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Slave Hires, 1775-1865

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data
  • Fogel, Robert W. (University of Rochester)
  • Engerman, Stanley L. (University of Rochester)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Economics of American Negro Slavery Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
African Americans; Antebellum South (USA); eighteenth century; history; nineteenth century; slave hires; slave labor; slave ownership; slave populations; slavery; Southern United States
  • Abstract

    This study presents data pertaining to slave hiring transactions that occurred between 1775-1865 in eight states of the southern United States: Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Tennessee, Georgia, and Mississippi. The data were obtained from probate records on deposit in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Genealogical Society Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. Variables document the location of the hiring transaction and the period and rate of hire, as well as the hired slaves' age, sex, occupational skills, and condition of health. A related study is SLAVE SALES AND APPRAISALS, 1775-1865 (ICPSR 7421), also prepared by Robert W. Fogel and Stanley L. Engerman.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Slave Hires, 1775-1865, Dataset 0001
Temporal Coverage
  • 1775 / 1865
    Time period: 1775--1865
Geographic Coverage
  • Georgia
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Mississippi
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • United States
  • Virginia
Sampled Universe
Slave hires in the southern United States (Maryland, Virginia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Louisiana, Tennessee, Georgia, and Mississippi) between 1775-1865.
Nonrandom convenience sample.
Collection Mode
  • Variable 5, recording "Year in which Hiring Transaction Occurred", has values ranging from 1785 to 1865, and value 0 for "year unknown".

2006-10-11 ICPSR has added value labels found in the original documentation from the principal investigators to the setup and data files. A PDF codebook was added and the metadata record was revised.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7422 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07422.v2
  • Budros, Art. Social Shocks and Slave Social Mobility: Manumission in Brunswick County, Virginia, 1782-1862. American Journal of Sociology.110, (3), 539-579.2004.
    • ID: 10.1086/425965 (DOI)
  • Wimmer, Larry T., Pope, Clayne L.. The Genealogical Society Library of Salt Lake City: A source of data for economic and social historians. Historical Methods Newsletter.8, (2), 51-58.1975.
    • ID: 10.1080/00182494.1975.10112693 (DOI)
  • Fogel, Robert W., Engerman, Stanley L.. Time on the Cross: The Economics of American Negro Slavery. Boston: Little, Brown. 1974.
  • Fogel, Robert William, Engerman, Stanley L.. Time on the Cross: Evidence and Methods, A Supplement. Boston: Little, Brown. 1974.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Fogel, Robert W.; Engerman, Stanley L. (1984): Slave Hires, 1775-1865. Version 1. Economics of American Negro Slavery Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.