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Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of the Lifestyles and Values of Youth, 1976

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Bachman, Jerald G. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Monitoring the Future (MTF) Series
Publication Date
1984-03-18
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
Language
English
Free Keywords
alcohol; attitudes; demographic characteristics; drug use; family life; high school students; life plans; lifestyles; religious attitudes; social behavior; social change; tobacco use; values; youths
Description
  • Abstract

    This is the second annual survey in this series that explores changes in important values, behaviors, and lifestyle orientations of contemporary American youth. The students are randomly assigned one of five questionnaires, each with a different subset of topical questions, but all containing a set of "core" questions on demographics and drug use. There are about 1,300 variables across the questionnaires. Full details on the research design and procedures, sampling methodology, content areas, and questionnaire design, as well as percentage distributions by respondent's sex, race, region, college plans, and drug use, appear in the annual Institute for Social Research volumes MONITORING THE FUTURE: QUESTIONNAIRE RESPONSES FROM THE NATION'S HIGH SCHOOL SENIORS.
  • Methods

    Each of the six parts contains a weight variable, V5. They were originally varied by school but were modified to protect respondent confidentiality. Users should use the weight variable for all analyses, the results of which will differ slightly from published data tables that used original data.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The participation rate among schools has been between 66 and 80 percent since the inception of the study. The overall student response rate for 1976 was 77 percent.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Form 1 Questionnaire
    • DS2: Form 2 Questionnaire
    • DS3: Form 3 Questionnaire
    • DS4: Form 4 Questionnaire
    • DS5: Form 5 Questionnaire
    • DS6: Core Variables
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1976
  • Collection date: 1976
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
High school seniors in the contiguous United States.
Sampling
Multistage area probability sample design involving three selection stages: (1) geographic areas or primary sampling units (PSUs), (2) schools (or linked groups of schools) within PSUs, and (3) students within sampled schools. Of the 74 PSUs, 12 were selected with certainty and 62 were selected with probability proportionate to size based on the size of the senior class. In schools with more than 400 seniors, a random sample of seniors or classes was drawn. In schools with less than 400 seniors, all seniors were asked to participate. Each school was asked to participate for two years, so that each year one-half of the sample is replaced. Schools refusing participation were replaced with similar schools in terms of geographic location, size, and type of school (e.g., public, private/Catholic, private/non-Catholic).
Collection Mode
  • self-administered questionnaires

    (1) Percentage distributions provided in the codebook were generated using full weights, which are not available on the public use files. Therefore, these results cannot be replicated using the public use files. The differences between results produced using the full weights and those produced using the sampling weights available on the public use files are estimated to be below 1 percent. (2) To protect the confidentiality of respondents, all variables that could be used to identify individuals have been collapsed or recoded on the public use files. These modifications should not affect analytic uses of the public use file.

    MTF does not release detailed geography codes in its public use files because of the disclosure risk it would cause. The MTF sample is drawn to generate representative samples of the four Census Bureau regions of the country (Northeast, Midwest, South, and West), but it does not generate representative samples of smaller geographic areas such as states, counties, or cities. For additional information about data that is withheld from the public use files please contact MTF directly at mtfinformation@umich.edu.

Note
2007-05-25 A change was made in how missing values were assigned to one variable (v151).2006-03-30 File CB7927.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.2004-07-30 Value labels were added to the data definition statements. For Part 1 (Form 1 Questionnaire), the following 22 variables were recoded to correct coding errors: V1227, V1228, V1230, V1232 to V1239, and V1542 to V1552. For Part 3 (Form 3 Questionnaire), the following 14 variables were removed due to undefined codes: V3319 to V3332. Minor changes were made to the codebook.2002-03-08 SAS and SPSS data definition statements are now available for this collection. Value labels are documented in the codebook. OSIRIS data dictionaries, card-image data files, and data map files are no longer distributed with this collection.1998-01-15 The codebook is now available as a PDF file. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 7927 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR07927.v2
Publications
  • Terry-McElrath, Yvonne M., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Trends and timing of cigarette smoking uptake among U.S. young adults: survival analysis using annual national cohorts from 1976-2005. Addiction.2015.
    • ID: 10.1111/add.12926 (DOI)
  • Park, Heejung, Twenge, Jean M., Greenfield, Patricia M.. The Great Recession: Implications for adolescent values and behavior. Social Psychological and Personality Science.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/1948550613495419 (DOI)
  • Tauras, John A., Huang, Jidong, Chaloupka, Frank J.. Differential impact of tobacco control policies on youth sub-populations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.10, (9), 4306-4322.2013.
    • ID: 10.3390/ijerph10094306 (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D.. Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use among US high school seniors from 1976 to 2011: Trends, reasons, and situations. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.05.031 (DOI)
  • Twenge, Jean M., Kasser, Tim. Generational changes in materialism and work centrality, 1976-2007: Associations with temporal changes in societal insecurity and materialistic role modeling. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.39, (7), 883-897.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0146167213484586 (DOI)
  • Dever, B.V., Schulenberg, J.E., Dworkin, J.B., O'Malley, P.M., Kloska, D.D., Bachman, J.G.. Predicting risk-taking with and without substance use: The effects of parental monitoring, school bonding, and sports participation. Prevention Science.13, (6), 605-615.2012.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11121-012-0288-z (DOI)
  • Jager, J., Schulenberg, J.E., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G.. Historical variation in drug use trajectories across the transition to adulthood: The trend toward lower intercepts and steeper, ascending slopes. 25, (2), 527-543.2012.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0954579412001228 (DOI)
  • Johnson, Monica Kirkpatrick, Monserud, Maria A.. Work value development from adolescence to adulthood. Advances in Life Course Research.17, (2), 45-48.2012.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.alcr.2012.02.002 (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2011: Volume I, Secondary School Students. 2012.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/mtf-vol1_2011.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Illicit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2011. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 77.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2012.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/mtf-occ77.pdf (URL)
  • Keyes, K.M., Schulenberg, J.E., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D., Bachman, J.G., Li, G., Hasin, D.. Birth cohort effects on adolescent alcohol use: The influence of social norms from 1976 to 2007. Archives of General Psychiatry.69, (12), 1304-1313.2012.
    • ID: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2012.787 (DOI)
  • Garland, Eric L., Howard, Matthew O., Vaughn, Michael G., Perron, Brian E.. Volatile substance misuse in the United States. Substance Use and Misuse.46, (S1), 8-20.2011.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826084.2011.580172 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O’Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975–2010. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 74.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2011.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/mtf-occ74.pdf (URL)
  • Katel, Peter. Teen drug use: Do weaker drug laws encourage youths to try pot?. CQ Researcher.21, (21), 481-504.2011.
  • Keyes, Katherine M., Schulenberg, John E., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Bachman, Jerald G., Li, Guohua, Hasin, Deborah. The social norms of birth cohorts and adolescent marijuana use in the United States, 1976-2007. Addiction.106, (10), 1790-1800.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03485.x (DOI)
  • Syvertsen, Amy K., Wray-Lake, Laura, Flanagan, Constance A., Osgood, D. Wayne, Briddell, Laine. Thirty-year trends in U.S. adolescents' civic engagement: A story of changing participation and educational differences. Journal of Research on Adolescence.21, (3), 586-594.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00706.x (DOI)
  • Wray-Lake, Laura, Syvertsen, Amy K., Briddell, Laine, Osgood, D. Wayne, Flanagan, Constance A.. Exploring the changing meaning of work for American high school seniors from 1976 to 2005. Youth and Society.43, (3), 1110-1135.2011.
    • ID: 10.1177/0044118X10381367 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O’Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975–2009. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 73.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2010.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ73.pdf (URL)
  • Nelson, Jon P.. What is learned from longitudinal studies of advertising and youth drinking and smoking? A critical assessment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.7, (3), 870-926.2010.
    • ID: 10.3390/ijerph7030870 (DOI)
  • Trzesniewski, Kali H., Donnellan, M. Brent. Rethinking 'Generation Me': A study of cohort effects from 1976-2006. Perspectives on Psychological Science.5, (1), 58-75.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1745691609356789 (DOI)
  • Twenge, Jean M., Campbell, Stacy M., Hoffman, Brian J., Lance, Charles E.. Generational differences in work values: Leisure and extrinsic values increasing, social and intrinsic values decreasing. Journal of Management.36, (5), 1117-1142.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0149206309352246 (DOI)
  • Twenge, Jean M., Campbell, W. Keith. Birth cohort differences in the Monitoring the Future dataset and elsewhere: Further evidence for Generation Me—Commentary on Trzesniewski & Donnellan (2010). Perspectives on Psychological Science.5, (1), 81-88.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1745691609357015 (DOI)
  • Wray-Lake, Laura, Flanagan, Constance A., Osgood, D. Wayne. Examining trends in adolescent environmental attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors across three decades. Environment and Behavior.42, (1), 61-85.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0013916509335163 (DOI)
  • Goodkind, Sara, Wallace, John M., Shook, Jeffrey J., Bachman, Jerald, O'Malley, Patrick. Are girls really becoming more delinquent? Testing the gender convergence hypothesis by race and ethnicity, 1976–2005. Children and Youth Services Review.31, (8), 885-895.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2009.04.002 (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2008. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 71.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2009.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ71.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2008. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH-PUB-09-7402, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2008.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future: National Survey on Drug Use, 1975-2008: Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-50. No. 09-7403, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Us, 1975-2008: Volume II, College Students and Adults Ages 19-50. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
  • Kimball, Miles S., Mitchell, Colter M., Thornton, Arland D., Young-Demarco, Linda C.. Empirics on the Origins of Preferences: The Case of College Major and Religiosity. NBER Working Paper No. 15182.Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/papers/w15182.pdf (URL)
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D.. Reasons for drug use among American youth by consumption level, gender, and race/ethnicity: 1976-2005. Journal of Drug Issues.39, (3), 677-714.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/002204260903900310 (DOI)
  • Anonymous. Tobacco hits lowest rate since survey began 33 years ago. Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly.1-3.2008.
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2007. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 69.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ69.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2007. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH-PUB-08-6418A, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2007.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2007. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NIH-PUB-08-6418B, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2007.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, P., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Revisiting Marriage Effects on Substance Use among Young Adults. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 68.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ68.pdf (URL)
  • Merline, Alicia, Jager, Justin, Schulenberg, John E.. Adolescent risk factors for adult alcohol use and abuse: Stability and change of predictive value across early and middle adulthood. Addiction.103, (Special Issue 1), 84-99.2008.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02178.x (DOI)
  • Messersmith, Emily E., Schulenberg, John E.. When can we expect the unexpected? Predicting educational attainment when it differs from previous expectations. Journal of Social Issues.64, (1), 195-212.2008.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.2008.00555.x (DOI)
  • Pampel, Fred C.. Differences in the influence of family background and social activities on smoking of minority and white high school seniors, 1976-2004. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health.10, (6), 507-515.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10903-008-9139-1 (DOI)
  • Trzesniewski K. H., Donnellan M. B., Robins R. W.. Do today's young people really think they are so extraordinary? An examination of secular trends in narcissism and self-enhancement. Psychological Science.19, (2), 181-188.2008.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02065.x (DOI)
  • Twenge, Jean M., Campbell, W. Keith. Increases in positive self-views among high school students: Birth-cohort changes in anticipated performance, self-satisfaction, self-liking, and self-competence. Psychological Science.19, (11), 1082-1086.2008.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02204.x (DOI)
  • Wood, Robert G., Avellar, Sarah, Goesling, Brian. Pathways to Adulthood and Marriage: Teenagers' Attitudes, Expectations, and Relationship Patterns. ASPE Research Brief.Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Human Services Policy. 2008.
    • ID: http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/08/pathways2adulthood/rb.pdf (URL)
  • Bennett, Stephanie A.. Have We Really Come a Long Way? Looking at the Difference in Gender Expectations in the Future Kids of America Study 1976, 1996, and 2004. Southern Sociological Society.Atlanta, GA. 2007.
  • Carpenter, Christopher S., Kloska, Deborah D., O'Malley, Patrick, Johnston, Lloyd. Alcohol control policies and youth alcohol consumption: Evidence from 28 years of Monitoring the Future. B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy.7, (1), 2007.
    • ID: http://www.bepress.com/bejeap/vol7/iss1/art25 (URL)
  • Corrigall, Elizabeth A., Konrad, Alison M.. Gender role attitudes and careers: A longitudinal study. Sex Roles.56, (11/12), 847-855.2007.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11199-007-9242-0 (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2006. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 67.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2007.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2006. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH Publication No. 07-6205.Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2007.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2006. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NIH Publication No. 07-6206.Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2007.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future: National Results on Adolescent Drug Use. Overview of Key Findings, 2006. NIH Publication No. 07-6202.Bethesda, MD: United States Department of of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2007.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/overview2006.pdf (URL)
  • Arria, Amelia M., Wish, Eric D.. Nonmedical use of prescription stimulants among students. Pediatric Annals.35, (8), 565-571.2006.
  • Chung, Hwan, Flaherty, Brian P., Schafer, Joseph L.. Latent class logistic regression: Application to marijuana use and attitudes among high school seniors. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A: Statistics in Society.169, (4), 723-743.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-985X.2006.00419.x (DOI)
  • Delva, Jorge, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Racial/ethnic and socioeconomic status differences in overweight and health-related behaviors among American students: National trends 1986-2003. Journal of Adolescent Health.39, (4), 536-545.2006.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2006.02.013 (DOI)
  • Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in initiation of alcohol use in the United States 1975 to 2003 . Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.30, (6), 1011-1022.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2006.00115.x (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Demographic subgroup trends for various licit and illicit drugs, 1975-2005 . Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper 63.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ63.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2005. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NCJ 291001, Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2005.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2005. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NCJ 219002, Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2005.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 2005. Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/overview2005.pdf (URL)
  • Wish, Eric D., Fitzelle, Dawn Bonanno, O'Grady, Kevin E., Hsu, Margaret H., Arria, Amelia M.. Evidence for significant polydrug use among ecstasy-using college students. Journal of American College Health.55, (2), 99-104.2006.
    • ID: 10.3200/JACH.55.2.99-104 (DOI)
  • Deibert, Gini Rene. Teens, Drugs, and Delinquency: A Partial Test of American Institutional Explanations of Crime. Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin. 2005.
  • Office of National Drug Control Policy. The National Drug Control Strategy: Data Supplement. NCJ 213692, Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President of the United States. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs06_data_supl/ (URL)
  • Tauras, John A.. Can public policy deter smoking escalation among young adults?. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.24, (4), 771-784.2005.
    • ID: 10.1002/pam.20137 (DOI)
  • Beauvais, Fred, Jumper-Thurman, Pamela, Helm, Heather, Plested, Barbara, Burnside, Martha. Surveillance of drug use among American Indian adolescents: Patterns over 25 years. Journal of Adolescent Health.34, (6), 493-500.2004.
  • Wakefield, Melanie, Kloska, Deborah D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Chaloupka, Frank, Pierce, John, Giovino, Gary, Ruel, Erin, Flay, Brian R.. The role of smoking intentions in predicting future smoking among youth: Findings from Monitoring the Future data. Addiction.99, (7), 914-922.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2004.00742.x (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2003. Volume I: Secondary School Students. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2003.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2003.pdf (URL)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Unsafe driving by high school seniors: National trends from 1976 to 2001 in ticket and accidents after use of alcohol, marijuana and other illegal drugs. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.64, (3), 305-312.2003.
  • Wallace, J.M., Jr., Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Cooper, S.M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Gender and ethnic differences in smoking, drinking, and illicit drug use among American 8th, 10th and 12th grade students, 1976-2000. Addiction.98, 225-234.2003.
    • ID: 10.1046/j.1360-0443.2003.00282.x (DOI)
  • Hallfors, Denise, Vevea, Jack L., Iritani, Bonita, Cho, HyunSan, et al. Truancy, grade point average, and sexual activity: A meta-analysis of risk indicators for youth substance use. Journal of School Health.72, (5), 205-211.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2002.tb06548.x (DOI)
  • Johnson, Monica Kirkpatrick. Social origins, adolescent experiences, and work value trajectories during the transition to adulthood. Social Forces.80, (4), 1307-1340.2002.
    • ID: 10.1353/sof.2002.0028 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Demographic subgroup trends for various licit and illicit drugs, 1975-2001. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper 57.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2002.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ57.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2001. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-40. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2002.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2001.pdf (URL)
  • Wallace, J.M., Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E., Cooper, S.M.. Tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use: Racial and ethnic differences among U.S. high school seniors, 1976-2000. Public Health Reports.117, (Supplement 1), S67-S75.2002.
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, Peter, O'Malley, Patrick M.. Should U.S. military recruiters write off the college-bound?. Armed Forces and Society.27, (3), 461-476.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/0095327X0102700307 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Johnston, Lloyd D., Bryant, A.L., Merline, A.C., Freedman-Doan, P., Ridenour, N.J., Hart, T.C.. Analyses Showing How Religiosity, Social Activities, and Drug-Related Beliefs Mediate Relationships between Post-High School Experiences and Substance Use. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 50.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2001.
  • Boesel, David. Student Attitudes toward High School and Educational Expectations. Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association.Seattle, WA. 2001.
  • Brown, Tony N., Schulenberg, John, Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Are risk and protective factors for substance use consistent across historical time? National data from the high school classes of 1976 through 1997. Prevention Science.2, (1), 29-43.2001.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1010034912070 (DOI)
  • Donnermeyer, J. F., Scheer, S. D.. An Analysis of Substance Use Among Adolescents From Smaller Places. Journal of Rural Health.17, (2), 105-113.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1748-0361.2001.tb00266.x (DOI)
  • Forman, Tyrone Anthony. Social Change, Social Context and White Youths' Racial Attitudes. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 2001.
  • Johnson, Monica Kirkpatrick. Change in job values during the transition to adulthood. Work and Occupations.28, (3), 315-345.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/0730888401028003004 (DOI)
  • Johnson, Monica Kirkpatrick. Job values in the young adult transition. Social Psychology Quarterly.64, (4), 297-317.2001.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3090156 (URL)
  • Safron, Deborah J., Schulenberg, John, Bachman, Jerald G.. Part-time and hurried adolescence: The links among work intensity, social activities, health behaviors, and substance use. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.42, (4), 425-449.2001.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3090188 (URL)
  • Thornton, Arland, Young-DeMarco, Linda. Four decades of trends in attitudes toward family issues in the United States: The 1960s through the 1990s. Journal of Marriage and Family.63, (4), 1009-1037.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2001.01009.x (DOI)
  • Wagenaar, Alexander C., O'Malley, Patrick M., LaFond, Colette. Lowered legal blood alcohol limits for young drivers: Effects on drinking, driving, and driving-after-drinking behaviors in 30 states. American Journal of Public Health.91, (5), 801-804.2001.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.91.5.801 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, Peter, Segal, David R., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Distinctive military attitudes among U.S. enlistees, 1976-1997: Self-selection versus socialization. Armed Forces and Society.26, (4), 561-585.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/0095327X0002600404 (DOI)
  • Campbell, David E.. Social capital and service learning. PS, Political Science and Politics.33, (3), 641-645.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/420872 (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-1999. Volume I: Secondary School Students. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2000.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-1999. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-40. Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services. 2000.
  • An, Lawrence C., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Changes at the High End of Risk in Cigarette Smoking Among US High School Seniors, 1976-1995. American Journal of Public Health.89, (5), 699-705.1999.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.89.5.699 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, Peter, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Segal, David R.. Changing patterns of drug use among U.S. military recruits before and after enlistment. American Journal of Public Health.89, (5), 372-377.1999.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.89.5.672 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1998: Volume II. College Students and Young Adults. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1999.
  • Tauras, John A., Chaloupka, Frank J.. Price, Clean Indoor Air Laws, and Cigarette Smoking: Evidence from Longitudinal Data for Young Adults. Working Paper 6937.Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1999.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/papers/w6937.pdf (URL)
  • Witt, G. Evans. In the eye of the beholder. American Demographics.21, (10), 24 -1999.
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Explaining recent increases in students' marijuana use: Impacts of perceived risks and disapproval, 1976 through 1996. American Journal of Public Health.88, (6), 887-892.1998.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.88.6.887 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Segal, D.R., Freedman-Doan, P., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Does Enlistment Propensity Predict Accession? High School Seniors' Plans and Subsequent Behavior. Armed Forces and Society.25, (1), 59 -1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/0095327X9802500104 (DOI)
  • Grossman, M., Chaloupka, F.J.. The demand for cocaine by young adults: A rational addiction approach. Journal of Health Economics.17, (4), 427-474.1998.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0167-6296(97)00046-5 (DOI)
  • Johnson, Monica Kirkpatrick, Marini, Margaret Mooney. Bridging the racial divide in the United States: The effect of gender. Social Psychology Quarterly.61, (3), 247-258.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2787111 (URL)
  • Woodard, Emory H., IV. By All Means, Consume! A Multi-Method Investigation of the Relationship Between Television, Consumerism, and Criminal Behavior. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania. 1998.
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Wadsworth, Katherine M., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John, et al. Marriage, divorce, and parenthood during the transition to young adulthood: Impacts on drug use and abuse. Health Risks and Developmental Transitions During Adolescence.New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 1997.
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Wadsworth, Katherine N., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., et al. Smoking, Drinking, and Drug Use in Young Adulthood: The Impacts of New Freedoms and New Responsibilities. Research Monographs in Adolescence.Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. 1997.
  • Cronk, Christine E., Sarvela, Paul D.. Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use Among rural/small town and urban youth: A secondary analysis of the Monitoring the Future data set. American Journal of Public Health.87, (5), 760-764.1997.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.87.5.760 (DOI)
  • Easterlin, Richard A., Crimmins, Eileen M.. American youth are becoming more materialistic. Citizen Politics in Post-Industrial Societies.Boulder, CO: Westview. 1997.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use From the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1995. Volume II: College Students and Young Adults. Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1997.
  • Sarvela, Paul D., Cronk, Christine E., Isberner, Fred R.. A Secondary Analysis of Smoking Among Rural and Urban Youth Using the Mtf Data Set. Journal of School Health.67, (9), 372-375.1997.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.1997.tb07178.x (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use From the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1995. Volume 1: Secondary School Students. Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1996.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1994: Volume II, College Students and Young Adults. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1996.
  • Maguin, Eugine, Loeber, Rolf. Academic performance and delinquency. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1996.
  • Marini, Margaret Mooney, Fan, Pi-Ling, Finley, Erica, Beutel, Ann M.. Gender and job values. Sociology of Education.69, (1), 49 -1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2112723 (URL)
  • Schulenberg, John, O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Wadsworth, Katherine N., Johnston, Lloyd D., et al. Getting drunk and growing up: Trajectories of frequent binge drinking during the transition to young adulthood. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.57, (3), 289-304.1996.
  • Schulenberg, John, Wadsworth, Katherine N., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., et al. Adolescent risk factors for binge drinking during the transition to young adulthood: Variable- and pattern-centered approaches to change. Developmental Psychology.32, (4), 659-674.1996.
    • ID: 10.1037/0012-1649.32.4.659 (DOI)
  • Sirtalan, Ismail. An Empirical Analysis of Alcohol Addiction. Dissertation, City University of New York. 1996.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1994. Volume I: Secondary School Students. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1995.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1993. Volume I: Secondary School Students. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1994.
  • Schulenberg, John, Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M.. American adolescents' views on family and work: Historical trends from 1976-1992. Psychological Responses to Social Change: Human Development in Changing Environments.Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. 1994.
  • Timrots, Anita, Renshaw III, Benjamin H., Lindgren, Sue A.. Drug and Crime Facts, 1994. NCJ 154043, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1994.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/dcfacts.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1992. Volume 1: Secondary School Students. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1993.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1992. Volume I: Secondary School Students. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1993.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1992. Volume II: College Students and Young Adults. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1993.
  • Menard, Scott, Elliott, Delbert S.. Data Set Comparability and Short-Term Trends in Crime and Delinquency. Journal of Criminal Justice.21, (5), 433-445.1993.
    • ID: 10.1016/0047-2352(93)90030-Q (DOI)
  • Glenn, Norval D.. What Does Family Mean?. American Demographics.14, (6), 30 -1992.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Smoking, Drinking, and Illicit Drug Use Among American Secondary School Students, College Students, and Young Adults, 1975-1991. Volume I: Secondary school students. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1992.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Smoking, Drinking, and Illicit Drug Use Among American Secondary School Students, College Students, and Young Adults, 1975-1991. Volume II: College Students and Young Adults. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1992.
  • Lauritsen, Janet L., Laub, John H., Sampson, Robert J.. Conventional and delinquent activities: Implications for the prevention of violent victimization among adolescents. Violence and Victims.7, (2), 91-108.1992.
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Wallace, J.M.Jr., Kurth, C.L., Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Drug Use among Black, White, Hispanic, Native American, and Asian American High School Seniors (1976-1989): Prevalence, Trends, and Correlates (rev. ed.). Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 30..Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 1991.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ30.pdf (URL)
  • Crimmins, Eileen M., Easterlin, Richard A., Saito, Yasuhiko. Preference changes among American youth: Family, work, and goods aspirations, 1976-86. Population and Development Review.17, (1), 115-133.1991.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1972355 (URL)
  • Easterlin, Richard A., Crimmins, Eileen M.. Private Materialism, Personal Self-Fulfillment, Family Life, and Public Interest: The Nature, Effects, and Causes of Recent Changes in the Values of American Youth. Public Opinion Quarterly.55, (4), 499-533.1991.
    • ID: 10.1086/269280 (DOI)
  • Hauser, Robert M., Anderson, Douglas K.. Post-high school plans and aspirations of black and white high school seniors: 1976-86. Sociology of Education.64, (4), 263-277.1991.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2112707 (URL)
  • Malaret, Dennis Rosado. Patterns of Illicit Drug Use Among American High School Youth: An Examination for the Years 1976 and 1986. Thesis, Western Michigan University. 1991.
  • Omalley, Patrick M., Wagenaar, Alexander C.. Effects of Minimum Drinking Age Laws on Alcohol-Use, Related Behaviors and Traffic Crash Involvement Among American Youth - 1976-1987. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.52, (5), 478-491.1991.
  • Bachman, J.G., Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M.. Linking Trends in Cocaine Use to Perceived Risks, Disapproval, and Lifestyle Factors: An Analysis of High School Seniors, 1976-1988. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 29.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 1990.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ29.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Explaining the recent decline in cocaine use among young adults: Further evidence that perceived risks and disapproval lead to reduced drug use. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.31, (2), 173-184.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2137171 (URL)
  • Rodgers, Willard L.. Interpreting the components of time trends. Sociological Methodology.20, 421-438.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/271092 (URL)
  • Smart, Laura S., Chibucos, Thomas R., Didier, Larry A.. Adolescent Substance Use and Perceived Family Functioning. Journal of Family Issues.11, (2), 208-227.1990.
    • ID: 10.1177/019251390011002006 (DOI)
  • Tolone, William L., Tieman, Cheryl R.. Drugs, delinquency, and 'NERDS': Are loners deviant?. Journal of Drug Education.20, (2), 153-162.1990.
    • ID: 10.2190/JNQK-AMHT-F63F-Q8PX (DOI)
  • Osgood, D. Wayne, et al.. Time trends and age trends in arrests and self-reported illegal behavior. Criminology.27, (3), 389-417.1989.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1989.tb01039.x (DOI)
  • Thornton, Arland. Changing Attitudes toward Family Issues in the United States. Journal of Marriage and Family.51, (4), 873-893.1989.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/353202 (URL)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Humphrey, Ronald H.. Explaining the recent decline in marijuana use: Differentiating the effects of perceived risks, disapproval, and general lifestyle factors. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.29, (1), 92-112.1988.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2137183 (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Illicit Drug Use, Smoking, and Drinking by America's High School Students, College Students, and Young Adults, 1975-87. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1988.
  • Bachman, Jerald G.. An eye on the future. Psychology Today.21, (7), 6-8.1987.
  • Hanke, Penelope Jean. Goals and the Gender Gap: A Study of High School Seniors' Aspirations as Lifestyle Choices. Dissertation, University of Arizona. 1987.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National trends in drug use and related factors among American high school students and young adults, 1975-1986. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1987.
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Recent findings from 'Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of the Lifestyles and Values of Youth'. Research on the Quality of Life.Ann Arbor: Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research. 1986.
  • Diamond, Greg, Bachman, Jerald G.. High school seniors and the nuclear threat, 1975-1984: Political and mental health implications of concern and despair. International Journal of Mental Health.15, (1-3), 210-241.1986.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Drug Use Among American High School Students, College Students, and Other Young Adults: National Trends through 1985. Rockville: United States Department of Health and Human Services. 1986.
  • Taub, Diane Elizabeth. Amphetamine Usage Among High School Senior Women, 1976-1982: An Evaluation of Social Bonding Theory. Dissertation, University of Kentucky. 1986.
  • Tieman, Cheryl, Tolone, William. Involvement in Conventional Activities as a Deterrent to Drug Abuse. Society for the Study of Social Problems. 1985.
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Period, age, and cohort effects on substance use among American youth, 1976-82. American Journal of Public Health.74, (7), 682-688.1984.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.74.7.682 (DOI)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Self-esteem: Change and stability between ages 13 and 23. Developmental Psychology.19, (2), 257-268.1983.
    • ID: 10.1037/0012-1649.19.2.257 (DOI)
  • Herzog, A. Regula. High school seniors' occupational plans and values: Trends in sex differences 1976 through 1980. Sociology of Education.55, (1), 1-13.1982.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2112606 (URL)
  • Thornton, Arland, Freedman, Deborah. Changing attitudes toward marriage and single life. Family Planning Perspectives.14, (6), 297-303.1982.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2134600 (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., Bachman, Jerald G.. Highlights from Student Drug Use in America 1975-1980. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1981.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Monitoring the Future: Questionnaire Responses from the Nation's High School Seniors, 1976. Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan. 1980.
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Drug use and military plans of high school seniors. Youth and Society.10, (1), 65-77.1978.
  • Segal, David R., Bachman, Jerald G.. The military as an educational and training institution: A comparison among post-high school alternatives. Youth and Society.10, (1), 47-64.1978.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Bachman, Jerald G.; Johnston, Lloyd D.; O'Malley, Patrick M. (1984): Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of the Lifestyles and Values of Youth, 1976. Version 1. Monitoring the Future (MTF) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07927.v1