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American National Election Series: 1972, 1974, 1976

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, medical records, survey data
Creator
  • University of Michigan. Center for Political Studies
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American National Election Study (ANES) Series
Publication Date
1984-06-19
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health
Language
English
Free Keywords
candidates; congressional elections; domestic policy; economic conditions; foreign policy; government performance; information sources; national elections; political affiliation; political attitudes; political campaigns; political efficacy; political issues; political participation; presidential elections; public approval; public opinion; public policy; social networks; social values; special interest groups; trust in government; voter expectations; voter history; voting behavior
Description
  • Abstract

    This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. This collection consists of a distinct panel across the three election waves, the cross-section samples associated with each election study, and a vote validation study. The panel component consists of a maximum of five interview points for each respondent (pre- and post-1972 election, post-1974 election, and pre- and post-1976 election) taken from the American National Election Studies of 1972 (ICPSR 7010), 1974 (ICPSR 7355), and 1976 (ICPSR 7381). The vote validation data were gathered in the spring and summer of 1977, through interviews with election registration officials and from examination of voting records of the respondents participating in these election studies. The collection also includes filter variables that allow for the retrieval of each of the distinct panel and cross-section samples.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1972 / 1976
    Time period: 1972--1976
  • 1972 / 1977
    Collection date: 1972--1977
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All citizens of voting age residing in households in the coterminous United States.
Sampling
The data collection is a cross-section representative of persons 18 years of age or older as of November 7, 1972, who were living in private households in the coterminous United States.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview, self-enumerated questionnaire, telephone interview

    A total of 11 respondents who were "panel only" in the original 1976 cross-section study (AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION SERIES: 1972, 1974, 1976 [ICPSR 7381]) were corrected to "panel and cross section" in this data collection. Consequently, the frequency distribution for certain variables will differ slightly between the 1976 cross-section study and this version of the data.

    The codebook frequencies pertain to the 1972-1974-1976 Panel. Vote validation frequencies were generated using V764008 as a weight and filter.

    The variable breakdown by year is as follows: 720001-721112 are 1972 variables, 742001-742603 are 1974 variables, 763001-763969 are 1976 variables, 764001-764011 are cross-year variables, 765001-765073 are individual voter record variables from the 1976 vote validation study, 765101-765342 are election administration variables from the 1976 Vote Validation Study, and 765401-765417 are election items checklist variables from the 1976 Vote Validation Study.

    The SAS transport file was created using the SAS CPORT procedure.

Note
2000-03-21 The data for this study are now available in SAS transport and SPSS export formats in addition to the ASCII data file. Variables in the dataset have been renumbered to the following format: 2-digit (or 2-character) year prefix + 4 digits + [optional] 1-character suffix. In addition, the frequencies for panel respondents have been merged with the codebook file. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (GS-33956, GI-29904, GS-3322, MH19516-08). United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7607 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07607.v3
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07607.v1
Publications
  • Groenendyk, Eric. Identifying with 'The Lesser of Two Evils': Dynamic Processes Underlying Partisan Stability. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Valentino, Nicholas, Groenendyk, Eric, Gregorowicz, Krysha. Emotion, Efficacy, and Political Participation. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Killian, Mitchell. Who Changes Their Party Identification?. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Sekhon, Jasjeet S.. Updating Voters: How cues and Heuristics Allow Voters to Act as if They are Informed. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Bafumi, Joseph. The Regress of Ideological Sophisticates. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association .Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Layman, Geoffrey C., Carsey, Thomas M.. Party polarization and party structuring of policy attitudes: A comparison of three NES panel studies. Political Behavior.24, (3), 199-236.2002.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1021820523983 (DOI)
  • Plutzer, Eric. Becoming a Habitual Voter: Inertia, Resources, and Growth in Young Adulthood. American Political Science Review.96, (1), 41-56.2002.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0003055402004227 (DOI)
  • Saunders, Kyle L.. The Dynamic Relationship between Group Identification and Issue Stances: Evidence from the American National Election Studies. Dissertation, Emory University. 2002.
  • Romero, David W.. Requiem for the lightweight: Vice Presidential candidate evaluations and the president vote. Presidential Studies Quarterly.31, (3), 454-463.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0360-4918.2001.00181.x (DOI)
  • Saunders, Kyle L.. The dynamic relationship between group identification and issue stances: Evidence from the American national election studies . Dissertation, Emory University. 2001.
  • Wielhouwer, Peter W.. Investing for the Present: Campaigns and the Generation of Social Capital. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2000.
  • Bartels, Larry M.. Panel Effects in the American National Election Studies. Political Analysis.8, (1), 1-20.1999.
    • ID: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pan.a029802 (DOI)
  • Miller, Warren E.. Temporal Order and Causal Inference. Political Analysis.8, (2), 119-146.1999.
    • ID: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pan.a029809 (DOI)
  • Scheve, Kenneth, Tomz, Michael. Electoral Surprise and the Midterm Loss in US Congressional Elections. British Journal of Political Science.29, (3), 507-521.1999.
    • ID: 10.1017/S000712349900023X (DOI)
  • Uslaner, Eric M.. Trust and Consequences. Communitarian Summit.Arlington, VA. 1999.
  • Bartels, Larry M.. Panel Effects in the American National Election Studies. annual meeting of the Political Methodology Group.San Diego, CA. 1998.
  • Carsey, Thomas M., Layman, Geoffrey C.. The Role of Attitudinal Conversation in the Partisan Change Process. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 1998.
  • Freeman, John R., Houser, Daniel. A Computable Equilibrium Model for the Study of Political Economy. American Journal of Political Science.42, (2), 628-660.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2991773 (URL)
  • Greene, Kenneth V., Nelson, Phillip J.. Political party purpose, individual votes, and political action committee contributions. Public Finance Review.26, (1), 3-23.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/109114219802600101 (DOI)
  • Herron, Michael C.. Indifference, Voting, and Abstention in the 1976 Presidential Election. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1998.
  • Kanazawa, Satoshi. A possible solution to the paradox of voter turnout. Journal of Politics.60, (4), 974-995.1998.
  • McCann, James A.. Electoral Participation and Local Community. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 1998.
  • Rice, Tom W., Hilton, Tracey A.. Partisanship Over Time: A Comparison of United States Panel Data. Political Research Quarterly.49, (1), 191-201.1996.
  • Clarke, Harold D., Suzuki, Motoshi. Partisan Dealignment and the Dynamics of Independence in the American Electorate, 1953-1988. British Journal of Political Science.24, (1), 57-77.1994.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0007123400006785 (DOI)
  • Green, Donald P., Palmquist, Bradley L.. How Stable is Party Identification?. Political Behavior.16, 437-466.1994.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01498826 (DOI)
  • Guttman, Joel M., Hilger, Naftali, Shachmurove, Yochanan. Voting as investment vs. voting as consumption: New evidence. Kyklos.47, (2), 197-207.1994.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-6435.1994.tb02255.x (DOI)
  • Hughes, John E., Conway, M. Margaret. The Impact of Long and Short Term Factors on Patterns of Voter Turnout. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.New York, NY. 1994.
  • Lockerbie, Brad. The Sophomore Surge - Conversion, Mobilization, or Abstention. Political Research Quarterly.47, (4), 961-968.1994.
  • Lockerbie, Brad. The Sophomore Surge: Conversion, Mobilization, or Abstention. Political Research Quarterly.47, (4), 961-968.1994.
  • Martin, Bill. Continuity and discontinuity in the politics of the sixties generation: A reassessment. Sociological Forum.9, (3), 403-430.1994.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01466316 (DOI)
  • Romero, David W., Sanders, Francine. Loosened Partisan Attachments and Receptivity to Incumbent Behaviors. Political Research Quarterly.47, (1), 177-192.1994.
  • Romero, David W., Sanders, Francine. Loosened Partisan Attachments and Receptivity to Incumbent Behaviors: A Panel Analysis, 1972-1976. Political Research Quarterly.47, (1), 177-192.1994.
  • Schickler, Eric, Green, Donald. Issues and the dynamics of party identification: A methodological critique. Political Analysis.5, 152-179.1994.
  • Claggett, William, Van Wingen, John. An Application of Linear Programming to Ecological Inference: An Extension of an Old Procedure. American Journal of Political Science.37, (2), 633-661.1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111387 (URL)
  • Koch, Jeffrey W.. Assessments of group influence, subjective political competence, and interest group membership. Political Behavior.15, (4), 309-325.1993.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF00992100 (DOI)
  • Niemi, Richard G., Weisberg, Herbert F.. Controversies in Voting Behavior. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press. 1993.
  • Alwin, Duane F.. Information transmission in the survey interview: Number of response categories and the reliability of attitude measurement. Sociological Methodology.22, 83-118.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/270993 (URL)
  • Denk, Charles E., Finkel, Steven E.. The Aggregate Impact of Explanatory Variables in Logit and Linear Probability Models. American Journal of Political Science.36, (3), 785-804.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111591 (URL)
  • Franklin, Charles H.. Measurement and the dynamics of party identification. Political Behavior.14, (3), 297-309.1992.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF00991982 (DOI)
  • Jennings, M. Kent. Ideological Thinking Among Mass Publics and Political Elites. Public Opinion Quarterly.56, (4), 419-441.1992.
    • ID: 10.1086/269335 (DOI)
  • Moon, David. The determinants of turnout in presidential elections: An integrative model accounting for information. Political Behavior.14, (2), 123-140.1992.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF00992238 (DOI)
  • Presser, Stanley, Traugott, Michael. Little White Lies and Social Science Models: Correlated Response Errors in a Panel Study of Voting. Public Opinion Quarterly.56, (1), 77-86.1992.
    • ID: 10.1086/269296 (DOI)
  • Shively, W. Phillips. From Differential Abstention to Conversion: A Change in Electoral Change, 1864-1988. American Journal of Political Science.36, (2), 309-330.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111479 (URL)
  • Wetstein, Matthew E.. A LISREL Model of Public Opinion on Abortion. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1992.
  • Wetstein, Matthew E.. How Stable is Stable? Abortion Attitudes in the 1972-1976 NES Panel Study. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1992.
  • Alwin, Duane F., Krosnick, Jon A.. Aging, Cohorts, and the Stability of Sociopolitical Orientations Over the Life Span. American Journal of Sociology.97, (1), 169-195.1991.
    • ID: 10.1086/229744 (DOI)
  • Krosnick, Jon A.. The stability of political preferences: Comparisons of symbolic and nonsymbolic attitudes. American Journal of Political Science.35, (3), 547-576.1991.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111553 (URL)
  • Sniderman, Paul M., Brody, Richard A., Tetlock, Philip E.. Reasoning and Choice: Explorations in Political Psychology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 1991.
  • Westlye, Mark C.. Senate Elections and Campaign Intensity. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press. 1991.
  • Dodson, Debra L.. Socialization of party activists: National convention delegates, 1972-81. American Journal of Political Science.34, (4), 1119-1141.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111474 (URL)
  • Erber, Ralph, Lau, Richard R.. Political cynicism revisited: An information-processing reconciliation of policy-based and incumbency-based interpretations of changes in trust in government. American Journal of Political Science.348, (1), 236-253.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111517 (URL)
  • Martinez, Michael D., Gant, Michael M.. Partisan issue preferences and partisan change. Political Behavior.12, (3), 243-264.1990.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF00992335 (DOI)
  • Moon, David. What You Use Depends on What You Have: Information Effects on the Determinants of Electoral Choice. American Politics Quarterly.18, (1), 3-24.1990.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X9001800101 (DOI)
  • Zaller, John. Political Awareness, Elite Opinion Leadership, and the Mass Survey Response. Social Cognition.8, 125-153.1990.
    • ID: 10.1521/soco.1990.8.1.125 (DOI)
  • Entman, Robert M.. How the media affect what people think: An information processing approach. Journal of Politics.51, (2), 347-370.1989.
  • Inglehart, Ronald. Culture Shift in Advanced Industrial Society. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 1989.
  • Lau, Richard R.. Construct accessibility and electoral choice. Political Behavior.11, (1), 5-32.1989.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF00993365 (DOI)
  • Leighley, Jan E.. Social Interaction as a Stimulus of Political Participation. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1989.
  • Lockerbie, Brad. Change in Party Identification: The Role of Prospective Economic Evalutions. American Politics Quarterly.17, (3), 291-311.1989.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X8901700304 (DOI)
  • Wilcox, Clyde. Risk taking and presidential voting: Gambling on McGovern and Carter. Journal of Social Psychology.129, (2), 161-168.1989.
    • ID: 10.1080/00224545.1989.9711717 (DOI)
  • Asher, Herbert B.. Presidential Elections and American Politics: Voters, Candidates and Campaigns since 1952. 4th ed.. Chicago, IL: Dorsey Press. 1988.
  • Granberg, Donald, Holmberg, Soren. The Political System Matters: Social Psychology and Voting Behavior in Sweden and the United States. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 1988.
  • Kessel, John H.. Presidential Campaign Politics: Coalition Strategies and Citizen Response, 3rd ed.. Chicago, IL: Dorsey Press. 1988.
  • Krassa, Michael A.. Context and the Canvass: The Mechanisms of Interaction. Political Behavior.10, 233-246.1988.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF00990553 (DOI)
  • Leighley, Jan Elizabeth. The Structure and Consequences of Individual Political Involvement. Dissertation, Washington University. 1988.
  • Martinez, Michael D.. Political involvement and the projection process. Political Behavior.10, (2), 151-167.1988.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF00991411 (DOI)
  • England, David Emory. Reconceptualization of the Nature of Mass Belief Systems. Dissertation, University of Georgia. 1987.
  • Keeter, Scott. The Illusion of Intimacy: Television and the Role of Candidate Personal Qualities in Voter Choice. Public Opinion Quarterly.51, (3), 344-358.1987.
    • ID: 10.1086/269040 (DOI)
  • Kiecolt, K. Jill. Group Consciousness and the Attribution of Blame for National Economic Programs. American Politics Research.15, (2), 203-222.1987.
    • ID: 10.1177/004478087015002001 (DOI)
  • Koch, Jeffrey W.. Electoral Context and Political Preference: A Perspective from Reference Group Theory . annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1987.
  • Talhami, Abdul Razzaq A.. Political Efficacy: Conceptual and Methodological Problems. Dissertation, University of Cincinnati. 1987.
  • Weatherford, M. Stephen. How Does Government Performance Influence Political Support?. Political Behavior .9, 5-28.1987.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF00987276 (DOI)
  • Wyckoff, Mikel L.. Issues of measuring ideological sophistication: Level of conceptualization, attitudinal consistency, and attitudinal stability. Political Behavior.9, (3), 193-224.1987.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF00988612 (DOI)
  • Wyckoff, Mikel L.. Measures of attitudinal consistency as indicators of ideological sophistication: A reliability and validity assessment. Journal of Politics.49, (1), 148-168.1987.
  • Brody, Charles J.. Things Are Rarely Black and White: Admitting Gray Into the Converse Model of Attitude Stability. American Journal of Sociology.92, (3), 657-677.1986.
    • ID: 10.1086/228545 (DOI)
  • Dawson, Michael. Race and Class in the Formation of Afro-American Political Attitudes: 1972-1983. Dissertation, Harvard University. 1986.
  • Erber, Ralph, Lau, Richard R.. Political Cynicism Revisited: The Role of Political Schemata in the Decline of Trust in Government. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 1986.
  • Moon, Charles David, III. The effect of information differences on the determinants of electoral choice (voting, spatial theory, political psychology). Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin. 1986.
  • Moon, David C.. The Effect of Information Differences on the Determinants of Electoral Choice. Dissertation, The University of Texas, Austin. 1986.
  • Neuman, W. Russell. The Paradox of Mass Politics: Knowledge and Opinion in the American Electorate. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 1986.
  • Parker, Suzanne L.. The Dynamics of Changing System Support in the United States 1964-1980. Dissertation, Florida State University. 1986.
  • Andersen, Kristi, Cook, Elizabeth A.. Women, work, and political attitudes. American Journal of Political Science.29, (3), 606-625.1985.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111145 (URL)
  • Converse, Philip E., Pierce, Roy. Measuring Partisanship. Political Methodology.4, 143-166.1985.
  • Conway, M. Margaret, Uslaner, Eric M.. Party Identification: Change and Responsiveness. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1985.
  • Cover, Albert D.. Surge and Decline in Congressional Elections. Western Political Quarterly.38, (4), 606-619.1985.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/448615 (URL)
  • Finkel, Steven E.. Reciprocal effects of participation and political efficacy: A panel analysis. American Journal of Political Science.29, (4), 891-913.1985.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111186 (URL)
  • Gurin, Patricia. Women's gender consciousness. Public Opinion Quarterly.49, (2), 143-163.1985.
    • ID: 10.1086/268911 (DOI)
  • Lau, Richard R.. Changing Perspectives on Political Thinking. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 1985.
  • Martinez, Michael D.. Issue Voting, Projection, and Persuasion: Who Does What?. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 1985.
  • Martinez, Michael D.. Issues and Candidate Evaluations Across Different Levels of Political Involvement. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1985.
  • Norpoth, Helmut, Lodge, Milton. The Difference between Attitudes and Nonattitudes in the Mass Public: Just Measurements. American Journal of Political Science.29, (2), 291-307.1985.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111168 (URL)
  • Uslaner, Eric M., Conway, M. Margaret. The responsible congressional electorate: Watergate, the economy, and vote choice in 1974. American Political Science Review.79, (3), 788-803.1985.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1956844 (URL)
  • Wyckoff, Mikel L.. Assessing Belief System Change and Measurement Reliability Using Three Traditional Indicators of Ideological Sophistication: A LISREL Analysis of the 1972-74-76 CPS American National Election Panel. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 1985.
  • Cassel, Carol A.. Issues in Measurement: The 'Levels of Conceptualization' Index of Ideological Sophistication. American Journal of Political Science.28, (2), 418-429.1984.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2110880 (URL)
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  • LeDuc, Lawrence, Clarke, Harold D., Jenson, Jane, Pammett, Jon H.. Partisan instability in Canada: Evidence from a new panel study. American Political Science Review.78, (2), 470-484.1984.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1963376 (URL)
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  • Rolenhagen, Rick E.. Age-related changing levels of voting turnout across time. Gerontologist.24, (2), 205-207.1984.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/24.2.205 (DOI)
  • Smidt, Corwin. Partisan Affections and Change in Partisan Self-Images. American Politics Quarterly.12, (3), 267-283.1984.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X8401200301 (DOI)
  • Zaller, John. Toward a Theory of the Survey Response. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 1984.
  • Boyd, William A.. Electoral Change in America: Measuring Swing with Recall Questions. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1983.
  • Boyd, William A.. Electoral Change in America: Measuring Swing with Recall Questions. Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1983.
  • Cover, Albert D.. Surge and Decline Revisited. Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1983.
  • Feldman, Stanley, Conover, Pamela Johnston. Candidates, issues, and voters: The role of inference in political perception. Journal of Politics.45, (4), 810-839.1983.
  • Franklin, Charles H., Jackson, John E.. The dynamics of party identification. American Political Science Review.77, (4), 957-973.1983.
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  • Hyman, Herbert H.. Of Time and Widowhood: Nationwide Studies of Enduring Effects. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. 1983.
  • Jacobson, Gary C., Kernell, Samuel H.. Strategy and Choice in Congressional Elections. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 1983.
  • Keith, Bruce E., Magleby, David B., Nelson, Cice J., Orr, Elizabeth, Westlye, Mark C., Wolfinger, Raymond E.. Further Evidence on the Partisan Affinities of Independent 'Leaners'. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1983.
  • Keith, Bruce E., Magleby, David B., Nelson, Cice J., Orr, Elizabeth, Westlye, Mark C., Wolfinger, Raymond E.. Further Evidence on the Partisan Affinities of independent Leaners. Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1983.
  • MacKuen, Michael B.. Broadcast and Contextual Cues for Partisan Voting. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1983.
  • Markus, Gregory B.. Dynamic Modeling of Cohort Change: The Case of Political Partisanship. American Journal of Political Science.27, (4), 717-739.1983.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2110890 (URL)
  • Ostrom, Charles W., Jr., Simon, Dennis M.. The Importance of Presidential Popularity in the Perpetual Election: A Reexamination and Reorientation of the Conventional Wisdom. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1983.
  • Ostrom, Charles W., Jr., Simon, Dennis M.. The Importance of Presidential Popularity in the Perpetual Election: A Reexamination and Reorientation of the Conventional Wisdom. Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1983.
  • Stockton, Ronald R., Wayman, Frank W.. A Time of Tumoil: Values and Voting in the 1970's. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press. 1983.
  • Taylor, Marylee C.. The Black-and-White Model of Attitude Stability: A Latent Class Examination of Opinion and Nonopinion in the American Public. American Journal of Sociology.89, (2), 373-401.1983.
    • ID: 10.1086/227870 (DOI)
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  • Handberg, Roger, Maddox, William S.. Public Support for the Supreme Court in the 1970's. American Politics Quarterly.10, 333-346.1982.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X8201000304 (DOI)
  • McDonald, Michael D., Howell, Susan E.. Reconsidering the reconceptualizations of party identification. Political Methodology.8, (4), 73-91.1982.
  • McIver, John P.. Unemployment and partisanship: A second opinion. American Politics Quarterly.10, (4), 439-451.1982.
    • ID: 10.1177/004478082010004003 (DOI)
  • Norrander, Barbara. Mass Behavior in Presidential Primaries: Individual and Structural Determinants. Dissertation, Ohio State University. 1982.
  • Rollenhagen, Rick Eugene. Testing Disengagement Theory as an Explanation of Political Inactivity. Dissertation, Michigan State University. 1982.
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  • Bann, Charles A.. Black Citizenship in America. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley. 1980.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

University of Michigan. Center for Political Studies (1984): American National Election Series: 1972, 1974, 1976. Version 2. American National Election Study (ANES) Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07607.v2