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National Supported Work Evaluation Study, 1975-1979: Public Use Files

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, survey data
Creator
  • Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1984-05-10
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Law Enforcement Assistance Administration
  • United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Office of Planning and Evaluation
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
  • United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. Office of Policy Development and Research
  • United States Department of Labor. Employment and Training Administration
  • United States Community Services Administration. Office of Community Action
  • United States Department of Commerce. Economic Development Administration
  • Ford Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
criminal justice system; deviance; drug law offenses; economic behavior; employment; government programs; job history; labor force; occupations; public assistance programs; quality of life; social attitudes; social behavior; social indicators; unemployment; work environment; workers
Description
  • Abstract

    This study is an evaluation of the National Supported Work Demonstration project, a transitional, subsidized work experience program for four target groups of people with longstanding employment problems: ex-offenders, former drug addicts, women who were long-term recipients of welfare benefits, and school dropouts, many with criminal records. The program provided up to 12-18 months of employment to about 10,000 individuals at 15 locations across the country for four years. In ten of these sites -- Atlanta, Chicago, Hartford, Jersey City, Newark, New York, Philadelphia, Oakland, San Francisco, and Wisconsin, 6,600 eligible applicants were randomly assigned either to experimental groups (offered a job in supported work) or to control groups, and an evaluation was conducted on the effects of the Supported Work Program. At the time of enrollment, each respondent was given a retrospective baseline interview, generally covering the previous two years, followed by up to four follow-up interviews scheduled at nine-month intervals. Two public use files were originally distributed for this data collection: Supported Work Employment and Earnings File, and Supported Work Deviant Behavior File. Each file contained data for up to five interviews, a cross-document dataset and an Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) recipients follow-up. The Employment and Earnings File contains data from all interview modules except the drug and crime sections, and the Deviant Behavior File contains all variables on the Employment and Earnings File as well as additional information on drugs and crime. Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) recipients were further asked about children in school and welfare participation, while all non-AFDC respondents were questioned about any extralegal activities. Demographic items specify age, sex, race, marital status, education, number of children, employment history, job search, job training, mobility, household income, welfare assistance, housing, military discharge status, and drug use. Each respondent has up to six logical, fixed-length records, with each record corresponding to a completed interview (up to five) and one additional short "cross-document" record. A User's Guide describing the collection and its components is available and should be read before the collection or any part of it is ordered.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Supported Work Employment and Earnings File: Baseline Interview
    • DS2: Supported Work Employment and Earnings File: Cross Document Variables
    • DS3: Supported Work Employment and Earnings File: Nine Month Interview
    • DS4: Supported Work Employment and Earnings File: Eighteen Month Interview
    • DS5: Supported Work Employment and Earnings File: Twenty-Seven Month Interview
    • DS6: Supported Work Employment and Earnings File: Thirty-Six Month Interview
    • DS7: Supported Work Employment and Earnings File: AFDC Resurvey Interview
    • DS8: Supported Work Deviant Behavior File: Baseline Interview
    • DS9: Supported Work Deviant Behavior File: Cross Document
    • DS10: Supported Work Deviant Behavior File: Nine Month Interview
    • DS11: Supported Work Deviant Behavior File: Eighteen Month Interview
    • DS12: Supported Work Deviant Behavior File: Twenty-Seven Month Interview
    • DS13: Supported Work Deviant Behavior File: Thirty-Six Month Interview
    • DS14: Supported Work Deviant Behavior File: AFDC Resurvey Interview
Temporal Coverage
  • 1975 / 1979
    Time period: 1975--1979
Geographic Coverage
  • Atlanta
  • California
  • Chicago
  • Connecticut
  • Georgia
  • Hartford
  • Illinois
  • New Jersey
  • New York (state)
  • New York City
  • Oakland
  • Pennsylvania
  • Philadelphia
  • United States
  • Wisconsin
Sampling
Eligible ex-offenders, former drug addicts, women who were long-term recipients of welfare benefits, and school dropouts, in Atlanta, Chicago, Hartford, Jersey City, Newark, New York, Philadelphia, Oakland, San Francisco, and Wisconsin, in the period 1975-1979.
Collection Mode
  • Producers: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., Princeton, NJ; University of Wisconsin, Institute for Research on Poverty, Madison, WI; Social and Scientific Systems, Inc., Washington, DC.

Note
2009-02-02 Seven datasets were extracted from each of the two original EBCDIC files -- a baseline interview, cross-document variables, 9, 18, 27, and 36 month interval interviews, and an AFDC follow-up.2006-01-18 File UG7865.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Office of Planning and Evaluation. United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse. United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. Office of Policy Development and Research. United States Department of Labor. Employment and Training Administration (33-36-76-01, 30-36-75-01, and 30-34-75-02). United States Community Services Administration. Office of Community Action. United States Department of Commerce. Economic Development Administration. Ford Foundation.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7865 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07865.v2
Publications
  • Uggen, Christopher, Wakefield, Sara. What have we learned from longitudinal studies of work and employment?. The Long View of Crime: A Synthesis of Longitudinal Research.New York, NY: Springer. 2008.
  • Zhao, Zhong. Two Essays in Social Program Evaluation. Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University. 2002.
  • Laub, John H., Sampson, Robert J.. Understanding desistance from crime. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 2001.
  • Uggen, Christopher. Work as a turning point in the life course of criminals: A duration model of age, employment and recidivism. American Sociological Review.65, (4), 529-546.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2657381 (URL)
  • Uggen, Christopher, Thompson, Melissa. Careers in Crime and Substance Use: Final Report. Minneapolis, MN: Department of Sociology, University of Minnesota. 2000.
  • Uggen, Christopher. Ex-offenders and the conformist alternative: A job quality model of work and crime. Social Problems.46, (1), 127-151.1999.
    • ID: 10.1525/sp.1999.46.1.03x0245k (DOI)
  • Dehejia, Rajeev H., Wahba, Sadek. Propensity Score Matching Methods for Non-Experimental Causal Studies. NBER Working Paper Series.6829, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1998.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w6829.pdf (URL)
  • Uggen, Christopher, Kruttschnitt, Candace. Crime in the breaking: Gender differences in desistance. Law and Society Review.32, (2), 339-366.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/827766 (URL)
  • Matsueda, Ross L., Gartner, Rosemary, Piliavin, Irving, et al. The prestige of criminal and conventional occupations: A subcultural model of criminal activity. American Sociological Review.57, (6), 752-770.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2096121 (URL)
  • Fraker, Thomas, Maynard, Rebecca. The adequacy of comparison group designs for evaluations of employment-related programs. Journal of Human Resources.22, (2), 194 -1987.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/145902 (URL)
  • LaLonde, Robert J.. Evaluating the Econometric Evaluations of Training Programs with Experimental Data. American Economic Review.76, (4), 604-620.1986.
  • Hollister, Robinson, Kemper, Peter, Maynard, Rebecca A.. The National Supported Work Demonstration. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press. 1984.
  • Wilkins, Allen J.. The Economics of Heroin Addiction and Criminal Activity. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison. 1984.
  • Dickinson, Katherine P.. Supported work for ex-addicts: An exploration of endogenous tastes. Journal of Human Resources.16, (4), 551-599.1981.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/145237 (URL)
  • Dickinson, Katherine, Maynard, Rebecca. The Impact of Supported Work on Ex-Addicts. Supported Work Evaluation.4, New York, NY: Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation. 1981.
  • Masters, Stanley. The effects of supported work on the earnings and transfer payments of its AFDC target group. Journal of Human Resources.16, (4), 600-636.1981.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/145238 (URL)
  • Piliavin, Irving, Gartner, Rosemary. The Impact of Supported Work on Ex-Offenders. Supported Work Evaluation.2, New York, NY: Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation. 1981.
  • (author unknown). Summary of Findings of the National Supported Work Demonstration. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing. 1980.
  • Maynard, Rebecca. The Impact of Supported Work on Young School Dropouts. Supported Work Evaluation.New York, NY: Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation. 1980.
  • Maynard, Rebecca. The National Supported Work Demonstration: Effects of the First 18 Months After Enrollment. New York, NY: Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation. 1979.
  • Piliavin, Irving, Gartner, Rosemary. Assumptions and Achievements of Manpower Programs for Offenders: Implications for Supported Work. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin. 1979.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation (1984): National Supported Work Evaluation Study, 1975-1979: Public Use Files. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07865.v1