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Charleston Heart Study, 1960-2000

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, clinical data, medical records, survey data
Creator
  • Nietert, Paul J. (Medical University of South Carolina-Charleston)
  • Sutherland, Susan E. (Medical University of South Carolina-Charleston)
  • Bachman, David L. (Medical University of South Carolina-Charleston)
  • Keil, Julian E. (Medical University of South Carolina-Charleston)
  • Gazes, Peter (Medical University of South Carolina-Charleston)
  • Boyle, Edwin (Medical University of South Carolina-Charleston)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2005-01-28
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging
Language
English
Free Keywords
activities of daily living; African Americans; aging; cardiovascular disease; death records; depression (psychology); health status; mental health; physical condition; psychological wellbeing; race; social behavior; White Americans
Description
  • Abstract

    The Charleston Heart Study (CHS) represents data collected over a 41-year period (1960-2000) in order to provide an understanding of the natural progression of aging in a community-based cohort. In 1960 the CHS began enrolling a random selection of community residents who were 35 years of age and older -- including men and women, Black and White. The primary hypothesis of the original study was to investigate racial differences in the manifestation and risk factors for coronary disease. Over the ensuing 40+ years, a variety of outcome measurements were incorporated into the re-examination of the participants, including psychosocial, behavioral, aging, and functional measures. As a longitudinal study, the CHS allows for the study of the risk factors, correlates, and consequences of aging, while simultaneously allowing for exploration of racial disparity in the manifestation of putative risk factors and outcomes. The CHS began with baseline data and added a special cohort of Black men. In subsequent years three separate follow-ups were conducted. The data include death information for respondents and background characteristics (age, race, sex, occupation, education, and marital status).
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: Physical Disability Index, Health Scale for the Aged, Wechsler Memory Scale, Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ), Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Baseline: 84 percent
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Baseline Data
    • DS2: Phase 3 Additional Cohort Data
    • DS3: Phase 10 (Recall 3) Data
    • DS4: Phase 11 (Recall 4) Data
    • DS5: Phase 12 (Recall 5) Data
    • DS6: Deaths
Temporal Coverage
  • 1960 / 2000
    Time period: 1960--2000
  • 1960 / 1964
    Collection date: 1960--1964
  • 1984 / 1986
    Collection date: 1984--1986
  • 1987 / 1990
    Collection date: 1987--1990
  • 1990 / 1991
    Collection date: 1990--1991
  • 1960 / 2000
    Collection date: 1960--2000
Geographic Coverage
  • Charleston (South Carolina)
  • South Carolina
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Residents of Charleston County, South Carolina in 1960. Smallest Geographic Unit: city
Sampling
Clustered geographical probability sample.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook, questionnaires, Limited Use Agreement form, and References/Bibliography are provided by ICPSR as Portable Document Format (PDF) files.

Note
2010-06-07 The data are restricted, but the documentation files are now available for download.2008-04-01 Minor edits were made to the metadata. A change was made in the Limited Use Agreement form and the codebook reflects this change. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (AG021162-01).
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 4050 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR04050.v2
Publications
  • An, Di, Little, Roderick J. A., McNally, James W.. A multiple imputation approach to disclosure limitation for high-age individuals in longitudinal studies. Statistics in Medicine.29, (17), 1769-1778.2010.
    • ID: 10.1002/sim.3974 (DOI)
  • Walters, Christine A.. Development and Validation of Risk Stratification Indices for Cardiovascular Diseases: Addressing Racial Disparities in Mortality Rates Using Person-level Data from Four U.S. Cohorts. Dissertation, Medical University of South Carolina. 2010.
  • Sbarra, D.A., Nietert, P.J.. Divorce and death: Forty years of the Charleston Heart Study. Psychological Science.20, (1), 107-113.2009.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02252.x (DOI)
  • Gazes, Peter C., Lackland, Daniel T., Mountford, William K., Gilbert, Gregory E., Harley, Russell A.. Comparison of cardiovascular risk factors for high brachial pulse pressure in blacks versus whites (Charleston Heart Study, Evans County Study, NHANES I and II Studies). American Journal of Cardiology.102, (11), 1514-1517.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2008.07.042 (DOI)
  • Hajjar, I., Lackland, D.T., Cupples, L.A., Lipsitz, L.A.. Association between concurrent and remote blood pressure and disability in older adults. Hypertension.50, (6), 1026-1032.2007.
    • ID: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.107.097667 (DOI)
  • Nietert, P.J., Sutherland, S.E., Keil, J.E., Bachman, D.L.. Demographic and biologic influences on survival in whites and blacks: 40 Years of follow-up in the Charleston heart study. International Journal for Equity in Health.5, (8), 2006.
    • ID: 10.1186/1475-9276-5-8 (DOI)
  • Ho, J. E., Paultre, F., Mosca, L.. The gender gap in coronary heart disease mortality: Is there a difference between Blacks and Whites?. Journal of Women's Health.14, (2), 117-127.2005.
    • ID: 10.1089/jwh.2005.14.117 (DOI)
  • Sutherland, Susan E., Austin, H.A., Benard, Vicki Bishop, Keil, Julian E., Knapp, Rebecca G., Baron, P., et al. Serum DDT levels and incidence of breast cancer in the Charleston Heart Study. 2001.
  • Arnett, Donna K., Rautaharju, Pentti, Sutherland, Susan, Usher, Bruce, Keil, Julian. Validity of electrocardiographic estimates of left ventricular hypertrophy and mass in African Americans (The Charleston Heart Study). American Journal of Cardiology.79, (9), 1289-1292.1997.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0002-9149(97)00106-9 (DOI)
  • Benard, Vicki Bishop, Sutherland, Susan E., Knapp, Rebecca G.. A twenty year follow-up study of cancer mortality and serum levels of DDT. American Journal of Epidemiology.145, (11, Suppl. S), 80-80.1997.
  • Sutherland, Susan E., Knapp, Rebecca G., Lou, Y., Gazes, Peter C., Keil, Julian E.. Expression of anger and CHD mortality among women in the Charleston Heart Study. Canadian Journal of Cardiology.13, 55-56.1997.
  • Sutherland, Susan E., Benard, Vicki Bishop, Keil, Julian E., Austin, H., Hoel, D.G.. Pesticides and twenty year risk of breast cancer. American Journal of Epidemiology.143, (11), S34 -1996.
  • Keil, Julian E., Sutherland, Susan E., Hames, Curtis G., Lackland, Daniel T., Gazes, Peter C., Knapp, Rebecca G., Tyroler, Herman A.. Coronary disease mortality and risk factors in black and white men: Results from the combined Charleston, SC, and Evans County, Georgia, heart studies. Archives of Internal Medicine.155, (14), 1521-1527.1995.
    • ID: 10.1001/archinte.155.14.1521 (DOI)
  • Knapp, Rebecca G., Keil, Julian E., Sutherland, Susan E., Rust, P.F., Hames, Curtis G., Tyroler, Herman A.. Skin color and cancer mortality among Black men in the Charleston Heart Study. Clinical Genetics.47, (4), 200-206.1995.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1399-0004.1995.tb03959.x (DOI)
  • Lackland, Daniel T., Keil, Julian E., Gazes, Peter C., Hames, Curtis G., Tyroler, Herman A.. Outcomes of Black and white hypertensive individuals after 30 years of follow-up. Clinical and Experimental Hypertension.17, (7), 1091-1105.1995.
    • ID: 10.3109/10641969509033654 (DOI)
  • Stevens, J.. Obesity, fat patterning and cardiovascular risk. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology.369, 21-27.1995.
    • ID: 10.1007/978-1-4615-1957-7_3 (DOI)
  • Stevens, J., Kumanyika, S., Keil, J.E., Seibert, L.. Body size perceptions and eating attitudes in elderly men. Obesity Research.2, (2), 127-134.1994.
  • Stevens, J., Plankey, M.W., Keil, Julian E., Rust, P.F., Tyroler, Herman A., Davis, C.E.. Black women have smaller abdominal girths than white women of the same relative weight. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology.47, (5), 495-499.1994.
    • ID: 10.1016/0895-4356(94)90296-8 (DOI)
  • Sutherland, Susan E., Keil, Julian E., Gazes, Peter C., Saunders, D.E., Jr., Summerall, C.P., Nichaman, M.Z., et al. Coronary disease and its risk factors in blacks and whites. Primary Cardiology.20, 49-53.1994.
  • Keil, Julian E., Sutherland, Susan E., Knapp, Rebecca G., Lackland, Daniel T., Gazes, Peter C., Tyroler, Herman A.. Mortality rates and risk factors for coronary disease in Black as compared with white men and women. New England Journal of Medicine.329, (2), 73-78.1993.
    • ID: 10.1056/NEJM199307083290201 (DOI)
  • Knapp, Rebecca G., Schreiner, P.J., Sutherland, Susan E., Keil, Julian E., Gilbert, G.E., Klein, R.L., Hames, Curtis G., Tyroler, Herman A.. Serum lipoprotein(a) levels in elderly Black and white men in the Charleston Heart Study. Clinical Genetics.44, (5), 225-231.1993.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1399-0004.1993.tb03887.x (DOI)
  • Knapp, Rebecca G., Sutherland, Susan E., Keil, Julian E., Schreiner, P.J., Klein, R.L.. Lipoprotein(a) and all-cause mortality among elderly Black and white men. Circulation.88, (4, Part 2), 358 -1993.
  • Stevens, J., Gautman, S.P., Keil, Julian E.. Body mass index and fat patterning as correlates of lipids and hypertension in an elderly, biracial population. Journal of Gerontology.48, (6), M249-M254.1993.
  • Sutherland, Susan E., Gazes, Peter C., Keil, Julian E., Gilbert, Gregory E., Knapp, Rebecca G.. Electrocardiographic abnormalities and 30-year mortality among white and black men of the Charleston Heart Study. Circulation.88, (6), 2685-2692.1993.
    • ID: 10.1161/01.CIR.88.6.2685 (DOI)
  • Sutherland, Susan E., Gazes, Peter C., Keil, Julian E., Usher B., Carabello, B.A., Knapp, Rebecca G.. Echocardiography: Distributions and correlates of left-ventricular mass in an elderly biracial cohort. Circulation.88, (4, Pt. 2), 358 -1993.
  • Keil, Julian E., Sutherland, Susan E., Knapp, Rebecca G., Gazes, Peter C.. Serum cholesterol--Risk factor for coronary disease mortality in younger and older blacks and whites. The Charleston Heart Study, 1960-1988. Annals of Epidemiology.2, (1-2), 93-99.1992.
    • ID: 10.1016/1047-2797(92)90042-O (DOI)
  • Keil, Julian E., Sutherland, Susan E., Knapp, Rebecca G., Tyroler, Herman A.. Does equal socioeconomic status in Black and white men mean equal risk of mortality?. American Journal of Public Health.82, (8), 1133-1136.1992.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.82.8.1133 (DOI)
  • Keil, Julian E., Sutherland, Susan E., Knapp, Rebecca G., Tyroler, Herman A., Pollitzer, W.S.. Skin color and mortality. American Journal of Epidemiology.136, (11), 1295-1302.1992.
  • Keil, Julian E., Sutherland, Susan E., Knapp, Rebecca G., Waid, L. Randolph, Gazes, Peter C.. Self-reported sexual functioning in elderly Blacks and whites: The Charleston Heart Study experience. Journal of Aging and Health.4, (1), 112-125.1992.
    • ID: 10.1177/089826439200400107 (DOI)
  • Knapp, Rebecca G., Sutherland, Susan E., Keil, Julian E., Rust, P.F., Lackland, Daniel T.. A comparison of the effects of cholesterol on CHD mortality in Black and white women: Twenty-eight years of follow-up in the Charleston Heart Study. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology.45, (10), 1119-1129.1992.
    • ID: 10.1016/0895-4356(92)90152-D (DOI)
  • Stevens, J., Keil, Julian E., Rust, P.F., Verdugo, R.R., Davis, C.E., Tyroler, Herman A., Gazes, Peter C.. Body mass index and body girths as predictors of mortality in Black and white men. American Journal of Epidemiology.135, (10), 1137-1146.1992.
  • Sutherland, Susan E.. Physical Disability in the Elderly: An Epidemiological Study of Functional Changes and Mortality. Dissertation, Medical University of South Carolina. 1992.
  • Keil, Julian E., Gazes, Peter C., Tyroler, Herman A.. Predictors of coronary disease in blacks. Cardiovascular Diseases in Blacks.Philadelphia, PA: Davis. 1991.
  • Keil, Julian E., Saunders, D.E., Jr.. Urban and rural differences in cardiovascular disease in blacks. Cardiovascular Diseases in Blacks.Philadelphia, PA: Davis. 1991.
  • Keil, Julian E., Sutherland, Susan E., Knapp, Rebecca G., Tyroler, Herman A., Gazes, Peter C.. Equal socioeconomic status in Black and white men equals equal risk of mortality. Circulation.84, 70 -1991.
  • Knapp, Rebecca G., Sutherland, Susan E., Keil, Julian E., Rust, P.F., Lackland, Daniel T.. A comparison of the effects of cholesterol on coronary heart disease mortality in Black and white women. Circulation.84, 1144 -1991.
  • Manton, K.G., Stallard, E., Wing, S.. Analyses of Black and white differentials in the age trajectory of mortality in two closed cohort studies. Statistics in Medicine.10, (7), 1043-1059.1991.
    • ID: 10.1002/sim.4780100705 (DOI)
  • Stevens, J., Knapp, R.G., Keil, J.E., Verdugo, R.R.. Changes in body weight and girths in black and white adults studied over a 25 year interval. International Journal of Obesity.15, (12), 803-808.1991.
  • Keil, Julian E., Sutherland, Susan E., Knapp, Rebecca G., Gazes, Peter C.. Serum cholesterol: Risk factor for coronary disease mortality (The Charleston Heart Study 1960-1988). Circulation.82, (4, Suppl. S), 347-347.1990.
  • Stevens, J., Keil, Julian E., Waid, L. Randolph, Gazes, Peter C.. Accuracy of current, 4-year, and 28-year self-reported body weight in an elderly population. American Journal of Epidemiology.132, (6), 1156-1163.1990.
  • Stevens, J., Lissner, L.. Body weight variability and mortality in the Charleston Heart Study. International Journal of Obesity.14, (4), 385-386.1990.
  • Waid, L. Randolph, Swavely, S.M., Keil, Julian E., Sutherland, Susan E., Gazes, Peter C.. Cognitive function, cardiovascular status, and physical-disability in elderly Blacks and whites of the Charleston Heart Study. American Journal of Epidemiology.132, (4), 780 -1990.
  • Waid, L. Randolph, Swavely, S.M., Sutherland, Susan E., Keil, Julian E., Gazes, Peter C.. Cognitive functioning and cardiovascular status in elderly Blacks and whites. Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association.Boston, MA. 1990.
  • Austin, H., Keil, Julian E., Cole, P.. A prospective follow-up study of cancer mortality in relation to serum DDT. American Journal of Public Health.79, (1), 43-46.1989.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.79.1.43 (DOI)
  • Keil, Julian E., Gazes, Peter C., Sutherland, Susan E., Rust, P.F., Branch, L.G., Tyroler, Herman A.. Predictors of physical disability in elderly blacks and whites of the Charleston Heart Study. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology.42, (6), 521-529.1989.
    • ID: 10.1016/0895-4356(89)90148-0 (DOI)
  • Keil, Julian E., Sutherland, Susan E., Gazes, Peter C., Weinrich, M.C., Tyroler, Herman A.. Predictors of mortality and physical disability in the Charleston Heart Study. Transactions of the Association of Life Insurance Medical Directors of America, 97th Annual Meeting, October 17-19, 1988.Tampa, FL: Klay Printing. 1989.
  • Waid, L. Randolph, Urbanczyk, S.A., Sutherland, Susan E., Keil, Julian E., Gazes, Peter C.. Cardiovascular status and cognitive performance: The Charleston Heart Study. American Journal of Epidemiology.130, (4), 817 -1989.
  • Weinrich, S.P., Weinrich, M.C., Keil, J.E., Gazes, P.C., Potter, E.. The John Henryism and Framingham Type A scales: Measurement properties in elderly blacks and whites. American Journal of Epidemiology.128, (1), 165-178.1988.
  • Keil, Julian E., Gazes, Peter C., Loadholt, C.B., Tyroler, Herman A., Sutherland, Susan E., Gross, J.J., et al. Coronary heart disease mortality and its predictors among Charleston, South Carolina women. Coronary Heart Disease in Women: Reviewing the Evidence, Identifying the Needs, A Summary of the Proceedings.National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. 1987.
  • Gazes, Peter C., Keil, Julian E., Savage, D.D., Rust, P.F.. Left ventricular mass by echo in white and black men: Correlation with blood pressure, obesity, and physical activity. Circulation.74, (4, Suppl. S), 76-76.1986.
  • Keil, Julian E., Gazes, Peter C., Gross, A.J., Hames, Curtis G., Knowles, M., Loadholt, C.B., Sutherland, Susan E., Tyroler, Herman A.. Predictors of ischemic heart disease and all-cause mortality in Charleston County Blacks over a 20-year period. American Journal of Epidemiology.122, (3), 530-530.1985.
  • Keil, Julian E., Loadholt, C.B., Weinrich, M.C., Sandifer, S.H., Boyle, E., Jr.. Incidence of coronary heart disease in blacks in Charleston, South Carolina. American Heart Journal.108, (3, Pt. 2), 779-786.1984.
    • ID: 10.1016/0002-8703(84)90671-9 (DOI)
  • Keil, Julian E., Sandifer, S.H., Loadholt, C.B., Boyle, E., Jr.. Skin color and education effects on blood pressure. American Journal of Public Health.71, (5), 532-534.1981.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.71.5.532 (DOI)
  • Keil, Julian E., Tyroler, Herman A., Sandifer, S.H., Boyle, E., Jr.. Hypertension: Effects of social class and racial admixture: The results of a cohort study in the Black population of Charleston, South Carolina. American Journal of Public Health.67, (7), 634-639.1977.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.67.7.634 (DOI)
  • Boyle, E., Jr.. Biological pattern in hypertension by race, sex, body weight, and skin color. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.213, (10), 1637-1643.1970.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.213.10.1637 (DOI)
  • Boyle, E., Jr., Griffey, W.P., Jr., Nichaman, M.Z.. An epidemiologic study of hypertension among racial groups of Charleston County, South Carolina. The Charleston Heart Study, Phase II. The Epidemiology of Hypertension.New York: Grune & Stratton. 1967.
  • Boyle, E.B., Griffey, W.P., Nichaman, M.Z., Talbert, C.R.. An epidemiologic study of hypertension among racial groups of Charleston County, South Carolina: Charleston Heart Study, Phase II. The Epidemiology of Hypertension: Proceedings of an International Symposium, Chicago, February 3-7, 1964.New York: Grune & Stratton. 1967.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Nietert, Paul J.; Sutherland, Susan E.; Bachman, David L.; Keil, Julian E.; Gazes, Peter et. al. (2005): Charleston Heart Study, 1960-2000. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04050.v1