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Legal Representation Data, 1970

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Nagel, Stuart S.
  • Champagne, Anthony
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
attorneys; client characteristics; clients; criminal justice system; defendants; legal representation; political attitudes; political philosophy; public defenders; social attitudes; United States
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains legal representation information gathered in a 1970 survey of 474 attorneys across the United States, which garnered 221 usable responses. The research objectives included: (1) determining the relationship between the behavior of the attorneys in representing indigent or unpopular clients and the attitudes, specialties, backgrounds, and environments of the attorneys, (2) arriving at some policy recommendations for increasing the representation of indigent and unpopular clients, and (3) analyzing the joint causation phenomenon whereby neither favorable attitudes nor favorable opportunities alone lead to representation of the unpopular, but the combination of both together does so substantially. Survey information gathered includes respondents' attitudes toward: (1) the legal profession, (2) unpopular or indigent clients, (3) sociopolitical issues regarding the poor, and (4) the system of legal representation. Respondents were asked for their experiences when representing unpopular or indigent clients and to give reasons they might not choose to represent such clients. Background information includes characteristics of the respondent's community as well as respondent's race, gender, natality, father's occupation, political party affiliation, political offices held, religious preference, type of practice, and percent of clients from ethnic and racial minorities.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1970
  • Collection date: 1970
Sampled Universe
Attorneys in the United States.
Random sampling was used (by choosing the last practicing lawyer listed on every tenth page of the alphabetic sections of the 1970 MARTINDALE-HUBBELL LEGAL DIRECTORY). The questionnaire was mailed to 474 attorneys across the country, with 221 returning usable responses, or 51 percent of the sample.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy 1of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

2009-11-19 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setups have been added to this data collection.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7540 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07540.v2
  • Nagel, Stuart S.. Improving the Legal Process: Effects of Alternatives. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books. 1975.
  • Nagel, Stuart S., Champagne, A.. The risks of defending unpopular clients: Are they worth taking?. Student Law Journal.2, 40-43.1974.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Nagel, Stuart S.; Champagne, Anthony (1984): Legal Representation Data, 1970. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.