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Health Interview Survey, 1970

Resource Type
Dataset : clinical data, survey data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Health Interview Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
chronic disabilities; chronic illnesses; disabilities; doctor visits; families; health; health care; health care services; health problems; hospitalization; household composition; illness
  • Abstract

    The purpose of the Health Interview Survey is to obtain information about the amount and distribution of illness, its effects in terms of disability and chronic impairments, and the kinds of health services people receive. There are five types of records in this core survey, each in a separate data file. The variables in the Household file (Part 1) include type of living quarters, size of family, number of families in the household, presence of a telephone, number of unrelated individuals, and region. The Person file (Part 2) includes information on sex, age, race, marital status, Hispanic origin, education, veteran status, family income, family size, major activities, health status, activity limits, employment status, and industry and occupation. These variables are found in the Condition, Doctor Visit, and Hospital Episode files as well. The Person file also supplies data on height, weight, bed days, doctor visits, hospital stays, years at residence, and region variables. The Condition file (Part 3) contains information for each reported health condition, with specifics on injury and accident reports. The Hospital Episode file (Part 4) provides information on medical conditions, hospital episodes, type of service, type of hospital ownership, date of admission and discharge, number of nights in hospital, and operations performed. The Doctor Visit file (Part 5) documents doctor visits within the time period and identifies acute or chronic conditions. The Health Insurance file (Part 6) includes information on education level, family income, hospital visits and length of stay, and also data on medical coverage, hospital coverage, medicare coverage, and doctor visit coverage. The Medical Care Cost file (Part 7) includes information on hospital bill expenses, doctor and dental bill expenses, optical bill expenses, and total personal and family expenses. The X-Ray file (Part 8) includes information on x-ray records, doctor visits, height, weight, and total medical x-ray visits.
  • Methods

    These data contain multiple weight variables for each part. Users should refer to the User Guide for further information regarding the weights and their derivation. Additionally, users may need to weight the data prior to analysis.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Household Level
    • DS2: Person Level
    • DS3: Condition Level
    • DS4: Hospital Episode Level
    • DS5: Doctor Visit Level
    • DS6: Health Insurance Level
    • DS7: Medical Care Cost Level
    • DS8: X-Ray Level
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1970
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Civilian noninstitutional population of the United States.
A multistage probability sample was used in selecting housing units.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview

    These data files contain weights, which must be used in any analysis.

    Per agreement with the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), ICPSR distributes the data files and text of the technical documentation for this collection as prepared by NCHS.

2010-09-21 Frequencies and variable labels that were previously incorrect have been corrected.2010-08-25 Updated bookmarks have been added to the Field Representative Manual and the Record Layout Documentation.2010-06-28 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files have been added. Some corresponding documentation has been updated and pre-existing data files have been replaced.2006-01-18 File CB7838.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7838 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07838.v2
  • Cutler, David M., Sheiner, Louise. Demographics and Medical Care Spending: Standard and Non-Standard Effects. NBER Working Paper Series.6866, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rosenbaum, Wilfred L., Sterling, Theodor D.., Weinkam, James J.. Use of multiple surveys to estimate mortality among never, current, and former smokers: Changes over a 20-year interval. American Journal of Public Health.88, (11), 1664-1668.1998.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.88.11.1664 (DOI)
  • Waidmann, Timothy, Bound, John, Schoenbaum, Michael. The illusion of failure: Trends in self-reported health in the U.S. elderly. Milbank Quarterly.73, (2), 253-287.1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Giovino, Gary A., Schooley, Michael W., Zhu, Bao-Ping, Crimson, Jeffrey H., Tomar, Scott L., Peddicord, John P., Merritt, Robert K., Husten, Corinne G., Eriksen, Michael P.. Surveillance for Selected Tobacco-Use Behaviors--United States, 1900-1994. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.43, (SS-3), 1-43.1994.
  • Pierce, John P., Lee, Lora, Gilpin, Elizabeth A.. Smoking initiation by adolescent girls, 1944 through 1988. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.271, (8), 608 -1994.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.271.8.608 (DOI)
  • Yelin, Edward H., Katz, Patricia P.. Labor force trends of persons with and without disabilities. Monthly Labor Review.117, (10), 36-42.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Wasserman, Jeffrey, Manning, Willard G., Newhouse, Joseph P., Winkler, John D.. The effects of excise taxes and regulations on cigarette smoking. Journal of Health Economics.10, (1), 43-64.1991.
    • ID: 10.1016/0167-6296(91)90016-G (DOI)
  • Crimmins, Eileen M., Saito, Yasuhiko, Ingegneri, Dominique. Changes in Life Expectancy and Disability-Free Life Expectancy in the United States. Population and Development Review.15, (2), 235-267.1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Weinkam, J.J., Rosenbaum, W., Sterling, T.D.. Smoking and hospital utilization. Social Science and Medicine.24, (11), 983-986.1987.
  • Ycas, Martynas A.. Recent trends in health near the age of retirement: new findings from the health interview survey. Social Security Bulletin.50, (2), 5-30.1987.
  • Cromwell, Jerry, Mitchell, Janet B.. Physician-induced demand for surgery. Journal of Health Economics.5, (4), 293-313.1986.
    • ID: 10.1016/0167-6296(86)90006-8 (DOI)
  • Colvez, Alain, Blanchet, Madeleine. Disability trends in the United States population 1966-76: Analysis of reported causes. American Journal of Public Health.71, (5), 464-471.1981.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.71.5.464 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics (1984): Health Interview Survey, 1970. Version 1. National Health Interview Survey Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.