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National Jail Census, 1978

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : census/enumeration data
Creator
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Jail Census Series
Publication Date
1984-03-18
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
census data; correctional facilities; correctional system; corrections management; demographic characteristics; inmate populations; inmates; jail inmates; jails
Description
  • Abstract

    The National Jail Census was conducted in early 1978 by the United States Census Bureau for the Bureau of Justice Statistics. The census was taken of all locally administered county and municipal jails with the authority to hold prisoners for more than 48 hours. Data are presented for jails in 45 states. Excluded are Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Information includes jail population by legal status, age and sex of prisoners, maximum sentence, admissions and releases, available services, structure and capacity, expenditure, and employment.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1978
  • Collection date: 1978-02
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All locally administered county and municipal jails in the United States with authority to hold prisoners for more than 48 hours.
Collection Mode
  • The data collection instrument is available only in hardcopy form upon request from ICPSR.

Note
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1997-02-13 SAS data definition statements have been added to this collection, and the SPSS data definition statements were updated. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7737 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07737.v3
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07737.v1
Publications
  • Liska, Allen E., Markowitz, Fred E., Whaley, Rachel Bridges, Bellair, Paul. Modeling the relationship between the criminal justice and mental health systems. American Journal of Sociology.104, (6), 1744-1775.1999.
    • ID: 10.1086/210222 (DOI)
  • Welsh, Wayne N.. Counties in Court: Jail Overcrowding and Court-Ordered Reform. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press. 1995.
  • Marvell, Thomas B., Moody, Carlisle E., Jr.. Prison population growth and crime reduction. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.10, (2), 109-140.1994.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02221155 (DOI)
  • Steketee, Martha Wade, Willis, Deborah Alice, Schwartz, Ira M.. Juvenile Justice Trends, 1977-1987. NCJ 123216, Ann Arbor, MI: Center for the Study of Youth Policy, University of Michigan. 1989.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Photocopy/123216NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Winfree, L. Thomas, Jr.. Toward understanding state-level jail mortality: Correlates of death by suicide and by natural causes, 1977 and 1982. Justice Quarterly.4, (1), 51-71.1987.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418828700089191 (DOI)
  • Winfree, L. Thomas. American Jail Death Rates: A Comparison of the 1978 and 1983 National Jail Census Data. . 1985.
  • American Justice Institute. Measurement and Analysis of Jail Populations. NCJ 104602, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice. 1984.
  • (author unknown). Data for Individual Jails in the North Central Region. Census of Jails 1978, Volume II.Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1981.
  • (author unknown). Data for Individual Jails in the Northeast. Census of Jails 1978, Volume I.Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1981.
  • (author unknown). Data for Individual Jails in the South. Census of Jails 1978, Volume III.Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1981.
  • (author unknown). Data for Individual Jails in the West. Census of Jails 1978, Volume IV.Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1981.
  • Bureau of Justice Statistics. Census of Jails, 1978. Vol. I Data for Individual Jails in Northeast.NCJ 72279, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1981.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cj78-vol1.pdf (URL)
  • Winfree, L.T.. Dying in Jail - The Search for Contemporary Images of an 'American Tragedy'. NCJ 101585, . .

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1984): National Jail Census, 1978. Version 2. National Jail Census Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07737.v2