony, James C.. Who is becoming hallucinogen dependent soon after hallucinogen use starts?. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.87, (2-3), 153-163.2007.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2006.08.008 (DOI)
  • The White House. National Drug Control Strategy. NCJ 216431, Washington, DC: The White House. 2007.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs07/ndcs07.pdf (URL)
  • Vega, William A., Chen, Kevin W., Williams, Jill. Smoking, drugs, and other behavioral health problems among multiethnic adolescents in the NHSDA. Addictive Behaviors.32, (9), 1949-1956.2007.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2006.12.022 (DOI)
  • Wagner, Todd H., Harris, Katherine M., Federman, Belle, Dai, Lanting, Luna, Yesenia, Humphreys, Keith. Prevalence of substance use disorders among veterans and comparable nonveterans from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Psychological Services.4, (3), 149-157.2007.
    • ID: 10.1037/1541-1559.4.3.149 (DOI)
  • Williams, G.D., Chen, C.M., Yi, H., Hilton, M.E., Shirley, M.C.. Age trends in drinking behaviors among adolescents and young adults by gender and race/ethnicity: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 1999–2005 [poster]. 135th Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association.Washington, DC. 2007.
  • Caraballo, R.S., Yee, S.L., Gfroerer, J.C., Pechacek, T.F., Henson, R.. Tobacco use among racial and ethnic population subgroups of adolescents in the United States. Preventing Chronic Disease.3, (2), 2006.
  • Chen, X.G., Stanton, B., Shankaran, S., Li, X.M.. Age of smoking onset as a predictor of smoking cessation during pregnancy. American Journal of Health Behavior.30, (3), 247-258.2006.
    • ID: 10.5993/AJHB.30.3.3 (DOI)
  • Duffy, S.Q., Cowell, A.J., Council, C.L., Shi, W.H.. Formal treatment, self-help, or no treatment for alcohol-use disorders? Evidence from the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.67, (3), 363-372.2006.
  • Kroutil, Larry A., Van Brunt, David L., Herman-Stahl, Mindy A., Heller, David C., Bray, Robert M., Penne, Michael A.. Nonmedical use of prescription stimulants in the United States. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.84, (2), 135-143.2006.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2005.12.011 (DOI)
  • Pollack, Harold A., Reuter, Peter. Welfare receipt and substance-abuse treatment among low-income mothers: The impact of welfare reform. American Journal of Public Health.96, (11), 2024 -2006.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.061762 (DOI)
  • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of Methodological Studies,1971-2005. Methodology Series M-6.SMA 06-4146, Rockville, MD: Office of Applied Studies. 2006.
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  • Winstanley, Erin L.. Communities as the Context of Adolescent Behavioral Health and Service Utilization. Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University. 2006.
  • Anthony, James C., Chen, Chuan Yu, Storr, Carla L.. Drug dependence epidemiology. Clinical Neuroscience Research.5, (2-4), 55-68.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.cnr.2005.08.002 (DOI)
  • Carpenter, Christopher, Harris, Katherine. How do 'Point Oh-Eight' BAC laws work? . Topics in Economic Analysis and Policy.5, (1), 1 -2005.
  • Chen, Chuan-Yu, O'Brien, Megan S., Anthony, James C.. Who becomes cannabis dependent soon after onset of use? Epidemiological evidence from the United States: 2000–2001. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.79, (1), 11-22.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2004.11.014 (DOI)
  • Freedenthal, Stacey. The Help Not Taken: Youth Suicidality and Mental Health Service Use. Dissertation, Washington University in St. Louis. 2005.
  • Golub, Andrew, Johnson, Bruce D., Dunlap, Eloise. The growth in marijuana use among American youths during the 1990s and the extent of blunt smoking. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse.4, (3-4), 1-21.2005.
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  • O'Connor, Richard J., Kozlowski, Lynn T., Flaherty, Brian P., Edwards, Beth Quinio. Most smokeless tobacco use does not cause cigarette smoking: Results from the 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Addictive Behaviors.30, (2), 325-336.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2004.05.020 (DOI)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Marijuana Use in Substate Areas. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/subStateMJ/subStateMJ.pdf (URL)
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  • Sakai, J.T., Ho, P.M., Shore, J.H., Risk, N.K., Price, R.K.. Asians in the United States: substance dependence and use of substance-dependence treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.29, (2), 75-84.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jsat.2005.04.002 (DOI)
  • Wilson, Maurice T., Atanda, Robert, Atkinson, Donna Durant, Mulvey, Kevin. Outcomes from the targeted capacity expansion (TCE) substance abuse treatment program. Evaluation and Program Planning.28, (3), 341-348.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2005.04.014 (DOI)
  • Wu, Li-Tzy, Schlenger, William E., Ringwalt, Chris L.. Use of nitrite inhalants ('poppers') among American youth. Journal of Adolescent Health.37, (1), 52-60.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2004.06.007 (DOI)
  • Barker, P. R., Epstein, J. F., Hourani, L. L., Gfroerer, J., Clinton-Sherrod, A. M., West, N., Shi, W.. Patterns of Mental Health Service Utilization and Substance Use among Adults, 2000 and 2001. Analytic Series A-22.SMA 04-3901, Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services, Office of Applied Studies.. 2004.
    • ID: http://www.drugabusestatistics.samhsa.gov/mhtx/2k-2k1MentalHealthW.pdf (URL)
  • Barker, Peggy R., Epstein, Joan F., Hourani, Laurel L., Froerer, Joseph G., Clinton-Sherrod, A. Monique, West, Nathan, Shi, Weihua. Patterns of Mental Health Service Utilization and Substance Abuse Among Adults, 2000 and 2001. SAMHSA Analytic Series: A-22.NCJ 206908, Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute. 2004.
  • Caraballo, Ralph S., Lee, Chung-Won. Consumo de tabaco entre los mexicanos y sus descendientes en Estados Unidos do America (Tobacco use among Mexicans and their descendents in the United States). Salud Publica de Mexico.46, (3), 241-250.2004.
    • ID: 10.1590/S0036-36342004000300014 (DOI)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevalence of cigarette use among 14 racial/ethnic populations--United States, 1999-2001. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.53, (3), 49-52.2004.
  • Epstein, Joan F., Hourani, Laurel L., Heller, David C.. Predictors of treatment receipt among adults with a drug use disorder. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse.30, (4), 841-869.2004.
    • ID: 10.1081/ADA-200037550 (DOI)
  • Faden, Vivian B., Fay, Michael P.. Trends in drinking among Americans age 18 and younger: 1975-2002. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.28, (9), 1388-1395.2004.
    • ID: 10.1097/01.ALC.0000139820.04539.BD (DOI)
  • Hatsukami, Dorothy K., Lemmonds, Charlotte, Tomar, Scott L.. Smokeless tobacco use: Harm reduction or induction approach?. Preventive Medicine.38, (3), 309-317.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2003.10.006 (DOI)
  • McAuliffe, William E., Dunn, Ryan. Substance abuse treatment needs and access in the USA: Interstate variations. Addiction.99, 999-1014.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2004.00783.x (DOI)
  • National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. Non-medical Marijuana II: Rite of Passage or Russian Roulette?. CASA White Paper.New York: National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. 2004.
  • Office of Applied Studies. Injection Drug Use. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/ivdrug/ivdrug.pdf (URL)
  • Sommer, David B., Bravender, Terrill, Hogan, Vijaya. Residential relocation and risk of attempted suicide in adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health.34, (2), 115 -2004.
  • Wu, Li-Tzy, Pilowsky, Daniel J., Schlenger, William E.. Inhalant abuse and dependence among adolescents in the United States. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.43, (10), 1206-1214.2004.
    • ID: 10.1097/01.chi.0000134491.42807.a3 (DOI)
  • Breslow, Rosalind A., Faden, Vivian B., Smothers, Barbara. Alcohol Consumption by Elderly Americans. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.64, (6), 884-892.2003.
  • Gfoerer, J.C., Hughes, A., Bray, R.M., Allpress, J., Barnett, K., Brown, J.M., Campbell, W.A., Caudill, D., Chromy, J.R., Davis, T., Feder, M., Harris, J.L., Herndon, N., Lambert, S.B., Marsden, M.E., Packer, L.E., Porter, B.K., Prevatt, P., Straw, R.S., . Impact of September 11, 2001 Events on Substance Use and Mental Health in the New York Area. SMA 02-3729, Rockville, MD: United States Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/Sept11/toc.htm (URL)
  • Gfroerer, Joseph, Penne, Michael, Pemberton, Michael, Folsom, Ralph. Substance abuse treatment need among older adults in 2020: The impact of the aging baby-boom cohort. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.69, (2), 127-135.2003.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0376-8716(02)00307-1 (DOI)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Alcohol Use by Persons under the Legal Drinking Age of 21. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/UnderageDrinking/UnderageDrinking.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Characteristics of New Marijuana Users. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/newMJ/newMJ.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Risk of Suicide Among Hispanic Females Aged 12 to 17. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/LatinaSuicide/LatinaSuicide.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use Among American Indians or Alaska Natives. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/AmIndians/AmIndians.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use in the 10 Largest Metropolitan Statistical Areas. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/Metro/Metro.pdf (URL)
  • Anonymous. Millions of teens use inhalants at least once. Nation's Health.32, (4), 13 -2002.
  • Bowman, Katherine R., Chromy, James R., Odom, Dawn M., Penne, Michael A.. 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Sample Design Reports. Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute [producer], Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [distributor]. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NHSDA/2kmrb/00SampleDesignRptW.pdf (URL)
  • Bowman, Katherine, Burke, Brian, Caviness, Lewis, Coffey, Lee Ellen, Cunningham, David, Hewitt, Donna, Myers, Susan, Penne, Michael, Stivers, Julie, Zelon, Harvey. 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Data Collection Final Report. Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute [producer], Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [distributor]. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NHSDA/2kmrb/00DCFRW.pdf (URL)
  • Chen, Patrick, Emrich, Steven, Gordek, Harper, Penne, Michael A., Singh, Avinash C., Westlake, Matthew. Person-Level Sampling Weight Calibration for the 2000 NHSDA. Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute [producer], Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [producer]. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NHSDA/2kmrb/00SamplingWeightW.pdf (URL)
  • Davis, Teresa R., Packer, Lisa E., Heller, David C., Chromy, James R.. 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Inference Report. Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NHSDA/2kmrb/00StatInferenceRptW.pdf (URL)
  • Epstein, J.F.. Substance Dependence, Abuse, and Treatment: Findings from the 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. NHSDA Series A-16.SMA 02-3642, Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/Dependence/cover.htm (URL)
  • Fackelmann, Kathleen. Inhalants' hidden threat; Access makes huffing popular, but kids can recover with help. USA Today.(D), 6 -2002.
  • Gfroerer, Joseph C., Wu, Li-Tzy, Penne, Michael A.. Initiation of Marijuana Use: Trends, Patterns, and Implications. Analytic Series: A-17.SMA 02-3711, Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/MJinitiation/MJinitiation.pdf (URL)
  • Gordek, Harper, Singh, Avinash C.. 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Sampling Error Report. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI International [producer], Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [distributor]. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NHSDA/2kmrb/00SamplingErrorRptW.pdf (URL)
  • Grau, Eric A., Bowman, Katherine R., Copello, Elizabeth, Frechtel, Peter, Licata, Amy, Odom, Dawn M.. 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Imputation Report. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI [producer], Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NHSDA/2kmrb/00ImputationRptW.pdf (URL)
  • Leinwand, Donna. Study shows that youth need more drug programs. USA Today.(A), 3 -2002.
  • Office of Applied Studies. Academic Performance and Youth Substance Use. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/academics/academics.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Awareness of Workplace Substance Use Policies and Programs. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/workpolicies/workpolicies.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Binge drinking among underage persons. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/AlcBinge/AlcBinge.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Cigarette Use Among American Indian/Alaska Native Youths. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/YouthIndianCigs/YouthIndianCigs.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Detailed Tables for 1999 and 2000 National Household Surveys on Drug Abuse. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/nhsda/2kdetailedtabs/2knhsdatables.htm (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Distance to Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities among Those with Alcohol Dependence or Abuse. The DASIS Report.Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/distance/distance.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Former Cigarette Smokers. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/tobquit/tobquit.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Illicit Drug Use Among Hispanic Females. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/latinaDU/LatinaDU.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Illicit Drug Use Among Veterans (2000 and 2001). NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/vetsDU/vetsDU.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Illicit Drug Use in Metropolitan and Non-Metropolitan Areas. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/Urban/Urban.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Inhalant Use Among Youths. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/inhalNS/inhalNS.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Low Rates of Alcohol Use among Asian Youths. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/AsianYouthAlc/AsianYouthAlc.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Marijuana Use Among Youths. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/YouthMJuse/YouthMJuse.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Marijuana Use and Drug Dependence. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/MJ&dependence/MJ&dependence.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. National and State Estimates of the Drug Abuse Treatment Gap: 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. NHSDA Series H-14.SMA 02-3640, Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/TXgap/cover.htm (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Neighborhood Characteristics and Youth Marijuana Use. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k1/neighbor/Neighbor.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Parental Disapproval of Youths' Substance Use. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/parentdisapproval/parentdisapproval.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use Among Persons in Families Receiving Government Assistance. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/GovAid/GovAid.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use Among Pregnant Women During 1999 and 2000. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/preg/preg.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use and the Risk of Suicide Among Youths. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/suicide/suicide.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use, Dependence or Abuse among Full-Time Workers. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/workers/workers.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Team Sports Participation and Substance Use Among Youth. NHSDA Report.Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/athletes/athletes_DrugUse.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Team Sports Participation and Substance Use Among Youths. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/athletes/athletes_DrugUse.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Tobacco Use, Income, and Educational Level. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/Tob/tob.pdf (URL)
  • RTI. 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Procedures for Editing Supplementary Self-Administered Data in the 2000 NHSDA Computer-Assisted Interview. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI producer], Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [distributor]. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NHSDA/2kmrb/00CAINoncoreSelfAdminEditsW.pdf (URL)
  • Research Triangle Institute. National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: 2000 Methodological Resource Boook. 283-98-9008, Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute. 2002.
    • ID: http://archive.samhsa.gov/data/2k12/NSDUH2000MRB/Index.aspx (URL)
  • Snodgrass, Jeanne A., Grau, Eric A., Caspar, Rachel A.. 1999-2001 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Changes in Race and Ethnicity Questions. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI [producer], Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [distributor]. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NHSDA/methods/RaceEthnicity.pdf (URL)
  • Wright, Douglas. State Estimates of Substance Use from the 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Volume I. Findings. NHSDA Series H-15.SMA 02-3731, Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2kState/PDF/Vol1/2kSAEv1W.pdf (URL)
  • Wright, Douglas. State Estimates of Substance Use from the 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Volume II. Supplementary Technical Appendices. NHSDA Series H-16.SMA 02-3732, Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2kState/PDF/Vol2/2kSAEv2W.pdf (URL)
  • Cushman, Robert, Medline, Elaine. Quitting sooner: A new climate for tobacco cessation. Canadian Journal of Public Health.92, (6), 405 -2001.
  • Office of Applied Studies. Alcohol Use. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/alcNS/alcNS.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Alcohol use among veterans. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/NSvets/NSvets.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Cigar Use. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k1/cigars/cigars.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Development of computer-assisted interviewing procedures for the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Methodological Series M-3.(SMA) 01-3514, Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/nhsda/CompAssistInterview/toc.htm (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Illicit drug use among youths who used cigarettes and alcohol. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/YouthComboDU/YouthComboDU.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance use among older adults. NHSDA Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k1/olderadults/olderadults.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Summary of Findings from the 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. NHSDA Series H-13.SMA-01-3549, Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NHSDA/2kNHSDA/cover.htm (URL)
  • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. NHSDA 2000 Methodological Resource Book (MRB). Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k12/NSDUH2000MRB/Index.aspx (URL)
  • Males, Mike. 'Kids and Guns': How Politicians, Experts, and the Press Fabricate Fear of Youth. Monroe, MN: Common Courage Press. 2000.
  • Office of Applied Studies. Instrument Protocol Changes. Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2000.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NHSDA/2kmrb/00InstruProtoChangesW.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies (2002): National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000. Version 3. National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) Series. Version: v3. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03262.v3