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National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002

Version
v3
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies
Other Title
  • Version 3 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) Series
Publication Date
2004-02-05
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies
Language
English
Free Keywords
addiction; alcohol; alcohol abuse; alcohol consumption; amphetamines; barbiturates; cocaine; controlled drugs; depression (psychology); drinking behavior; drug abuse; drug dependence; drug treatment; drug use; drugs; hallucinogens; heroin; households; inhalants; marijuana; mental health; mental health services; methamphetamine; prescription drugs; sedatives; smoking; stimulants; substance abuse; substance abuse treatment; tranquilizers
Description
  • Abstract

    The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) series (formerly titled National Household Survey on Drug Abuse) measures the prevalence and correlates of drug use in the United States. The surveys are designed to provide quarterly, as well as annual, estimates. Information is provided on the use of illicit drugs, alcohol, and tobacco among members of United States households aged 12 and older. Questions include age at first use as well as lifetime, annual, and past-month usage for the following drug classes: marijuana, cocaine (and crack), hallucinogens, heroin, inhalants, alcohol, tobacco, and nonmedical use of prescription drugs, including pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives. The survey covers substance abuse treatment history and perceived need for treatment, and includes questions from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of Mental Disorders that allow diagnostic criteria to be applied. The survey includes questions concerning treatment for both substance abuse and mental health related disorders. Respondents are also asked about personal and family income sources and amounts, health care access and coverage, illegal activities and arrest record, problems resulting from the use of drugs, and needle-sharing. Questions introduced in previous administrations were retained in the 2002 survey, including questions asked only of respondents aged 12 to 17. These "youth experiences" items covered a variety of topics, such as neighborhood environment, illegal activities, gang involvement, drug use by friends, social support, extracurricular activities, exposure to substance abuse prevention and education programs, and perceived adult attitudes toward drug use and activities such as school work. Several measures focused on prevention related themes in this section. Also retained were questions on mental health and access to care, perceived risk of using drugs, perceived availability of drugs, driving and personal behavior, and cigar smoking. Questions on the tobacco brand used most often were introduced with the 1999 survey and have been retained through the 2002 survey. Demographic data include gender, race, age, ethnicity, marital status, educational level, job status, veteran status, and current household composition.
  • Methods

    Due to unequal selection probabilities at multiple stages of sample selection and various adjustments, such as those for nonresponse and poststratification, the 2002 NSDUH sample design is not self-weighting. Analysts are advised to use the final sample weight when attempting to use the 2002 NSDUH data to draw inferences about the target population or any subdomains of the target population. All estimates published in SAMHSA reports (such as the Results from the 2002 NSDUH) are weighted using the final analysis weight for the full sample (ANALWT). For the public use file, the corresponding final sample weight is denoted as ANALWT_C, with the "C" denoting confidentiality protection. This sample weight represents the total number of target population persons each record on the file represents. Note that the sum of ANALWT_C, over all records on the data file, represents an estimate of the total number of people in the target population.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The study yielded a weighted screening response rate of 91 percent and a weighted interview response rate for the Computer Assisted Interview (CAI) of 79 percent.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2002
  • Collection date: 2002
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the United States aged 12 and older, including residents of noninstitutional group quarters such as college dormitories, group homes, shelters, rooming houses, and civilians dwelling on military installations.
Sampling
Multistage area probability sample for each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia since 1999. A coordinated five-year sample design was developed for 1999 through 2003. Although there is no overlap with the 1998 sample, the design facilitates overlap in the first-stage units (area segments) between each two successive years in the five-year design. This design increases the precision of estimates in year-to-year trend analysis. The sample is stratified on multiple levels, beginning with states. Eight states are considered large sample states and contribute approximately 3,600 respondents per state. The remaining states are sampled to yield 900 respondents per state. The second level of stratification divides states into Field Interviewer (FI) Regions. The third level of stratification divides FI regions into area segments consisting of adjacent Census blocks. These area segments were used as the primary sampling units. Dwelling units in area segments were listed in a standardized order and were selected by systematic sampling. Field interviewers visited each sample address to determine dwelling unit eligibility, to list all eligible persons at the address, and to conduct interviews. Each respondent who completed a full interview was given a $30 cash payment. Persons were selected from the address roster using a handheld computer. To improve the precision of estimates, the sample allocation process targeted five age groups: 12-17, 18-25, 26-34, 35-49, and 50 and older. The size measures used in selecting the area segments were coordinated with the dwelling unit and person selection process so that a nearly self-weighting sample could be achieved in each of the five age groups. The sample design included approximately equal numbers of persons in the 12-17, 18-25, and 26 and older age groups. The achieved sample for the 2002 NSDUH was 68,126 persons. The public use file contains 54,079 records due to a subsampling step used in the disclosure protection procedures. Minimum item response requirements were defined for cases to be retained for weighting and further analysis (i.e., "usable" cases). These requirements, as well as full sampling methodology, are detailed in the codebook.
Collection Mode
  • audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI), computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI)

    Data were collected and prepared for release by Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC.

    Prior to the 2002 survey, this series was titled National Household Surveys on Drug Abuse.

    Although the design of the 2002 survey is similar to the design of the 1999 through 2001 surveys, there are important methodological differences that affect the 2002 estimates. Each NSDUH respondent in 2002 was given an incentive payment of $30. This change resulted in an improvement in the survey response rate. In addition, new population data from the 2000 decennial Census became available for use in NSDUH sample weighting procedures. Therefore the data from 2002 and later should not be compared with data collected in 2001 or earlier to assess changes over time.

    For selected variables, statistical imputation was performed following logical inference to replace missing responses. These variables are identified in the codebook as "...LOGICALLY ASSIGNED" for the logical procedure, or by the designation "IMPUTATION-REVISED" in the variable label when the statistical procedure was also performed. The names of statistically imputed variables begin with the letters "IR". For each imputation-revised variable there is a corresponding imputation indicator variable that indicates whether a case's value on the variable resulted from an interview response or was imputed. Missing values for some demographic variables were imputed by the unweighted hot-deck technique used in previous surveys. Beginning in 1999, imputation of missing values for most variables was accomplished using predictive mean neighborhoods (PMN), a new procedure developed specifically for this survey. Both the hot-deck and PMN imputation procedures are described in the codebook.

    To protect the privacy of respondents, all variables that could be used to identify individuals have been encrypted or collapsed in the public use file. To further ensure respondent confidentiality, the data producer used data substitution and deletion of state identifiers and a subsample of records in the creation of the public use file.

    Previously published estimates may not be exactly reproducible from the variables in the public use file due to the disclosure protection procedures that were implemented.

    The setup and dictionary files for Stata are designed to be compatible with StataSE, Version 8. This is a large data file requiring that approximately 250 megabytes of Random Access Memory be allocated to Stata. Operations within Stata, including conversion of the ASCII data to Stata format, are likely to be slow. Analysts may wish to download subsets of data from the SAMHDA Data Analysis System (DAS) for use with Stata.

    Since 1999, the survey sample has employed a 50-State design with an independent, multistage area probability sample for each of the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Note
2015-11-23 Covers for the PDF documentation were revised.2013-06-24 Released Methodological Resources documentation and updated xml file to include variable groupings.2013-03-07 The 2002 NSDUH public-use data file has been updated to include 17 new variables related to respondent drug use, mental health treatment, and geography. Please view Table 4 of the codebook for more information on these variables.2006-10-26 The data producer resupplied the data file and codebook documentation. Thirty-three variables were modified, 20 variables were dropped, and 118 new variables were added. Some of these changes were to correct for data errors, but most of these changes were done to provide consistency with the 2004 NSDUH study. Of these changes, the most important change to note is that two study design variables (VEREP and VESTR) were revised to provide consistency with the 2004 study, which collapsed the strata in order to maximize the number of people in each replicate.2004-02-24 Variable NRCH17_2 (RECODED # R's CHILDREN under 18 IN HOUSEHOLD) was replaced to correct a coding error. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies (283-98-9008).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3903 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03903.v4
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03903.v2
Publications
  • Agaku, Israel T., Alpert, Hillel R.. Trends in annual sales and current use of cigarettes, cigars, roll-your-own tobacco, pipes, and smokeless tobacco among US adults, 2002-2012. Tobacco Control.2015.
    • ID: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-052125 (DOI)
  • Caulkins, Jonathan P., Kilmer, Beau, Reuter, Peter H., Midgette, Greg. Cocaine's fall and marijuana's rise: Questions and insights based on new estimates of consumption and expenditures in US drug markets. Addiction.110, (5), 728-736.2015.
    • ID: 10.1111/add.12628 (DOI)
  • Collins, Catherine Fisher. Black Girls and Adolescents: Facing the Challenges. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger . 2015.
  • Lipari, Rachel N.. Monthly Variation in Substance Use Initiation among Full-time College Students. CBHSQ Report.Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Behavior Health Statistics and Quality. 2015.
    • ID: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/report_2049/ShortReport-2049.pdf (URL)
  • Lipari, Rachel N., Hughes, Arthur. Trends in Heroin Use in the United States: 2002 to 2013. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. 2015.
    • ID: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/report_1943/ShortReport-1943.pdf (URL)
  • Martins, S.S., Santaella-Tenorio, J., Marshall, B.D.L., Maldonado, A., Cerda, M.. Racial/ethnic differences in trends in heroin use and heroin-related risk behaviors among nonmedical prescription opioid users. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.2015.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.03.020 (DOI)
  • Messer, K., White, M.M., Strong, D.R., Wang, B., Shi,Y., Conway, Kevin P., Pierce, J.P.. Trends in use of little cigars or cigarillos and cigarettes among US males, 2002-2011. Nicotine and Tobacco Research.17, (5), 515-523.2015.
    • ID: 10.1093/ntr/ntu179 (DOI)
  • Mojtabai, Ramin, Jorm, Anthony F.. Trends in psychological distress, depressive episodes and mental health treatment-seeking in the United States: 2001–-2012. Journal of Affective Disorders.174, (15), 556-561.2015.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jad.2014.12.039 (DOI)
  • Okaneku, J., Vearrier, D., McKeever, R.G., LaSala, G.S., Greenberg, M.I.. Change in perceived risk associated with marijuana use in the United States from 2002 to 2012. Clinical Toxicology.53, (3), 151-155.2015.
  • Pacek, Lauren R., Mauro, Pia M., Martins, Silvia S.. Perceived risk of regular cannabis use in the United States from 2002 to 2012: Differences by sex, age, and race/ethnicity. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.149, 232-244.2015.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.02.009 (DOI)
  • Rough, Kathryn, Tassiopoulos, Katherine, Kacanek, Deborah, Griner, Raymond, Yogev, Ram, Rich, Kenneth, Seage, George, III. Dramatic decline in substance use by HIV-infected pregnant women in the United States from 1990 to 2012. AIDS.29, 117-123.2015.
    • ID: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000503 (DOI)
  • Salas-Wright, Christopher P., Vaughn, Michael G., Ugalde, Jenny, Todic, Jelena. Substance use and teen pregnancy in the United States: Evidence from the NSDUH 2002–-2012. Addictive Behaviors.2015.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.01.039 (DOI)
  • van Hasselt, Martijn, Kruger, Judy, Han, Beth, Caraballo, Ralph S., Penne, Michael A., Loomis, Brett, Gfroerer, Joseph C.. The relation between tobacco taxes and youth and young adult smoking: What happened following the 2009 U.S. federal tax increase on cigarettes?. Addictive Behaviors.45, 104-109.2015.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.01.023 (DOI)
  • Anderson, D. Mark, Rees, Daniel I.. The role of dispensaries: The devil is in the details. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.33, (1), 235-240.2014.
    • ID: 10.1002/pam.21733 (DOI)
  • Busch, Susan H., Golberstein, Ezra, Meara, Ellen. The FDA and ABCs: Unintended consequences of antidepressant warnings on human capital. Journal of Human Resources.49, (3), 540-571.2014.
  • Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. Recent Declines in Adolescent Inhalant Use. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2014.
    • ID: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k14/NSDUH174/sr174-inhalants-2014.pdf (URL)
  • Compton, Wilson M., Gfroerer, Joe, Conway, Kevin P., Finger, Matthew S.. Unemployment and substance outcomes in the United States 2002--2010. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.142, 350-353.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.06.012 (DOI)
  • Curtin, Geoffrey M., Sulsky, Sandra I., Van Landingham, Cynthia, Marano, Kristin M., Graves, Monica J., Ogden, Michael W., Swauger, James E.. Measures of initiation and progression to increased smoking among current menthol compared to non-menthol cigarette smokers based on data from four U.S. government surveys. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology.70, (2), 446-456.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.yrtph.2014.08.001 (DOI)
  • Curtin, Geoffrey M., Sulsky, Sandra I., Van Landingham, Cynthia, Marano, Kristin M., Graves, Monica J., Ogden, Michael W., Swauger, James E.. Patterns of menthol cigarette use among current smokers, overall and within demographic strata, based on data from four U.S. government surveys. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology.70, (1), 189-196.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.yrtph.2014.06.018 (DOI)
  • Curtin, Geoffrey M., Sulsky, Sandra I., Van Landingham, Cynthia, Marano, Kristin M., Graves, Monica J., Ogden, Michael W., Swauger, James E.. Primary measures of dependence among menthol compared to non-menthol cigarette smokers in the United States. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology.69, (3), 451-466.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.yrtph.2014.05.011 (DOI)
  • Farrelly, M.C., Loomis, B.R., Kuiper, N., Han, B., Gfroerer, J., Caraballo, R.S., Pechacek, T.F., Couzens, G.L.. Are tobacco control policies effective in reducing young adult smoking?. Journal of Adolescent Health.54, (4), 481-486.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.09.015 (DOI)
  • Fix, Brian V., O'Connor, Richard J., Vogl, Lisa, Smith, Danielle, Bansal-Travers, Maansi, Conway, Kevin P., Ambrose, Bridget, Yang, Ling, Hyland, Andrew. Patterns and correlates of polytobacco use in the United States over a decade: NSDUH 2002-2011. Addictive Behaviors.39, (4), 768-781.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.12.015 (DOI)
  • Galenianos, Manolis, Gavazza, Alessandro. A Quantitative Analysis of the Retail Market for Illicit Drugs. . 2014.
    • ID: http://www.cemfi.org/ftp/pdf/papers/Seminar/qdrugs.pdf (URL)
  • Green-Hennessy, Sharon. Homeschooled adolescents in the United States: Developmental outcomes. Journal of Adolescence.37, (4), 441-449.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2014.03.007 (DOI)
  • Imtiaz, S., Shield, K.D., Fischer, B., Rehm, J.. Harms of prescription opioid use in the United States. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy.9, (1), 432014.
    • ID: 10.1186/1747-597X-9-43 (DOI)
  • Kilmer, Beau, Everingham, Susan S., Caulkins, Jonathan P., Midgette, Gregory, Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo, Reuter, Peter H., Burns, Rachel M., Han, Bing, Lundberg, Russell. What America's Users Spend on Illegal Drugs: 2000-2010. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation. 2014.
    • ID: http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/ondcp/policy-and-research/wausid_results_report.pdf (URL)
  • Kim, Tae-Suk, Kondo, Douglas G., Kim, Namkug, Renshaw, Perry F.. Altitude may contribute to regional variation in methamphetamine use in the United States: A population database study. Psychiatry Investigation.11, (4), 430-436.2014.
    • ID: 10.4306/pi.2014.11.4.430 (DOI)
  • Lansky, Amy, Finlayson, Teresa, Johnson, Christopher, Holtzman, Deborah, Wejnert, Cyprian, Mitsch, Andrew, Gust, Deborah, Chen, Robert, Mizuno, Yuko, Crepaz, Nicole. Estimating the number of persons who inject drugs in the United States by meta-analysis to calculate national rates of HIV and Hepatitis C virus infections. PLoS One.9, (5), e975962014.
    • ID: 10.1371/journal.pone.009759 (DOI)
  • Lattimore, Pamela K., Steffey, Danielle M., Gfroerer, Joseph, Bose, Jonaki, Pemberton, Michael R., Penne, Michael A.. Arrestee Substance Use: Comparison of Estimates from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health and the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program. CBHSQ Data Review.Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. 2014.
    • ID: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2K14/NSDUHDRADAM/NSDUH-DR-ADAM-2014.pdf (URL)
  • Parsons, Nicholas L.. Meth Mania: A History of Methamphetamine. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers. 2014.
  • Pilkinton, Melinda W.. Correlates of race and substance abuse with religious support systems: A study of pregnant substance abusers. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment.24, (3), 390-398.2014.
    • ID: 10.1080/10911359.2014.875336 (DOI)
  • Prue, Bob. Prevalence of reported peyote use 1985-2010 effects of the American Indian Religious Freedom Act of 1994. American Journal on Addictions.23, (2), 156-161.2014.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2013.12083.x (DOI)
  • Smith, Philip H., Rose, Jenifer S., Giovino,Gary A., Mazure, Carolyn M., McKee, Sherry A.. What Is the Evidence for 'Hardening'? Trends in Nicotine Dependence in the United States, 2002-2011 [poster]. Eleventh Annual Interdisciplinary Women's Health Research Symposium.Bethesda, MD. 2014.
  • Smith, Philip H., Rose, Jennifer S., Mazure, Carolyn M., Giovino, Gary A., McKee, Sherry A.. What is the evidence for hardening in the cigarette smoking population? Trends in nicotine dependence in the U.S., 2002-2012. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.142, 333-340.2014.
  • Caulkins, Jonathan P.. Can We Treat Our Way Out of Incarcerating Drug-Involved Offenders?. National Bureau of Economic Research, . 2013.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/chapters/c12099.pdf (URL)
  • Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. Substance Use among 12th Grade Aged Youths by Dropout Status. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2013.
    • ID: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k13/NSDUH036/SR036SubstanceUseDropouts.pdf (URL)
  • Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. Trends in Adolescent Substance Use and Perception of Risk from Substance Use. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2013.
    • ID: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k13/NSDUH099a/sr099a-risk-perception-trends.pdf (URL)
  • Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. Trends in Exposure to Substance Use Prevention Messages among Adolescents. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2013.
    • ID: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k13/NSDUH099b/sr099b-trends-prevention-messages.htm (URL)
  • Corman, Hope, Dave, Dhaval M., Reichman, Nancy E., Das, Dhiman. Effects of welfare reform on illicit drug use of adult women. Economic Inquiry.51, (1), 653-674.2013.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.2012.00459.x (DOI)
  • Dies, Kira A., Bodell, Adria, Hisama, Fuki M., Guo, Chao-Yu, Barry, Brenda, Chang, Bernard S., Barkovich, A. James, Walsh, Christopher A.. Schizencephaly: Association with young maternal age, alcohol use, and lack of prenatal care. Journal of Child Neurology.28, (2), 198-203.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0883073812467850 (DOI)
  • Farrelly, Matthew C., Loomis, Brett R., Han, Beth, Gfroerer, Joe, Kuiper, Nicole, Couzens, G. Lance, Dube, Shanta, Caraballo, Ralph S.. A comprehensive examination of the influence of state tobacco control programs and policies on youth smoking. American Journal of Public Health.103, (3), 549-555.2013.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.300948 (DOI)
  • Glazier, Raymond E., Kling, Ryan N.. Recent trends in substance abuse among persons with disabilities compared to that of persons without disabilities . Disability and Health Journal.6, (2), 107-115.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.dhjo.2013.01.007 (DOI)
  • Haibach, Jeffrey, Giovino, Gary A.. Unpacking differences among estimates of cigarette smoking prevalence in US adults as measured by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and National Survey on Drug use and Health (NSDUH) from 2002-2011. 141st Annual American Public Health Meeting.Boston, MA. 2013.
  • Jones, C.M.. Heroin use and heroin use risk behaviors among nonmedical users of prescription opioid pain relievers: United States, 2002-2004 and 2008-2010. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.132, (1-2), 95-100.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.01.007 (DOI)
  • Keyes, Katherine M., Miech, Richard. Age, period, and cohort effects in heavy episodic drinking in the US from 1985 to 2009. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.132, (1-2), 140-148.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.01.019 (DOI)
  • Krebs, Teri S., Johansen, Pal-Orjan. Psychedelics and mental health: A population study. PLoS One.8, (8), e639722013.
  • Kuehn, Bridget M.. SAMHSA: Pain medication abuse a common path to heroin: Experts say this pattern likely driving heroin resurgence. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.310, (14), 1433-1434.2013.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.2013.278861 (DOI)
  • Lee, Hae Kook, Han, Beth, Gfroerer, Joseph C.. Differences in the prevalence rates and correlates of alcohol use and binge alcohol use among five Asian American subpopulations. Addictive Behaviors.38, (3), 1816-1823.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.11.001 (DOI)
  • Miech, Richard A., London, Andrew S., Wilmoth, Janet M., Koester, Stephen. The effects of the military's antidrug policies over the life course: The case of past-year hallucinogen use. Substance Use and Misuse.48, (10), 837-853.2013.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826084.2013.800120 (DOI)
  • Miech, Richard, Bohnert, Amy, Heard, Kennon, Boardman, Jason. Increasing use of nonmedical analgesics among younger cohorts in the United States: A birth cohort effect. Journal of Adolescent Health.52, (1), 35-41.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.07.016 (DOI)
  • Muhuri, Pradip K., Gfroerer, Joseph C., Davies, M. Christine. Associations of Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use and Initiation of Heroin Use in the United States. CBHDQ Data Review.Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. 2013.
    • ID: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k13/DataReview/DR006/nonmedical-pain-reliever-use-2013.pdf (URL)
  • Nielsen, Alexandra, Wakeland, Wayne, Schmidt, Teresa. Simulating health policy interventions to reduce nonmedical use of pharmaceutical opioids. 141st APHA Annual Meeting and Expo.Boston, MA. 2013.
  • Nixon, David C.. Budgetary Implications of Marijuana Decriminalization and Legalization for Hawai'i. Update.. 2013.
    • ID: http://www.dpfhi.org/A_PDF/Budget_Imp_Marijuana_2013.pdf (URL)
  • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Cigarette Smoking Decreases among All Adults Except Those Aged 26 to 34. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2013.
    • ID: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/Spot100-tobacco/Spot100-tobacco.pdf (URL)
  • Sweeney, C.T., Sembower, M.A., Ertischek, M.D., Shiffman, S., Schnoll, S.H.. Nonmedical use of prescription ADHD stimulants and preexisting patterns of drug abuse. Journal of Addictive Diseases.32, (1), 1-1060.2013.
    • ID: 10.1080/10550887.2012.759858 (DOI)
  • Timberlake, David S., Pechmann, Cornelia. Trends in the use and advertising of discount versus premium snuff. Nicotine and Tobacco Research.15, (2), 474-481.2013.
    • ID: 10.1093/ntr/nts160 (DOI)
  • Wu, L.-T., Swartz, M.S., Burchett, B., Workgroup, N.A., Blazer, D.G.. Tobacco use among Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, and mixed-race individuals: 2002-2010. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.132, (1-2), 87-94.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.01.008 (DOI)
  • Arfken, C.L., Jamil, H., Arnetz, B.. Marijuana and non-medical prescription drug use among immigrant Arab Americans. New Iraqi Journal of Medicine.8, 7-13.2012.
  • Bouchery, Ellen Englert, Harwood, Henrick J., Dilonardo, Joan, Vandivort-Warren, Rita. Type of health insurance and the substance abuse treatment gap. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.42, (3), 289-300.2012.
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  • Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. Heavy Drinkers Unlikely to Receive Treatment. Data Spotlight.Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2012.
    • ID: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/Spot065HeavyDrinkers2012/Spot065HeavyDrinkers2012.pdf (URL)
  • Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. Monthly Variation in Substance Use Initiation among Adolescents. NSDUH Report.SMA 11-4658, Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2012.
    • ID: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k12/NSDUH080/SR080InitiationSubstanceUse2012.pdf (URL)
  • Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. Substance Use during Pregnancy Varies by Race and Ethnicity. Data Spotlight.Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2012.
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  • Golub, Andrew, Johnson, Bruce D., Dunlap, Eloise. The growth in marijuana use among American youths during the 1990s and the extent of blunt smoking. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse.4, (3-4), 1-21.2005.
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  • Harris, Katherine M., Edlund, Mark J.. Self-medication of mental health problems: New evidence from a national survey. Health Services Research.40, (1), 117 -2005.
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  • Harris, Katherine M., Edlund, Mark J., Larson, Sharon. Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Mental health problems and use of mental health care. Medical Care.43, (8), 775 -2005.
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  • Hingson, Ralph, Heeren, Timothy, Winter, Michael, Wechsler, Henry. Magnitude of alcohol-related mortality and morbidity among U.S. college students ages 18-24: Changes from 1998 to 2001. Annual Review of Public Health.26, 259-279.2005.
    • ID: 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.26.021304.144652 (DOI)
  • Kotrla, Kimberly Ann. Prenatal Alcohol Consumption: A Risk-Protective Model. Dissertation, University of Texas-Austin. 2005.
  • Mojtabai, R.. Use of specialty substance abuse and mental health services in adults with substance use disorders in the community. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.78, (3), 345-354.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2004.12.003 (DOI)
  • O'Connor, R.J.. What brands are US smokers under 25 choosing?. Tobacco Control.14, 213-215.2005.
    • ID: 10.1136/tc.2004.010736 (DOI)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Age at First Use of Marijuana and Past Year Serious Mental Illness. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/MJageSMI/MJageSMI.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Binge Alcohol Use among Persons Aged 12 to 20: 2002 and 2003 Update. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/youthBinge/youthBinge.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Cocaine Use: 2002 and 2003. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/cocaine/cocaine.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. College Enrollment Status and Past Year Illicit Drug Use among Young Adults: 2002, 2003, and 2004. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/College/college.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Driving Under the Influence among Adult Drivers. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/DUI/DUI.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Illicit Drug Use among Lifetime Nondrinkers and Lifetime Alcohol Users. The NSDUH Report .Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration . 2005.
    • ID: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/alcDU/alcDU.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Illicit Drug Use among Persons Arrested for Serious Crimes. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/arrests/arrests.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Inhalant Use and Delinquent Behaviors among Young Adolescents. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/inhale/inhale.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Injection Drug Use Update: 2002 and 2003. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/ivdrug/ivdrug.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Methamphetamine Use, Abuse, and Dependence: 2002, 2003, and 2004. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/meth/meth.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Mother's Serious Mental Illness and Substance Use among Youths. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/motherSMI/motherSMI.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Nonmedical Oxycodone Users: A Comparison with Heroin Users. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/oxycodoneH/oxycodoneH.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Abuse or Dependence in Metropolitan and Non-Metropolitan Areas: 2004 Update. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/metro/metro.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use During Pregnancy: 2002 and 2003 Update. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: . 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/pregnancy/pregnancy.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use among Hispanic Youths. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/HispanicYouth/HispanicYouth.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use among Older Adults: 2002 and 2003 Update. NSDUH Report.. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/olderadults/olderadults.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use among Past Year Ecstasy Users. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/ecstasy/ecstasy.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use and Need for Treatment among Youths Who Have Been in Foster Care. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2005.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k5/FosterCare/FosterCare.pdf (URL)
  • Office of National Drug Control Policy. The National Drug Control Strategy: Data Supplement. NCJ 213692, Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President of the United States. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs06_data_supl/ (URL)
  • Sakai, J.T., Ho, P.M., Shore, J.H., Risk, N.K., Price, R.K.. Asians in the United States: substance dependence and use of substance-dependence treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.29, (2), 75-84.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jsat.2005.04.002 (DOI)
  • Smith, Meredith Y., Woody, George. Nonmedical use and abuse of scheduled medications prescribed for pain, pain-related symptoms, and psychiatric disorders: Patterns, user characteristics, and management options. Current Psychiatry Reports.7, (5), 337-343.2005.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11920-005-0033-4 (DOI)
  • Sung, Hung-En, Richter, Linda, Vaughan, Roger, Johnson, Patrick B., Thom, Bridgette. Nonmedical use of prescription opioids among teenagers in the United States: Trends and correlates. Journal of Adolescent Health.37, (1), 44-51.2005.
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  • Epstein, Joan, Barker, Peggy, Vorburger, Michael, Murtha, Christine. Serious mental illness and its co-occurrence with substance use disorders, 2002 . SAMHSA Analytic Series: A-24.NCJ 206907, Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute. 2004.
  • Kotria, Kimberly A.. Prenatal Alcohol Consumption: A Risk-Protective Model. Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin. 2004.
  • National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. Non-medical Marijuana II: Rite of Passage or Russian Roulette?. CASA White Paper.New York: National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. 2004.
  • National Institute of Drug Abuse. Nationwide Trends. NIDA InfoFacts.Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Drug Abuse. 2004.
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  • Office of Applied Studies. Adults with Co-Occurring Serious Mental Illness and a Substance Use Disorder. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/coOccurring/coOccurring.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Alcohol Dependence or Abuse Among Parents with Children Living in the Home. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/ACOA/ACOA.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Availability of Illicit Drugs Among Youths. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/availability/availability.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Graduated Driver Licensing and Drinking Among Young Drivers. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/licenses/licenses.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. How Youths Obtain Marijuana. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/MJsource/MJsource.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Inhalant Use Among Youths: 2002 Update. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/inhalants/inhalants.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Marijuana Use and Delinquent Behaviors Among Youths. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/MJdelinquency/MJdelinquency.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Marital Status and Substance Use Among Women. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/married/married.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Nonmedical Use of Prescription Pain Relievers. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/pain/pain.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Pregnancy and Substance Use. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/pregnancy/pregnancy.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Religious Beliefs and Substance Use Among Youths. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/youthReligion/youthReligion.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Seasonality of Youth's First Time Use of Marijuana, Cigarettes, or Alcohol. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/season/season.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. State Estimates of Persons Needing But Not Receiving Substance Abuse Treatment. The NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/stateGaps/stateGaps.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use Among Youths Who Had Run Away From Home. The NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/runAways/runAways.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use, Abuse, and Dependence Among Youth Who Have Been in a Jail or a Detention Center. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/DetainedYouth/detainedYouth.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Underage Drinking in Rural Areas. The NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2004.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/ruralYouthAlc/ruralYouthAlc.pdf (URL)
  • Anonymous. Publications & reports. Health Affairs.22, (6), 271 -2003.
  • Brantley, Jim, Cunningham, David, Granger, Rebecca, McNeeley, Molly, Nieves, Wandy, Pendergast, Andrea, Perkins, Janelle, Piper, Lanny, Stivers, Julie. 2002 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Full-Year Field Observation Report (Phase 3)--Final. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI [producer], Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [distributor]. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/nhsda/2k2FieldObsW.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Alcohol Use and Risks Among Young Adults by College Enrollment Status . NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/College/college.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Drugged Driving: 2002 Update. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/DrugDriving/DrugDriving.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Overview of Findings from the 2002 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. NHSDA Series H-21.(SMA) 03-3774, Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. 2003.
  • Office of Applied Studies. Quantity and Frequency of Alcohol Use. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/AlcQF/AlcQF.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Quantity and Frequency of Cigarette Use. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/cigs/cigs.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Reasons for Not Receiving Substance Abuse Treatment. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/SAnoTX/SAnoTX.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Reasons for Not Receiving Treatment Among Adults with Serious Mental Illness. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/MHnoTX/MHnoTX.pdf (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Results from the 2002 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings. NHSDA Series H-22.(SMA) 03-3836, Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. 2003.
  • Office of Applied Studies. Substance Use among School Dropouts. NSDUH Report.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k3/dropouts/dropouts.pdf (URL)
  • Schroeder, Ken. Student drug use. Education Digest.69, (2), 75-2003.
  • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. NSDUH 2002 Methodological Resource Book (MRB). Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2003.
    • ID: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k12/NSDUH2002MRB/Index.aspx (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. 2002 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Field Interviewer Manual. Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2002.
    • ID: http://oas.samhsa.gov/NHSDA/2k2FI/toc.htm (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Development of computer-assisted interviewing procedures for the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Methodological Series M-3.(SMA) 01-3514, Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/nhsda/CompAssistInterview/toc.htm (URL)
  • Males, Mike. 'Kids and Guns': How Politicians, Experts, and the Press Fabricate Fear of Youth. Monroe, MN: Common Courage Press. 2000.

Update Metadata: 2015-11-23 | Issue Number: 4 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies (2004): National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002. Version 3. National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) Series. Version: v3. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03903.v3