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ANES 1948 Time Series Study

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Campbell, Angus (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center.)
  • Kahn, Robert L. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American National Election Study (ANES) Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
candidates; congressional elections; domestic policy; economic conditions; foreign policy; government performance; information sources; national elections; political affiliation; political attitudes; political campaigns; political efficacy; political issues; political participation; presidential elections; public approval; public opinion; public policy; special interest groups; Truman Administration (1945-1953); trust in government; voter expectations; voter history; voting behavior
  • Abstract

    This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1948-10 / 1948-11
    Time period: 1948-10--1948-11
  • 1948-10 / 1948-11
    Collection date: 1948-10--1948-11
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
United States citizens 18 years of age and older living in private households in the coterminous United States.
Individuals interviewed were a representative cross-section of the United States adult population living in private households. The sample was selected by area sampling. The 662 interviews came from 32 sample points: 27 widely scattered counties plus 5 of the 12 largest metropolitan areas, each of the latter including several counties.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview

    The SAS transport file was created using the SAS CPORT procedure.

2015-11-10 The study metadata was updated.1999-12-14 The data are now available in SAS transport and SPSS export formats, in addition to the ASCII data file. Variables in this dataset have been renumbered to the following format: 2-digit (or 2-character) prefix + 4 digits + [optional] 1-character suffix. Dataset ID and version variables have also been added. In addition, SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been created, and the codebook has been replaced. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7218 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07218.v2
  • Gilbert, Craig. Keys to the Oval Office. McClatchy - Tribune Business News.2008.
  • Campbell, James E.. When have presidential campaigns decided election outcomes?. American Politics Research.29, (5), 437-460.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X01029005002 (DOI)
  • Chang, Tracy F.. The Labour vote in U.S. national elections, 1948-2000. Political Quarterly.72, (3), 375-385.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/1467-923X.00397 (DOI)
  • Schuman, Howard, Steeh, Charlotte, Bobo, Lawrence, Krysan, Maria. Racial Attitudes in America: Trends and Interpretations. 2nd Ed.. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 1997.
  • Tufte, Edward R.. Political Control of the Economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1996.
  • Hout, Michael, Brooks, Clem, Manza, Jeff. The democratic class struggle in the United States, 1948-1992. American Sociological Review.60, (6), 805-828.1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Parent, Wayne, Stekler, Paul. Black Political Attitudes and Behavior in the 1990's. Blacks and the American Political System.Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida. 1995.
  • Boyd, Richard W., Berinsky, Adam J.. The Influence of Foreign Policy Issues in the American Elections of 1948 and 1952. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1992.
  • Erikson, Robert S.. Economic conditions and the presidential vote. American Political Science Review.83, (2), 567-573.1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Form, William H.. Divided We Stand: Working-Class Stratification in America. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press. 1985.
  • El Azhary, M.S.. Political Cohesion of American Jews in Politics: A Reappraisal of Their Role in Presidential Elections. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America. 1980.
  • Hill, David B., Luttbeg, Norman R.. Trends in American electoral behavior. Itasca, IL: F.E. Peacock. 1980.
  • Fisher, Alan M.. Realignment of the Jewish vote?. Political Science Quarterly.94, (1), 97-116.1979.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Tufte, Edward R.. Political Control of the Economy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 1978.
  • Mehlinger, Howard D., Patrick, John J.. American Political Behavior. Lexington, MA: Ginn. 1977.
  • Burnham, Walter Dean. The onward march of party decomposition. Controversies in American Voting Behavior.New York: Cambridge University Press. 1976.
  • Niemi, Richard G., Weisberg, Herbert. Controversies in American Voting Behavior. San Francisco, CA: W.H. Freeman. 1976.
  • Piereson, James. Measuring voting trade-offs in electoral coalitions. Political Methodology.3, (3), 317-332.1976.
  • Converse, Philip E.. Public Opinion and Voting Behavior. Handbook of Political Science.Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. 1975.
  • Abramson, Paul R.. Generational change in American electoral behavior. American Political Science Review.68, (1), 93-105.1974.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Lansing, Marjorie. The American woman: Voter and activist. Women in Politics.New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons. 1974.
  • Yarnell, Allen. Democrats and Progressives: The 1948 Presidential Eection as a Test of Postwar Liberalism. Berkeley: University of California Press. 1974.
  • Lansing, Marjorie. Women: The new political class. A Sampler of Women's Studies.Ann Arbor, MI: Center for Continuing Education of Women. 1973.
  • Schreiber, E.M.. Vietnam Policy Preferences and Withheld 1968 Presidential Votes. Public Opinion Quarterly.37, (1), 91-98.1973.
    • ID: 10.1086/268062 (DOI)
  • Dreyer, Edward C.. Media Use and Electoral Choices: Some Political Consequences of Information Exposure. Public Opinion Quarterly.35, (4), 544-553.1971.
    • ID: 10.1086/267950 (DOI)
  • Ladd, Everett C., Jr., Hadley, Charles D., King, Lauriston. A New Political Realignment?. The Public Interest.23, 46-63.1971.
  • Thompson, Kenneth H.. Upward Social Mobility and Political Orientation: A Re-Evaluation of the Evidence. American Sociological Review.36, (2), 223-235.1971.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Campbell, Angus, Converse, Philip E., Miller, Warren E., Stokes, Donald E.. Elections and the Political Order. New York: John Wiley. 1966.
  • Bone, Hugh A.. American Politics and the Party System. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. 1965.
  • Alford, Robert R.. The Role of Social Class in American Voting Behavior. Western Political Quarterly.16, (1), 180-194.1963.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Scoble, Harry M.. Organized Labor in Electoral Politics: Some Questions for the Discipline. Western Political Quarterly.16, (3), 666-685.1963.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Glaser, William A.. Fluctuations in Turnout. Public Opinion and Congressional Elections.Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. 1962.
  • Campbell, Angus, Miller, Warren E.. The Motivational Basis of Straight and Split Ticket Voting. American Political Science Review.51, (2), 293-312.1957.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Miller, Warren E.. Party preference and attitudes on political issues: 1948-1951. American Political Science Review.47, (1), 45-60.1953.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Campbell, Angus, Kahn, Robert L.. The People Elect a President. Ann Arbor: Survey Research Center, Instititute for Social Research, University of Michigan. 1952.
  • Janowitz, Morris, Miller, Warren E.. The index of political predisposition in the 1948 elections. Journal of Politics.14, (4), 710-727.1952.

Update Metadata: 2015-11-10 | Issue Number: 4 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Campbell, Angus; Kahn, Robert L. (1984): ANES 1948 Time Series Study. Version 1. American National Election Study (ANES) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.