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Multiple Cause of Death, 1968-1973

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Multiple Cause of Death Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
age; causes of death; death; death records; ethnicity; fatalities; gender; marital status; mortality rates; race
  • Abstract

    This data collection presents information about the causes of all recorded deaths occurring in the United States, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa during 1968 through 1973. Data are provided concerning underlying causes of death, multiple conditions that caused the death, place of death, residence of the deceased (e.g., region, division, state, county), whether an autopsy was performed, and the month and day of the week of the death. In addition, data are supplied on the sex, race, age, marital status, education, usual occupation, and origin or descent of the deceased. The multiple cause of death fields were coded from the MANUAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL STATISTICAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES, INJURIES, AND CAUSE-OF-DEATH, EIGHTH REVISION (ICD-8), VOLUMES 1 AND 2.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 1968 Data
    • DS2: 1969 Data
    • DS3: 1970 Data
    • DS4: 1971 Data
    • DS5: 1972 Data
    • DS6: 1973 Data
Temporal Coverage
  • 1968 / 1973
    Time period: 1968--1973
  • 1968 / 1973
    Collection date: 1968--1973
Geographic Coverage
  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • American Samoa
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Guam
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Puerto Rico
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • United States
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virgin Islands of the United States
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming
Sampled Universe
All recorded deaths occurring in the United States, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and Guam during 1968-1973.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data files and text of the technical documentation for this collection as prepared by NCHS. (2) The codebooks, frequencies, record layouts, appendices, and geographical code outlines are provided by the data producer as Portable Document Format (PDF) files.

2007-05-15 Setup files have been created.2006-01-18 File CB3905.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 3905 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR03905.v2
  • Bailey, Martha J., Goodman-Bacon, Andrew. The War on Poverty's Experiment in Public Medicine: Community Health Centers and the Mortality of Older Americans. NBER Working Paper 20653.Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2014.
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  • Gallagher, Paul, Lazarus, William, Shapouri, Hosein, Conway, Roger, Bachewe, Fantu, Fischer, Amelia. Cardiovascular disease--risk benefits of clean fuel technology and policy: A statistical analysis. Energy Policy.38, (2), 1210-1222.2010.
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  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Coal workers' pneumoconiosis-related years of potential life lost before age 65 years--United States, 1968-2006. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.58, (50), 1412-1416.2009.
  • Gallagher, Paul, Lazarus, William, Shapouri, Hosein, Conway, Roger, Duffield, James. Cancer-risk benefits of clean fuel technology and policy: A statistical analysis. Energy Policy.37, (12), 5113-5124.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.enpol.2009.07.022 (DOI)
  • Beltran-Sanchez, Hiram, Preston, Samuel H., Canudas-Romo, Vladimir. An integrated approach to cause-of-death analysis: Cause-deleted life tables and decompositions of life expectancy. Demographic Research.19, (35), 1323-1350.2008.
    • ID: 10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.35 (DOI)
  • Evans, William N., Moore, Timothy J.. Liquidity, Activity, Mortality. American Economic Association, . 2008.
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  • Markowitz, Sara. The effectiveness of cigarette regulations in reducing cases of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Journal of Health Economics.27, (1), 106-133.2008.
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  • Mazurek, Jacek M., Attfield, Michael D.. Silicosis mortality among young adults in the United States, 1968-2004. American Journal of Industrial Medicine.51, (8), 568-578.2008.
    • ID: 10.1002/ajim.20597 (DOI)
  • Wray, Matt, Miller, Matthew, Gurvey, Jill, Carroll, Joanna, Kawachi, Ichiro. Leaving Las Vegas: Exposure to Las Vegas and risk of suicide. Social Science and Medicine.67, (11), 1882-1888.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.09.002 (DOI)
  • Yang, Yang. Trends in U.S. adult chronic disease mortality, 1960-1999: Age, period, and cohort variations. Demography.45, (2), 387-416.2008.
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  • Beltran-Sanchez, Hiram, Preston, Samuel. A New Method for Attributing Changes in Life Expectancy to Various Causes of Death, with Application to the United States. PSC Working Paper Series.Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Population Studies Center. 2007.
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  • Bedard, Kelly, Deschênes, Olivier. The long-term impact of military service on health: Evidence from World War II and Korean War Veterans. American Economic Review.96, (1), 176-194.2006.
    • ID: 10.1257/000282806776157731 (DOI)
  • Bhattacharya, Jay, Lakdawalla, Darius Noshir. The labor market value of health improvements. Forum for Health Economics and Policy.9, (2), 2006.
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  • Simonsen, Lone, Reichert, Thomas A., Viboud, Cecile, Blackwelder, William C., Taylor, Robert J., Miller, Mark A.. Impact of influenza vaccination on seasonal mortality in the US elderly population. Archives of Internal Medicine.165, (3), 265-272.2005.
  • Hall, H. Irene, Jamison, Patricia M., Coughlin, Steven S.. Breast and cervical cancer mortality in the Mississippi Delta, 1979-1998. Southern Medical Journal.97, (3), 264-272.2004.
    • ID: 10.1097/01.SMJ.0000105066.37846.FD (DOI)
  • Hinman, Alan R., Orenstein, Walter A., Papania, Mark J.. Evolution of measles elimination strategies in the United States. Journal of Infectious Diseases.189, (Suppl 1), s17-s22.2004.
    • ID: 10.1086/377694 (DOI)
  • Kazerouni, Neely, Alverson, C.J., Redd, Stephen C., Mott, Joshua A., Mannino, David M.. Sex differences in COPD and lung cancer mortality trends--United States, 1968-1999. Journal of Women's Health.13, (1), 17-23.2004.
    • ID: 10.1089/154099904322836410 (DOI)
  • Orenstein, Walter A., Papania, Mark J., Wharton, Melinda E.. Measles elimination in the United States. Journal of Infectious Diseases.189, (Suppl 1), s1-s3.2004.
    • ID: 10.1086/377693 (DOI)
  • Berk, Richard A., Sorenson, Susan B., Wiebe, Douglas J., Upchurch, Dawn M.. The legalization of abortion and subsequent youth homicide: A time series analysis. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy.3, (1), 45-64.2003.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1530-2415.2003.00014.x (DOI)
  • Mott, Joshua A., Wolfe, Mitchell I., Alverson, Clinton J., Macdonald, Steven C., Bailey, Chad R., Ball, Lauren B., Moorman, Jeanne E., Somers, Joseph H., Mannino, David M., Redd, Stephen C.. National vehicle emissions policies and practices and declining US carbon monoxide-related mortality. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.288, (8), 988-995.2002.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.288.8.988 (DOI)
  • Chorba, Terence L., Holman, Robert C., Clarke, Matthew J., Evatt, Bruce L.. Effects of HIV infection on age and cause of death for persons with hemophilia A in the United States. American Journal of Hematology.66, (4), 229-240.2001.
    • ID: 10.1002/ajh.1050 (DOI)
  • DiLiberti, John H., Lorenz, Rodney A.. Long-term trends in childhood diabetes mortality: 1968-1998. Diabetes Care.24, (8), 1348-1352.2001.
    • ID: 10.2337/diacare.24.8.1348 (DOI)
  • Hall, H. Irene, Miller, Donald R., Rogers, Joseph D., Bewerse, Barbara. Update on the incidence and mortality from melanoma in the United States. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.40, (1), 35-42.1999.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0190-9622(99)70562-1 (DOI)
  • Simonsen, Lone, Clarke, Matthew J., Schonberger, Lawrence B., Arden, Nancy H., Cox, Nancy J., Fukuda, Keiji. Pandemic versus epidemic influenza mortality: A pattern of changing age distribution. Journal of Infectious Diseases.178, (1), 53-60.1998.
    • ID: 10.1086/515616 (DOI)
  • Simonsen, Lone, Clarke, Matthew J., Stroup, Donna F., Williamson, G. David, Arden, Nancy H., Cox, Nancy J.. A method for timely assessment of influenza-associated mortality in the United States. Epidemiology.8, (4), 390-395.1997.
    • ID: 10.1097/00001648-199707000-00007 (DOI)
  • Simonsen, Lone, Clarke, Matthew J., Williamson, G. David, Stroup, Donna F., Arden, Nancy H., Schonberger, Lawrence B.. The impact of influenza epidemics on mortality: Introducing a severity index. American Journal of Public Health.87, (12), 1944-1950.1997.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.87.12.1944 (DOI)
  • Glass, Roger I., Kilgore, Paul E., Holman, Robert C., Jin, Shaoxiong, Smith, Jean C., Woods, Patricia A., Clarke, Matthew J., Ho, Mei Shang, Gentsch, Jon R.. The epidemiology of rotavirus diarrhea in the United States: Surveillance and estimates of disease burden. Journal of Infectious Diseases.174, (Suppl 1), s5-s11.1996.
    • ID: 10.1093/infdis/174.Supplement_1.S5 (DOI)
  • Lanska, Douglas J., Peterson, Patrick M.. Geographic variation in the decline of stroke mortality in the United States. Stroke.26, (7), 1159-1165.1995.
    • ID: 10.1161/01.STR.26.7.1159 (DOI)
  • Török, Thomas J., Holman, Robert C., Chorba, Terrence L.. Increasing mortality from thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura in the United States--Analysis of national mortality data, 1968-1991. American Journal of Hematology.50, (2), 84-90.1995.
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  • Chorba, Terence L., Holman, Robert C., Strine, Tara W., Clarke, Matthew J., Evatt, Bruce L.. Changes in longevity and causes of death among persons with hemophilia A. American Journal of Hematology.45, (2), 112-121.1994.
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  • Buehler, James W., Hanson, Debra L., Chu, Susan Y.. The reporting of HIV/AIDS deaths in women. American Journal of Public Health.82, (11), 1500-1505.1992.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.82.11.1500 (DOI)
  • Steenland, Kule, Nowlin, Sue, Ryan, B., Adams, Steven. Use of multiple-cause mortality data in epidemiologic analyses: US rate and proportion files developed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and the National Cancer Institute. American Journal of Epidemiology.136, (7), 855-862.1992.
    • ID: 0.1093/aje/136.7.855 (DOI)
  • Aubert, R.E., Blount, S.B.. Variability of hypertension-related mortality in the United States, 1968-1986. Journal of Human Hypertension.4, (2), 97-99.1990.
  • Franks, Adele L., Atrash, Hani K., Lawson, Herschel W., Colberg, Karen S.. Obstetrical pulmonary embolism mortality, United States, 1970-85. American Journal of Public Health.80, (6), 720-722.1990.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.80.6.720 (DOI)
  • Rothenberg, Richard B., Aubert, Ronald E.. Ischemic heart disease and hypertension: Effect of disease coding on epidemiologic assessment. Public Health Reports.105, (1), 47-52.1990.
  • Baron, Roy C., Dicker, Richard C., Bussell, Kelly E., Herndon, Joy L.. Assessing trends in mortality in 121 U.S. citites, 1970-79, from all causes and from pneumonia and influenza. Public Health Reports.103, (2), 120-128.1988.
  • Lanska, Douglas J., Lavine, Lawrence, Lanska, Mary Jo, Schoenberg, Bruce S.. Huntington's disease mortality in the United States. Neurology.38, (5), 769-772.1988.
    • ID: 10.1212/WNL.38.5.769 (DOI)
  • Malloy, Michael H., Hartford, Robert B., Kleinman, Joel C.. Trends in mortality caused by respiratory distress sydnrome in the United States, 1969-83. American Journal of Public Health.77, (12), 1511-1514.1987.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.77.12.1511 (DOI)
  • Manton, Kenneth G., Myers, George C.. Recent trends in multiple-caused mortality 1968 to 1982: Age and cohort components. Population Research and Policy Review.6, (2), 161-176.1987.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF00149207 (DOI)
  • Manton, Kenneth G., Baum, Herbert M.. CVD mortality, 1968-1978: Observations and Implications. Stroke.15, (3), 451-457.1984.
    • ID: 10.1161/01.STR.15.3.451 (DOI)
  • Wing, Steve, Manton, Kenneth G.. The contribution of hypertension to mortality in the US: 1968, 1977. American Journal of Public Health.73, (2), 140-144.1983.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.73.2.140 (DOI)
  • Manton, Kenneth G., Stallard, Eric. Temporal trends in U.S. multiple cause of death mortality data: 1968 to 1977. Demography.19, (4), 527-547.1982.
    • ID: (URL)
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics (2004): Multiple Cause of Death, 1968-1973. Version 1. Multiple Cause of Death Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.