My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

Roster of United States Congressional Officeholders and Biographical Characteristics of Members of the United States Congress, 1789-1996: Merged Data

Resource Type
Dataset : biographical data
  • McKibbin, Carroll
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • United States Congressional Biographical Data Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service
Free Keywords
biographical data; career history; eighteenth century; historical data; legislative bodies; legislators; nineteenth century; political elites; public officials; twentieth century; United States Congress; United States House of Representatives; United States Senate
  • Abstract

    This dataset contains variables describing congressional service and selected biographical characteristics for each person who has served in the United States Congress. This release of the data includes members of the 104th Congress. Approximately 11,455 individuals are represented in this file, each identified by a unique five-digit identification number. A data record exists for every Congress in which an individual served, as well as for each chamber in which a person may have served in a given Congress. To illustrate, a member of the House of Representatives who is appointed to fill a vacancy in the Senate during a term of service will have two data records for that Congress. The congressional service variables include political party affiliation, district, state and region represented, and exact and cumulative dates of service in each Congress and each chamber, as well as total congressional service. The biographical variables cover state and region of birth, education, military service, occupation, other political offices held, relatives who also have held congressional office, reason for leaving each Congress, and occupation and political offices held subsequent to service in Congress. Many of these specific variables are summarized in a collapsed variable.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1789-03-04 / 1996-11-27
    Time period: 1789-03-04--1996-11-27
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All persons who have served in the United States Congress from 1789 to November 27, 1996.
Collection Mode
  • (1) This dataset was originally constructed from two separate datasets, the ROSTER OF UNITED STATES CONGRESSIONAL OFFICEHOLDERS, 1789-1978, collected by ICPSR, and Carroll McKibbin's BIOGRAPHICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MEMBERS OF THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS, 1789-1978. Since 1979, the Consortium staff has prepared and maintained the combined file. (2) The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided [in the README file on the diskette version of this study and] through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

1997-07-29 Data for the period June 16, 1993, through November 27, 1996, have been added to the collection, and the machine-readable documentation is now available as a PDF file. Funding insitution(s): Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7803 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07803.v1
  • Bailey, Martha J., Duquette, Nicolas J.. How Johnson fought the war on poverty: The economics and politics of funding at the office of economic opportunity. Research Paper.11/22/2013, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan. 2013.
  • Bó, Ernesto Dal, Bó, Pedro Dal, Snyder, Jason. Political dynasties. Review of Economic Studies.76, (1), 115-142.2009.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-937X.2008.00519.x (DOI)
  • Murakami, Michael H.. Minority status, ideology, or opportunity: Explaining the greater retirement of house Republicans. Legislative Studies Quarterly.34, (2), 219-244.2009.
    • ID: 10.3162/036298009788314291 (DOI)
  • Lee, David S., Moretti, Enrico, Butler, Matthew J.. Do voters affect or elect policies? Evidence from the U.S. House. Quarterly Journal of Economics.119, (3), 807-859.2004.
  • Snyder, James M. Jr., Ting, Michael M.. Roll calls, party labels, and elections. Political Analysis.11, (4), 419-444.2003.
  • Solowiej, Lisa, Brunell, Thomas L.. The Entrance of Women to the U.S. Congress: The Widow Effect. Political Research Quarterly.56, (3), 283-292.2003.
  • Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M., Jones, Bradford S.. Time is of the essence: Event history models in political science. American Journal of Political Science.41, (4), 1414-1461.1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Crook, Sara Brandes, Hibbing, John R.. A not-so-distant mirror: the 17th Amendment and congressional change. American Political Science Review.91, (4), 845-853.1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gilmour, John B., Rothstein, Paul. A dynamic model of loss, retirement, and tenure in the U.S. House of Representatives. Journal of Politics.58, (1), 54-68.1996.
  • Katz, Jonathan N., Sala, Brian R.. Careerism, committee assignments, and the electoral connection. American Political Science Review.90, (1), 21 -1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Maltzman, Forrest, Sigelman, Lee, Binder, Sarah. Leaving Office Feet First: Death in Congress. PS, Political Science and Politics.29, (4), 665-671.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Regens, James L., Gaddie, Ronald Keith, Lockerbie, Brad. The Electoral Consequences of Voting to Declare War. Journal of Conflict Resolution.39, (1), 168-182.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022002795039001007 (DOI)
  • Nye, Mary Alice. Party Support in the House of Representatives: Generational Replacement, Seniority, or Member Conversion?. American Politics Quarterly.22, (2), 175-189.1994.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X9402200203 (DOI)
  • Gilmour, John B., Rothstein, Paul. Early Republican retirement: a cause of democratic dominance in the House of Representatives. Legislative Studies Quarterly.18, (3), 345-365.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Allen, Howard W., Slagter, Robert. Congress in Crisis: Changes in Personnel and the Legislative Agenda in the U.S. Congress in the 1890s. Social Science History.16, (3), 401-420.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Canon, David T., Sousa, David J.. Party system change and political career structures in the U.S. Congress. Legislative Studies Quarterly.17, (3), 347-363.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • (author unknown). Reelection Rates of House Incumbents. Congressional Record House.58; 135 Cong Rec H 1, . 1989.
  • Austin, Erik W.. Political Facts of the United States Since 1789. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. 1986.
  • Wilson, Rick K.. An Empirical Test of Preferences for the Political Pork Barrel: District Level Appropriations for River and Harbor Legislation, 1889-1913. American Journal of Political Science.30, (4), 729-754.1986.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Brace, Paul. A probabilistic approach to retirement from the U.S. Congress. Legislative Studies Quarterly.10, (1), 107-123.1985.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Brace, Paul. Progressive ambition in the House: A probabilistic approach. Journal of Politics.46, (2), 556-571.1984.
  • Brookshire, Robert G., Duncan, Dean F., III. Congressional Career Patterns and Party Systems. Legislative Studies Quarterly.8, (1), 65-78.1983.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

McKibbin, Carroll; Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (1984): Roster of United States Congressional Officeholders and Biographical Characteristics of Members of the United States Congress, 1789-1996: Merged Data. Version 2. United States Congressional Biographical Data Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.