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Census of State Adult Correctional Facilities, 1979

Resource Type
Dataset : census/enumeration data
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
correctional facilities; correctional facilities (adults); corrections; corrections management; inmate classification; inmate deaths; inmate populations; inmate programs; inmates; jails; personnel; prison administration; prison conditions; prison construction; prison overcrowding; prison violence
  • Abstract

    This census, designed by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and conducted by the United States Census Bureau, includes all state correctional facilities known to the Census Bureau in 1979. Each facility is classified into one of ten categories such as community center, prison farm, road camp, or reception center. Data for 1979 include number of inmates by security classification and by sex, number of full- and part-time staff, number of paid and volunteer staff broken down by position, age, pay, and education, number and age of facilities, type of facilities provided in each cell by size of cell, hospital facilities available, programs provided for the inmates, job training, and inmate IQ scores.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1979
  • Collection date: 1979
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
State adult correctional facilities in 1979 in the United States.
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1997-02-13 SAS data definition statements are now available for this collection and the SPSS data definition statements have been updated. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7852 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07852.v2
  • Phelps, Michelle S.. The place of punishment: Variation in the provision of inmate services staff across the punitive turn. Journal of Criminal Justice.40, (5), 348-357.2012.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2012.06.012 (DOI)
  • Phelps, Michelle S.. Rehabilitation in the punitive era: The gap between rhetoric and reality in U.S. prison programs. Law and Society Review.45, (1), 33-68.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-5893.2011.00427.x (DOI)
  • Richards, Nicole. Detailing Changes in State Prisons, 1974-2000, and Explaining Social Unrest as a Function of Social Structure, Institutional Characteristics, and Political Context. Dissertation, Pennsylvania State University. 2007.
  • Maggard, Scott R.. Structural Correlates of Race-Specific Drug Sales Arrests Over Time: Arrest Trajectories from 1980-2001. Dissertation, University of Florida. 2006.
  • Maggard, Scott R., Parker, Karen F.. Structural Theories and Race-Specific Drug Arrests: What Structural Factors Account for the Rise in Race-Specific Drug Arrests Over Time?. Crime and Delinquency.51, (4), 521-547.2005.
  • Parker, Karen F.. Industrial Shift, Polarized Labor Markets and Urban Violence: Modeling the Dynamics Betweenthe Economic Transformation and Disaggregated Homicide. Criminology.42, (3), 619-645.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2004.tb00531.x (DOI)
  • Parker, Karen. Gender, Economic Transformation and Urban Health. NCJ 198659, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2002.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Parker, Karen F.. A move toward specificity: Examining urban disadvantage and race- and relationship-specific homicide rates. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.17, (1), 89-110.2001.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1007578516197 (DOI)
  • Ruback, R. Barry, Innes, Christopher A.. The relevance and irrelevance of psychological research: The example of prison crowding. American Psychologist.43, (9), 683-693.1988.
  • Mullen, Joan. Prison crowding and the evolution of public policy. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.478, (1), 31-46.1985.
    • ID: 10.1177/0002716285478001004 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1984): Census of State Adult Correctional Facilities, 1979. Version 1. Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.