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National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I, 1971-1975: Health Care Needs, General Medical History and Supplements on Respiratory and Cardiovascular Data

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and Followup Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
cardiovascular disease; demographic characteristics; disease; ethnicity; health behavior; health services utilization; health status; hospitalization; malnutrition; medical evaluation; medical history; nutrition; populations; respiratory diseases; risk factors; social indicators
  • Abstract

    The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (Cycle I) were designed to measure the nutritional status and health of the U.S. population aged 1-74 years and to obtain more detailed information on the health status and medical care needs of adults aged 25-74 years in the civilian noninstitutionalized population.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8061 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08061.v2
  • Thurston, R.C., Kubzansky, L.D.. Women, loneliness, and incident coronary heart disease. Psychosomatic Medicine.71, (8), 836-842.2009.
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  • Wheeler, Jeremy G., Mussolino, Michael E., Gillum, Richard F., Danesh, John. Associations between differential leucocyte count and incident coronary heart disease: 1764 incident cases from seven prospective studies of 30,374 individuals. European Heart Journal.25, (15), 1287-1292.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.ehj.2004.05.002 (DOI)
  • Ford, Earl S.. Vitamin supplement use and diabetes mellitus incidence among adults in the United States. American Journal of Epidemiology.153, (9), 892-897.2001.
    • ID: 10.1093/aje/153.9.892 (DOI)
  • He, Jiang, Ogden, Lorraine G., Bazzano, Lydia A., Vupputuri, Suma, Loria, Catherine, Whelton, Paul K.. Risk factors for congestive heart failure in US men and women: NHANES I epidemiologic follow-up study. Archives of Internal Medicine.161, (7), 996-1002.2001.
    • ID: 10.1001/archinte.161.7.996 (DOI)
  • Liao, Youlian, McGee, Daniel L., Cooper, Richard S., Sutkowski, Mary Beth E.. How generalizable are coronary risk prediction models? Comparison of Framingham and two national cohorts. American Heart Journal.137, (5), 837-845.1999.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0002-8703(99)70407-2 (DOI)
  • Bergmann, M.M., Byers, T., Freedman, D.S., Mokdad, A.. Validity of self-reported diagnoses leading to hospitalization: a comparison of self-reports with hospital records in a prospective study of American adults. American Journal of Epidemiology.147, (10), 969-977.1998.
    • ID: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a009387 (DOI)
  • Russell, Louise B., Carson, Jeffrey L., Taylor, William C., Milan, Edwin, Jaguannathan, Radha, Dey, Achintan. Modeling all-cause mortality: Projections of the impact of smoking cessation based on the NHEFS. American Journal of Public Health.88, (4), 630-636.1998.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.88.4.630 (DOI)
  • Scannapieco, F.A., Papandonatos, G.D., Dunford, R.G.. Associations between oral conditions and respiratory disease in a national sample survey population. Annals of Periodontology.3, (1), 251-256.1998.
    • ID: 10.1902/annals.1998.3.1.251 (DOI)
  • Costa, Dora L., Steckel, Richard H.. Long-term trends in health, welfare, and economic growth in the United States. Health and Welfare During Industrialization.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1997.
  • Dunn, Laura B., Damesyn, Mark, Moore, Alison A., Reuben, David B., Greendale, Gail A.. Does estrogen prevent skin aging? Results from the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I). Archives of Dermatology.133, (3), 339-342.1997.
    • ID: 10.1001/archderm.133.3.339 (DOI)
  • Farmer, Melissa M., Ferraro, Kenneth F.. Distress and perceived health: Mechanisms of health decline. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.38, (3), 298-311.1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Qureshi, Adnan I., Giles, Wayne H., Croft, Janet B., Stern, Barney J.. Number of pregnancies and risk for stroke and stroke subtypes. Archives of Neurology.54, (2), 203-206.1997.
    • ID: 10.1001/archneur.1997.00550140073015 (DOI)
  • Russell, Louise B., Milan, Edwin, Jagannathan, Radha. Comparison of two surveys of hospitalization: The National Hospital Discharge Survey and the NHANES I Epidemiologic Followup Study. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 2: Data Evaluation and Methods Research.123, Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Ferraro, Kenneth F., Farmer, Melissa M.. Double jeopardy to health hypothesis for African Americans: Analysis and critique. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.37, (1), 27 -1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gillum, Richard F., Mussolino, Michael E., Madans, Jennifer H.. The relationship between fish consumption and stroke incidence. The NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. Archives of Internal Medicine.156, (5), 537-542.1996.
    • ID: 10.1001/archinte.156.5.537 (DOI)
  • Hahn, Robert A., Eaker, Elaine D., Barker, Nancy D., Teutsch, Steven M., Sosniak, Waldemar A., Krieger, Nancy. Poverty and death in the United States. International Journal of Health Services.26, (4), 673-690.1996.
    • ID: 10.2190/967K-LC4F-DU66-W5P9 (DOI)
  • Neas, L.M., Schwartz, J.. The determinants of pulmonary diffusing capacity in a national sample of U.S. adults. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.153, (2), 656-664.1996.
  • Hahn, R.A., Eaker, E., Barker, N.D., Teutsch, S.M., Sosniak, W., Krieger, N.. Poverty and death in the United States--1973 and 1991. Epidemiology.6, (5), 490-497.1995.
    • ID: 10.1097/00001648-199509000-00005 (DOI)
  • Madans, Jennifer H., Reuben, Cynthia A., Rothwell, Sandra T., Eberhardt, Mark S.. Differences in morbidity measures and risk factor identification using multiple data sources: The case of coronary heart disease. Statistics in Medicine.14, (5-7), 643-653.1995.
    • ID: 10.1002/sim.4780140521 (DOI)
  • Matanoski, Genevieve, Kanchanaraksa, Sukon, Lantry, Deborah, Chang, Yong. Characteristics of nonsmoking women in NHANES I and NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study with exposure to spouses who smoke. American Journal of Epidemiology.142, (2), 149-157.1995.
  • Serdula, Mary K., Koong, Shin-Lan, Williamson, David F., Anda, Robert F., Madans, Jennifer H., Kleinman, Joel C., Byers, Tim. Alcohol intake and subsequent mortality: Findings from the NHANES I Follow-up Study. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.56, (2), 233-239.1995.
  • Davis, M.A., Neuhaus, J.M., Moritz, D.J., Lein, D., Barclay, J.D., Murphy, S.P.. Health behaviors and survival among middle-aged and older men and women in the NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. Preventive Medicine.23, (3), 369-376.1994.
    • ID: 10.1006/pmed.1994.1051 (DOI)
  • Gillum, Richard F., Ingram, D.D., Makuc, Diane M.. White blood cell count and stroke incidence and death. The NHANES I epidemiologic follow-up study. American Journal of Epidemiology.139, (9), 894-902.1994.
  • Liao, Youlian, Cooper, Richard S., McGee, Daniel L.. Iron status and coronary heart disease: Negative findings from the NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. American Journal of Epidemiology.139, (7), 704-712.1994.
  • Schwartz, J., Weiss, S.T.. Cigarette smoking and peripheral blood leukocyte differentials. Annals of Epidemiology.4, (3), 236-242.1994.
    • ID: 10.1016/1047-2797(94)90102-3 (DOI)
  • Schwartz, J., Weiss, S.T.. Relationship between dietary vitamin C intake and pulmonary function in the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.59, (1), 110-114.1994.
  • Sempos, Christopher T., Looker, Anne C., Gillum, Richard F., Makuc, Diane M.. Body iron stores and the risk of coronary heart disease. New England Journal of Medicine.330, (16), 1119-1124.1994.
    • ID: 10.1056/NEJM199404213301604 (DOI)
  • Williamson, D.F., Madans, J., Pamuk, E., Flegal, K.M., Kendrick, J.S., Serdula, M.K.. A prospective study of childbearing and 10-year weight gain in US white women 25 to 45 years of age. International Journal of Obesity.18, (8), 561-569.1994.
  • Kim, I., Williamson, D.F., Byers, T., Koplan, J.P.. Vitamin and mineral supplement use and mortality in a US cohort. American Journal of Public Health.83, (4), 546-550.1993.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.83.4.546 (DOI)
  • Linn, S., Carroll, M., Johnson, C., Fulwood, R., Kalsbeek, W., Briefel, R.. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol and alcohol consumption in US white and black adults: data from NHANES II. American Journal of Public Health.83, (6), 811-816.1993.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.83.6.811 (DOI)
  • Magni, G., Marchetti, M., Moreschi, C., Merskey, H., Luchini, S.R.. Chronic musculoskeletal pain and depressive symptoms in the National Health and Nutrition Examination. I. Epidemiologic follow-up study. Pain.53, (2), 163-168.1993.
    • ID: 10.1016/0304-3959(93)90076-2 (DOI)
  • O'Brien, T., Young, W.F., Palumbo, P.J., O'Brien, P.C., Service, F.J.. Decreased risk of stroke among postmenopausal hormone users. Results from a national cohort. Archives of Internal Medicine.153, (1), 73-79.1993.
  • Schwartz, J., Weiss, S.T.. Prediction of respiratory symptoms by peripheral blood neutrophils and eosinophils in the First National Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I). Chest.104, (4), 1210-1215.1993.
    • ID: 10.1378/chest.104.4.1210 (DOI)
  • Ingram, D.D., Gillum, R.F.. Leukocyte count and cardiovascular risk factors. Journal of the National Medical Association.84, (12), 1041-1043.1992.
  • Istvan, J., Zavela, K., Weidner, G.. Body weight and psychological distress in NHANES I. International Journal of Obesity.16, (12), 999-1003.1992.
  • Chestnut, L.G., Schwartz, J., Savitz, D.A., Burchfiel, C.M.. Pulmonary function and ambient particulate matter: epidemiological evidence from NHANES I. Archives of Environmental Health.46, (3), 135-144.1991.
    • ID: 10.1080/00039896.1991.9937440 (DOI)
  • Pan, W.H., Habicht, J.P.. The non-iron-deficiency-related difference in hemoglobin concentration distribution between blacks and whites and between men and women. American Journal of Epidemiology.134, (12), 1410-1416.1991.
  • Wolf, P.H., Madans, J.H., Finucane, F.F., Higgins, M., Kleinman, J.C.. Reduction of cardiovascular disease-related mortality among postmenopausal women who use hormones: evidence from a national cohort. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.164, (2), 489-494.1991.
  • Anda, Robert F., Williamson, D.F., Escobedo, L.G., Mast, E.E., Giovino, G.A., Remington, P.L.. Depression and the dynamics of smoking. A national perspective. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.264, (12), 1541-1545.1990.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.264.12.1541 (DOI)
  • Idler, E.L., Angel, Ronald J.. Self-rated health and mortality in the NHANES-I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. American Journal of Public Health.80, (4), 446-452.1990.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.80.4.446 (DOI)
  • Magni, G., Caldieron, C., Rigatti-Luchini, S., Merskey, H.. Chronic musculoskeletal pain and depressive symptoms in the general population. An analysis of the 1st National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. Pain.43, (3), 299-307.1990.
    • ID: 10.1016/0304-3959(90)90027-B (DOI)
  • McWhorter, W.P., Boyd, G.M., Mattson, M.E.. Predictors of quitting smoking: the NHANES I followup experience. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology.32, (12), 1399-1405.1990.
    • ID: 10.1016/0895-4356(90)90108-2 (DOI)
  • Machlin, S.R., Kleinman, J.C., Madans, J.H.. Validity of mortality analysis based on retrospective smoking information. Statistics in Medicine.8, (8), 997-1009.1989.
    • ID: 10.1002/sim.4780080810 (DOI)
  • Morabia, A., Sorenson, A., Kumanyika, S.K., Abbey, H., Cohen, B.H., Chee, E.. Vitamin A, cigarette smoking, and airway obstruction. American Review of Respiratory Disease.140, (5), 1312-1316.1989.
    • ID: 10.1164/ajrccm/140.5.1312 (DOI)
  • Guralnik, J.M., Harris, T.B., White, L.R., Cornoni-Huntley, J.C.. Occurrence and predictors of pressure sores in the National Health and Nutrition Examination survey follow-up. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.36, (9), 807-812.1988.
  • Karasek, R.A., Theorell, T., Schwartz, J.E., Schnall, P.L., Pieper, C.F., Michela, J.L.. Job characteristics in relation to the prevalence of myocardial infarction in the US Health Examination Survey (HES) and the Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. American Journal of Public Health.78, (8), 910-918.1988.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.78.8.910 (DOI)
  • Costa, P.T.. Influence of the normal personality dimension of neuroticism on chest pain symptoms and coronary artery disease. American Journal of Cardiology.60, (18), 20J-26J.1987.
    • ID: 10.1016/0002-9149(87)90679-5 (DOI)
  • Massey, Marilyn M., Boyd, Gayle, Mattson, Margaret, Feinleib, Marcia R.. Inventory of Surveys on Smoking. Public Health Reports.102, 430-438.1987.
  • Cunningham, Linda S., Kelsey, Jennifer L.. Epidemiology of musculoskeletal impairments and associated disability. American Journal of Public Health.74, (6), 574-579.1984.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.74.6.574 (DOI)
  • Van Nostrand, Joan F., Furner, Sylvia E., Suzman, Richard. Health Data on Older Americans: United States, 1992. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 3: Analytical & Epidemiological Studies.27, Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 1983.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics (1984): National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I, 1971-1975: Health Care Needs, General Medical History and Supplements on Respiratory and Cardiovascular Data. Version 1. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and Followup Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.