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International Social Survey Programme: Work Orientations II - ISSP 1997

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • ISSP Research Group
Publication Date
  • Ahmad, Qazi K. (Bangladesh Unnayan Parishad, Bangladesh) (Researcher)
  • Dimova, Lilia (Agency for Social Analyses (ASA), Sofia, Bulgaria) (Researcher)
  • Frizzell, Alan (Carleton University Survey Centre, Ottawa, Canada) (Researcher)
  • Lehmann, Carla (Centro de Estudios Publicos, Santiago, Chile) (Researcher)
  • Papageorgiou, Bambos (Center of Applied Research, Nicosia, Cyprus) (Researcher)
  • Mateju, Petr (Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic) (Researcher)
  • Andersen, Jorgen G. (Aalborg University, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Torpe, Lars (Aalborg University, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Borre, Ole (University of Aarhus, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Togeby, Lise (University of Aarhus, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Mouritzen, Poul E. (University of Odense, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Nielsen, Hans J. (Copenhagen University, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Andersen, Bjarne H. (Copenhagen University, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Lemel, Yannick (FRANCE-ISSP Association Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative, Malakoff, France) (Researcher)
  • Harkness, Janet (ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany) (Researcher)
  • Mohler, Peter Ph. (ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany) (Researcher)
  • Park, Alison (Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain) (Researcher)
  • Jowell, Roger (Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain) (Researcher)
  • Robert, Peter (TARKI, Social Research Informatics Center, Budapest, Hungary) (Researcher)
  • Lewin-Epstein, Noah (Tel Aviv University, Israel) (Researcher)
  • Guidorossi, Giovanna (EURISKO, Milan, Italy) (Researcher)
  • Calvi, Gabriele (EURISKO, Milan, Italy) (Researcher)
  • Onodera, Noriko (Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan) (Researcher)
  • Becker, Jos (Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP), Rijswijk, Netherlands) (Researcher)
  • Gendall, Philip (Department of Marketing, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand) (Researcher)
  • Skjåk, Knut K. (Norwegian Social Science Data Services (NSD), Bergen, Norway) (Researcher)
  • Mangahas, Mahar (Social Weather Stations, Inc. (SWS), Quezon City, Philippines) (Researcher)
  • Cichomski, Bogdan (Institute for Social Studies (ISS), Warsaw University, Poland) (Researcher)
  • Cabral Villaverde, Manuel (Instituto de Ciências Sociais, University of Lisbon, Portugal) (Researcher)
  • Khakhulina, Ludmila (VCIOM, Center for Public Opinion and Market Research, Moscow, Russia) (Researcher)
  • Tos, Niko (Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, Ljubljana, Slovenia) (Researcher)
  • Diez-Nicolás, Juan (ASEP, Madrid, Spain) (Researcher)
  • Diekmann, Andreas (Department of Sociology, University of Berne, Switzerland) (Researcher)
  • Engelhardt, Henriette (Department of Sociology, University of Berne, Switzerland) (Researcher)
  • Jann, Ben (Department of Sociology, University of Berne, Switzerland) (Researcher)
  • Armingeon, Klaus (Institute of Political Science, University of Berne, Switzerland) (Researcher)
  • Geissbühler, Simon (Institute of Political Science, University of Berne, Switzerland) (Researcher)
  • Smith, Tom W. (NORC, USA) (Researcher)
  • St. Svallfors, Department of Sociology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden (Researcher)
  • Bangladesh Unnayan Parishad, Dhaka, Bangladesh (Data Collector)
  • Agency for Social Analyses, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • School of Journalism and Communication, Carleton University,Ottawa, Canada (Data Collector)
  • Cyprus College, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic,Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • Y. Lemel,FRANCE-ISSP Association Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative,Malakoff, France (Data Collector)
  • Infratest Burke Sozialforschung, Muenchen, Germany (Data Collector)
  • Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain (Data Collector)
  • TARKI, Social Research Information Center, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology, Tel Aviv University, Israel (Data Collector)
  • EURISKO, Milano, Italy (Data Collector)
  • NHK, Tokio, Japan (Data Collector)
  • Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP), Rijswijk, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • Massey University, Department of Marketing, New Zealand (Data Collector)
  • Social Weather Stations, Quezon City, Philippines (Data Collector)
  • ISS, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • VCIOM, Moscow, Russia (Data Collector)
  • Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, Ljubljana,Slovenia,Análisis Sociológicos Económicos y Políticos (ASEP), Spain (Data Collector)
  • Statistics Sweden, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • LINK Institute, Luzern, Switzerland (Data Collector)
  • National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago,NORC, USA (Data Collector)
  • Norsk Gallup Institute, Norway (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Working conditions
    • Employment
  • Abstract

    Attitude to work. Work orientation and description of work responsibilities. Topics: desired distribution of time for selected activities such as work, leisure time usw.; work orientation (scale); carrying out work in household; importance of selected demands of a job; most important criteria for determination of amount of salary; influence of new technologies on job offerings and on quality of job; preference for work in service area or industry as well as in private economy or public sector; preference for employee status or occupational self-employment as well as for working in a large concern or in a small company; part-time employment; interest in full-time work; expected difficulties in looking for a job; payment of work; description of personal commitment to work; preference for more work and more pay or for more leisure time; certainty of one´s own job; significance of career opportunities and structuring of flexible working hours; characterization of work as hard physical activity and description of the extent of stress on the job; physical exhaustion after work; dangerous and unhealthful job situations; personal opportunity to influence the structuring of the work day or work processes; general job description; benefit of skills learned during time in school or university; judgement on the relationship between management and employees; atmosphere at work; work satisfaction; absence in the last 6 months; search for new job in the next 12 months. Those not employed were asked: work for more than one year and time of end of last paid job; reasons for the end of employment; expected difficulties in the job search; current search for work; manner of search for work; primary income source. Demography: sex; age; marital status; living together with a partner; education and duration of education; current employment status; employment in private or public sector; self-employment or employee; personal employees; time worked each week; superior function and span of control; company size; income; religious denomination; religiousness; union member; self-assessment of social class; self-assessment on a left-right continuum; party preference; size of household and composition; city size; region; original country of origin or ethnic group affiliation.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1997-01 / 1999-03
    The survey times: Bangladesh: March 1998; Bulgaria: February 1997 to May 1997; Canada: 31 January 1999 to 31 March 1999; Czech Republic: September 1997 to December 1997; Denmark: 10 to 16 November 1997; Germany (West): 20 February 1997 to 6 May 1997; Germany (east): 20 February 1997 to 6 May 1997; France: August to November 1998; Great Britain: February to April 1997; Hungary: 17 to 27 January 1997; Italy: 4 November 1997 to 14 November 1997; Japan: 24 to 27 October 1997; Netherlands: 1 October 1997 to 12 January 1998; New Zealand: 24 April 1997 to 5 August 1997; Norway: 8 October 1997 to 5 December 1997; Philippines: 25 August to 18 September 1997; Poland: October 1997 to December 1997; Portugal: September 1997; Russia: 29 April 1998 to 16 May 1998; Slovenia: November 1997; Spain: 14 April to 18 April 1997; Sweden: February 1997 to May 1997; Switzerland: 11 May 1998 to 19 October 1998; USA: February to May 1998; Cyprus: 1 November 1997 to 24 November 1997.
Geographic Coverage
  • Bangladesh (BD)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Israel (IL)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Japan (JP)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • New Zealand (NZ)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Philippines (PH)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • United States (US)
  • Cyprus (CY)
Sampled Universe
Age: 18 years old and older
Probability; Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Interview
  • Self-administered questionnaire
  • Mail, written or oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 34901
    Number of Variables: 276
The number of cases for the individual countries are organized as follows: Bangladesh: 2000 cases Bulgaria: 1012 cases Canada: 958 cases Czech Republic: 1080 cases Denmark: 1034 cases Germany (West): 1215 cases Germany (east): 531 cases France: 1011 cases Great Britain: 1080 cases Hungary: 1500 cases Israel (Jewish): 1041 cases Israel (Arabian): 496 cases Italy: 1017 cases Japan: 1226 cases Netherlands: 2267 cases New Zealand: 1198 cases Norway: 2199 cases Philippines: 1200 cases Poland: 1200 cases Portugal: 1637 cases Russia: 1698 cases Slovenia: 1005 cases Spain: 1211 cases Sweden: 1275 cases Switzerland: 2518 cases USA: 1228 cases Cyprus: 1002 cases The data file and documentation of the present ISSP module have been prepared by ASEP/JDS ( and in Madrid, Spain, under a cooperation agreement between ZA and ASEP/JDS. Data formats and documentation standards may therefore differ slightly from the remainder of the series.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA3090 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 200 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

ISSP Research Group (1999): International Social Survey Programme: Work Orientations II - ISSP 1997. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.