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National Jail Census, 1970

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Jail Census Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
census data; correctional facilities; correctional system; corrections management; demographic characteristics; inmate populations; inmates; jail inmates; jails
  • Abstract

    This census provides information on county and municipal jails facilities in the United States and their administration. For all jails, the data include number of prisoners and their reason for being held, age and sex of prisoners, maximum sentence that could be served in the facility, facility capacity and age, types of security available, and operating expenditures. For jails in counties and municipalities with populations of 25,000 or more, data are supplied on quarterly jail population, age of cells, and availability of service facilities and programs for inmates.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Data File
Temporal Coverage
  • 1969 / 1970
    Time period: 1969--1970
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All locally administered county and municipal jails in the United States with authority to hold prisoners for more than 48 hours.
Collection Mode
  • The data collection instrument is available only in hardcopy form upon request from ICPSR.

2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1996-11-21 SAS and SPSS data definition statements for the logical record length version of the data have been added to this collection, and the codebook was reformatted to reinstate truncated lines. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7641 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07641.v2
  • Frase, Richard S.. Jails. The Handbook of Crime and Punishment.New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 1998.
  • Marvell, Thomas B., Moody, Carlisle E., Jr.. Prison population growth and crime reduction. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.10, (2), 109-140.1994.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02221155 (DOI)
  • Moynahan, James M., Stewart, Earle K.. The American Jail, Its Development and Growth. Chicago, IL: Nelson-Hall Publishers. 1980.
  • Sarri, Rosemary C.. Under Lock and Key: Juveniles in Jails and Detention. NCJ 143432, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, National Assessment of Juvenile Corrections. 1974.
    • ID: (URL)
  • (author unknown). Local Jails: A Report Presenting Data for Individual County and City Jails from the 1970 National Jail Census. Washington, DC: United States National Criminal Justice Information and Statistics Service. 1973.
  • Lunden, Walter A.. The American jail. Police (UK).16, (6), 6-10.1972.
  • (author unknown). National Jail Census 1970: A Report on the Nation's Jails and Type of Inmates. Washington, DC: United States Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 1971.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1984): National Jail Census, 1970. Version 1. National Jail Census Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.